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2008

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Federal Courts And Constitutional Interpretation: A Second Amendment Case Study, Mark Kemper Dec 2008

The Federal Courts And Constitutional Interpretation: A Second Amendment Case Study, Mark Kemper

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Cultural Commentary: Race And The Race, William C. Levin Dec 2008

Cultural Commentary: Race And The Race, William C. Levin

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


The Judicial Behavior Of Justice Souter In Criminal Cases And The Denial Of A Conservative Counterrevolution, Scott P. Johnson Dec 2008

The Judicial Behavior Of Justice Souter In Criminal Cases And The Denial Of A Conservative Counterrevolution, Scott P. Johnson

The University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] “The following article documents the judicial career of Justice David Souter from his time served as an attorney general and state judge in New Hampshire until his recent tenure on the U.S. Supreme Court. Based upon his written opinions and individual votes, Justice Souter clearly has evolved into a more liberal jurist than ideological conservatives would have preferred in the area of criminal justice. Over the course of his judicial career, Justice Souter has gained respect as an intellectual scholar by attempting to completely understand both sides of a dispute and applying precedent and legal rules in a ...


Can Public Debt Enhance Democracy?, Clayton P. Gillette Dec 2008

Can Public Debt Enhance Democracy?, Clayton P. Gillette

William & Mary Law Review

This Essay draws on historical and current examples to examine the extent to which public creditors can enhance democracy by monitoring public officials in a manner that compensates for the failures of the government debtor's constituents to monitor public officials. Creditors and constituents may share significant interests, depending on the structure of security arrangements for public debt and the identity of the debtors. Where interests overlap, the capacity of creditors to overcome collective action problems suffered by constituents may transform creditors into surrogates for constituents. Whether creditors are willing to play this role, however, may depend on the existence ...


Dakota Land In 1862, A Genocide Forgotten: How Civilizational Transformation Can Get Lost In The Fading Rate Of History, Michael Andregg Oct 2008

Dakota Land In 1862, A Genocide Forgotten: How Civilizational Transformation Can Get Lost In The Fading Rate Of History, Michael Andregg

Comparative Civilizations Review

The year of 1862 was critical in a process by which a land larger than many nations was transformed from one civilization to another. But the process was not a classic conquest easily recorded in history books. Rather, it was a slow "digestion" of over 20 million hectares of territory by one civilization, accompanied by moments of true genocide or "ethnic cleansing" during long periods of high death rates for one group and high birth rates and immigration rates for the other group. But this was sufficiently gradual that most historians did not record it on their lists of wars ...


Demographics In World History—Population Explosion And Implosion, Laina Farhat-Holzman Oct 2008

Demographics In World History—Population Explosion And Implosion, Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Gretchens And The German Garrison, Jaclyn Foster Sep 2008

Gretchens And The German Garrison, Jaclyn Foster

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Women in Germany played a role in the rise and fall of the Nazis. Many historians have written about the various roles of women before and during the Third Reich. However, there are many different categories that historians write about including: politics, genetics, race, ideology, and class, that played a part in active or non-active roles women took. Specific women; Magda Goebbels, Leni Riefenstahl, Eva Braun, Marlene Dietrich, Gertrud Scholtz-Klink and Traudl Junge are explored for their roles and sometimes, contradictions, in Nazi doctrine. Even before the rise of the Nazis, Germany was always more male-dominated than other European industrialized ...


Interest Groups And Morality In The Public Square, Jack Van Der Slik Sep 2008

Interest Groups And Morality In The Public Square, Jack Van Der Slik

Pro Rege

No abstract provided.


Modern Constitutional Democracy And Imperialism, James Tully Jul 2008

Modern Constitutional Democracy And Imperialism, James Tully

Osgoode Hall Law Journal

To what extent is the development of modern constitutional democracy as a state form in the West and its spread around the world implicated in western imperialism? This has been a leading question of legal scholarship over the last thirty years. James Tully draws on this scholarship to present a preliminary answer. Part I sets out seven central features of modern constitutional democracy and its corresponding international institutions of law and government. Part II sets out three major imperial roles that these legal and political institutions have played, and continue to play. And finally, Part III surveys ways in which ...


The Constitutive Paradox Of Modern Law: A Comment On Tully, Ruth Buchanan Jul 2008

The Constitutive Paradox Of Modern Law: A Comment On Tully, Ruth Buchanan

Osgoode Hall Law Journal

This commentary draws out and elaborates upon some of the more challenging aspects of Professor Tully's sophisticated taxonomy of the relationship between modern constitutional forms and constituent powers. Tully's article reveals the historical particularities of these formations, and at the same time encourages the reader to think beyond them, towards the potentially uncategorizable realm of democratic constitutionalism. Yet, how is it possible to use a taxonomy of modern constitutional democracy as a means of understanding what ties in the uncharted territory beyond? This commentary further explores to what extent this paradoxical modern configuration of constituent powers and constitutional ...


Healing From War And Trauma: Southeast Asians In The U.S., A Buddhist Perspective And The Harvard Program In Refugee Trauma, Robert Brian Wall Jun 2008

Healing From War And Trauma: Southeast Asians In The U.S., A Buddhist Perspective And The Harvard Program In Refugee Trauma, Robert Brian Wall

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This paper is the written counterpart to a presentation given in Ha Noi, Vietnam, May 15, 2008 during the United Nations Day of Vesak 2008 Convention, on the effects of war and healing. The paper introduces the work of the Harvard Program in Refugee Trauma (HPRT) located in Boston, Massachusetts. It describes the HPRT Global Mission of education and capacity building of health care professionals, international relief workers and policy makers in the area of mental health in nations suffering post-conflict and disaster recovery. In particular the paper discusses the HPRT's unique approach to assisting individuals with severe traumatic ...


Editor's Notebook: A Politcal Reality Check, Michael Kryzanek Jun 2008

Editor's Notebook: A Politcal Reality Check, Michael Kryzanek

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


Celebrating 35 Years Of Canadian Studies, Michael Kryzanek Jun 2008

Celebrating 35 Years Of Canadian Studies, Michael Kryzanek

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


E-Government For Development: A Case Study From Mozambique, Gertrudes Macueve Jun 2008

E-Government For Development: A Case Study From Mozambique, Gertrudes Macueve

The African Journal of Information Systems

This paper draws upon Amartya Sen’s concept of "development as freedom" as an effective approach to analyze e-government for development initiatives. An interpretive analysis of three projects ongoing in Mozambique report that although some "freedoms" are currently reachable through these initiatives, a lot needs to be done to achieve "development as freedom." The use of this theoretical approach provides a valuable contribution to the research domain of ICTs for development. This article also draws practical recommendations to assist managers of e-government projects in Mozambique, as well as other developing countries.


Actor Preference And The Implementation Of Ins V. Chadha, Darren A. Wheeler May 2008

Actor Preference And The Implementation Of Ins V. Chadha, Darren A. Wheeler

Brigham Young University Journal of Public Law

No abstract provided.


Human Rights & Multilateral Development Banks: Evaluating Recipient Records & Lending Practices, Geneva J. Román Apr 2008

Human Rights & Multilateral Development Banks: Evaluating Recipient Records & Lending Practices, Geneva J. Román

McNair Scholars Research Journal

This study examines the role of recipient human rights records in the loan allocation of multilateral development banks. Correlating the loan amounts awarded to recipients with their human rights environments determines whether or not human rights are a substantial consideration in multilateral lending practices. By analyzing the African Development Bank, African Development Fund, Inter-American Bank and the International Monetary Fund this study also sheds light on whether international financial institutions are upholding their legally bound human rights obligations. This study uses Ordinary Least Squares and General Least Squares regression models and finds that human rights have little effect on the ...


Grappling With Global-Personal And Victim-Culprit Tensions: Reflections On Teaching Globalization Courses, Satoshi Ikeda Mar 2008

Grappling With Global-Personal And Victim-Culprit Tensions: Reflections On Teaching Globalization Courses, Satoshi Ikeda

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

My globalization courses are the place where I learn from the students. Each student examines her/his involvement in globalization as victim and culprit, and devises actions to counteract corporate domination and neoliberal globalization. From classroom discussion and reports, I am often surprised by the deep insights students develop about themselves and globalization. I have succeeded at least to turn the table around between the student and the instructor. Personal examination of individual involvement in globalization helps the student grasp the macro process of globalization as personally relevant historical and social process. They start seeing themselves relationally and being the ...


Imperialism And Hegemony: Some Historical Reflections, Keith C. Sewell Mar 2008

Imperialism And Hegemony: Some Historical Reflections, Keith C. Sewell

Pro Rege

No abstract provided.


Political Economy, Moral Economy And The Medicare Modernization Act Of 2003, Judie Svihula Mar 2008

Political Economy, Moral Economy And The Medicare Modernization Act Of 2003, Judie Svihula

The Journal of Sociology & Social Welfare

Through the lens of political and moral economy, I examined the dominant values and actors in the legislative process of the Medicare Modernization Act of 2003. In my content analysis of federal hearings, I found that witnesses from government agencies, Congress and think tanks had almost equal presence at the hearings. Witnesses who were invited by Congress to testify at the hearings expressed twice as much support for private interests than for the general Medicare population or low-income beneficiaries. Few expressed concern for the uninsured population. Witnesses offered almost four times as many expressions of support for market rationalism than ...


Taiwan's 2008 Presidential And Vice Presidential Election: Maturing Democracy, John F. Copper Jan 2008

Taiwan's 2008 Presidential And Vice Presidential Election: Maturing Democracy, John F. Copper

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


Korean Dispute Over The Northern Limit Line: Security, Economics, Or International Law?, Terence Roehrig Jan 2008

Korean Dispute Over The Northern Limit Line: Security, Economics, Or International Law?, Terence Roehrig

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


Politics - To Engage Or Not To Engage? Seeking A Biblical Perspective, John Wesley Taylor V Jan 2008

Politics - To Engage Or Not To Engage? Seeking A Biblical Perspective, John Wesley Taylor V

Journal of the Adventist Theological Society

No abstract provided.


International Security Problems And Solutions By Patrick M. Morgan (Washington, D.C.: Cq Press, 2006), Jacqueline Sittel Jan 2008

International Security Problems And Solutions By Patrick M. Morgan (Washington, D.C.: Cq Press, 2006), Jacqueline Sittel

Global Tides

Book review of International Security Problems and Solutions by Patrick M. Morgan (2006).


Political Violence, Child Soldiers, And Neo-Liberal Globalization: The Cases Of Indonesia And Columbia, Curtis Holland Jan 2008

Political Violence, Child Soldiers, And Neo-Liberal Globalization: The Cases Of Indonesia And Columbia, Curtis Holland

Undergraduate Review

No abstract provided.


Security And International Relations By Edward A. Kolodziej (Cambridge, Uk: Cambridge University Press, 2005), Tyler Haupert Jan 2008

Security And International Relations By Edward A. Kolodziej (Cambridge, Uk: Cambridge University Press, 2005), Tyler Haupert

Global Tides

A book review of Security and International Relations by Edward A. Kolodziej (2005).


Bytes And Bombs: Information Warfare And Accidental Nuclear War, Nicholas Stewart Jan 2008

Bytes And Bombs: Information Warfare And Accidental Nuclear War, Nicholas Stewart

Global Tides

While both information warfare and accidental nuclear war have been discussed in detail in academia, their intersection has long been ignored. Information warfare can be used to create animosity between states and could even spark war during times of crisis. Furthermore, not all states benefit from the technology advances of the first world: nations like Russia and Pakistan have disturbing gaps in their nuclear command and control that could be easily exploited by other states, internal factions or even terrorist organizations. Comparing the information vulnerabilities of the United States, Russia and Pakistan, one can only conclude that immediate action is ...


“These Very Impelling Reasons Against My Running”: Maine Women And Politics, Mary Cathcart Jan 2008

“These Very Impelling Reasons Against My Running”: Maine Women And Politics, Mary Cathcart

Maine Policy Review

In the Margaret Chase Smith Essay Mary Cathcart reflects on women in politics and describes her own trajectory in coming to serve in the Maine House of Representatives and the Maine Senate. She discusses the upcoming (2009) launch of the Maine NEW Leadership program at the University of Maine, a national education program for college women


The Boundaries Of The Role Of Women In Political Life, Erin Flynn Jan 2008

The Boundaries Of The Role Of Women In Political Life, Erin Flynn

Maine Policy Review

Each year, the Margaret Chase Smith Library sponsors an essay contest for Maine high school seniors. We feature here Erin Flynn’s 2008 first place prize-winning essay. Students were asked to assess whether the ideals of the 19th Amendment, granting voting rights to women, have been fulfilled and to discuss the social and cultural barriers remaining for women to overcome in the pursuit of political power, long after legal barriers to equal participation have been removed.