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Articles 1 - 14 of 14

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad Aug 2007

Transformation Of Japan’S Civil Society Landscape, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Japan’s civil society is being transformed as more people volunteer for advocacy and professional nonprofit organizations. In the American context, this trend has been accompanied by a decline in participation in traditional organizations. Does the rise in new types of nonprofit groups herald a decline of traditional volunteering in Japan? This article argues that while changes in civil rights, political opportunity structure, and technology have also taken place in Japan, they have contributed to the rise of new groups without causing traditional organizations to decline, because Japanese attitudes about civic responsibility have continued to support traditional volunteering.


The Political Economy Of Aids Treatment: Intellectual Property And The Transformation Of Generic Supply, Kenneth C. Shadlen Aug 2007

The Political Economy Of Aids Treatment: Intellectual Property And The Transformation Of Generic Supply, Kenneth C. Shadlen

Ken Shadlen

This article examines the relationship between intellectual property (IP) and public health, with a focus on the extension of AIDS treatment in the developing world. While most of the literature on IP and health examines the conditions affecting poor countries’ capacities to acquire essential medicines, I show the distinct – and more complicated – political economy of production and supply. IP regulations alter the structure of generic pharmaceutical sectors in the countries capable of supplying essential medicines, and changes in market structure affect actors’ economic and political interests and capacities. These new constellations of interests and capacities have profound implications for the ...


Demokratie Und Islamische Staatlichkeit, Muqtedar Khan Apr 2007

Demokratie Und Islamische Staatlichkeit, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article develops an Islamic conception of democracy while arguing that not only Islam and Democracy are compatible but for establishing Islamic governance, democracy is necessary.


Forced Settlement Of Bedouin Communities In Israel And Egypt: A Comparative Analysis, Jesse Benjamin Mar 2007

Forced Settlement Of Bedouin Communities In Israel And Egypt: A Comparative Analysis, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


Politics And Volunteering In Japan: A Global Perspective, Mary Alice Haddad Feb 2007

Politics And Volunteering In Japan: A Global Perspective, Mary Alice Haddad

Mary Alice Haddad

Politics and Volunteering begins by painting a portrait of volunteering in Japan, and demonstrates that our current understandings of civil society have been based implicitly on a U.S. model that does not adequately consider participation patterns found in other parts of the world. The book develops a theory of civic participation that, incorporates citizen attitudes about governmental and individual responsibility, with societal and governmental practices that support (or hinder) volunteer participation. This theory is tested using cross-national and sub-national statistical analysis, and it is refined through detailed case studies of volunteering in three Japanese cities. The findings are then ...


Democratization In The Balkans: Prescription For A Badly Scarred Body Politic, Richard Farkas Dec 2006

Democratization In The Balkans: Prescription For A Badly Scarred Body Politic, Richard Farkas

Richard P Farkas

No abstract provided.


Diskors Ve Pratik Olarak Dış Politika, Ali Balci Dec 2006

Diskors Ve Pratik Olarak Dış Politika, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Civil Society, Cas Mudde Dec 2006

Civil Society, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


A Fortuynist Foreign Policy, Cas Mudde Dec 2006

A Fortuynist Foreign Policy, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Turkey In The Islamic World: An Institutional Perspective, Mehmet Ozkan Dec 2006

Turkey In The Islamic World: An Institutional Perspective, Mehmet Ozkan

Mehmet OZKAN

No abstract provided.


Social Development In The Tibet Autonomous Region: A Contemporary And Historical Analysis, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu Dec 2006

Social Development In The Tibet Autonomous Region: A Contemporary And Historical Analysis, Reza Hasmath, Jennifer Yj Hsu

Reza Hasmath

This paper will historically examine social development outcomes in the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR) in respect to poverty eradication, education and employment, health care and social integration. Moreover, it will offer tangible advice for improving future social development work in TAR. The main theoretical approach is a literature and policy review of social development in TAR from 1951 to present. Seemingly Tibet’s social development strategy has been achieved through a strong top-down approach. However, the road ahead for TAR once basic needs are satisfactorily met, is a move towards a participatory approach, whereby Tibetans can directly contribute and have ...


The Politics Of Deepening Local Democracy: Decentralization, Party Institutionalization, And Participation, Benjamin Goldfrank Dec 2006

The Politics Of Deepening Local Democracy: Decentralization, Party Institutionalization, And Participation, Benjamin Goldfrank

Benjamin Goldfrank

No abstract provided.


Remembering And Forgetting The War: Elite Mythmaking, Mass Reaction, And Sino-Japanese Relations, 1950-2006, Yinan He Dec 2006

Remembering And Forgetting The War: Elite Mythmaking, Mass Reaction, And Sino-Japanese Relations, 1950-2006, Yinan He

Yinan He

Ruling elites often make pernicious national myths for instrumental purposes, creating divergent historical memories of the same events in different countries. But they tend to exploit international history disputes only when they feel insecure domestically. Societal reactions to elite mythmaking, reflected in radicalized public opinion, can reinforce history disputes. During the 1950s–1970s, China avoided history disputes with Japan to focus on geostrategic interests. Only from the early 1980s did domestic political incentives motivate Beijing to attack Japanese historical memory and promote assertive nationalism through patriotic history propaganda, which radicalized Chinese popular views about Japan. Media highlighting of Japan’s ...


Can Institutions Build Unity In Multiethnic States?, Zachary Elkins, John Sides Dec 2006

Can Institutions Build Unity In Multiethnic States?, Zachary Elkins, John Sides

Zachary Elkins

No abstract provided.