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2007

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Articles 1 - 27 of 27

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

When Is A State A State? The Case For Recognition Of Somaliland, Alison K. Eggers Dec 2007

When Is A State A State? The Case For Recognition Of Somaliland, Alison K. Eggers

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

It has been well over a decade since the world attempted to save Somalia from the dustbin of “failed states.” During that decade, one re-gion of Somalia has pulled away from its post-colonial union with Somalia, established its own government, kept the peace, and managed to flourish in a kind of stability that is only a faint memory to most Somalians outside the region. Somaliland, once a British colony, argues it should be recognized as an independent state. This Note explores the legal conception of statehood, from the Montevideo Convention to the more recent emphasis on self-determination, and then turns ...


Civil Disobedience And The Necessity Defense, John Alan Cohan Sep 2007

Civil Disobedience And The Necessity Defense, John Alan Cohan

The University of New Hampshire Law Review

[Excerpt] “This article will first examine the nature of civil disobedience, and distinguish between direct and indirect civil disobedience. Part II highlights some historical examples of civil disobedience. Part IV then examines the principles of the necessity defense, analyzing each of the elements that make up the defense, illustrated with cases on point. Next, Part V will turn to an analysis of several abortion-protest cases that raise issues different from other types of civil disobedience cases. Part VI then will examine Viet Nam era civil disobedience cases. Following that, Part VIII will explore a unique defense known as the Nuremberg ...


Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley Jul 2007

Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley

New England Journal of Public Policy

This issue of the New England Journal of Public Policy that deals with issues of climate change, oil, and water and the interconnection of the three with the future of the planet.

Initially our topic was conceived as “Oil & Water” only. We planned to present the proceedings of an Institute for Global Leadership symposium held at Tufts University in 2005. There was then still a debate about global warming, although the Kyoto Treaty was in place. But without the world’s preeminent manufacturer of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, the United States (20 percent of the total emissions with 5 percent ...


Fueling The Superpowers: Russia As A Player In World Energy, Theresa Sabonis-Helf Jul 2007

Fueling The Superpowers: Russia As A Player In World Energy, Theresa Sabonis-Helf

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article by Theresa Sabonis-Helf is taken from the proceedings of the EPIIC Symposium at Tufts University, February 2005


Fueling The Superpowers: What Role For Iran?, Hossein Askari Jul 2007

Fueling The Superpowers: What Role For Iran?, Hossein Askari

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article by Hossein Askari is taken from the proceedings of the EPIIC Symposium at Tufts University, February 2005


Fueling The Superpowers: Nexus Of Foreign Policy And Energy Security, Jack Blum Jul 2007

Fueling The Superpowers: Nexus Of Foreign Policy And Energy Security, Jack Blum

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article talks about the oil history and the role government and international politics has played in it.


Water. The Geopolitics Of Water, Paul Michael Wihbey, Ilan Berman Jul 2007

Water. The Geopolitics Of Water, Paul Michael Wihbey, Ilan Berman

New England Journal of Public Policy

In the great geo-strategic game known as the Middle East, peace politics get much of the press and the attention of policy leaders. On occasion, oil takes center stage but often for the wrong reason (see, e.g., "The End of the Oil Era and the Price of Oil"). What is important to understand is that water is in fact the key strategic resource in the region and if you follow the flow of water, you'll follow the politics and policy machinations that lie at the heart of the Israeli-Syrian dialogue. IASPS Fellow in Strategy Paul Michael Wihbey co-authored ...


Oil. China And Oil In The Asian Pacific Region: Rising Demand For Oil, Pablo Bustelo Jul 2007

Oil. China And Oil In The Asian Pacific Region: Rising Demand For Oil, Pablo Bustelo

New England Journal of Public Policy

China’s growing demand for oil is significantly changing the international geopolitics of energy, especially in the Asian Pacific region. The recent growth in oil consumption, combined with forecasts of increased oil imports (especially from the Middle East), have led to deep concern among Chinese leaders regarding their country’s energy security. They are responding in a number of different ways. In particular, they are searching for new sources of supply and seeking to control purchases and transport lanes, while boosting national production at any cost. This is already causing tension with the United States and other big oil consumers ...


Oil. Geopolitics Reborn: Oil, Natural Gas, And Other Vital Resources, Michael T. Klare Jul 2007

Oil. Geopolitics Reborn: Oil, Natural Gas, And Other Vital Resources, Michael T. Klare

New England Journal of Public Policy

Competition over vital resources is a potent source of international friction among nations and within states. The result is the increasing interplay of international and internal struggles and the growing militarization of the global energy resource quest.


Oil. The Geopolitics Of Oil And Natural Gas, Alan Larson Jul 2007

Oil. The Geopolitics Of Oil And Natural Gas, Alan Larson

New England Journal of Public Policy

Ensuring the reliability of global energy supplies will call for policies that both encourage the use of newer, cleaner energy technologies and address the political challenges posed by the world’s growing demand for oil and natural gas. U.S. policy seeks to encourage expansion and diversification of world energy supplies and to promote the transparency and democratic institutions that help energy-producing countries make the most productive use of their resources.


Fueling The Superpowers: Potential Hazard For U.S.-China Relations, Travis Tanner Jul 2007

Fueling The Superpowers: Potential Hazard For U.S.-China Relations, Travis Tanner

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article by Travis Tanner is taken from the proceedings of the EPIIC Symposium at Tufts University, February 2005


Re-Reading Frantz Fanon: Language, Violence, And Eurocentrism In The Characterization Of Our Time, José Da Mota-Lopes Jun 2007

Re-Reading Frantz Fanon: Language, Violence, And Eurocentrism In The Characterization Of Our Time, José Da Mota-Lopes

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

The highly critical way the work of Frantz Fanon was received by the most important national liberation movements of the African continent has, in the last thirty years, more or less disappeared from our collective recollection. This is so much more anomalous as his most important writings were produced within and for one of those movements, the Algerian FLN. After discussing other more well known readings of Fanon, this article recalls some of the basic aspects of that specific, politically-engaged, militant way of reading his work within the liberation movement. It asserts that this side-by-side consideration of different readings allows ...


Fanon, Guantánamo, And We The People, Rajini Srikanth Jun 2007

Fanon, Guantánamo, And We The People, Rajini Srikanth

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

In its "war on terror," the United States government has ignored fundamental legal principles and human rights protections, making the detainees at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, the new "wretched of the earth." This essay argues that the detainees serve as the means for politicians and lawmakers to both keep the public in a constant state of fear and display strength in the area of national security. For their part, the people of the United States are complacent about the legal violations at Guantanamo because the detainees have been emphatically constructed as the alien incomprehensible "Other" and outside the boundaries of the ...


Fanon: Violence And The Search For Human Dignity, Winston Langley Jun 2007

Fanon: Violence And The Search For Human Dignity, Winston Langley

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Fanon informs us that interdependence in economics, politics, ethics, or aesthetics (and/or the social institutions with which they are associated) encompasses the interdependence of psyches in the form of confrontations, threats, forbearances, negotiations, accommodations, control, and domination, as persons and groups of persons seek to influence the conduct and shape the social being of others. Today, global and sub-global interdependence is often neither based on reciprocity nor equality. Rather, what one generally finds in the multiplicities of continuing and new (sometimes, instantaneous) connections, is a system of non-reciprocal, imposed interdependence, where one's peace is another's subjugation, one ...


Fanon And The Iraqi Other: Unmasking The Illusions Of Colonialism, Jarrod Shanahan Jun 2007

Fanon And The Iraqi Other: Unmasking The Illusions Of Colonialism, Jarrod Shanahan

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

This conversation with Frantz Fanon on the topics of native otherness in colonialist discourse and the possibility of effacing this illusory rhetoric begins with a discussion of the American public discourse in its present state, and transport this framework to the time of Frantz Fanon and the Algerian Revolution. The intent is not to draw a concrete, line-item comparison between contemporary U.S. foreign policy and media and that of 1950s France, but rather to explore through loose correlations the potential for an overarching theory which comprehends the relationship between states' power elite and populations, and the indigenous populations of ...


Toward A Dialogue With The West: The Use Of Eliot's Modernism In Al-Sayyab's City Poetry, Saddik M. Gohar Apr 2007

Toward A Dialogue With The West: The Use Of Eliot's Modernism In Al-Sayyab's City Poetry, Saddik M. Gohar

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Foreword, Sherry H. Penney Mar 2007

Foreword, Sherry H. Penney

New England Journal of Public Policy

The author of the foreword speaks about how this issue touches on the subjects of women's rights and how their struggle to break through the glass ceiling has given them more empowerment than ever. The article also speaks about the works within the issue and how each one talks about the struggle, the progress, and success of women in today's working and educational world.


Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley Mar 2007

Editor's Note, Padraig O'Malley

New England Journal of Public Policy

In 1990, the New England Journal of Public Policy published a special issue on Women. The subject was women & economic empowerment. The authors found that while women had made significant gains during the 1970s and 1980s in many spheres relating to the workplace, true equity with respect to their male peers was still elusive, and gender bias, despite remedial legislation, continued to be the acceptable norm.

Seventeen years on, another group of women, under the direction of guest editor Sherry H. Penney, herself a contributor to the 1990 journal, looks anew at some of these issues and expands the horizons of their inquiry to other fields where women have struggled to get access. The authors find that despite many gains (female students outnumber men at the undergraduate level and in many graduate and professional areas), bias is still deeply embedded in our socio/economic/political ethos, despite there being some very visible "firsts" - first Speaker of the House of Representatives, Nancy Pelosi; and first female president of Harvard, Drew Gilpin Faust; and first female Democratic Party frontrunner for president, Hillary Clinton - there are still barriers that need to be razed, and old problems of inequality, whether questions of equal payor access to tenure, that need to be addressed.


Women In New England Politics, Paige Ransford, Carol Hardy-Fanta, Anne Marie Cammisa Mar 2007

Women In New England Politics, Paige Ransford, Carol Hardy-Fanta, Anne Marie Cammisa

New England Journal of Public Policy

This essay addresses a serious deficiency in the literature on women and politics in the United States today: the lack of attention to regional variation and, more specifically, the absence of research on women’s representation in New England. This deficiency is particularly troubling since political analysts of all stripes typically portray New England as imbued with ideological, individual, and structural characteristics likely to lead to rates of political representation higher than the nation as a whole. This essay provides a brief history of women in politics for New England as a whole; describes the current status of women at ...


Evangelicals, Education, And Exile, Harold Dean Trulear Mar 2007

Evangelicals, Education, And Exile, Harold Dean Trulear

Pro Rege

Dr. Trulear delivered this paper at the Dordt College Convocation, January 13, 2005.


National Identity, Ethnic Identity, And Party Identity In Taiwan, Chang-Yen Tsai Jan 2007

National Identity, Ethnic Identity, And Party Identity In Taiwan, Chang-Yen Tsai

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


Immigration And Support For Anti-Immigrant Parties In Costa Rica, Adrielle L. Churchill Jan 2007

Immigration And Support For Anti-Immigrant Parties In Costa Rica, Adrielle L. Churchill

Inquiry: The University of Arkansas Undergraduate Research Journal

The central research question of this work is whether large or growing immigration populations cause a rise in support for political parties espousing anti-immigration positions. Virtually all of the research on this topic has been focused on the United States and Western Europe. This study, by contrast, looks at the impact of Nicaraguan immigration into neighboring Costa Rica on support for anti-immigration parties in that country. Existing research has found links between such support and immigration levels, as well as other variables such as education, unemployment and ethnic diversity. After reviewing the literature, I generate a series of hypotheses based ...


Democracy In Action For God, Adam Holland Jan 2007

Democracy In Action For God, Adam Holland

The Christian Librarian

A recent graduate reflects on becoming involved in a socially aware and progressive profession. This involvement leads to a conclusion that Christian librarians can share professional activities despite having distinct motivations.


Combating Corruption Singapore-Style: Lessons For Other Asian Countries, Jon S.T. Quah Jan 2007

Combating Corruption Singapore-Style: Lessons For Other Asian Countries, Jon S.T. Quah

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


"That Dog Don't Hunt": Persuasive Language And Imagery In An Nra Advertisement, James Whittle Jan 2007

"That Dog Don't Hunt": Persuasive Language And Imagery In An Nra Advertisement, James Whittle

Undergraduate Review

No abstract provided.


Let Privateers Marque Terrorism: A Proposal For A Reawakening, Robert P. Dewitte Jan 2007

Let Privateers Marque Terrorism: A Proposal For A Reawakening, Robert P. Dewitte

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Research Note: Searching For Democracy In Colonial Southern Maine, William Robbins Jan 2007

Research Note: Searching For Democracy In Colonial Southern Maine, William Robbins

Maine History

The following article was originally written as a seminar paper for James Henderson’s colonial history class during Robbins’s brief tenure as a graduate student at the University of Maine. The methodology used in this research was quite innovative when it was written in 1966, as the so-called new social history had only just emerged. This era marked an exciting time in the social sciences, with new methods that allowed the historian to approach history “from the bottom up.” Using census records, land records, tax lists, suffrage lists, and an array of other data, historians were able to uncover ...