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2008

American Politics

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Next Door They Have Regulation, But Not Here …: Assessing The Opinions Of Actors In The Opaque World Of Unregulated Lobbying, John Hogan Dec 2008

Next Door They Have Regulation, But Not Here …: Assessing The Opinions Of Actors In The Opaque World Of Unregulated Lobbying, John Hogan

Articles

The lobbying of government by various interests is regarded as central to the democratic process. Deliberative democratic theorists tell us that the regulation of lobbying has a positive effect on political systems, and the behaviour of those within them. Yet, only a small number of democracies have implemented legislation regulating lobbyists’ activities. Even within these countries, certain jurisdictions still have not enacted lobbying regulations. Here we examine the attitudes of actors in these unregulated provinces, states and institutions towards the idea of lobbying legislation. This ensures that in the broader context the actors we deal with have knowledge of lobbying ...


Latinos And The 2008 Presidential Election: A Visual Database, Laura Limonic Dec 2008

Latinos And The 2008 Presidential Election: A Visual Database, Laura Limonic

Center for Latin American, Caribbean, and Latino Studies

Introduction: This report examines the impact of Latino voters on the 2008 presidential election at both the national and state levels.

Methods: All data in this report were derived from the exit polls from Edison Media Research as published by CNN and Pew Hispanic Center’s analysis of the exit polls from Edison Media Research as published by CNN.

Results: Nationwide, Latinos voted overwhelmingly for Barack Obama over John McCain. Obama received 67% of the Latino vote, compared to 31% for McCain. Obama also received the majority of votes from other minority groups. Latinos increased their share of the national ...


Perpetual Conflict Or Compromise? The Cost Of Domestic Legitimacy In The Realm Of Women's Human Rights: A Case Study On The Right To An Abortion, Kim Andrea Kelly Dec 2008

Perpetual Conflict Or Compromise? The Cost Of Domestic Legitimacy In The Realm Of Women's Human Rights: A Case Study On The Right To An Abortion, Kim Andrea Kelly

Honors Scholar Theses

With its turbulent and volatile legal evolution, the right to an abortion in the United States still remains a highly contested issue and has developed into one of the most divisive topics within modern legal discourse. By deconstructing the political underpinnings and legal rationale of the right to an abortion through a systematic case law analysis, I will demonstrate that this right has been incrementally destabilized. This instability embedded in abortion jurisprudence has been primarily produced by a combination of textual ambiguity in the case law and judicial ambivalence regarding this complex area of law. In addition, I argue that ...


Ritter, George Kinslow, 1866-1947 (Sc 1782), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2008

Ritter, George Kinslow, 1866-1947 (Sc 1782), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1782. Certified tally of votes cast in the Sartain Precinct, Barren County, Kentucky for all the candidates running in the statewide election of November 1899. Signed by George K. Ritter, one of the election judges.


Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 1882-1945 (Sc 1786), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2008

Roosevelt, Franklin Delano, 1882-1945 (Sc 1786), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1786. Signature of Franklin Delano Roosevelt as governor of New York on unknown official document dated 18 June 1930. Collection contains lower portion of document only.


Sampson, Flemon Davis, 1875-1967 (Sc 1792), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2008

Sampson, Flemon Davis, 1875-1967 (Sc 1792), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1792. Correspondence with family members of Flemon D. Sampson, former governor of Kentucky, and a deed for a large tract of land in eastern Kentucky.


Creel, Milton P., 1851-1913 (Sc 1793), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2008

Creel, Milton P., 1851-1913 (Sc 1793), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1793. Two political letters from Milton P. Creel, Central City, Kentucky announcing his candidacy for the Republican nomination for the state's Third District D.C. Congressional seat.


Hunter, Whiteside Godfrey, 1841-1917 (Sc 1765), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2008

Hunter, Whiteside Godfrey, 1841-1917 (Sc 1765), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1765. Letters from Whiteside Godfrey Hunter, former state legislator and U.S. Congressman, to E. Scott Brown, attorney, Scottsville, Allen County, Kentucky, requesting his support for Republican candidates. He also indicates he has requested Sidney P. Hardcastle be appointed postmaster at Settle, Allen County, Kentucky.


Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845 (Sc 1768), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Oct 2008

Jackson, Andrew, 1767-1845 (Sc 1768), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1768. Letter, 26 April 1825, from Andrew Jackson, Nashville, Tennessee to A. P. Maury, also of Nashville, in which he declines to act as guardian for the children of the late Major John Reid owing to ill health and increased responsibilities.


The Politic 2008 Fall (Special Issue), The Politic, Inc. Oct 2008

The Politic 2008 Fall (Special Issue), The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


The Politic 2008 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Oct 2008

The Politic 2008 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


American Challenges, Jim Gomes Oct 2008

American Challenges, Jim Gomes

Mosakowski Institute for Public Enterprise

In the autumn of 2008, with the United States facing myriad problems both foreign and domestic and entering the final stage of a historic election, The Boston Globe asked Mosakowski Institute Director Jim Gomes to write a series of op-ed pieces about critical issues on the nation’s agenda. The result is the six columns collected here in American Challenges. “When I wrote these pieces,” said Gomes, “the country had entered a period of great uncertainty. So much of what had been taken as a given in the last half of the 20th century, from broadly shared prosperity to the ...


The Crash And A Third Bloomberg Term, Timothy Zick Sep 2008

The Crash And A Third Bloomberg Term, Timothy Zick

Popular Media

No abstract provided.


Section 2: 2008 Election And The Supreme Court, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The College Of William & Mary School Of Law Sep 2008

Section 2: 2008 Election And The Supreme Court, Institute Of Bill Of Rights Law At The College Of William & Mary School Of Law

Supreme Court Preview

No abstract provided.


Political Conventions - Democratic, 1852 (Sc 40), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2008

Political Conventions - Democratic, 1852 (Sc 40), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and scan (Click on "additional files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 40. Letter to Dr. W.P. Reyburn from four Louisiana state delegates to the National Democratic Convention, Baltimore, Maryland, June 1852, appointing him their representative and instructing him to vote for General Lewis Cass for President.


Rodes Collection (Sc 33), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2008

Rodes Collection (Sc 33), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and scan (Click on "additional files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 33. Letter (facsimile) written by Andrew Jackson, U.S. President, 1845, Hermitage, Tennessee, to Major William B. Lewis, regarding national politics, and an invitation to Mr. & Mrs. John G. Barrett, Louisville, Kentucky, to a reception for President and Mrs. Hayes at the Galt House, Louisville, Kentucky, 1877.


Ward Family Letters (Sc 27), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2008

Ward Family Letters (Sc 27), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and scan (Click on "additional files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 27. Letter written to Jonathan Ward, Plymouth, New Hampshire, by his brother, Daniel Ward, Indianapolis, Indiana, 1840, which concerns family affairs and politics, and a letter written to Ralph Ward by his mother, Mrs. Catherine Ward, Talbottom, Georgia, 1861, which concerns her experience of traveling on a railway car with Jefferson Davis and southern pre-Civil War sentiments.


Harrison, William Henry - Relating To, 1840 (Sc 28), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2008

Harrison, William Henry - Relating To, 1840 (Sc 28), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid and scan (Click on "additional files" below) for Manuscripts Small Collection 28. William Henry Harrison campaign ribbon badge used for advertising during the 1840 presidential campaign, oftne referred to as the "log cabin and hard cider" campaign.


Schneringer, Kenneth E. (Sc 1743), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Sep 2008

Schneringer, Kenneth E. (Sc 1743), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1743. Letter 17 November 2000 from Kenneth E. Schneringer, Woodstock, Georgia to Constance Ann Mills, Bowling Green, Kentucky in which he discusses the presidential election of 2000 and the candidates.


Resolution Rs2008-426, Metropolitan Council Sep 2008

Resolution Rs2008-426, Metropolitan Council

Debate '08

Resolution passed by Nashville's Metropolitan Council recognizing and congratulating Belmont University for hosting the 2008 Town Hall Presidential Debate.

Signed by Vice Mayor Diane Neighbors and Council Member Keith Durbin.


The Freedom Of Information Act And The Ecology Of Transparency, Seth F. Kreimer Sep 2008

The Freedom Of Information Act And The Ecology Of Transparency, Seth F. Kreimer

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

The Framers’ approbation of a unitary executive rested in important part on the belief that the unitary executive’s actions were apt to be more “narrowly watched and readily suspected” by an informed public opinion than those of a plural executive. Yet the body of the Constitution provides no right to public information. What the Constitutional text omits, the last generation has embedded as a part of modern constitutional practice in the Freedom of Information Act. Some critics have deplored FOIA as a “romantic” effort at “self help oversight”, superfluous in light of the checks and balances of divided government ...


The Political Personality Of 2008 Republican Presidential Nominee John Mccain, Aubrey Immelman Sep 2008

The Political Personality Of 2008 Republican Presidential Nominee John Mccain, Aubrey Immelman

Psychology Faculty Publications

This paper presents the results of an indirect assessment of the personality of Arizona senator John McCain, Republican nominee in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, from the conceptual perspective of personologist Theodore Millon.

Psychodiagnostically relevant data regarding Sen. McCain was extracted from biographical sources and published reports and synthesized into a personality profile using the second edition of the Millon Inventory of Diagnostic Criteria (MIDC), which yields 34 normal and maladaptive personality classifications congruent with Axis II of DSM–IV.

The personality profile yielded by the MIDC was analyzed in accordance with interpretive guidelines provided in the MIDC manual ...


Temple Collection, 1715-1972 (Mss 55), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Aug 2008

Temple Collection, 1715-1972 (Mss 55), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Collection 55. Correspondence, 1931-1970 (33 items), chiefly of William Montgomery Temple, originally of Bowling Green, Kentucky, an autograph collector; his collection of papers of Kentucky governors, 1805-1951 (50); other autograph letters, 1715-1941 (17); and articles about Bowling Green, etc., (23).


Natcher, William Huston, 1909-1994 (Sc 1686), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Aug 2008

Natcher, William Huston, 1909-1994 (Sc 1686), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1686. Copies of letters from William H. Natcher, U.S. Representative from Kentucky's 2nd district, Washington, D.C., to his four grandsons in Cambridge, Ohio. He comments about historical people and incidents and gives his views on the Panama Canal treaty.


Confronting Fiscal Stress In Municipal Governments: Support By Michigan Residents For Eight Common Strategies, Jered Carr Aug 2008

Confronting Fiscal Stress In Municipal Governments: Support By Michigan Residents For Eight Common Strategies, Jered Carr

Working Group on Interlocal Services Cooperation

This report discusses findings from a survey of 660 randomly selected Michigan residents in winter 2007. The survey examined attitudes of Michigan residents toward eight strategies to resolving situations where current revenues are inadequate to support local services at past levels. The strategies examined fall into two broad categories. The first set (tax increases, state and federal aid) seeks to increase local revenues available to support services at previously existing levels and quality. The second set of strategies focus on reducing the costs of providing services with the objective of maintaining previous levels at a lower cost. This set includes ...


Predicting State Allocation Of Funds: The Case Of John Rowland And His Hometown Of Waterbury, Connecticut., Matthew Ciarleglio Aug 2008

Predicting State Allocation Of Funds: The Case Of John Rowland And His Hometown Of Waterbury, Connecticut., Matthew Ciarleglio

Honors Scholar Theses

This study attempts to analyze the underlying factors and motives influencing the allocation of discretionary state expenditures. The fact that some cities receive more money than other cities begs the question of what accounts for this variation. After framing the provision of state money within the theoretical framework of political patronage, a case study of Governor Rowland’s tenure in office and the accompanying expenditures to Connecticut’s 17 largest cities from 1995 to 2004 was conducted to evaluate whether a disproportionate amount of money was given to Rowland’s hometown of Waterbury, Connecticut. Besides employing a statistical analysis that ...


Dilemmas Of Strategy, Melvyn P. Leffler, Jeffrey W. Legro Jul 2008

Dilemmas Of Strategy, Melvyn P. Leffler, Jeffrey W. Legro

Political Science Faculty Publications

America’s crystal ball on strategy is murky. Officials in the next administration will face a complex world, will receive conflicting advice, and will need to mobilize domestic support for their policies. They must nonetheless act, most likely without the convenience of a single threat such as the Soviet Union during the cold war or terrorism in the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 attacks. In this conclusion, our aims are to highlight the decisive issues of consensus and contention that resonate across the chapters. We seek to delineate the trade-offs involved in making choices, and we hope to illuminate ...


Introduction, Melvyn P. Leffler, Jeffrey W. Legro Jul 2008

Introduction, Melvyn P. Leffler, Jeffrey W. Legro

Political Science Faculty Publications

For many Americans, the past decade has been a bewildering era. They have seen their country attacked and their husbands, sons, wives, and daughters sent to war in faraway places. They have read about orange alerts and red alerts. They have waited on long lines at airport security checks. They know that defense expenditures have soared and that Homeland Security has mushroomed. They have seen gruesome daily headlines about the carnage in Iraq, the strife in Afghanistan, and the turmoil in Pakistan. They read about the suicide attacks that were prevented or aborted in Europe, and they know, darkly, that ...


Can Deliberative Democracy Work In Hierarchical Organizations?, Jason Pierce, Grant W. Neeley, Jeffrey Budziak Jul 2008

Can Deliberative Democracy Work In Hierarchical Organizations?, Jason Pierce, Grant W. Neeley, Jeffrey Budziak

Political Science Faculty Publications

Some measure of equality is necessary for deliberative democracy to work well, yet empirical scholarship consistently points to the deleterious effect that hierarchy and inequalities of epistemological authority have on deliberation. This article tests whether real-world deliberative forums can overcome these challenges. Contrary to skeptics, it concludes that the act of deliberation itself and the presence of trained moderators ameliorate inequalities of epistemological authority, thus rendering deliberative democracy possible, even within hierarchical organizations.


Legacy Of A Leader, Michael Staib Jun 2008

Legacy Of A Leader, Michael Staib

Honors Independent Research Papers

This study assesses the historical legacy of former Commander-In-Chief and 40th President, Ronald Wilson Reagan. Research references Reagan’s formidable contribution to subsequent U. S. politics by analyzing his domestic and foreign policy. Ultimately, Reagan revolutionized the presidency and provided conservative reconstruction, restoring moral guidance to American society. Epitomizing the Roosevelt Corollary, the aphorism popularized by Teddy Roosevelt, “Speak softly, but carry a big stick,” Reagan followed an aggressive foreign policy. Exercising diplomacy, Reagan deterred those countries deemed dangerous, while preserving peace with amiable nations. Essay examines his ideological perspective, constitutional interpretation, executive appointment of Supreme Court justices, laissez-faire economic ...