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2013

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Export Controls: A Contemporary History, Bert Chapman Dec 2013

Export Controls: A Contemporary History, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Presentations

Provides highlights of my recently published book Export Controls: A Contemporary History. Describes the roles played by multiple U.S. Government agencies and congressional oversight committees in this policymaking arena including the Commerce, Defense, State, and Treasury Departments. It also reviews the roles played by international government organizations such as the Missile Technology Control Regime, export oriented businesses, and research intensive universities.


The Primacy Of Context: An Exploration Into The Causes Of Food Insecurity In Kitere, Kenya., William O. Aludo Nov 2013

The Primacy Of Context: An Exploration Into The Causes Of Food Insecurity In Kitere, Kenya., William O. Aludo

Capstone Collection

The purpose of this study was to explore the specific reasons why households in Kitere village, Kenya experience persistent food insecurity every year while the region enjoys the advantage of two planting/harvest seasons in a year. Kitere village lies within the lakeside region of Nyanza Province in Kenya, generally considered to be one of the more agriculturally productive parts of the country. The Participatory Rural Appraisal method was employed to gather qualitative data on the causes of food insecurity in Kitere village. The data sources were focus groups and a self-administered, one-time survey of random and non-random samples of ...


Gathering "Wild" Food In The City: Rethinking The Role Of Foraging In Urban Ecosystem Planning And Management, Rebecca J. Mclain, Patrick T. Hurley, Marla R. Emery, Melissa R. Poe Nov 2013

Gathering "Wild" Food In The City: Rethinking The Role Of Foraging In Urban Ecosystem Planning And Management, Rebecca J. Mclain, Patrick T. Hurley, Marla R. Emery, Melissa R. Poe

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Recent “green” planning initiatives envision food production, including urban agriculture and livestock production, as desirable elements of sustainable cities. We use an integrated urban political ecology and human–plant geographies framework to explore how foraging for “wild” foods in cities, a subversive practice that challenges prevailing views about the roles of humans in urban green spaces, has potential to also support sustainability goals. Drawing on research from Baltimore, New York City, Philadelphia, and Seattle, we show that foraging is a vibrant and ongoing practice among diverse urban residents in the USA. At the same time, as reflected in regulations, planning ...


Religiosity, Secularism, And Social Health: A Research Note, Thomas S. Mach, Gerson Moreno-Riano, Mark Caleb Smith Nov 2013

Religiosity, Secularism, And Social Health: A Research Note, Thomas S. Mach, Gerson Moreno-Riano, Mark Caleb Smith

Mark Caleb Smith, Ph.D.

This article is a research note addressing various theoretical and methodological issues in the measurement and analysis of religiosity and secularism and their relationship to quantifiable measures of social health in advanced and prosperous democracies. Particular attention is given to cross-national frameworks for studying religiosity and secularism as well as to the conceptualization and statistical analysis of these notions for research design. Various procedural suggestions regarding the use of comparative frameworks are presented to assist in the development and implementation of future studies gauging the impact of worldview commitments upon societal wellbeing.


Presentation At Penn Urban Studies Colloquium: Delhi, The Invisible City, Kushanava Choudhury, Durba Chattaraj, Moulshri Joshi Oct 2013

Presentation At Penn Urban Studies Colloquium: Delhi, The Invisible City, Kushanava Choudhury, Durba Chattaraj, Moulshri Joshi

Presentations (Social Science Studio)

New Delhi is the capital of India, and a master-planned metropolis. Its unplanned spaces such as Urban Villages, Unauthorized Colonies and Jhuggi Jhopri Clusters tend to be seen as the margins of the planned city. Yet a majority of citizens live and work in these unplanned areas of the city.

For millions of Delhi-ites, the non-planned areas are sources of affordable rental housing as well as employment, as locations for thousands of small businesses and workshops. These spaces and the economies and communities they contain, are connected to the planned city through complex political and economic arrangements. These spaces and ...


More Effective Human Spaceflight Programs And Their International Security Implications, Bert Chapman, Sarag J. Saikia Jul 2013

More Effective Human Spaceflight Programs And Their International Security Implications, Bert Chapman, Sarag J. Saikia

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

NASA can more effectively perform its missions by transferring its aeronautic responsibilities to the Federal Aviation Administration and be renamed the National Space Agency. The U.S. must also recognize that space is an emerging arena of international competition and conflict and militarily protect its space assets from China which seeks to use space to restrict the U.S.' ability to defend its strategic interests in regions such as the Western Pacific.


Women-Led Community Development Organizations (Cdos) In Miami-Dade County: A Model Of Community Development Efforts Impacting The Economic Security Of Women, Jan Lindsay Solomon Jun 2013

Women-Led Community Development Organizations (Cdos) In Miami-Dade County: A Model Of Community Development Efforts Impacting The Economic Security Of Women, Jan Lindsay Solomon

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Recent studies on the economic status of women in Miami-Dade County (MDC) reveal an alarming rate of economic insecurity and significant obstacles for women to achieve economic security. Consistent barriers to women’s economic security affect not only the health and wellbeing of women and their families, but also economic prospects for the community. A key study reveals in Miami-Dade County, “Thirty-nine percent of single female-headed families with at least one child are living at or below the federal poverty level” and “over half of working women do not earn adequate income to cover their basic necessities” (Brion 2009, 1 ...


Education For All: An East African Example, Alyssa Ierardo May 2013

Education For All: An East African Example, Alyssa Ierardo

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

The Education for All (EFA) movement to end global educational disparity is a multilateral initiative led by the United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Initiated in 2000, the EFA movement represents the commitment of 164 nations to the Dakar Framework for Action which outlines six goals that seek to redress issues of social disparity and to improve access to and quality of education worldwide by 2015. In this report, the progress of the EFA movement in the United Republic of Tanzania serves as a proxy for evaluating the global potential of EFA initiatives. Failed post-colonial education reform efforts ...


Oil Industry, Bert Chapman May 2013

Oil Industry, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of the historical and contemporary development of the American oil industry and how it has impacted U.S. natural resources policies in the American west.


Agriculture, U.S. Department Of, Bert Chapman May 2013

Agriculture, U.S. Department Of, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a succinct organizational history of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) and its impact on the American West.


Conservatism, Bert Chapman May 2013

Conservatism, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of late 20th and early 21st century conservatism and its impact on western U.S. politics and national politics. Stresses the roles played by individuals such as Barry Goldwater, Ronald Reagan,and George W. Bush and their influence on western conservatism. Analyzes how conservatism has been influenced by policy research institutions and advocacy groups such as the Claremont Institute and Focus on the Family. Reviews areas of collaboration and contention in western conservatism between economic, national security, and social conservatives and more libertarian elements. Examines the rise of the Tea Party movement in response to Obama Administration ...


Defense, U.S. Department Of, Bert Chapman May 2013

Defense, U.S. Department Of, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of U.S. Department of Defense activities in the western U.S. including the military's increasing emphasis on Asia-Pacific strategic trends and developments.


Hydroelectric Power, Bert Chapman May 2013

Hydroelectric Power, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview and contemporary analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of federal government support for hydroelectric power in the American West.


Land Management, U.S. Bureau Of, Bert Chapman May 2013

Land Management, U.S. Bureau Of, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides a historical overview and current assessment of the role played by the Interior Department's Bureau of Land Management in its ownership of federal lands in western states and its efforts to balance economic development of natural resources and conservation of these resources on these lands.


Mining, Uranium, Bert Chapman May 2013

Mining, Uranium, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of uranium mining's role and influence in the American West with comparative information on uranium mining in foreign countries.


Subsidies, Agricultural, Bert Chapman May 2013

Subsidies, Agricultural, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides historical and contemporary information on U.S. Government agricultural subsidies and how they affect agricultural policy in the Western U.S.


Colorado River Compact (1922), Bert Chapman May 2013

Colorado River Compact (1922), Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of the 1922 Colorado River Compact seeking to fairly distribute Colorado River water to Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming and their increasing populations.


Aridity, Bert Chapman May 2013

Aridity, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides an overview of how aridity in the American West has influenced that region's economic, environmental, and political development and U.S. Government policies in this region.


Energy, U.S. Department Of, Bert Chapman May 2013

Energy, U.S. Department Of, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides information about the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and its predecessor agencies and how DOE influences federal energy policy and scientific research in the western U.S.


Venezuela Pós Chávez, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Apr 2013

Venezuela Pós Chávez, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Dez Anos De Retrospectiva Da Guerra Do Iraque, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Apr 2013

Dez Anos De Retrospectiva Da Guerra Do Iraque, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Balanço Dos Cem Dias Da Nova Gestão Municipal Em Boa Vista, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Apr 2013

Balanço Dos Cem Dias Da Nova Gestão Municipal Em Boa Vista, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Fortalecimento Da Oposição Na Venezuela, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Apr 2013

Fortalecimento Da Oposição Na Venezuela, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Human Geography Without A Map, William E. Demars, Laurel Rosenberger, Jimmy Rogers, Trent Hardee Apr 2013

Human Geography Without A Map, William E. Demars, Laurel Rosenberger, Jimmy Rogers, Trent Hardee

Arthur Vining Davis High Impact Fellows Projects

Course materials developed for a 9th grade course on human geography, focusing on human rights, terrorism, and globalization.


A Lei De Cotas Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Apr 2013

A Lei De Cotas Nas Instituições Federais De Ensino Superior, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


O Fenômeno Hugo Chávez Após Um Mês De Falecimento, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Apr 2013

O Fenômeno Hugo Chávez Após Um Mês De Falecimento, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Múltiplas Camadas Das Relações Internacionais Entre A Diplomacia E A Paradiplomacia, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Mar 2013

Múltiplas Camadas Das Relações Internacionais Entre A Diplomacia E A Paradiplomacia, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


As Agonias De Um Líder E A Venezuela Pós-Hugo Chávez, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras Mar 2013

As Agonias De Um Líder E A Venezuela Pós-Hugo Chávez, Prof. Dr. Eloi Martins Senhoras

Elói Martins Senhoras

No abstract provided.


Urban Forest Justice And The Rights To Wild Foods, Medicines, And Materials In The City, Melissa R. Poe, Rebecca J. Mclain, Marla R. Emery, Patrick T. Hurley Feb 2013

Urban Forest Justice And The Rights To Wild Foods, Medicines, And Materials In The City, Melissa R. Poe, Rebecca J. Mclain, Marla R. Emery, Patrick T. Hurley

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

Urban forests are multifunctional socio-ecological landscapes, yet some of their social benefits remain poorly understood. This paper draws on ethnographic evidence from Seattle, Washington to demonstrate that urban forests contain nontimber forest products that contribute a variety of wild foods, medicines, and materials for the well-being of urban residents. We show that gathering wild plants and fungi in urban forests is a persistent subsistence and livelihood practice that provides sociocultural and material benefits to city residents, and creates opportunities for connecting with nature and enhancing social ties. We suggest that an orientation toward human-nature interactions in cities that conceptualizes the ...


The Establishment And Reterritorialization Of Planning Districts In South Dakota As A Response To Economic Challenges, George W. White, Robert H. Watrel Jan 2013

The Establishment And Reterritorialization Of Planning Districts In South Dakota As A Response To Economic Challenges, George W. White, Robert H. Watrel

Geography Faculty Publications

Rural areas in South Dakota have been experiencing population decline over the last forty years. This has reduced tax revenues of small town and cities, in turn reducing the abilities of local governments to provide services. The concurrent rise in federal monies and federal policies has caused many local communities to reterritorialize into planning districts that are quasi-government in nature. These planning districts bring together the resources and talents of local communities to obtain much needed federal monies through grants. This is an examination of this process and its effects within South Dakota.