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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Disaster Management In India: Analysis Of Factors Impacting Capacity Building, Bala Prasad Erramilli Dec 2008

Disaster Management In India: Analysis Of Factors Impacting Capacity Building, Bala Prasad Erramilli

Political Science Dissertations

Governments are responsible for administrative arrangements dealing with disasters. Effective policies play a vital role in mitigating the impact of disasters and reducing likely losses of life and property. Yet, it had been noted that such losses were increasing, raising questions about efficacy of government policies and the factors that made them effective. This study adopted a comparative method, responding to a long-standing demand of disaster research, for examining the record in India. There were noticeable differences among its states, with some having undertaken comprehensive reform in an all-hazards approach, while others continued with old policies. This research studied four ...


Domestic Capacities For Building Post-Conflict Peace, Erin Rachel Reed Nov 2008

Domestic Capacities For Building Post-Conflict Peace, Erin Rachel Reed

Political Science Theses

The existing democratization and peacebuilding literature often neglects the important role the domestic realm plays in post-conflict peacebuilding. To explain why some post-conflict peacebuilding operations have a greater likelihood of success than others, some scholars have examined the impact of factors such as international coordination, external donor interest, democratic sequencing, and hostility levels. This analysis focuses on domestic capacities for building peace in the aftermath of civil conflict in order to systematically explore the relationship between the domestic sphere and peacebuilding success. Using Sambanis and Doyle’s (2006) peacebuilding triangle model, new local capacities indexes will be created and tested.


Attaining Empowerment: The Potential Of Religious Social Capital In Microfinance Programs, John Wesley Eberhard Nov 2008

Attaining Empowerment: The Potential Of Religious Social Capital In Microfinance Programs, John Wesley Eberhard

Political Science Theses

Despite the remarkable success of microfinance programs in poverty alleviation, empowering the clients of these programs has proven elusive in many cases. Social capital is a commonly missing, or at least misused, asset within microfinance programs, which often leads to this outcome. Creating and fostering social capital will have a positive influence on empowering microfinance clients. The values espoused by certain Christian theologies can have a considerably positive impact on the creation and fostering of social capital. A Christian-oriented social capital also has the potential to alleviate the ills and correct the failures of a microfinance program’s intent to ...


Making Sense Of Village Politics In China: Institutions, Participation, And Governance, Xinsong Wang Aug 2008

Making Sense Of Village Politics In China: Institutions, Participation, And Governance, Xinsong Wang

Political Science Dissertations

How do democratic institutions function in authoritarian states? This study answers this question by examining the political institutions in rural China ¨C democratic elections of villagers committees and village oversight agencies. Using a nationwide survey on China¡¯s villager self-governance conducted in 2005 and in-depth case data collected in 2007 and 2008, this study finds that rural political institutions have significantly changed the political processes in China¡¯s countryside. The quality of village elections and the functioning of oversight agencies such as villager representative assemblies and financial supervision teams all have been crucial to affect the level of electoral participation ...


Administrative Law Judge Decision Making In A Political Environment, 1991 - 2007, Cole Donovan Taratoot Jun 2008

Administrative Law Judge Decision Making In A Political Environment, 1991 - 2007, Cole Donovan Taratoot

Political Science Dissertations

Unelected bureaucrats make a broad range of important policy decisions raising concerns of accountability in a democratic society. Many classics in the literature highlight the need to understand agency decisions at stages prior to the final vote by agency appointees, but few studies of the bureaucracy do so. To this point, scholars have treated the issue of shirking as one where laziness and inefficiency are the driving forces. However, it is more realistic to expect that shirking comes in the form of ideological resistance by administrators. I develop a theory that the independence afforded to the bureaucracy is functionally comparable ...


The Party, The Oil Companies, And Energy Security: Who Determines Chinese Policy?, Yuanyuan Ding Apr 2008

The Party, The Oil Companies, And Energy Security: Who Determines Chinese Policy?, Yuanyuan Ding

Political Science Theses

China is today the third largest importer of crude oil in the world. Since 1993 when the country’s consumption of oil first exceeded the capacity of its domestic production, China has become a net importer and has witnessed a growing appetite for oil during the past decade. Energy security has been given enormous emphasis in the country’s foreign policy making, and is believed to be one of the most important components of China’s foreign policy in the 21st century. While enough ink has been spilled on the assessment of what China’s energy security policy looks like ...


Voting: Is It Just For Old People?, Precious D. Hall Apr 2008

Voting: Is It Just For Old People?, Precious D. Hall

Political Science Theses

In 2004, the clothing retailer Urban Outfitters sold a t-shirt with the slogan, “Voting is for Old People”. Did Urban Outfitters step over the line, or were they a reflection of the sate of our democracy and the demographics of current voters? Many organizations have developed to combat the problem of low youth voter turnout and disengagement. One of the most well-known organizations is Rock the Vote. In its 18 year existence, has youth turnout increased? Have their efforts been futile or on the other side, have they been successful in paving the way for the youth to demand attention ...


Liberty, Equality And Fairness: A Study Of Citizen Participation In Federal Agency Rulemaking, Thomas E. Engram Apr 2008

Liberty, Equality And Fairness: A Study Of Citizen Participation In Federal Agency Rulemaking, Thomas E. Engram

Political Science Dissertations

This study examines individual-level citizen participation in the notice and comment component of federal agency rulemaking. It focuses on characteristics of individual participants ascertained through a survey mailed to 400 actual commenters. Survey data is used to evaluate the representativeness of these participants to the general public. Also, the compatible of citizen participation in rulemaking with the democratic ideals of liberty, equality, and fairness is evaluated, along with potential consequences of proposed reforms.


International Actors, Norms And Human Development, Amanda L. Moll Jan 2008

International Actors, Norms And Human Development, Amanda L. Moll

Political Science Theses

A number of international humanitarian organizations focus on human development and aim to improve the situation of children. In many developing countries, states have not been able to fulfill the educational or basic needs of its children. To fill this void, international actors have stepped in to help with human development. This thesis focuses on answering the question: How are norms diffused to local communities? Looking at the implementation of human development norms, this paper examines the norms-based actions that NGOs take to maximize the development potential of children. Programs aimed at increasing basic education as well as fighting child ...


The Obama Presidency, Oil, And The Middle East, John S. Duffield Jan 2008

The Obama Presidency, Oil, And The Middle East, John S. Duffield

Political Science Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.