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2011

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Articles 31 - 60 of 175

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Nobreza De Espírito - Um Ideal Republicano, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Sep 2011

Nobreza De Espírito - Um Ideal Republicano, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

República não significa massificação. Nenhuma democracia pode sobreviver sem elites. Não grupos oligárquicos, plutocráticos, ensimesmados e snobs, mas eleites demofílicas, integradas no global espírito e ambiente democrático. O livro Nobreza de Espírito, de Rob Rieman, recordando Thomas Mann e as suas posições sobre o problema, é um importante alerta, e um memorando a considerar.


A Civil Society Strategy For Revitalizing The Left, Stephen D'Arcy Sep 2011

A Civil Society Strategy For Revitalizing The Left, Stephen D'Arcy

Stephen D'Arcy

The case for a community-based anti-capitalist strategy.


Symbolic Violence As Subtle Virulence: The Philosophy Of Terrorism, Jonathan Beever Sep 2011

Symbolic Violence As Subtle Virulence: The Philosophy Of Terrorism, Jonathan Beever

Re-visioning Terrorism

Jean Baudrillard’s semiotic analysis of violence leads us to understand the form of violence as three-fold: aggressive, historical, and semiotically virulent. Violence of the third form is the violence endemic to terrorism. If violence has been typically understood as of the first two types, terrorism should be understood as the virulence of simulacra. The conflation of these types of violence explains the failure of militaristic responses to terrorism. This paper will explore Baudrillard’s conception of symbolic violence as the virulence of signs and help us come to terms with the semiotic foundation of terrorism.


Tele-Visioning Terror, Caroline Zekri Sep 2011

Tele-Visioning Terror, Caroline Zekri

Re-visioning Terrorism

This paper is devoted to the relationship between terrorism and media, with a special focus on the theoretical notions of “icon”, “mass” and “distance”. It aims to show how the phenomenon of modern terrorism calls into question the essence of modern democracies and their systems of information, based on the distance between vision and event.


The Cultural Politics Of Wmd Terrorism In Post-Cold War America, Harold Williford Sep 2011

The Cultural Politics Of Wmd Terrorism In Post-Cold War America, Harold Williford

Re-visioning Terrorism

Terrorism’s definition is hotly debated and notoriously problematic. The resulting instability of counterterrorism and counterterrorist identity, however, is less often explored. This paper analyzes the prehistory of the War on Terror to explore how the meaning and associations attributed to terrorism by counterterrorists in the 1990s reflect the latter’s priorities, agenda, and anxieties. Prevalent ahistorical post-Cold War representations of terrorism involving weapons of mass destruction (WMD) as a “new” threat indicate that WMD-wielding terrorists functioned to justify the continued existence of the American national security state after the Soviet Union collapsed. Close readings of Rainbow Six, a Tom ...


The Invention Of Modern State Terrorism During The French Revolution, Guillaume Ansart Sep 2011

The Invention Of Modern State Terrorism During The French Revolution, Guillaume Ansart

Re-visioning Terrorism

This essay discusses three aspects of the Terror (September 1793–July 1794): (1) The Institutions of the Terror: The Committee of General Security, the Committee of Public Safety, and the Revolutionary Tribunal; (2) the Theory of Terror: The unity and indivisibility of the people, the category of enemy of the people, and the concept of Revolution as a state of war against aristocratic/foreign conspiracies; (3) the Language of Terror: The Terror is also a performative language, a language which embodies terror by aiming to silence all debate. In this sense, the language of Terror is Terror itself.


Geopolitical Mentality And The Turkish Military, Murat Yesiltas Aug 2011

Geopolitical Mentality And The Turkish Military, Murat Yesiltas

Murat Yesiltas

This paper is divided into three sections which are composed of define, use and practice of geopolitics in Turkey particularly in the hands of the military. In the first section, the paper interweaves the problem of meaning with the discourse of geography and geopolitics and argues that defining geopolitics by referring to the “state” rather than “normal politics” determines who can speak and shape geopolitical discourses. In the second section, rather than taking it as a static and value free naturalistic way, geopolitics is argued as a discursive practice which constructs exceptionality and uniqueness of Turkey in terms of its ...


Universidade Sem Cultura? A Propósito De Um Manual De Filosofia Do Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Aug 2011

Universidade Sem Cultura? A Propósito De Um Manual De Filosofia Do Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Que fazer? Resistir à massificação, tecnocracia, economicismo. A existência da Filosofia do Direito é já símbolo de resistência, dir-se-ia mesmo de contra-ataque. Como ensinar, porém, para todos, esta matéria exigente e complexa? Vacinando-os com minudências e preciosismos para que nunca mais queiram pensar no assunto? Ou cativando-os sem baixar o nível?


Waldo In The Light Of Austerity And Federal Debt Crisis, Part 2, Jan Kallberg Aug 2011

Waldo In The Light Of Austerity And Federal Debt Crisis, Part 2, Jan Kallberg

Jan Kallberg

Waldo’s predictions about the future for public administration describe five areas that would be problematic in the future: legitimacy, authority, knowledge, control, and confidence. Legitimacy includes not only that the government is legally legitimized but capable and focused on an intention to deliver the “good society.” Authority, according to Waldo, is the ability to implement policy with the acceptance of the people based on rationalism, expectations of public good, ethics, superior knowledge, and institutional contexts. Knowledge is institutional knowledge, the ability to arrange and utilize knowledge within the bureaucracy since coordination is the major challenge in knowledge management. Government ...


Waldo In The Light Of Austerity And Federal Debt Crisis, Part 1, Jan Kallberg Aug 2011

Waldo In The Light Of Austerity And Federal Debt Crisis, Part 1, Jan Kallberg

Jan Kallberg

Dwight Waldo wrote The Enterprise of Public Administration in 1979 looking back on a long and fruitful academic career, but also as a reflection about the future for public administration. Can a 30 year old book still be relevant? You bet. Today, the public sector is increasingly facing fiscal challenges. Federal, state, and local governments throughout the country have major budget deficits followed by austerity measures that undermine the ability to deliver the good life of the future. In this day and age rereading Dwight Waldo’s The Enterprise of Public Administration is an intellectual exercise worth pursuing. Several of ...


"Motorbike Guide For Westerners": Entrepreneurial Development And The Creation Of A Cultural Tourism Product In Transitional Vietnam, Karl Russell Kirby Aug 2011

"Motorbike Guide For Westerners": Entrepreneurial Development And The Creation Of A Cultural Tourism Product In Transitional Vietnam, Karl Russell Kirby

Masters Theses

Vietnam is undergoing economic transition from a command economy to an economy with greater market characteristics. Transition is fundamentally reshaping the country through economic liberalization and increased exposure to foreign markets. The Vietnamese are developing institutions necessary for market growth and international tourists are arriving in ever-larger numbers. This research project is a case study of businesses that provide guided motorbike tours and evaluates the businesses based on two criteria: as a study of institutional growth during economic transition and as an examination of tourism production through guide interpretation. The author interviewed and observed sixteen guides in Vietnam—from Dalat ...


Unmaking History: Seth's Europe's Indians, Mindy Peden Jul 2011

Unmaking History: Seth's Europe's Indians, Mindy Peden

Mindy Peden

Book review of: Vanita Seth. Europe’s Indians: Producing Racial Difference, 1500-1900.


Why Are Software Patents So Elusive? A Platonic Approach, Odin Kroeger Jul 2011

Why Are Software Patents So Elusive? A Platonic Approach, Odin Kroeger

Odin Kroeger

Software patents are commonly criticised for being fuzzy, context-sensitive, and often granted for trivial inventions. More often than not, these shortcomings are said to be caused by the abstract nature of software—with little further analysis offered. Drawing on Plato’s Parmenides, this paper will argue (1) that the reason why software patents seem to be elusive is that patent law suggests to think about algorithms as paradigmatic examples and (2) that Plato’s distinction between two modes of predication and the role of competence in his account of knowledge are helpful not only for conceptualising knowledge of algorithms, but ...


Legal Mechanization Of Corporate Social Responsibility Through Alien Tort Statute Litigation: A Response To Professor Branson With Some Supplemental Thoughts, Donald J. Kochan Jul 2011

Legal Mechanization Of Corporate Social Responsibility Through Alien Tort Statute Litigation: A Response To Professor Branson With Some Supplemental Thoughts, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

This Response argues that as ATS jurisprudence “matures” or becomes more sophisticated, the legitimate limits of the law regress. The further expansion within the corporate defendant pool – attempting to pin liability on parent, great grandparent corporations and up to the top – raises the stakes and complexity of ATS litigation. The corporate social responsibility discussion raises three principal issues about how a moral corporation lives its life: how a corporation chooses its self-interest versus the interests of others, when and how it should help others if control decisions may harm the shareholder owners, and how far the corporation must affirmatively go ...


The Twitter Effect, Caitlin Byrne Jul 2011

The Twitter Effect, Caitlin Byrne

Caitlin Byrne

Extract: In its short history, Twitter-the latest social networking phenomenon-has emerged from within the boundaries of political oppression as a potential enabler of human rights. A product of Western culture. Twitter's relevance to human rights rests in liberal political theory. In particular, Twitter gives effect to first generation human rights, articulated by the UN's Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UNDHR) in 1948, and subsequently codified in international law by the UN's International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) in 1966. The potential of Twitter presents both serious challenges and opportunities for advancing human rights, which this ...


Três Pilares Da Política E Do Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Jul 2011

Três Pilares Da Política E Do Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Três grandes temas ocupam a reflexão de Carlos Leone no seu anunciado novo livro: a democracia, a república e a soberania. Não poderia haver questões políticas e jurídicas de fundo mais oportunas.


民粹主義與政治主體的生成 : 社民連的個案, Chak Sang Pang Jul 2011

民粹主義與政治主體的生成 : 社民連的個案, Chak Sang Pang

Theses & Dissertations

拉克勞提出民粹主義是集體身份建構過程的理論:人們透過空洞能指扣連社會上的不同訴求,建立人民與權力的對立陣線,生成集體的身分認同。這與把社會上的群體(如階級)簡 單地視為分析單位的經典馬克思主義分析方法及理性選擇論等不同。本研究以香港政團「社民連」為個案,分析民粹主義的操作。前設是把人們於社會中的位置及利益與其身分認同脫鈎,視身分認同為話語操作的結果。

本研究將使用這一框架,分析於大眾媒體與網上這兩個不同的公共的討論中,社民連被如何表述,令人們可把不同的訴求扣連到「社民連」這概念之上。本研究將指出,社民連雖然號 稱基層黨,但「基層」一詞矛盾重重,社民連只有透過定位為與傳統政治秩序割裂而具多重 意義的「激進派」,吸納傳統「泛民」未能吸納的政治能量,進而產生一些與傳統香港政治 中泛民對建制的對立不同的新主體。於主流傳媒排斥這一新主體的背景下,人們不但透過互 聯網互通消息,甚至以「網民」作為身分認同,與主流傳媒及政治秩序對抗。


The Principle Of Fairness And States’ Duty To Obey International Law, David Lefkowitz Jul 2011

The Principle Of Fairness And States’ Duty To Obey International Law, David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Philosophers and political theorists have developed a number of different justifications for the duty to obey domestic law. The possibility of using one (or more) of these justifications to demonstrate that states have a duty to obey international law seems a natural starting point for an analysis of international political obligation. Amongst the accounts of the duty to obey domestic law, one that appears to have a great deal of intuitive appeal, and that has attracted a significant number of philosophical defenders, is the principle of fairness (or fair play). In this paper, I examine the possibility of using the ...


Cv, Tracy Devine Guzmán Jun 2011

Cv, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.


Cv, Tracy Devine Guzmán Jun 2011

Cv, Tracy Devine Guzmán

Tracy Devine Guzmán

No abstract provided.


Piacular Subjectivity And Contested Narrative In The Imre Nagy Memorials, Karl Benziger, Richard Weiner Jun 2011

Piacular Subjectivity And Contested Narrative In The Imre Nagy Memorials, Karl Benziger, Richard Weiner

Karl P. Benziger

The funeral of Imre Nagy on June 16, 1989 can be seen as a critical moment in the Hungarian transition to a democratic republic as it explicitly undermined the moral and political authority of the communist government then in power. This Nagy memorial signified a longing for a national identity tied to the spirit of republicanism that had been thwarted in 1956 and had roots going back to 1848. The unity of purpose displayed by the Hungarian people at the funeral brings to mind Emile Durkheim_s analysis of piaculum and the conscience collective. This is what the sociologist, Robert Bellah ...


The United States In Comparative Perspective, Peter Dreier Jun 2011

The United States In Comparative Perspective, Peter Dreier

Peter Dreier

No abstract provided.


Locating Rousseau's Legislator In The Social Contract, Courtney C. Nussbaumer Jun 2011

Locating Rousseau's Legislator In The Social Contract, Courtney C. Nussbaumer

The Macalester Review

It is challenging to define precisely what role the legislator plays in Rousseau’s Social Contract; however, when viewed in light of the ancient guardians, the role of the legislator becomes less obscure. This paper pursues the similarities between Rousseau’s concept of the legislator and Plato’s concept of the guardian while also exploring the poignant differences between the two. One cannot help but notice their fundamental similarities such as the superior character and intelligence of the legislator and how each communicates with the people. Their ultimate purpose and legitimacy differs, however, in that the legislator plays a more ...


Expressions Of Biases In The Ghanaian Political System, Karla Forjoe Jun 2011

Expressions Of Biases In The Ghanaian Political System, Karla Forjoe

Honors Theses (PPE)

This project sought to identify the presence of biases in the Ghanaian political system, in order to define and explain the possible polarization existing within the country, and its consequences on the country’s political progress. This project involved research in Ghana, conducted in a 3 week period between December 2010 and January 2011, to test the hypothesis that biases were present within the local population and the cause of dangerous (rebellion-prompting) polarization within the population. The biases anticipated were motivated bias, explicitly ‘myside’ biases in the form of selective exposure, belief overkill, and biased assimilation/polarization. The research method ...


The Penetration Of Social Media In Governance,Political Reforms And Building Public Perception, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr May 2011

The Penetration Of Social Media In Governance,Political Reforms And Building Public Perception, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

Social media are media for social interaction, using highly accessible and scalable communication techniques. Social media is the use of web-based and mobile technologies to turn communication into interactive dialogue. While we know that social media can play an important role in publicizing political activities such as protests, do we have evidence that such actions have led to substantive political change? Is it possible to develop a set of indicators to more effectively gauge the impact of new technologies and media on questions of political change? That social media can help coordinate large and discrete activities, such as protests and ...


Biblioteca Aberta, Jornal Positivo, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha May 2011

Biblioteca Aberta, Jornal Positivo, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Se o jornalismo quotidiano nos conta desgraças em cima de desgraças, e com o relato da intriga e dos ataques entre políticos nos deixa irritados ou sem esperança, o jornalismo cultural, quando não é pretexto para os mesmos sectarismos, não só nos descansa como edifica, além de instruir. No II Aniversário de "As Artes entre as Letras" editamos um pequeno texto sobre essa publicação em que regularmente colaboramos, mas de que também somos assíduo e entusiástico leitor: pelo descanso e pela formação que propicia, qual museu imaginário e biblioteca ideal em permanente reconstrução.


'Pior Não Fica', Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha May 2011

'Pior Não Fica', Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Normalmente, somos crítico do Presidencialismo. Mas o nosso sistema parlamentarista tem um problema também: o da qualidade dos nossos representantes. O texto ficcional proposto encena as angústias de um parlamentarista que entende a política como um clubismo, mas que mesmo assim precisa de ir digerindo as escolhas das máquinas partidárias para candidatos a deputados. Obviamente tal não pretende levar água nem ao moinho dos que pretendem reduzir o seu número, tornando o parlamento numa sensaboria bicolor, nem dos que gostariam de círculos uninominais, em que seria eleitos candidatos mediáticos ou caciques locais.


Ending Structural Violence: A Rawlsian Approach To Liberation Theology., Jonathan Calloway May 2011

Ending Structural Violence: A Rawlsian Approach To Liberation Theology., Jonathan Calloway

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Liberation theology has played an important role for overcoming structural violence. Originating in Latin America, the movement continues to expand throughout the developed and developing world. Marxism and liberation theology share similar philosophies – showing preferential option to the poor. While many Marxists may believe that a solution to structural violence is alienating violence through justified revolution, the chance of success is limited. Liberation is a process, not an event. This essay identifies an alternative to liberation: applying the teachings of John Rawls and applying the Suffering Servant model of Jesus Christ. When we apply the Veil of Ignorance and the ...


Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz May 2011

Collective Choice, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

This short piece is a contribution to The Encylopedia of Global Justice (ed. D.K. Chatterjee) (forthcoming from Springer Verlag May 2011). It summarizes the state of reserach on the problem for collective choice discovered by Kenneth Arrow in his Impossibility Theorem. In 1951 Arrow proved that a set of four or five (depending on how one counts them) minimal constraints that seem constitutive of democratic decisionmaking, including nondictatorship and rational consistency, are mutually incompatible. This created the burgeoning field of Social Choice Theory. I explain the problem in nontechnical terms, explore its implications especially for global justice, and review ...


Marcuse On The Two Dimensions Of Advanced Industrial Society And The Significance Of His Thought Today, Michael C. Hartley Mr. May 2011

Marcuse On The Two Dimensions Of Advanced Industrial Society And The Significance Of His Thought Today, Michael C. Hartley Mr.

Senior Honors Projects

Herbert Marcuse was a philosopher and social theorist who wrote extensively about the dynamics of social change in the technologically advanced societies of the Western world. Motivated by the desire to see humanity develop societies that would allow for individuals to live a free and happy existence, Marcuse critiqued the existing societies of his time. Although Marcuse’s main work, One-Dimensional Man, is over forty years old, it can continue to offer us new insights today. I believe that Marcuse’s thought offers a powerful framework for analyzing our contemporary society. In this project I distill this framework, what could ...