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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

From Private Organizations To Agents Of The State: The Emergence Of Political Parties In The United States, Joseph Reimers Nov 2008

From Private Organizations To Agents Of The State: The Emergence Of Political Parties In The United States, Joseph Reimers

Joseph A. Reimers

No abstract provided.


International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Nov 2008

International Terrorism:Role ,Responsibility And Operation Of Media Channles, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

"Terrorism" is a term that cannot be given a stable defintion. Or rather, it can, but to do so forstalls any attempt to examine the major feature of its relation to television in the contemporary world. As the central public arena for organising ways of picturing and talking about social and political life, TV plays a pivotal role in the contest between competing defintions, accounts and explanations of terrorism. Which term is used in any particular context is inextricably tied to judgemements about the legitimacy of the action in question and of the political system against which it is directed ...


Piling On Palin, Hating On Hillary, Caroline Heldman Nov 2008

Piling On Palin, Hating On Hillary, Caroline Heldman

Caroline Heldman

No abstract provided.


Love Your Body Day, Caroline Heldman Oct 2008

Love Your Body Day, Caroline Heldman

Caroline Heldman

No abstract provided.


Progressive Republicans And Ron Paul, Craig J. Westover Sep 2008

Progressive Republicans And Ron Paul, Craig J. Westover

Craig J Westover

I spent all day and into the evening Tuesday at Ron Paul's Rally for the Republic listening to speakers extolling the virtues of individual freedom and limited government. Wednesday morning I attended the progressive think tank Growth & Justice symposium heralding the contributions to the common good of Minnesota's Progressive Republican Tradition. That's like running out of a sauna and leaping into a lake through a hole in the ice — it can be exhilarating if it doesn't kill you.

At first blush, Ron Paul's libertarian-leaning brand of Republican conservatism seems to have little in common with progressive, left-leaning RINO (Republican in Name Only) Republicanism. Remarkably, however, beyond a shared aversion to what passes for "conservatism" in today's Republican Party, Paul supporters and progressive Republicans share a common objective: expanding prosperity and opportunity to an ever increasing number of Americans. But don't break out in a chorus of “Kumbaya” too fast; that common objective is not nearly enough to overcome the fundamental divide in the way the two camps view the world.


The George W. Bush Legacy, Caroline Heldman Aug 2008

The George W. Bush Legacy, Caroline Heldman

Caroline Heldman

Book review of The George W. Bush Legacy. Bush will be known for his ideological polarization of the political parties, his expansion of presidential power, and his appointment of a more conservative federal judiciary. The 2006 election was a major turning point for the White House in terms of public opinion and the loss of a Republican majority in Congress, and only time will tell whether the last two years will shift the direction of the Bush legacy.


Chief Legislators And Pet Projects, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard Aug 2008

Chief Legislators And Pet Projects, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


American Muslims And The 2008 Presidential Election: Policy Recommendations, Muqtedar Khan Jul 2008

American Muslims And The 2008 Presidential Election: Policy Recommendations, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This is a Policy Report published by the Institute for Policy and Understanding making recommendations to American Muslims about how to participate in the 2008 elections.


The Ground War 2000-2004: Strategic Targeting In Grassroots Campaigns, Peter Wielhouwer Jun 2008

The Ground War 2000-2004: Strategic Targeting In Grassroots Campaigns, Peter Wielhouwer

Peter W. Wielhouwer

This article uses survey data from the National Election Studies to examine personal contacting and grassroots mobilization strategies in presidential election campaigns, focusing on the 2000 and 2004 elections. Consistent with widespread journalistic accounts, we find that respondents overall report higher levels of mobilization in 2004. We also find evidence of strategic targeting and mobilization and report on shifts in targeting strategies between the two election cycles


Clinton And Americorps: Attributes For Success, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard Apr 2008

Clinton And Americorps: Attributes For Success, Donna Hoffman, Alison Howard

Alison Dana Howard

Examining the Presidency: Carter and Clinton -- A panel of political historians talked about their papers on the successes and failures of Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton.

Itai Sneh talked about his paper about President Carter called “Misppointments Causing Disappointments: How One President’s Failure to Make Good Appointments Doomed His Foreign Policy” and his book The Future Almost Arrived: How Jimmy Carter Failed to Change U.S. Foreign Policy (Peter Lang Publishing; February 2008).

Amnon Cavari’s paper about President Carter was called “Representing the Nation - Leading the Party.”
Lara Brown talked about her paper called “Through the Briar ...


The Effect Of Distance From Central Cities On Partisan Outcomes In Elections, Elizabeth Stiles, Larry Schwab Mar 2008

The Effect Of Distance From Central Cities On Partisan Outcomes In Elections, Elizabeth Stiles, Larry Schwab

Elizabeth A. Stiles

No abstract provided.


Entrepreneurs, Organizational Strength And The Pursuit Of Public Goods By Voluntary Organizations, Elizabeth Stiles Mar 2008

Entrepreneurs, Organizational Strength And The Pursuit Of Public Goods By Voluntary Organizations, Elizabeth Stiles

Elizabeth A. Stiles

Robert Salisbury has assumed that interest group entrepreneurs are profit-driven and make attempts to procure collective goods to increase their membership and revenue. This article's research question takes the reverse of Salisbury's claim: can interest group entrepreneurs increase the likelihood of procuring collective goods by increasing their organizational strength? Results of a study of statewide Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) organizations show that larger memberships are positively and significantly associated with success in procuring collective goals while increased budgets are significantly but negatively associated. The implications are twofold. First, the assumption that entrepreneurs pursue collective goods for ...


Only Impeachment Can Restore The Constitution, Gil J. Villagran Jan 2008

Only Impeachment Can Restore The Constitution, Gil J. Villagran

Gil J. Villagran

Our nation is in a Constitutional crisis with a president and vice-president who conspired to catapult our nation into a war using intelligence they knew to be false while suppressing assessments contradicting their rationale for the invasion of Iraq.  


The Effects Of Australian Ballot Rules On Constituent Spending And Committee Assignments In The U.S. House, 1885-1901, Jill Wittrock, Stephen Nemeth, Howard Sanborn, Brian Disarro, Peverill Squire Dec 2007

The Effects Of Australian Ballot Rules On Constituent Spending And Committee Assignments In The U.S. House, 1885-1901, Jill Wittrock, Stephen Nemeth, Howard Sanborn, Brian Disarro, Peverill Squire

Stephen Nemeth

Katz and Sala linked the development of committee property rights in the late-nineteenth-century U.S. House of Representatives to the introduction of theAustralian ballot. If, as they posited, members sought personal reputations to carry them to reelection in the new electoral environment, the current article argues that behaviors with more imme diate political payoffs also should have changed inways their theory would predict. The article examines whether committee assignments, floor voting behavior, and the distribution of pork barrel projects changed in predicted ways and finds supportive outcomes, but usually only when the office bloc ballot, and not the party bloc ...


Developing A Young Professionals Network For The Arts, Thomas Bryer, Kristin Stewart Dec 2007

Developing A Young Professionals Network For The Arts, Thomas Bryer, Kristin Stewart

Thomas A Bryer

The Young Professionals Network for the Arts simulation is an exercise that allows students to think through the process of creating a network from the ground up. The structure of the class session that includes the simulation consists of a lecture on the readings and an 8-Step network building process, followed by the simulation.


The Libertarian Illusion, William Hudson Dec 2007

The Libertarian Illusion, William Hudson

William E. Hudson

Looking at public policy debates in conventional terms—in terms of conflict between the left and the right—has grown increasingly cumbersome in an era where conservatives call themselves revolutionaries and liberals strike positively Burkean poses when it comes to reforming Social Security or Medicare. Through an examination of the libertarian worldview, once on the margins of American politics but now in the mainstream, William E. Hudson shows how it has attracted powerful political supporters and is promoted by a network of institutions and policy advocates dedicated to its ideals. The Libertarian Illusion offers a well researched, balanced, and systematic ...


Immigration, José Villalobos Dec 2007

Immigration, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Issue Evasion, José Villalobos Dec 2007

Issue Evasion, José Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Women And Leadership, Caroline Heldman Dec 2007

Women And Leadership, Caroline Heldman

Caroline Heldman

No abstract provided.


Out-Of-Body Image, Caroline Heldman Dec 2007

Out-Of-Body Image, Caroline Heldman

Caroline Heldman

On a typical day, you might see ads featuring a naked woman's body tempting viewers to buy an electronic organizer, partially exposed women's breasts being used to sell fishing line, or a woman's rear-wearing only a thong-being used to pitch a new running shoe. [...] Dove beauty products launched a much-lauded advertising campaign that used "real women" (i.e., not super-skinny ones) instead of models, but then Dove's parent company, Unilever, put out hypersexual ads for Axe men's body spray that showed the fragrance driving scantily clad women into orgiastic states.


Religious Traditionalism And Latino Politics In The United States, Nathan Kelly, Jana Morgan Dec 2007

Religious Traditionalism And Latino Politics In The United States, Nathan Kelly, Jana Morgan

Nathan J Kelly

This article examines how and why ethnic context conditions the link between religious traditionalism and the political attitudes and behaviors of Latinos in the United States. Existing research shows that the impact of religious traditionalism on political attitudes varies by policy and religious context. Through an analysis of issue attitudes, ideology, and partisanship, we confirm this existing work and also show that religious traditionalism influences Latino political behavior differently than it influences Anglo politics. The impact of religious traditionalism is not nearly as strong among Latinos as among Anglos. To the extent that traditionalism does influence political attitudes and behavior ...


Legislative Productivity Of The U.S. Congress, 1789–2004, Nathan Kelly, J. Grant Dec 2007

Legislative Productivity Of The U.S. Congress, 1789–2004, Nathan Kelly, J. Grant

Nathan J Kelly

We measure legislative productivity for the entire history of the U.S. Congress. Current measures of legislative productivity are problematic because they measure productivity for a limited number of decades and because they are based on different aspects of productivity. We provide a methodology for measuring (1) a Legislative Productivity Index (LPI) and (2) a Major Legislation Index (MLI). We use the W-CALC algorithm of Stimson (1999, Public opinion in America: Moods, cycles, and swings. 2nd ed. Boulder, CO: Westview Press) to combine information from previously used indicators of productivity into measures of the LPI and the MLI. We provide ...


Is Federalism The Reason For Policy Failure In Hurricane Katrina?, Thomas Birkland, Sarah Waterman Dec 2007

Is Federalism The Reason For Policy Failure In Hurricane Katrina?, Thomas Birkland, Sarah Waterman

Thomas A Birkland

Governmental responses to Hurricane Katrina are generally cited as policy failures. Media and popular analyses focus on the federal government’s policy failures in hazard preparedness, response, and recovery. Meanwhile, disaster experts realize that disaster response is a shared intergovernmental responsibility.We examine the federal nature of natural disaster policy in the US to consider whether federalism, or other factors, had the greatest influence on the failures in Katrina.We find that some policy failures are related to policy design considerations based in federalism, but that the national focus on ‘‘homeland security’’ and the concomitant reduction in attention to natural ...


Rebranding America : The Occidental Strategy, Derek Shearer Dec 2007

Rebranding America : The Occidental Strategy, Derek Shearer

Derek Shearer

No abstract provided.


Global Governance Organizations: Legitimacy And Authority In Conflict, Jonathan Koppell Dec 2007

Global Governance Organizations: Legitimacy And Authority In Conflict, Jonathan Koppell

Jonathan GS Koppell

Global governance organizations (GGOs) are frequently maligned as both illegitimate and ineffective. With the growing prominence of entities that promulgate global rules governing trade, communications, finance, and transport, these shortcomings take on greater importance. This essay presents a theoretical framework to understand the challenge of legitimacy for GGOs. It argues that GGOs tend to face trade-offs between legitimacy and authority, but that widespread usages of these important terms conflate or confuse them and thus obscure critical issues in GGO politics. Once these terms are more clearly defined, we see more easily that GGOs must sometimes violate democratic norms, sacrificing equality ...


Effort, Intensity And Position Taking: Reconsidering Obstruction In The Pre-Cloture Senate, Kathleen Bawn, Gregory Koger Dec 2007

Effort, Intensity And Position Taking: Reconsidering Obstruction In The Pre-Cloture Senate, Kathleen Bawn, Gregory Koger

Gregory Koger

Effort is a crucial element of the legislative process — writing bills, forming coalitions, crafting strategies, and debating. We develop a model in which legislative decisions are the product of competitive effort by two teams, one trying to pass new legislation, and the other to block it. Teams choose effort levels based on preferences over the policy outcome, political rewards for effort, and opportunity costs, and the team that produces more effort wins. We apply this model to four cases of major legislation from the pre-cloture Senate: passage of the Federal Reserve Act in 1913, the Ship Purchase Act of 1915 ...


Filibustering And Majority Rule In The Senate: The Contest Over Judicial Nominations, 2003-2005, Gregory Koger Dec 2007

Filibustering And Majority Rule In The Senate: The Contest Over Judicial Nominations, 2003-2005, Gregory Koger

Gregory Koger

This chapter proves a simple point: the Senate could be a much more majoritarian chamber than it is. Presumably, as in the House, the majority party would benefit from restrictions on filibustering. Howevver, senators have been reluctant to make major reforms, even when they are members of the majority party and their party’s agenda is being thwarted by Senate minorities. The”nuclear option” contest over judicial nominations from 2003 to 2005 illustrates one source of this stability: the minority party may refrain from obstruction in the face of a threat to curtail the right to filibuster.


Twenty-Sixth Amendment, José D. Villalobos Dec 2007

Twenty-Sixth Amendment, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

No abstract provided.


Office Seekers Seem To Fall Into One Of Two Categories, Gil J. Villagran Dec 2007

Office Seekers Seem To Fall Into One Of Two Categories, Gil J. Villagran

Gil J. Villagran

Office seekers generally fall into two categories:  those dedicated to the further development of a civil society for all, and those dedicated to ensuring all government decisions further increase the wealth and privilege of those who already have the lion’s share of our nation’s great bounty.   


Excerpt From Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy And Power In American Culture (Revised And Updated Edition), Mark Fenster Dec 2007

Excerpt From Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy And Power In American Culture (Revised And Updated Edition), Mark Fenster

Mark Fenster

This is the introduction to the revised and updated edition of Conspiracy Theories: Secrecy and Power in American Culture (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, forthcoming 2008). The book challenges the dominant academic and popular approach to conspiracy theories, which views them as a paranoid, extremist expression of marginal groups and individuals that pathologically challenges the basic assumptions of American history and the pluralistic political system of the United States. The book is premised on the contrary proposition that the prevalence of conspiracy theories is neither necessarily pernicious nor external to American politics and culture but instead an integral aspect of ...