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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Special Report: Trade And Travel Patterns At The Canada-Us Border: Policy Implications, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2009

Special Report: Trade And Travel Patterns At The Canada-Us Border: Policy Implications, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The Border Policy Research Institute (BPRI) was established in 2005 in order to examine processes and policies related to the Canada – U.S. border. The motivating factor was widespread awareness that the border was impacting commerce and society to an increased extent in the post-9/11 era. The BPRI has sought to understand and analyze border-related processes, to explain policy implications, and to assist in the development of new policy. The body of research we have undertaken since 2005 has pointed to significant problems in the efficient and secure management of cross-border flows of trade and travel.


Additional Powers Of Search And Seizure At And Near The Border, David L. (David Lindsay) Davidson, Gina Kim Jan 2009

Additional Powers Of Search And Seizure At And Near The Border, David L. (David Lindsay) Davidson, Gina Kim

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

In normal practice, the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution requires individualized suspicion together with procurement of a warrant prior to a government search and/or seizure. Federal courts have recognized some exceptions, however, with the most common one pertaining at the nation’s borders, where most stops and searches are exempt from the usual requirements. That exception is justified by the understanding that a sovereign nation has the power to control who and what comes within its borders. This article describes practices related to searches and seizures at and near the border. A lengthy discussion of U.S ...


Issues With Efficacy Of Fast At The Cascade Gateway, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2009

Issues With Efficacy Of Fast At The Cascade Gateway, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article uses recently collected data to examine issues related to the efficacy of the FAST program at the Cascade Gateway. The data was collected by the Border Policy Research Institute (BPRI) in collaboration with the Whatcom Council of Governments (WCOG), a planning entity located in Bellingham, WA. WCOG facilitates the International Mobility and Trade Corridor (IMTC) project, which is a binational forum that seeks to improve mobility through the Cascade Gateway (i.e., the four ports-of-entry that collectively serve the I-5 corridor).


Bilateral Cooperation And Bounded Sovereignty In Counter-Terrorism Efforts, Bidisha Biswas Jan 2009

Bilateral Cooperation And Bounded Sovereignty In Counter-Terrorism Efforts, Bidisha Biswas

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The ‘Global War on Terror,’ led by the United States, emphasizes the role of international alliances in tackling terrorist threats. By their very nature, international counterterrorism efforts challenge state sovereignty by requiring changes to both foreign and domestic policies. This, in turn, creates complex sovereignty issues and raises some interesting questions for closer examination. How has cooperation in counterterrorism altered the perceptions and behavior of allies of the United States? Has the post-9/11 security environment constrained the sovereignty of other nations? This paper will analyze Canada’s cooperation with the US in order to explore these questions. The study ...


Not Our Borders: Indigenous People And The Struggle To Maintain Shared Lives And Cultures In Post-9/11 North America, Sara (Sara G.) Singleton Jan 2009

Not Our Borders: Indigenous People And The Struggle To Maintain Shared Lives And Cultures In Post-9/11 North America, Sara (Sara G.) Singleton

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

Nearly two centuries later, borders between the U.S. and its neighbors to the north and south continue to be a source of consternation for indigenous people, although today, they offer fewer compensatory benefits. Instead, for the more than 40 tribes that live along or near the northern and southern borders of the U.S., as well as a comparable number of Canadian First Nations, tightened security around borders has meant increased difficulty in pursuing intertribal trade and exchange, greater obstacles to delivery of social and health services to tribal members who live across national borders and the attenuation of ...


Streamlining Of Nafta Tariffs: Benefits For Washington State, Aaron Hayman, Paul Storer Jan 2009

Streamlining Of Nafta Tariffs: Benefits For Washington State, Aaron Hayman, Paul Storer

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The Security and Prosperity Partnership of North America (SPP) is an initiative launched in 2005 by the leaders of Canada, Mexico, and the United States to promote security and prosperity through cooperation and sharing of information. One component of the prosperity agenda is a Working Group on the movement of goods which was created to pursue the following objectives: … lower the transaction costs of trade in goods by liberalizing the requirements for obtaining duty-free treatment under NAFTA, including through the reduction of “rules of origin” costs on goods traded between our countries. Each country should have in place procedures to ...


Border Barometer, Border Policy Research Institute, University Of Buffalo Regional Institute Jan 2009

Border Barometer, Border Policy Research Institute, University Of Buffalo Regional Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This inaugural Border Barometer provides a preliminary context for officials to consider when thinking about strengthening collaboration to enhance security and competitiveness, as well as the appropriate mechanism for accomplishing these goals. Data collected thus far tell a Northern-border-wide story of increased Canada-US economic interdependence amidst a decline in social interaction.


The Year-Over-Year Decline In Southbound Freight At The Canada-Us Border, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2009

The Year-Over-Year Decline In Southbound Freight At The Canada-Us Border, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article examines truck- and rail-borne freight flows at five land ports-of-entry along the Canada – U.S. border: Blaine, WA; Sweetgrass, MT; Detroit, MI; Buffalo, NY; and Champlain, NY. The five ports were chosen to provide geographic diversity, as well as a range of sizes. Together, these five ports handled 53 percent of the truck-borne freight entering the U.S. from Canada in December 2007, so the trends found at these ports likely are representative of the situation along the entire border. A year-over-year methodology was used in order to account for background seasonal variations. Rather than examining the value ...


The Anticipated Impacts Of The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative On Coast Salish Communities, James M. (James Marlow) Hundley Jan 2009

The Anticipated Impacts Of The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative On Coast Salish Communities, James M. (James Marlow) Hundley

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) is the policy directive of the Department of Homeland Security following the Intelligence Reform and Prevention Act of 2004. It will require that all citizens, including American citizens as well as foreign nationals, entering the United States from any foreign country to show documentation demonstrating identification and citizenship.


United States And Canadian Citizens' Perceptions Of Border Security: The Influence Of Emotional Reactions, James F. (James Freeman) Faucet Jan 2009

United States And Canadian Citizens' Perceptions Of Border Security: The Influence Of Emotional Reactions, James F. (James Freeman) Faucet

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

Efforts to bolster support of border policy are dependent on an understanding of the psychological mechanisms underlying perception of border management. Hazard-focused emotional reactions of fear and anger and the management-focused emotion of trust have been shown to influence risk perception. To determine the generality of these findings, the current study sampled United States and Canadian citizens living near the Northwest Washington / Southwest British Columbia border. Emotional reactions were shown to effect perception of border management across knowledge levels and country of residence. U.S. citizens reported higher levels of fear, anger, and worry about border security compared to Canadian ...


Stakeholder Views On Improving Border Management, Donald K. Alper, Bryant Hammond Jan 2009

Stakeholder Views On Improving Border Management, Donald K. Alper, Bryant Hammond

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The Canada-US border, like all international borders, performs certain functions related to restricting, regulating and interdicting cross-border flows of people, products and pollutants. How border officials carry out these functions is shaped by historical factors and the political-economic agendas of state authorities. Though Canada-US border management has always been influenced by security issues such as boundary disputes, prohibition and illicit drugs, only since 9/11 has the border been viewed as a vital security problem in the context of American national security. This new reality has brought increased attention to the northern border and prompted a continuing debate about the ...


Trans-Boundary Metals Pollution In The Okanagan Regions Of British Columbia And Washington State: An Assessment Of Metal Toxicity And Speciation In The Columbia River, Ruth M. Sofield, Catherine P. Bollinger Jan 2009

Trans-Boundary Metals Pollution In The Okanagan Regions Of British Columbia And Washington State: An Assessment Of Metal Toxicity And Speciation In The Columbia River, Ruth M. Sofield, Catherine P. Bollinger

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

An assessment of the tools available to decision makers responsible for managing allowable concentrations of metals in aquatic environments was conducted. The emphasis was on surface waters in the Okanagan Valley of BC, Canada and Washington, US. The assessment was framed around four primary goals, which included an evaluation of the validity of hardness corrected values, the Biotic Ligand Model (BLM), the Visual MINTEQ model (VMINTEQ), and a preliminary understanding of what site-specific qualities made one model a better predictor of toxicity than another.