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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Tuition Tax Relief: A Conduit For Regulation?, Steven Alan Samson Dec 2009

Tuition Tax Relief: A Conduit For Regulation?, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Francis Lieber: Émigré Scholar, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Francis Lieber: Émigré Scholar, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

If Francis Lieber (1798-1872) had been a tinkerer, like Thomas Alva Edison or George Westinghouse, he might be remembered today for patenting a great variety of inventions. Yet he was an innovator in several fields. His active concerns as a political economist, scholar, and writer ranged through the industrial as well as the liberal arts. Lieber was an early advocate of an international copyright. He urged Congress to establish an office of statistics to aid scientific research. Later he took a lead in military and legal reform, drafting the first formal code of military conduct, which predated and influenced both ...


Dorothy Sayers On “The Lost Tools Of Learning”, Steven Alan Samson Sep 2009

Dorothy Sayers On “The Lost Tools Of Learning”, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The key to education is “learning how to learn.” We must first stand on the shoulders of the giants who preceded us before we can reach far enough to loose their embrace. A liberal arts education is to be liberating. But as Irving Babbitt noted, commenting on Edmund Burke, the basis of genuine liberty is an act of subordination or humility. We tend to mistake the part for the whole and exalt our partial discoveries into idols.


Olavo De Carvalho Sobre Economia De Mercado E Tradição, Lucas Mendes Jun 2009

Olavo De Carvalho Sobre Economia De Mercado E Tradição, Lucas Mendes

Lucas Mendes

O presente ensaio pretende discutir o argumento libertário de que a moral deve ser um elemento inerente, senão subjacente, à própria economia livre. Para tanto, traz-se à tona os argumentos de Gertrude Himmelfarb e Olavo de Carvalho para esclarecer o papel fundamental da ética e o porquê de sua prioridade absoluta sobre a ordem de mercado.


Easy Credit And Public Confidence, Steven Alan Samson Feb 2009

Easy Credit And Public Confidence, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Here we may see how Mammon has taken the place of God in our national life. We have chosen to base our society on a web of economic ties rather than a common faith, as if a mountain of promissory notes could be the salvation of the state. When cash is dross, credit is an empty word. Public credulity does not take the place of a sound dollar. The techniques of faith -- the arts of the confidence man, the power of positive thinking -- must not be mistaken for the reality. The substitution of credit for faith and applied science for ...


Self-Regulation In The Medical Profession: Some Uses Of The Law In Early America, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Self-Regulation In The Medical Profession: Some Uses Of The Law In Early America, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Delegation of the state’s police power to private associations raises important constitutional and political issues. Starting from the premise that law is frequently regarded as a tool or instrument—a public means of attaining essentially private ends—it is possible to identify at least three motives for seeking such power: eliminating competition, expanding the association’s control, over its environment, and elevating its standards to the status of law. This paper represents an attempt to clarify the constitutional and political issues raised by professional self-regulation. It will focus on a fairly narrow instance of the delegation of public power ...


Professionalism: A Political Strategy For Occupational Control, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Professionalism: A Political Strategy For Occupational Control, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

My first premise is that professionalism is a self-conscious endeavor by members of an occupation to distinguish themselves from competitors by claiming special competence and initiating a set of binding norms that enables them to close ranks, gain official recognition, and consolidate their power within a market. What distinguishes a profession from a non-professional occupation is that it is self-defining and self-regulating. As a profession, it is inner-directed rather than other-directed or tradition-directed.


Transatlantic Exchange: Francis Lieber And His Contemporaries, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Transatlantic Exchange: Francis Lieber And His Contemporaries, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Lieber’s work covers a wide range of fields. In the field of political science, his work embodies the transition from academic moral philosophy to political science proper. His contributions to penology, international law, and higher education have been acknowledged in the standard histories of those fields. Apart from the Encyclopaedia Americana for which he solicited contributions by leading scholars, Lieber’s larger works include a popular travelogue, Letters to a Gentleman in Germany (1834), reprinted in England as Stranger in America, which included an account of his experiences at the Battle of Namur (a few miles from Waterloo); a ...


Invisible Strings: The Regulation Of Religion In The Beneficent State, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

Invisible Strings: The Regulation Of Religion In The Beneficent State, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

My thesis is simply that the state has been assuming the essential features of a church and has been progressively asserting regulatory control over church activities as a sovereign right. Historically, the state has always been reluctant to permit exceptions to its policies. As long as the sphere of civil government was small and clearly delimited, the independence of other spheres of government—church, family, university, private association—was comparatively free from interference. In our own colonial history, the legislatures had enjoyed a similar freedom from interference by Parliament and the Crown until the French and Indian Wars depleted the ...


The Methodical Conquest: Perceptions Of The Impact Of Modern Science And Technology On Society, Steven Alan Samson Jan 2009

The Methodical Conquest: Perceptions Of The Impact Of Modern Science And Technology On Society, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

This thesis is a study of ideas and an essay in political philosophy. Broadly conceived, its purpose is to examine some basic issues concerning the impact of technology on society. More specifically, it is concerned with interpreting the relation between modern technology and the increasing rational, purposive organization of our lives, particularly through political institutions. A simple, causal connection between technology and government, however, is not evident. Several factors, including the rationale of efficient operation, mediate this relationship. :Primarily this is a study of ideas, not a study of their origins or their advocates. One theme may be said to ...