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2008

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Articles 1141 - 1170 of 1185

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

La Independencia Judicial En Tiempos De Uribe, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo Dec 2007

La Independencia Judicial En Tiempos De Uribe, Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Javier Revelo-Rebolledo

Reflection article that seeks to investigate the situation of judicial independence in the two governments of Álvaro Uribe.


In The Form Of A Longhouse: Haudenosaunee Political Philosophy And Social Contract Theory, Sam Grey Dec 2007

In The Form Of A Longhouse: Haudenosaunee Political Philosophy And Social Contract Theory, Sam Grey

Sam Grey

This essay presents the Haudenosaunee Confederacy (sometimes referred to as the Iroquois League or Five Nations) as part of an alternative social contract theory, contrasting the social and political institutions and norms of the Five Nations with those proposed by Enlightenment-era philosophers. Although the oral history of the Haudenosaunee describes a Hobbesian ‘state of nature’ prior to the founding of the Confederacy, the Five Nations entered into, and constantly renewed, a substantially different ‘social contract’ than that theorized by Hobbes, Rousseau, or Locke. Because these differences reveal a unique understanding of human nature and potential, undergirded by distinctly Haudenosaunee political ...


In Harm's Way: Justification, Excuse, And Civilian Safety In Just War Theory, Sam Grey Dec 2007

In Harm's Way: Justification, Excuse, And Civilian Safety In Just War Theory, Sam Grey

Sam Grey

Just War Theory asserts that armed conflict can be fought in a way that safeguards moral and legal norms while responding to pragmatic/military imperatives. One of the ways in which it seeks to safeguard justice is through specific provisions for the immunity of, and due care for, the vulnerable and innocent. Unfortunately, two doctrines within Just War Theory – the Doctrine of Double Effect and the Doctrine of Supreme Emergency – suspend or vacate these provisions. The net effect is to render justifications inaccessible, leaving only excuses, the use of which establishes that no one is truly accountable, no meaningful guidance ...


Sustainable Futures, Ashok Agrwaal Dec 2007

Sustainable Futures, Ashok Agrwaal

Ashok Agrwaal

A brief note on the sustainability of the current world view


Le Conseil Constitutionnel Et La Transformation De La République, Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2007

Le Conseil Constitutionnel Et La Transformation De La République, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


The Reception Of The Echr In National Legal Orders, Alec Stone Sweet, Helen Keller Dec 2007

The Reception Of The Echr In National Legal Orders, Alec Stone Sweet, Helen Keller

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


Proportionality Balancing And Global Constitutionalism, Alec Stone Sweet, Jud Mathews Dec 2007

Proportionality Balancing And Global Constitutionalism, Alec Stone Sweet, Jud Mathews

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


Assessng The Impact Of The Echr On National Legal Systems, Alec Stone Sweet, Helen Keller Dec 2007

Assessng The Impact Of The Echr On National Legal Systems, Alec Stone Sweet, Helen Keller

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


The Constitutional Council And The Transformation Of The Republic, Alec Stone Sweet Dec 2007

The Constitutional Council And The Transformation Of The Republic, Alec Stone Sweet

Alec Stone Sweet

No abstract provided.


Geography Of Strategic Thinking In The Us In Post-Cold War Era, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2007

Geography Of Strategic Thinking In The Us In Post-Cold War Era, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


The Levers Of Legal Design: Institutional Determinants Of The Quality Of Law, Gillian K. Hadfield Dec 2007

The Levers Of Legal Design: Institutional Determinants Of The Quality Of Law, Gillian K. Hadfield

Gillian K Hadfield

In the past decade a comparative law and economics literature has emerged that is largely organized around an effort to explain differences in country economic performance in terms of differences between common law and civil code systems. Assumptions about differences between common law and civil code regimes and the correspondence between legal regimes and judicial behavior are, however, still only weakly based in real institutional features of modern legal systems. In this paper, I examine the institutional determinants of the quality of law developed by a legal regime, drawing on a model from Hadfield (2006) which identifies five key parameters ...


Ngos In China: Issues Of Good Governance And Accountability, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu Dec 2007

Ngos In China: Issues Of Good Governance And Accountability, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu

Reza Hasmath

Drawing on interviews conducted among leading local and international NGOs operating in China, this article examines how NGOs understand and implement good governance and accountability principles and practices. It also examines how Chinese constituents and the general public perceive local and international NGOs. The discussion provides a basis on which to assess ways of improving governance and accountability practices for NGOs operating in China.


对中国公民社会组织良好治理的研, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu Dec 2007

对中国公民社会组织良好治理的研, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu

Reza Hasmath

本文研究中国公民社会组织(CSOs)在良好治理方面的作为,比 如在诚信和透明方面的表现。通过对主要的国际及国内公民社会组织的访问,本文将关注中国的公民社会组织是如何理解和实施良好的治理的.此外,本文还将关注中国的乡官人群和公众是如何看待在中国工作的国际和国内公民社会组织.最后,将通过以上方面的研究为中国公民社会组织在未来实现良好治理提出建议.


Communications/Excommunications: An Interview With Armand Mattelart, Costas M. Constantinou Dec 2007

Communications/Excommunications: An Interview With Armand Mattelart, Costas M. Constantinou

Costas M. Constantinou

Rethinking media and communications


International Relations And The Challenges Of Global Communication, Costas M. Constantinou, Oilver Richmond, Alison Watson Dec 2007

International Relations And The Challenges Of Global Communication, Costas M. Constantinou, Oilver Richmond, Alison Watson

Costas M. Constantinou

Rethinking the politics of global communication


On The Cypriot States Of Exception, Costas M. Constantinou Dec 2007

On The Cypriot States Of Exception, Costas M. Constantinou

Costas M. Constantinou

This article explores the politics of exceptionality in Cyprus. It focuses
on the postcolonial constriction of Cypriot statehood—the framing of
the sovereign itself as an exception—and how the emerging discourse
of exceptionality unfolded a spiral of states of exception on the ground.
Looking in and across a variety of Cypriot sites and regimes (north,
south, sovereign base areas and buffer zone) the article examines what
claims of exceptionality legitimate in political and everyday life as well
as their ironic and paradoxical effects. Finally, it looks at how the
Cyprus case informs debates on current theorizations of exceptionalism.


Office Seekers Seem To Fall Into One Of Two Categories, Gil J. Villagran Dec 2007

Office Seekers Seem To Fall Into One Of Two Categories, Gil J. Villagran

Gil J. Villagran

Office seekers generally fall into two categories:  those dedicated to the further development of a civil society for all, and those dedicated to ensuring all government decisions further increase the wealth and privilege of those who already have the lion’s share of our nation’s great bounty.   


Excerpt From Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy And Power In American Culture (Revised And Updated Edition), Mark Fenster Dec 2007

Excerpt From Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy And Power In American Culture (Revised And Updated Edition), Mark Fenster

Mark Fenster

This is the introduction to the revised and updated edition of Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, forthcoming 2008). The book challenges the dominant academic and popular approach to conspiracy theories, which views them as a paranoid, extremist expression of marginal groups and individuals that pathologically challenges the basic assumptions of American history and the pluralistic political system of the United States. The book is premised on the contrary proposition that the prevalence of conspiracy theories is neither necessarily pernicious nor external to American politics and culture but instead an integral aspect of ...


Political Globalisation And Citizenship: New Sources Of Security Threats In Africa, Shola J. Omotola Dec 2007

Political Globalisation And Citizenship: New Sources Of Security Threats In Africa, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

This article analyses the interface between political globalization, citizenship and security threats in Africa. Political globalization is assumed to be capable of engendering inclusive citizenship; in the same way, citizenship is considered to be central to the national question in Africa. It is around citizenship that most issues of human rights revolve, both at individual and group levels. The article argues that political globalization in Africa tends to limit the meaning, essence and substance of citizenship, even if the latter is defined from a minimalist perspective of duties-rights relationships. The marginalization and/or exclusionary politics engendered by political globalization, especially ...


Bringing The Empire Back In, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2007

Bringing The Empire Back In, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

I propose that the classical analytical category of ‘empire’, as opposed to ‘state’ and other political forms, can account for a large number of historical and current experiences, including the United States of America, the European Union, Russia and China. An ‘empire’ can be conceived, in contrast to a ‘state’, as a very large size polity with a government formed by multiple institutional levels, overlapping jurisdictions and diverse formulas across the territory. According to the American experience and the most recent European one, the building of military and commercial large ‘empires’ can be a favorable formula for stability and progress ...


Parker V. The District Of Columbia And The Hollowness Of Originalist Claims To Principled Neutrality, William G. Merkel Dec 2007

Parker V. The District Of Columbia And The Hollowness Of Originalist Claims To Principled Neutrality, William G. Merkel

William G. Merkel

For many years following the Supreme Court's decision in United States v. Miller,1 the orthodox opinion among academics and federal appeals courts alike was that the Second Amendment to the United States Constitution did not protect possession of firearms unrelated to service in the lawfully established militia. 2 In recent decades, a growing chorus of polemicists, gun rights advocates, single-topic academics, and famously contrarian and exceedingly clever constitutional theorists (Sandy Levinson, Akhil Amar, Larry Tribe, and Randy Barnett among others) have challenged this old understanding on originalist grounds related to both the Second and Fourteenth Amendments.3 While ...


International Handbook On Risk Analysis And Management: Professional Experiences, Beat Habegger Dec 2007

International Handbook On Risk Analysis And Management: Professional Experiences, Beat Habegger

Beat Habegger

No abstract provided.


Human And Fundamental Rights And Duties In Portuguese Constitution. Some Reflections, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Human And Fundamental Rights And Duties In Portuguese Constitution. Some Reflections, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

The Portuguese Constitution (1976) came after a period of 48 years of authoritarianism and a closed society, in which some happy few enjoyed great privileges while the great majority of people were charged with heavy duties So, by a very understandable "law of human nature", the constituent law givers could not reasonably impose constitutionally many obligations, in an autonomous way. As rights and duties are the twin sides of the same coin, the juridical formulation under the sign of rights also implies obligations, related to those same rights. This is kinder and more pleasant to do by a liberating Constitution...


El Derecho Natural, Historia E Ideologia, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

El Derecho Natural, Historia E Ideologia, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Intentemos retomar algunos hilos sueltos de discursos dispersos y con una nueva mirada analítica, procuremos ver una realidad sutil y huidiza: ese derecho natural que parece silencioso en nuestros días, y más silencioso aún en los discursos psitacistas: tanto en los pomposos como en los pseudo-rigurosos.


Princípio Republicano E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Princípio Republicano E Virtudes Republicanas, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

O presente artigo procura unir traços de aparente heterodoxia, recuperando, porém, paradigmas e tópicos que não são novos. Com efeito, nem as virtudes, nem a república, nem sequer a felicidade são novidades. O que talvez seja novo (new again) é o espírito de buscar outra vez as raízes, as fontes, para um intento de renovação do ambiente juspolítico. Somos naturalmente favorável a uma Constituição principial e valorativa, como a nossa. Mas parece-nos que há nela lugar a Virtudes (que já existem nela), e que a descoberta das Virtudes nas Constituições, e, logo, no Direito, é, afinal, um ovo de Colombo ...


Da Constituição Antiga À Constituição Moderna. República E Virtude, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Da Constituição Antiga À Constituição Moderna. República E Virtude, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Virtude e República necessariamente têm de levar-nos à Antiguidade: desde logo porque a primeira “começa” com a helénica "areté". Logo, é preciso ir, antes de mais, à Grécia Antiga, e especialmente ao legado ateniense. “Directly or indirectly, Athenian democracy as an extraordinary experiment in social history thus stimulates our own thinking about crucial issues of our own democracy and society, incomparably more complex though they are. The point is precisely that the ancients help us focus on the essentials" - como afirma Kurt A. Raaflaub.


Uma Filosofia Constitucional Comum (Luso-Brasileira), Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2007

Uma Filosofia Constitucional Comum (Luso-Brasileira), Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Onde melhor se pode aquilatar de uma filosofia constitucional? Além do cunho da constitução, que já vimos ser liberal na fórmula política (porque moderna ecodificada) e social na social, cultural e económica, o que mais exprime uma filosofia constitucional é a ética constitucional, e, antes de mais, são os valores. A Constituição cidadão brasileira e a Constituição portuguesa de 1976 comungam, em grande medida, dos meus valores de liberdade, igualdade, justiça, e outros, progressivos e de cidadania.


Trying To Vote In Good Conscience, Elizabeth F. Brown Dec 2007

Trying To Vote In Good Conscience, Elizabeth F. Brown

Elizabeth F Brown

This Article analyses the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ statement, Forming Consciences for Faithful Citizenship: A Call to Political Responsibility from the Catholic Bishops of the United States, and how it addresses the economic and environmental issues raised during the 2008 Presidential election.


Quantitative Monitoring And Comparison Of Regional Integration Processes: Steps Towards Good Practice, Gaspare M. Genna, Philippe Delombaerde, Ettore Dorrucci, Francesco Paolo P. Mongelli Dec 2007

Quantitative Monitoring And Comparison Of Regional Integration Processes: Steps Towards Good Practice, Gaspare M. Genna, Philippe Delombaerde, Ettore Dorrucci, Francesco Paolo P. Mongelli

Gaspare M Genna

No abstract provided.


The Centennial Of The Boundary Waters Treaty: A Century Of United States–Canadian Transboundary Water Management, Noah D. Hall Dec 2007

The Centennial Of The Boundary Waters Treaty: A Century Of United States–Canadian Transboundary Water Management, Noah D. Hall

Noah D Hall

The Boundary Waters Treaty of 1909 has now provided the foundation for transboundary United States-Canadian water management for a century. During the one hundred years that the Boundary Waters Treaty has been in place, both the law and the world in which the law operates have changed dramatically. Some of the most relevant and significant changes have been several fold increases in population and thousand fold increases in gross domestic product in North America with correlating increased environmental impacts, the growth of international law and governance institutions, the emergence of modern environmentalism and the resulting creation of domestic and international ...