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2007

Economics

Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 40

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Presentation On The Arab Economies In A Changing World, Marcus Noland, Howard Pack Nov 2007

Presentation On The Arab Economies In A Changing World, Marcus Noland, Howard Pack

Marcus Noland

No abstract provided.


Monetary Darwinism: The Political Economy Of Monetary Relations, Giulio M. Gallarotti Nov 2007

Monetary Darwinism: The Political Economy Of Monetary Relations, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Giulio M Gallarotti

No abstract provided.


Monetary Darwinism: The Political Economy Of Monetary Relations, Giulio M. Gallarotti Nov 2007

Monetary Darwinism: The Political Economy Of Monetary Relations, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Division II Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Review Of "Rethinking Asia’S Economic Miracle: The Political Economy Of War, Prosperity And Crisis", Su-Mei Ooi Oct 2007

Review Of "Rethinking Asia’S Economic Miracle: The Political Economy Of War, Prosperity And Crisis", Su-Mei Ooi

Scholarship and Professional Work - LAS

The article reviews the book Rethinking Asia’s Economic Miracle: The Political Economy of War, Prosperity and Crisis by Richard Stubbs.


Vecinos Indiferentes: Chile, Bolivia Y La Gas Natural, Daniel Hodges-Copple Oct 2007

Vecinos Indiferentes: Chile, Bolivia Y La Gas Natural, Daniel Hodges-Copple

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

The purpose of this investigation is to analyze the relationship between Chile and Bolivia with respect to the issue of natural gas exportation and importation. For various historical, political and cultural reasons, Bolivia chooses not to export any of its large natural gas reserves to its neighbor, Chile. This paper will demonstrate and analyze the current energy situation of both countries, the obstacles that prevent cooperation, the efforts being made to correct them, and suggestions for resolving the issue to the benefit of both countries in the context of regional integration.


The State Of The Region: Hampton Roads 2007, James V. Koch, Vinod Agarwal, John R. Broderick, Christopher B. Colburn, Vicky Curtis, Steve Daniel, Susan Hughes, Elizabeth Janik, Feng Lian, Sharon Lomax, Trish Manthey, Janet Molinaro, Ken Plum, Maurice Seaton, Lowell Singh, Qian Sun Sep 2007

The State Of The Region: Hampton Roads 2007, James V. Koch, Vinod Agarwal, John R. Broderick, Christopher B. Colburn, Vicky Curtis, Steve Daniel, Susan Hughes, Elizabeth Janik, Feng Lian, Sharon Lomax, Trish Manthey, Janet Molinaro, Ken Plum, Maurice Seaton, Lowell Singh, Qian Sun

Economics Faculty Books

This is Old Dominion University's eighth annual State of the Region report. While it represents the work of many people connected in various ways to the university, the report does not constitute an official viewpoint of Old Dominion or it's president, Roseann Runte. The report maintains the goal of stimulating thought and discussion that ultimately will make Hampton Roads an even better place to live. We are proud of our region's many successes, but realize that it is possible to improve our performance. In order to do so, we must have accurate information about "where we are ...


Fueling The Superpowers: Russia As A Player In World Energy, Theresa Sabonis-Helf Jul 2007

Fueling The Superpowers: Russia As A Player In World Energy, Theresa Sabonis-Helf

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article by Theresa Sabonis-Helf is taken from the proceedings of the EPIIC Symposium at Tufts University, February 2005


Fueling The Superpowers: Nexus Of Foreign Policy And Energy Security, Jack Blum Jul 2007

Fueling The Superpowers: Nexus Of Foreign Policy And Energy Security, Jack Blum

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article talks about the oil history and the role government and international politics has played in it.


Oil. China And Oil In The Asian Pacific Region: Rising Demand For Oil, Pablo Bustelo Jul 2007

Oil. China And Oil In The Asian Pacific Region: Rising Demand For Oil, Pablo Bustelo

New England Journal of Public Policy

China’s growing demand for oil is significantly changing the international geopolitics of energy, especially in the Asian Pacific region. The recent growth in oil consumption, combined with forecasts of increased oil imports (especially from the Middle East), have led to deep concern among Chinese leaders regarding their country’s energy security. They are responding in a number of different ways. In particular, they are searching for new sources of supply and seeking to control purchases and transport lanes, while boosting national production at any cost. This is already causing tension with the United States and other big oil consumers ...


Oil. Geopolitics Reborn: Oil, Natural Gas, And Other Vital Resources, Michael T. Klare Jul 2007

Oil. Geopolitics Reborn: Oil, Natural Gas, And Other Vital Resources, Michael T. Klare

New England Journal of Public Policy

Competition over vital resources is a potent source of international friction among nations and within states. The result is the increasing interplay of international and internal struggles and the growing militarization of the global energy resource quest.


Oil. The Geopolitics Of Oil And Natural Gas, Alan Larson Jul 2007

Oil. The Geopolitics Of Oil And Natural Gas, Alan Larson

New England Journal of Public Policy

Ensuring the reliability of global energy supplies will call for policies that both encourage the use of newer, cleaner energy technologies and address the political challenges posed by the world’s growing demand for oil and natural gas. U.S. policy seeks to encourage expansion and diversification of world energy supplies and to promote the transparency and democratic institutions that help energy-producing countries make the most productive use of their resources.


Fueling The Superpowers: Potential Hazard For U.S.-China Relations, Travis Tanner Jul 2007

Fueling The Superpowers: Potential Hazard For U.S.-China Relations, Travis Tanner

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article by Travis Tanner is taken from the proceedings of the EPIIC Symposium at Tufts University, February 2005


The Dual Approach To The Exportation Of European Governance, Linda Margaret Broughton May 2007

The Dual Approach To The Exportation Of European Governance, Linda Margaret Broughton

Linda Margaret Broughton

The paper argues that this is the effective process by which the EU successfully exports European governance to the CEEC without overtly pressuring states. First, this paper will discuss the type of organisation of sovereignty (the model of federalism) in the EU in order to outline the peculiar institutional elements that enable the EU to export its model of governance in its expansion. EU expansion enhances statehood (understood both in terms of policy autonomy and governance capacity) in the applicant countries at the same time that it exports its own substantive form of governance. The paper will then explore the ...


The Impact Of Privatization On Economic Growth And Income Inequality In Developing Countries, Samuel Adams Apr 2007

The Impact Of Privatization On Economic Growth And Income Inequality In Developing Countries, Samuel Adams

School of Public Service Theses & Dissertations

In the 1960s and 1970s academicians, economists and politicians favored state ownership over private ownership in the production and provision of goods and services. By the end of the 1980s, however, there was a reversal of public policy from state domination of the production and provision of goods and services to private ownership and operation. This was due in part to what the World Bank referred to as "state failure”, which was characterized by inefficient service delivery, unprofitable SOEs, high government debt, and stagnant economic growth rates. Accordingly, privatization caught on in many countries as a policy tool to foster ...


El Staff Presidencial En México. Del Secretario Particular A Las Oficinas De La Presidencia, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal Feb 2007

El Staff Presidencial En México. Del Secretario Particular A Las Oficinas De La Presidencia, J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

J. R. Joel Flores-Mariscal

No abstract provided.


‘Seeing Like The Imf: Institutional Change In Small Open Economies’, André Broome, Leonard Seabrooke Jan 2007

‘Seeing Like The Imf: Institutional Change In Small Open Economies’, André Broome, Leonard Seabrooke

Leonard Seabrooke

The International Monetary Fund spends most of its time monitoring its member states’ economic performance and advising on institutional change. While much of the literature sees the Fund as a policy enforcer in ‘emerging market’ and ‘frontier’ economies, little attention has been paid to exploring the Fund’s bilateral surveillance of its Western member states. This article proposes that ‘seeing like the IMF’ provides a dynamic view of how the Fund frames its advice for institutional change. It does so through ‘associational templates’ that do not blindly promote institutional convergence, but appeal for change on the basis of like-characteristics among ...


Michael Wheeler: Reconstructing The Cognitive World: The Next Step, Leslie Marsh Jan 2007

Michael Wheeler: Reconstructing The Cognitive World: The Next Step, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

Michael Wheeler is the latest in a new wave of philosophical theorists that fall within a loose coalition of anti-representationalism (or anti-Cartesianism): Dynamical –, Embodied –, Extended –, Distributed –, and Situated –, theories of cognition (DEEDS an apt acronym). Against this background, cognition for Wheeler is, or should be, a more ecumenical concept. This ecumenical approach would still be amenable to making theoretical distinctions, the central one being the notion of offline and online styles of intelligence, a distinction that makes conceptual space for another closely related notion, that of propositional knowledge (knowing that) and tacit knowledge (knowing how).


Healthy Competition: What’S Holding Back Health Care And How To Free It, Michael F. Cannon Jan 2007

Healthy Competition: What’S Holding Back Health Care And How To Free It, Michael F. Cannon

Michael F. Cannon

No abstract provided.


Non-Median And Condorcet-Loser Presidents In Latin America: A Factor Of Instability, Josep M. Colomer Jan 2007

Non-Median And Condorcet-Loser Presidents In Latin America: A Factor Of Instability, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

Both the longer duration of present democratic regimes in Latin America in comparison with past historical periods and their high levels of political instability can be partly explained by the role of electoral rules. In this paper several electoral rules are evaluated for their results on the basis of more than 111 presidential and 137 congressional elections in 18 Latin American countries during the current emocratic periods. First, a focus is cast on the probability that elected presidents have the support of the median voter’s first preference, which is a proxy for the winner’s popular acceptance or rejection ...


Expanding The Gap: How The Rural Property System Exacerbates China's Urban-Rural Gap, Benjamin James Jan 2007

Expanding The Gap: How The Rural Property System Exacerbates China's Urban-Rural Gap, Benjamin James

Benjamin James

This paper asserts that one of the main reasons the wealth gap between China’s peasants and city-dwellers persists and continues to widen is China’s system of property laws, especially those that specifically govern rural real estate. The principal problem with the current rural property system is that it is a hybrid system – a mix of China’s socialist past with significant changes toward a market-based future. This system marginalizes China’s farmers by creating insecurities in their legal rights to operate rural land and by systematically undervaluing that land. As a result, Chinese peasants are deprived of both ...


Non-Participatory Poverty, Carrie Curtis Jan 2007

Non-Participatory Poverty, Carrie Curtis

Undergraduate Research Symposium (UGRS)

In a capitalistic market society, all individuals should have an equal opportunity to participate, with varying extents, in consumerism. Democracy entitles one to political participation but people have come to value consumer participation as having more importance as shopping and the exchange of goods and services have become an important part of everyday living. Yet not everyone can participate in consumerism and they end up suffering, especially the children living in poverty. These children internalize the message that since they cannot participate in a society based on material consumption, they cannot belong. Poverty not only causes individuals to experience their ...


Local Stakeholders Governing Water Across The 49th Parallel, Emma S. Norman, Karen J. Bakker Jan 2007

Local Stakeholders Governing Water Across The 49th Parallel, Emma S. Norman, Karen J. Bakker

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article analyzes how local stakeholders along the Canada – U.S. border are increasingly involved in binational governance of water. The article highlights the growing influence of regional, multi-jurisdictional organizations such as the Washington – B.C. Shared Waters Alliance, as well as the changing role of long-standing supranational institutions such as the International Joint Commission. Particular emphasis is given to the topic of the relative institutional capacity of local groups within multi-jurisdictional, international structures. The article concludes with remarks that can guide public policy on local involvement in transboundary water issues.


Domestic And International Consequences Of Us Farm Subsidies, Jeff Reczek Jan 2007

Domestic And International Consequences Of Us Farm Subsidies, Jeff Reczek

Honors Projects and Presentations: Undergraduate

Take a moment to consider the life of a United States farmer 150 years ago. Though it involved considerably more manual labor, the world seemed simple then. Farming was a family business where the children grew up to sustain the farm like their parents before them. With a little grit and hard work, jobs were secure, food was certain and as long as the weather remained tolerable, business was thriving. Fast forward to the globalized world of today. Few family farms are prosperous and it seems that the only sure way to make money is to invest in a gigantic ...


Projecting Washington - British Columbia Truck Freight Border Crossings And Arterial Usage, Hamilton Galloway, Eric L. Jessup, Ken Casavant Jan 2007

Projecting Washington - British Columbia Truck Freight Border Crossings And Arterial Usage, Hamilton Galloway, Eric L. Jessup, Ken Casavant

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

Continuing adaptation to changing transportation needs is critical in maintaining efficiency and reducing costs of raw and manufactured goods to ensure economic stability and growth. With bilateral trade in excess of $1.4 billion per day between the U.S. and Canada and over 200 million annual crossings (passenger vehicles and freight trucks) (U.S. Embassy, Ottawa, 2006), knowledge of the composition of commodities crossing the border and the growth in the flow of those commodities is vital to future policy making. This report focuses on cross-border flows by truck between Washington and British Columbia, through decomposition of the northbound ...


Border-Crossing Documentation, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2007

Border-Crossing Documentation, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article discusses issues involved with the design and development of an ID card that could serve both as a driving license and as a border-crossing document acceptable for transit of the Canada – U.S. land border. This topic is of interest because of two recent U.S. federal laws. One law, known as the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI), changed the documentation requirements applicable to travelers entering the U.S. via the land borders. Whereas driving licenses have in the past been sufficient ID for some travelers, by June 2009 each traveler must carry either a passport or an ...


Management Of The Shared Lower Fraser Valley Airshed, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2007

Management Of The Shared Lower Fraser Valley Airshed, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article discusses issues involved in the management of the Lower Fraser Valley (LFV) airshed, which straddles the border of Washington State and British Columbia. Many factors influence the management of the airshed, including geography, asymmetric patterns of growth, and differing regulatory contexts. There have been episodes of controversy associated with airshed management, with the greatest recent controversy centered around a 1999 proposal to build an electric generation facility in Sumas, Washington. The socalled “SE2” facility (Sumas Energy 2) received construction permits from Washington State, but died when Canada’s National Energy Board denied a power-line permit that was needed ...


Sustainability And The Border, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2007

Sustainability And The Border, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article reflects upon how the concept of sustainability relates to the Canada – U.S. border. How does the border contribute to sustainability? In what ways is sustainability hindered by the border? In the Pacific Northwest, sustainability is an increasingly important collaborative goal of state and provincial governments, so consideration of these questions is worthwhile.


Canada-Us Information Sharing And The Case Of Maher Arar, Bidisha Biswas Jan 2007

Canada-Us Information Sharing And The Case Of Maher Arar, Bidisha Biswas

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article discusses the controversy related to the detention and rendition by US authorities of Maher Arar, a Canadian citizen. The Arar case is particularly significant because of the intense publicity, debate, and mobilization that it has engendered in Canada. This case illustrates problems posed by the expectations and practices of information sharing in Canada – US security cooperation.


Diversity Of The Ports-Of-Entry Along The 49th Parallel, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2007

Diversity Of The Ports-Of-Entry Along The 49th Parallel, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article discusses some traits of the ports-of-entry arrayed along the Canada – U.S. land border. The article focuses upon that portion of the border commonly referred to as the “49th parallel,” omitting discussion of the Canada – Alaska border. Discussion is also focused solely upon the usage of the ports by personal vehicles. Our intent is to reveal something about the “border experience” over the past decade, spanning the period in which post-9/11 border security measures have been deployed. There has been commentary about the extent to which cross-border travel has diminished in response to the “hardening” of the ...


Analysis Of American And Canadian Cross-Border Business Expansion In The Pacific Northwest, Brian Morgans Jan 2007

Analysis Of American And Canadian Cross-Border Business Expansion In The Pacific Northwest, Brian Morgans

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

American and Canadian markets rely on each other greatly, given the volume of trade that exists between the two nations. Companies of both nationalities see opportunity in business growth by accessing the market and establishing a physical presence in the other country. American firms which expanded into the Lower Mainland in British Columbia and Canadian firms which expanded into Whatcom County in Washington State were surveyed to identify reasons for, and obstacles to expansion. Canadian companies cited strategic value and benefits of proximity to British Columbia. American companies cited strategic positioning and labor availability as benefits in the expansion process ...