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Political Science Commons

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2008

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 354

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Eucharist And Dragon Fighting As Resistance: Against Commodity Fetishism And Scientism, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Eucharist And Dragon Fighting As Resistance: Against Commodity Fetishism And Scientism, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

This paper examines two practices – the Roman Catholic Practice of Eucharist and the game Dungeons and Dragons – to show how social critique can be mounted from within a practice. It begins by relating Alasdair MacIntyre’s notion of tradition to his earlier analysis of ideology and to the notion of ideology in general. The paper then tackles two dominant forms of ideology – Commodity Fetishism and Scientism – and shows how both Eucharist and Dungeons and Dragons promote critical thinking to resist those ideologies. In the process, it denies the Althusserian-Foucauldian analysis of ideology as mere materiality and defends a conception of ...


Challenges For The U.S. Administration, William Wunderle, Gabriel Lajeunesse Dec 2008

Challenges For The U.S. Administration, William Wunderle, Gabriel Lajeunesse

William Wunderle

The U.S. administration of Barack Obama will inherit a host of challenges in the Middle East. Several early policy choices could place its Middle East policy on solid footing.


Généticisation Et Responsabilité: Les Habits Neufs De La Gouvernance Néolibérale (Uncorrected Proofs), Antoinette Rouvroy Dec 2008

Généticisation Et Responsabilité: Les Habits Neufs De La Gouvernance Néolibérale (Uncorrected Proofs), Antoinette Rouvroy

Antoinette Rouvroy

Loin du phantasme spectaculaire d’une “maléabilité” génétique de l’être humain, et nonobstant les discours grandiloquants qui ont accompagné la très coûteuse exploration du génome humain, la “nouvelle génétique humaine” ne révèle ni ne porte atteinte à l’essence de l’être humain (encore faudrait-il qu’une telle essence puisse jamais être définie), mais révolutionne notre perception des causes des smilitudes et variations au sein de l’espèce humaine. Le néologisme ‘généticisation’ désigne la contamination progressive des discours sociétaux (médicaux, juridiques, politiques, sociologiques,...) par une logique réductionniste et essentialiste faisant des gènes la cause privilégiée sinon exclusive des variations ...


Edward Rozek: A Teacher’S Gift, Steven Alan Samson Dec 2008

Edward Rozek: A Teacher’S Gift, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

He always spoke with quiet authority, with conviction, about the blight of totalitarian oppression and, closer to home, the petty tyrannies that waylay us. When anti-war protests led to the cancellation of classes, we crossed picket lines in 1970 to take our final exams. We voted with our feet (one of his favorite phrases in another context). Our contract with him did not contain an escape clause.


Yes, But . . ., Steven Alan Samson Dec 2008

Yes, But . . ., Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Leftism is first and foremost a religion of revolution. It is the conscious and deliberate transvaluation—with malice aforethought—of western Christendom, its symbols, and its foundational truths. In Manichean fashion, it exalts the humble and abases the proud on its own terms and own authority. After all, “turnabout is fair play.” It is the old leveling spirit seeking to bring down all high things, even on a cosmic scale. Rejecting the transcendental perspective of Christianity, Leftism substitutes another gospel: a version of the story told by goats.


Rousseau's Concept Of The General Will: Myth Or Reality, Ozy B. Orluwene Jp Dec 2008

Rousseau's Concept Of The General Will: Myth Or Reality, Ozy B. Orluwene Jp

Dr Ozy B.Orluwene,JP

Abstract The major objective of this paper is to holistically examine Jean Jacques Rousseau’s concept of General will. The thesis of the paper posits that the natural needs of man cannot be satisfied by society, but rather society increases misery.


Ethnicity And Public Service In Nigeria, Ozy B. Orluwene Jp Dec 2008

Ethnicity And Public Service In Nigeria, Ozy B. Orluwene Jp

Dr Ozy B.Orluwene,JP

ABSTRACT This paper essentially examines the concept of ethnicity and public service in Nigeria. It posits that because of the monstrous proportion ethnicity assumed in Nigeria, it has remained a central turning point in the nation’s history. Its impact has further exacerbated problems of growth and development of Nigerian Public service and organizations.


De Lo Épico A Lo Cotidiano: Jóvenes Y Generaciones Políticas En Chile / From The Epic To The Everyday: Youth And Political Generations In Chile, Sergio Y. Toro Dec 2008

De Lo Épico A Lo Cotidiano: Jóvenes Y Generaciones Políticas En Chile / From The Epic To The Everyday: Youth And Political Generations In Chile, Sergio Y. Toro

Sergio Y. Toro

Although the evidence in Chile shows that youth is an important variable for explaining levels of political engagement, electoral participation and social changes, this paper proposes a new generational category that could be adopted in future studies: The post-plebiscite political generation. Working with LAPOP data, this article seeks a new approach to analyzing the divide between youth and adults, showing that, although there are important differences between both groups, there are also significant contrasts between those who participated in the 1988 plebiscite and those who did not.


¿Renovación O Continuismo? Actitudes, Valores Y Trayectoria De La Clase Política Ecuatoriana, Flavia Freidenberg Dec 2008

¿Renovación O Continuismo? Actitudes, Valores Y Trayectoria De La Clase Política Ecuatoriana, Flavia Freidenberg

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Explorando El «Apartidismo» En México: ¿Apartidistas O Apolíticos? América Latina Hoy, Vol. 50, Diciembre-Sin Mes, 2008, Pp. 119-145, Benjamin Temkin, Sandra Solano, José Del Tronco Dec 2008

Explorando El «Apartidismo» En México: ¿Apartidistas O Apolíticos? América Latina Hoy, Vol. 50, Diciembre-Sin Mes, 2008, Pp. 119-145, Benjamin Temkin, Sandra Solano, José Del Tronco

benjamin (benny) temkin

En las últimas décadas, distintos estudios han identificado, especialmente en las democracias avanzadas, un proceso de debilitamiento de la lealtad partidista. Russell Dalton ha explicado este fenómeno a través del incremento de los niveles educativos y de la mayor capacidad de los ciudadanos para obtener información y participar en asuntos públicos de forma independiente a los partidos. Este trabajo analiza la pertinencia del modelo de Dalton para el caso mexicano, donde el proceso de modernización económica y apertura política es mucho más reciente. Los resultados muestran la utilidad del modelo, pero sugieren la necesidad de tomar en cuenta diversos factores ...


Jogelmélet Jog Nélkül? [Legal Theory Without Law?], Péter Cserne Dec 2008

Jogelmélet Jog Nélkül? [Legal Theory Without Law?], Péter Cserne

Péter Cserne

No abstract provided.


From Private Organizations To Agents Of The State: The Emergence Of Political Parties In The United States, Joseph Reimers Nov 2008

From Private Organizations To Agents Of The State: The Emergence Of Political Parties In The United States, Joseph Reimers

Joseph A. Reimers

No abstract provided.


International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2008

International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

"Terrorism" is a term that cannot be given a stable defintion. Or rather, it can, but to do so forstalls any attempt to examine the major feature of its relation to television in the contemporary world. As the central public arena for organising ways of picturing and talking about social and political life, TV plays a pivotal role in the contest between competing defintions, accounts and explanations of terrorism. Which term is used in any particular context is inextricably tied to judgemements about the legitimacy of the action in question and of the political system against which it is directed ...


Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2008

Liberdade, Ética E Direito, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Further than Ethics concieved as mere obedience, Republican Ethics expresses the idea of duty for freedom and Liberty. After Law concieved as only duty and imperative norms from power to the subjects, there is the possibility of a fraternal law, in new patterns. This article explores several ways in a new ethics and a new law paradigms, after the objective Roman Law and the subjective modern Law.


National Humiliation, History Education, And The Politics Of Historical Memory, Zheng Wang Nov 2008

National Humiliation, History Education, And The Politics Of Historical Memory, Zheng Wang

Zheng Wang

No abstract provided.


Piling On Palin, Hating On Hillary, Caroline Heldman Nov 2008

Piling On Palin, Hating On Hillary, Caroline Heldman

Caroline Heldman

No abstract provided.


Plus On Est Observé, Moins On Est Sensible Aux Atteintes À La Vie Privée, Antoinette Rouvroy Nov 2008

Plus On Est Observé, Moins On Est Sensible Aux Atteintes À La Vie Privée, Antoinette Rouvroy

Antoinette Rouvroy

Voir ce qui se passe dans sa rue, sur une plage aux Maldives ou au Nord-Kivu, au mètre près et en teps réel, ou presque. C'est le pari de e-Corce, un concept d'observation de la terre imaginé par l'agence spatiale française. Super Google Earth ou Big Brother?


Liberalism And Foreign Policy, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Liberalism And Foreign Policy, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Although Tocqueville, Lieber, and Bagehot all espoused the principles of limited government, each spun his liberalism from independent elements and none could be described as a democrat. Tocqueville’s critique of individualism sprang from his republican concern for civic virtue. Lieber’s organic view of the state reconciled his intense nationalism with a commitment to free trade, civil liberty, and self-government. Bagehot’s support for a politics of rational discussion was anchored in “an abiding skepticism that a mass electorate was capable of such discussion.”


The Character Of Inflation, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

The Character Of Inflation, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

God sets the standard of justice and righteousness by which individuals and nations alike are measured. Justice and injustice are manifested, first, governmentally in the character of individuals and nations, then economically in the character of exchange.


Christianity In Nineteenth Century American Law, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Christianity In Nineteenth Century American Law, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

The religious underpinnings of American political and legal institutions have been duly noted by legal scholars, historians, judges, politicians, and clergymen alike. Church polities provided models not only for colonial civil governments but also for the present constitutional system.


Paul Valéry: The Politics Of Method, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Paul Valéry: The Politics Of Method, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Method demands definition for the sake of economy or efficiency. The intellect abhors a vacuum, so myth fills the void; the mind creates what it needs. Politics is one such affair of emotions and dreams, of psychic states that dwell in the twilight between “the clarity of life and the simplicity of death.” Method, which is born of insecurity, expresses an understandable aspiration to orderly simplicity. But life resists simplification; it preserves its integrity. If method is primarily an affair of the intellect, organization certainly is not. It belongs to life, not to abstraction. Its patterns may seem simple on ...


Francis Lieber On The Sources Of Civil Liberty, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Francis Lieber On The Sources Of Civil Liberty, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Francis Lieber (1798-1872), one of the first university-trained German scholars to migrate to America, served as a bridge between the intellectual and political cultures of Germany, England, and America. While cultivating an astonishing range of activities and interests, Lieber helped lay the foundation of academic political science in America and promoted its practical application to public affairs. His theory of institutional liberty, which attributes the rise of civil liberty to the development of an increasingly integrated complex of self-governing institutions, may be his most original contribution to the political science literature.


The Islamic Threat To Eastern Central Asia, Stephen R. Bowers, Bakhodir Musayev, Steven A. Samson Nov 2008

The Islamic Threat To Eastern Central Asia, Stephen R. Bowers, Bakhodir Musayev, Steven A. Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Utilizing the works of Uzbek scholars and journalists, the authors offer an analysis of the emergence of a culture of violence in post-Soviet Central Asia. This violence has been expressed in the form of terrorist strikes against security personnel as well as suicide attacks on civilian targets. What began as a cultural reawakening throughout Central Asia is evolving into a jihadist campaign to undermine secular authority. Thus, regional violence has been steadily increasing over the past five years.


Models Of Historical Interpretation, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Models Of Historical Interpretation, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

Every text has a context. Every vista has a viewpoint. As C. Gregg Singer contends: "It is impossible to understand completely the history of a nation apart from the philosophies and ideologies which lie at the heart of its intellectual life." What this means, as Richard Weaver has aptly expressed it, is that "ideas have consequences."


Covenant Origins Of The American Polity, Steven Alan Samson Nov 2008

Covenant Origins Of The American Polity, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

It is not uncommon for historians to view America as an experimental laboratory in political theory and practice in which the American character is represented as a triumph of common sense over ideology. This may help explain why history books often neglect to acknowledge the religious dimension of this experiment. Yet far from being inconsequential, religion—and particularly the Christian concept of vocation—is the wellspring of this spirit of practicality that gave substance to the desire for a greater degree of self-government and led to the development of greater religious and political liberty.


A Humbling, Surreal Path To The Honor Of Citizenship, Roopali Phadke Nov 2008

A Humbling, Surreal Path To The Honor Of Citizenship, Roopali Phadke

Roopali Phadke

No abstract provided.


Remapping A Nation Without States: Personalized Full Representation For California’S 21st Century, Mark Paul, Micah Weinberg Nov 2008

Remapping A Nation Without States: Personalized Full Representation For California’S 21st Century, Mark Paul, Micah Weinberg

Mark Paul

California is a state of many distinct regions. To give citizens a voice on regional issues and to reinvigorate California’s Legislature, the state’s central institution of self-government, we propose Personalized Full Representation for the 21st Century (PFR21), a system of representation by means of regionally based legislative elections that will allow the state’s citizens to set the agenda for their regions and for the state as a whole. By reshaping the stage on which legisla- tive politics is played out, California can make state govern- ment more attentive to regional issues and give its citizens a means ...


Organismos Electorales Y Confianza En Las Elecciones En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Nov 2008

Organismos Electorales Y Confianza En Las Elecciones En América Latina, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

¿Qué factores explican la confianza hacia las elecciones? Ya sea en las democracias consolidadas como en aquellas en proceso de consolidación, el soporte político positivo hacia los procesos electorales es una condición sine qua non para el soporte político de otras instituciones y de la democracia en su conjunto. Para llevar a cabo procesos electorales eficaces, en las últimas décadas en América Latina se ha privilegiado la gestión electoral encomendada a órganos especializados. ¿En qué medida éstos órganos generan confianza de los partidos hacia las elecciones? ¿Qué otros factores relevantes están asociados con los niveles de confianza hacia las elecciones ...


U.S. Foreign Policy Toward West Africa: Issues On Democracy, Economic Development And Security, Andrew Ewoh Oct 2008

U.S. Foreign Policy Toward West Africa: Issues On Democracy, Economic Development And Security, Andrew Ewoh

Andrew I.E. Ewoh

No abstract provided.


Doing Things Better? How Capacity Development Results Help Bring About Change, Alfredo Ortiz Aragón, Peter Taylor Oct 2008

Doing Things Better? How Capacity Development Results Help Bring About Change, Alfredo Ortiz Aragón, Peter Taylor

Alfredo Ortiz Aragón

No abstract provided.