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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Princípios-Tópicos De Hermenêutica Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2007

Princípios-Tópicos De Hermenêutica Constitucional, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Houve tempo em que a Constituição servia para poisar ou charuto ou tirar um argumento político, como ironicamente afirmaria o grande escritor oitocentista Eça de Queiroz. Hoje a Constituição é a norma das normas. Daí há consequências hermenêuticas. Ao contrário das teorias que importam interpretação tradicional e, por vezes, em grande medida ultrapassada, para o Direito Constitucional, a tendência actual é a inversa: dada a supremacia da Constituição, deve ser a metodologia constitucional a exportar hermenêutica para o todo do Direito. Para isso, começamos neste artigo com grandes princípios de hermenêutica intra-constitucional. Depois se passará à exportação.


Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad Aug 2007

Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Japan’s civil society is being transformed as more people volunteer for advocacy and professional nonprofit organizations. In the American context, this trend has been accompanied by a decline in participation in traditional organizations. Does the rise in new types of nonprofit groups herald a decline of traditional volunteering in Japan? This article argues that while changes in civil rights, political opportunity structure, and technology have also taken place in Japan, they have contributed to the rise of new groups without causing traditional organizations to decline, because Japanese attitudes about civic responsibility have continued to support traditional volunteering.


Politics Of Appearances: Religion, Law, And The Press In Morocco, A Souaiaia Jul 2007

Politics Of Appearances: Religion, Law, And The Press In Morocco, A Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

Since the last several years of the life of King Hassan II, Morocco slowly moved from authoritarian rule to a managed democracy. As a result of this gradual political liberalization, religious groups as well as secular ones formed political parties. Islamists have already won seats in the parliament and they are expected to gain nearly half the number of seats in the coming elections. Equally significant is the increased presence of human rights and non-government organizations and the emergence of independent and party-affiliated newspapers and other media outlets. In this article, I focus on the prospects of seeing a free ...


Forced Settlement Of Bedouin Communities In Israel And Egypt: A Comparative Analysis, Jesse Benjamin Mar 2007

Forced Settlement Of Bedouin Communities In Israel And Egypt: A Comparative Analysis, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


Politics And Volunteering In Japan: A Global Perspective, Mary Alice Haddad Feb 2007

Politics And Volunteering In Japan: A Global Perspective, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Politics and Volunteering begins by painting a portrait of volunteering in Japan, and demonstrates that our current understandings of civil society have been based implicitly on a U.S. model that does not adequately consider participation patterns found in other parts of the world. The book develops a theory of civic participation that, incorporates citizen attitudes about governmental and individual responsibility, with societal and governmental practices that support (or hinder) volunteer participation. This theory is tested using cross-national and sub-national statistical analysis, and it is refined through detailed case studies of volunteering in three Japanese cities. The findings are then ...


La Racionalidad De Las Preferencias Políticas En México: Estudios Recientes De Opinión Pública Y Comportamiento Electoral, Rodolfo Sarsfield Dec 2006

La Racionalidad De Las Preferencias Políticas En México: Estudios Recientes De Opinión Pública Y Comportamiento Electoral, Rodolfo Sarsfield

Rodolfo Sarsfield

La revisión de los cuatro libros seleccionados conduce al retrato de dos mundos distintos en lo tocante a la racionalidad de las preferencias políticas mexicanas. El primer mundo nos revela un grupo de dimensiones de opinión pública y comportamiento político que muestran signos de coherencia y predictibilidad. Este mapa justifica hablar de preferencias políticas racionales. De manera opuesta, un segundo conjunto de dimensiones indica patrones contradictorios e inconsistentes entre sí. Esta segunda imagen cuestiona la racionalidad de las preferencias políticas de los mexicanos. El retrato que surge de la opinión pública y del comportamiento electoral en México es paradójico. Palabras ...


Deliberative Democracy, Direct Action, And Animal Advocacy, Stephen D'Arcy Dec 2006

Deliberative Democracy, Direct Action, And Animal Advocacy, Stephen D'Arcy

Stephen D'Arcy

No abstract provided.


Post-Deportation Human Rights Law: Aspiration, Oxymoron Or Necessity?, Daniel Kanstroom Dec 2006

Post-Deportation Human Rights Law: Aspiration, Oxymoron Or Necessity?, Daniel Kanstroom

Daniel Kanstroom

No abstract provided.


Schooling Bodies To Hard Work’: Wage Labor, Citizenship, And Social Discipline In The Policy Discourse Of The South African State, Franco Barchiesi Dec 2006

Schooling Bodies To Hard Work’: Wage Labor, Citizenship, And Social Discipline In The Policy Discourse Of The South African State, Franco Barchiesi

Franco Barchiesi

No abstract provided.


Direito À Informação Ou Deveres De Protecção Informativa Do Estado?,, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2006

Direito À Informação Ou Deveres De Protecção Informativa Do Estado?,, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

A Liberdade de Informação poderá ser simultaneamente defendida pelo dever de abstenção do Estado na esfera de exercício privado (não perigoso) de cada cidadão ou grupo “ordeiro” de cidadãos, e pelo dever de protecção dos cidadãos e das suas pessoas morais (incluindo obviamente associações e empresas) nos casos em que a ordem natural da rede social equitativa seja rompida, designadamente por fenómenos de massificação arregimentadora, trusts anti-concorrência, violação de direitos fundamentais, etc., e, no limite, crime. Mas o discernimento e ponderação terão que ser muito grandes.


Les Limites Du Pouvoir De Révision Constitutionnelle Entre Le Pouvoir Constituant Et La Constitution Matérielle. Une Illustration Dans Le Contexte Lusophone, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2006

Les Limites Du Pouvoir De Révision Constitutionnelle Entre Le Pouvoir Constituant Et La Constitution Matérielle. Une Illustration Dans Le Contexte Lusophone, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

May we relate with intellectual profit some 'abstract' constitutional concepts such as "pouvoir constituant", "constitution matérielle" and "limites matériels de révision constitutionnelle"?


Do Constitucionalismo Brasileiro: Uma Introdução Histórica (1824-1988), Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 2006

Do Constitucionalismo Brasileiro: Uma Introdução Histórica (1824-1988), Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

It is not usual to write a constitutional history from the view point of a foreigner. This is a essai of a glimpse of Brazilian constitutional history from the perspective of a Portuguese, descending from Bazilians, descending from Portuguese. In spite of those circunstances, of course the aim was always the possible objectivity in History and in Constitutional Law History.