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2011

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Articles 61 - 90 of 175

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Micropolitical Opportunity Structure In Burma, Nicole Loring May 2011

Micropolitical Opportunity Structure In Burma, Nicole Loring

Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects

This paper looks to answer the question: Why do citizens in Burma continue challenging the military regime through peaceful social movements despite of the threat of violent oppression? I set out to examine Burma as an anomaly in political opportunity structure theory. Political opportunity structure influences the type of political action most likely to take place within a regime by affecting which political claims are possible. At first, Burma appears to be a low-democracy, low-capacity regime, which should host civil wars. However, in Burma’s cities, peaceful social movements continue to take place. My capstone seeks to explain this problem ...


Marcuse On The Two Dimensions Of Advanced Industrial Society And The Significance Of His Thought Today, Michael C. Hartley Mr. May 2011

Marcuse On The Two Dimensions Of Advanced Industrial Society And The Significance Of His Thought Today, Michael C. Hartley Mr.

Senior Honors Projects

Herbert Marcuse was a philosopher and social theorist who wrote extensively about the dynamics of social change in the technologically advanced societies of the Western world. Motivated by the desire to see humanity develop societies that would allow for individuals to live a free and happy existence, Marcuse critiqued the existing societies of his time. Although Marcuse’s main work, One-Dimensional Man, is over forty years old, it can continue to offer us new insights today. I believe that Marcuse’s thought offers a powerful framework for analyzing our contemporary society. In this project I distill this framework, what could ...


The Right To Privacy In Light Of The Patriot Act And Social Contract Theory, Betsey Sue Casman May 2011

The Right To Privacy In Light Of The Patriot Act And Social Contract Theory, Betsey Sue Casman

UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones

There is a continual debate between individuals who attempt to measure the individual’s right to privacy against the government’s right to know in order to provide for the security of all citizens.

The questions that beg to be answered are whether the individual’s right to privacy outweighs the government’s duty to provide security; and if security is deemed more important, can there even be a right to privacy. It is critical to our nation’s anti-terrorism effort that our intelligence agencies possess the legal capacity to intercept all forms of communications utilized by terrorists and hostile ...


We Have Never Been Liberal: The Environmentalist Turn To Liberalism And The Possibilities For Social Criticism Apr 2011

We Have Never Been Liberal: The Environmentalist Turn To Liberalism And The Possibilities For Social Criticism

John Meyer

The shifting relationship between environmental political theorists and liberalism is examined, moving from a total critique to an increasingly nuanced engagement. The argument here is neither for nor against the possibility of ‘greening' liberalism per se. Instead, it is argued that the preoccupation with ‘liberalism' in this context is a category mistake based upon the reification of liberalism as not just a political philosophy, but a characterisation of citizen values and practices in contemporary liberal democratic societies. A different way of thinking about the role and task of environmental political theory and social criticism is proposed. The key is to ...


The Challenge Of Successful Integration For Francophone Immigrants Within Minority Communities, Suzanne N. Huot, Belinda Dodson, Debbie Rudman Apr 2011

The Challenge Of Successful Integration For Francophone Immigrants Within Minority Communities, Suzanne N. Huot, Belinda Dodson, Debbie Rudman

Western Migration Conference Series

A critical ethnography was undertaken to explore the integration experiences of French-speaking newcomers from visible minority groups residing with the London, Ontario Francophone minority community. Findings highlight a complex negotiation process involving learning the tacit social norms characterizing the host society.


Two Faces Of Media While Covering Human Right Activities In India, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Apr 2011

Two Faces Of Media While Covering Human Right Activities In India, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The situation of human rights in India is a complex one, as a result of the country's large size and tremendous diversity, its status as a developing country and a sovereign, secular, democratic republic, and its history as a former colonial territory. The Constitution of India provides for Fundamental rights, which include freedom of religion. Clauses also provide for Freedom of Speech, as well as separation of executive and judiciary and freedom of movement within the country and abroad. In its report on human rights in India during 2010, Human Rights Watch stated India had "significant human rights problems ...


Filosofia E Constituição. Simbolismo Das Origens. A Lição De Brotero, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Apr 2011

Filosofia E Constituição. Simbolismo Das Origens. A Lição De Brotero, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Afinal, parece que a primeira aula de Direito Constitucional no mundo foi dada em português, em São Paulo. Mas o seu autor tinha uma sensibilidade e um programa também jurisfilosófico. O que prova o casamento perfeito de Filosofia Jurídica e Constituição.


Democratic Political Socialization On University Campuses, Amit B. Patel Apr 2011

Democratic Political Socialization On University Campuses, Amit B. Patel

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This paper intends to contextualize early research on political socialization with recent developments that provide new considerations for the transmission of democratic political learning at a more advanced learning stage. It attempts to demonstrate this literature on political socialization as the foundation for evaluating the continuing research of the Penn Democracy Project in the field of democratic political socialization of undergraduate students. In light of the political socialization literature, this paper reveals the results of the most recent iteration of the Penn Democracy Project research study, which provide insight into the state of citizenship at the University of Pennsylvania. The ...


Language Discourse- A Critical Analysis Of Michel Focault's Work On Language Discourse With Special Reference To His Masterpiece "The Archeology Of Knowledge", Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Apr 2011

Language Discourse- A Critical Analysis Of Michel Focault's Work On Language Discourse With Special Reference To His Masterpiece "The Archeology Of Knowledge", Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Discourse generally refers to "written or spoken communication or debate". The following are three more specific definitions: (1) In semantics and discourse analysis: A generalization of the concept of conversation to all modalities and contexts. (2) "The totality of codified linguistic usages attached to a given type of social practice. (E.g.: legal discourse, medical discourse, religious discourse.)" (3) In the work of Michel Foucault, and social theorists inspired by him: "an entity of sequences of signs in that they are enouncements (enoncés)" (Foucault 1969: 141). An enouncement (often translated as "statement") is not a unity of signs, but an ...


2010 Yılında Yahudi Yerleşimleri: İsrail’In İşgal Stratejilerini Çözümlemek, Ali Balci Apr 2011

2010 Yılında Yahudi Yerleşimleri: İsrail’In İşgal Stratejilerini Çözümlemek, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Network Legitimacy And Accountability In A Developmental Perspective, Richard K. Ghere Apr 2011

Network Legitimacy And Accountability In A Developmental Perspective, Richard K. Ghere

Political Science Faculty Publications

Public networks typically function beyond the lines of the hierarchical authorities that hold bureaucracies accountable, as is shown here in the case of a business-dominant network that exhibited ethically questionable behaviors at the expense of its community credibility. Public networks can build external legitimacy by engaging in critical organization learning processes, much the way some nongovernmental organizations respond to a diversity of stakeholders.


The West's Feet Of Clay: Transmuting The Pillars Of Liberty From Gold Into Dross, Jin Seock Shin Apr 2011

The West's Feet Of Clay: Transmuting The Pillars Of Liberty From Gold Into Dross, Jin Seock Shin

Senior Honors Theses

This study seeks to support the centrality of the Judeo-Christian heritage to the growth and sustenance of liberty, a form of individualism limited by moral values. The pillars of liberty—self-government, private property, representative government, and limited government—reflect the structural contributions made by the Judeo-Christian heritage. Unfortunately, much of Western civilization suffers from a spiritual crisis, which has introduced and exacerbated fractures in the pillars. Pitirim Sorokin’s social and cultural analysis of Western civilization provides a framework to better understand the fractures evident in the history of liberty in Europe and America, and developed in each pillar of ...


The Politic 2011 Spring, The Politic, Inc. Apr 2011

The Politic 2011 Spring, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Let's Talk About It: Political Relationships In Nepal, Benjamin Wolf Lehr Mueser Apr 2011

Let's Talk About It: Political Relationships In Nepal, Benjamin Wolf Lehr Mueser

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This study examines the relationship between citizens, political parties, and local government in Nepal. Specifically, the research focuses on the relationship as it pertains to the decision-making processes in the VDC and DDC in Salleri, Solukhumbu. Through interviews with individuals at the policy level in Kathmandu, officials in Salleri, and residents of Salleri, the research studies this interaction and how it relates to citizen’s individual agency, political parties’ role as a middleman, and local government’s ability to communicate with local residents. The research concludes that parties are the only way for citizens to take their demands to local ...


Courts, Social Change, And Political Backlash, Michael Klarman Mar 2011

Courts, Social Change, And Political Backlash, Michael Klarman

Philip A. Hart Memorial Lecture

On March 31, 2011, Professor of Law, Michael Klarman of Harvard Law School delivered the Georgetown Law Center’s thirty-first annual Philip A. Hart Lecture: “Courts, Social Change, and Political Backlash.” Included here are the speaker's notes from this lecture.

Michael Klarman is the Kirkland & Ellis Professor at Harvard Law School. Formerly, he was the James Monroe Distinguished Professor of Law, Professor of History, and the Elizabeth D. and Richard A. Merrill Research Professor at the University of Virginia School of Law. Klarman specializes in the constitutional history of race.

Klarman holds a J.D. from Stanford Law School ...


7 (Hipó)Teses Sobre O Facebook, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Mar 2011

7 (Hipó)Teses Sobre O Facebook, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Muitas pessoas desocupadas, e muitas pessoas ocupadíssimas ocupam muito do seu tempo em redes sociais, entre as quais o facebook. O autor, que confessa de vez em quando sacrificar a essa nova divindade, faz um balanço provisório da sua experiência nesse meio.


Sebastianismo E Constituição, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Mar 2011

Sebastianismo E Constituição, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Começam a aparecer de novo vozes e grupos cuja essência do respectivo programa político é a defesa do presidencialismo. Além de politicamente ser uma solução sem tradição em Portugal, com manifestações sempre autoritárias e ditatoriais (mesmo na versão de "presidencialismo do "Primeiro-ministro": Salazar), é importante que se saiba que uma tal solução carece, ou de outra Constituição (= golpe de Estado), ou de uma votação no Parlamento de 2/3 dos deputados (em revisão normal, agora já fora de tempo para esta matéria), ou 4/5 (extraordinária). Sem essa maioria excepcionalmente vasta, só um golpe de Estado permitiria adoptar o Presidencialismo ...


Entrelinhas Políticas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Mar 2011

Entrelinhas Políticas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

É preciso saber interpretar. Os sinais e as palavras. E em momentos de crise, mais ainda. Há sinais de demagogia crescente. Bodes expiatórios são reencontrados, e as consabidas receitas de salvadores providenciais. O período eleitoral que certamente se avizinha (não era preciso ser profeta para o esperar neste artigo, escrito antes da demissão do Primeiro-ministro) será fértil em palavras. Mas as coisas são simples. E é preciso sobretudo traduzir o que será dito... É tão simples, afinal. Basta ver onde cada um quer chegar... E isso depende dos seus interesses e dos que defenda. Altruístas ou não.


Challenges Before Traditional Media In The Age Of Digital Media-How To Integrate It With Digital Media-The Way Ahead, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Mar 2011

Challenges Before Traditional Media In The Age Of Digital Media-How To Integrate It With Digital Media-The Way Ahead, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

You may have heard of digital media, but you may have no idea what it is and how it can help you out when it comes to marketing. It's definitely important that you get up to speed so you can use this to benefit your business. Basically digital media refers to any type of electronic media out there. Today media can be accessed in many ways, including with hand held devices like mobile phones, laptops, desktops, mp3 players, and more.Digital media must be stored in an electronic way, so there is a lot of digital content on the ...


Discourse And Argument In Instituting The Governance Of Social Law, Richard R. Weiner Mar 2011

Discourse And Argument In Instituting The Governance Of Social Law, Richard R. Weiner

Faculty Publications

Social Rights were initially understood as the rights of a pluralism of instituted associations; and transformed to the rights of distributive justice associated with the politics of access to welfare state corporatism. More recently, they have been understood as the rights of multicultural difference; and now as the rights to complexity (Zolo), and rights to consideration of polycontextural effect vis-a-vis transnational corporations (Teubner). Social rights are no longer subject positions versus political bodies, but also against social institutions, in particular, vis-a-vis centers of economic power.


Federal Earmarks In The State Of Georgia, Jeffrey Lazarus Mar 2011

Federal Earmarks In The State Of Georgia, Jeffrey Lazarus

Georgia Journal of Public Policy

Earmarks have been controversial ever since becoming a prominent part of the congressional spending process. Critics charge that earmarks fund projects with little or no economic value (for instance Ted Stevens’ “Bridge to Nowhere,”) but instead allow Congress members to direct government spending to campaign contributors (the charge leading to a federal investigation of the now-defunct lobbying firm PMA Group). On the other side of the controversy, congressional earmarks do fund a number of community improvements which are very valuable, at least locally. In Georgia, the fiscal 2010 appropriations bills included earmarks which allocated $450,000 to update College Park ...


Territorios Digitales: El Camino A La Sociedad De La Innovación. El Caso De San Luis, Argentina, Lucas Jolías, Susana Finquelievich, Alejandro Prince Mar 2011

Territorios Digitales: El Camino A La Sociedad De La Innovación. El Caso De San Luis, Argentina, Lucas Jolías, Susana Finquelievich, Alejandro Prince

Lucas Jolías

El artículo describe los resultados de una investigación de campo que estudia los alcances del programa San Luis Digital en Argentina, originado por el gobierno provincial y en el que los municipios de la Provincia han participado activamente. Se hace foco sobre los procesos de innovación social basados en la utilización de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (TIC) promovidos por la Gobierno administración provincial a través de acuerdos con otros actores sociales. La metodología utilizada para la investigación fue principalmente la de meta research, es decir la integración de modelos, teorías, datos e información provenientes de diversas ...


Etapas De La Inclusión Digital En Argentina: Difusión Y Adopción De Tic, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince Mar 2011

Etapas De La Inclusión Digital En Argentina: Difusión Y Adopción De Tic, Lucas Jolías, Alejandro Prince

Lucas Jolías

La inclusión digital es uno de los principales desafíos de los gobiernos en los próximos años, pero para cumplir con éste objetivo se debe prestar atención a las particularidades de la adopción de TIC en nuestra región, contemplando las diferencias socioeconómicas, culturales y motivacionales. El objetivo de este trabajo es analizar la inclusión digital en América Latina y el Caribe, con particular atención al caso de Argentina. Las hipótesis más importantes pueden resumirse en dos: primero, que los niveles de inclusión digital en la actualidad son en gran medida producto del mercado y la capacidad económica y de consumo de ...


Direito Pensado, Sentido E Vivido Em L. A. Warat, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Feb 2011

Direito Pensado, Sentido E Vivido Em L. A. Warat, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Em 16 de Dezembro de 2010 faleceu o jurista argentino que o Brasil sobretudo adoptou, Luis Alberto Warat. Era um iconoclasta, um heterodoxo. Este artigo é uma primeira evocação do seu pensamento, inseparável da sua própria vivência do Direito. Se crescermos na nossa cultura jurisfilosófica, um dia será considerado analfabeto em Direito quem não conhecer bem Warat. Se estagnarmos ou regredirmos, será um desconhecido, e nem sequer ilustre.


O Céu No Bolso, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Feb 2011

O Céu No Bolso, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Há quem preveja ainda o fim do livro. Contudo, cada vez mais livros se publicam todos os anos. Há quem deplore a falta de leitura, mas mais e mais pessoas são alfabetizadas, e lêem. Qualquer coisa não bate certo. Percentagens? Tipo de livros? Seja como for, um novo protagonista entra em cena: o e book. Mal amado também pelos mais conservadores. E contudo...


Identidade E Atraso, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Jan 2011

Identidade E Atraso, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O Professor Fernando Pereira Marques deu a lume um novo livro: Sobre as Causas do Atraso Nacional (Lisboa, Coisas de Ler, Dezembro de 2010). Não poderia haver reflexão mais oportuna. É uma vasta e documentadíssima reflexão, uma preocupação por Portugal não assente em impressões e preconceitos, mas em dados e em testemunhos eloquentes e credíveis. Podem abalar certezas, e sem dúvida desfazem mitos.


Crise & Democracia, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Jan 2011

Crise & Democracia, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Vivemos num mundo em grande medida imaginado. Nunca foi tão real a criação artificial de realidades, que se tornam realidades mesmo. O mundo das Finanças é um desses reinos. O problema é que elas afectam - e de que maneira - a vida real das pessoas. E a comunicação social é o eco dessa magia, de que dependemos cada vez mais, por todo o Mundo. Este artigo tem como base o publicado no semanário "Grande Porto", mas acrescenta-lhe um pequeno texto de Paulo Bonavides sobre a ligação entre democracia e Estado social. É que sem um e outra, é impossível suportar a ...


El Desarrollo De La Ciencia Política En México. Una Mirada A Través De Los Estudios Sobre El Estado De La Disiciplina, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Jan 2011

El Desarrollo De La Ciencia Política En México. Una Mirada A Través De Los Estudios Sobre El Estado De La Disiciplina, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

Se presenta una revisión de los títulos publicados hasta 2009 que han analizado la situación de la ciencia política en México o algún aspecto de ésta. Destaca el crecimiento y la diversificación de autores e instituciones, de las revistas publicadas y de los enfoques y temas recurrentes. Hasta fines de los años noventa se ven autores recurrentes y momentos de auge en las publicaciones asociados a coyunturas como congresos, procesos de modificación a planes de estudio, etc., Después de estos años hay la emergencia de nuevos autores y enfoques de estudio, y que el desarrollo de estos trabajos en su ...


Beyond Anarchy: The Complex And Chaotic Dynamics Of International Politics, Dylan Kissane Jan 2011

Beyond Anarchy: The Complex And Chaotic Dynamics Of International Politics, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

Realism has been the most influential theoretical approach in international relations since the discipline was born. Yet realism, for all its popularity, has always been criticised for its narrow world view of a system of states all seeking power, security and survival in a world of anarchy. Additionally, realism has struggled to provide explanations for some of the major events and evolutions in world politics. The timing of the outbreak of wars, the disappearance of superpowers and trends of regionalisation are all inadequately explained by realism, leaving the critic to ask, simply, why?

Dylan Kissane answers this question by going ...


How Much Does A Belief Cost?: Revisiting The Marketplace Of Ideas, Gregory Brazeal Jan 2011

How Much Does A Belief Cost?: Revisiting The Marketplace Of Ideas, Gregory Brazeal

Gregory Brazeal

Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. is often credited with creating the metaphor of “the marketplace of ideas,” though he did not use the exact phrase and his argument for free speech was not based on distinctively economic reasoning. Truly economic investigations of the marketplace of ideas have progressed in step with developments and trends in the law and economics literature. These investigations have tended to be one-sided, with writers focusing primarily either on the production of ideas (for example, Posner) or their consumption (for example, behavioral law and economics), without considering in depth how producers and consumers interact. This may ...