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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Life As An Intern: Working At The Juvenile Public Defenders Office, Kelly Szymborski Oct 2006

Life As An Intern: Working At The Juvenile Public Defenders Office, Kelly Szymborski

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

When I was freshman at Westem I joined the Honors Program for the challenge. I wanted to do something that would help me get the most of out my college experience by pushing me to succeed beyond all my expectations. Today, I feel that I have met that goal through my final project. It has come to symbolize everything I have learned at Western, and everything I hope to become in my future. For my final project I was an investigative intern with the Whatcom County Public Defenders Office. I dedicated over 250 hours of work into reading cases, talking ...


Misspent Youth: An Analysis Of The Youth Vote In America, Stacy Pederson Oct 2006

Misspent Youth: An Analysis Of The Youth Vote In America, Stacy Pederson

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

In 1971 the voting franchise in America was extended to cover all citizens aged eighteen and older. Politicians often cite young people as being the future of the nation and an example of what the promise of America has to offer the next generation. Rep. Richard Gephardt once declared that, “The most important thing we have to do is invest in the mental capacity of young people.”^ However, the stigma surrounding the notion that youth cannot be counted on to cast their votes on Election Day has created an uneasy disconnect between elected officials and the youngest sector of the ...


Direct Democracy: Actually Democratic? An Evaluation Of Initiatives Based On The Fundamental Principles Of Democracy, Darcey Julia Goelz Jul 2006

Direct Democracy: Actually Democratic? An Evaluation Of Initiatives Based On The Fundamental Principles Of Democracy, Darcey Julia Goelz

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

Direct democracy in the form of the initiative is seen by many as a panacea for all that ails democracy.’ Frustrated with the give and take of the deliberative process inherent in legislatures, liberal and conservatives alike have resorted to direct pleas to the people. Initiatives are not a neutral or benign influence on the quality of democracy in the United States. The results of initiatives can be significant, indeed momentous, with particular issues for individual states.


Illegal Immigration In The United States: An Economic, Social And Political Overview Of The Current Debate, Robin Colleen Ledbetter Jul 2006

Illegal Immigration In The United States: An Economic, Social And Political Overview Of The Current Debate, Robin Colleen Ledbetter

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

In the last year, much has been made of the current immigration situation in the United States. With the debut of George Bush’s ambitious proposal to reform current immigration legislation, the attention of both lawmakers and the nation has been drawn inexorably toward this thorny, complex topic. In response to Bush’s proposal, economists have calculated the costs and benefits of illegal immigration, conservatives have spoken out against illegal immigration and any perceived amnesty offered to those here illegally, liberals have struggled to support immigrant rights as well as the rule of law, and the immigrants themselves have come ...


Why Politicians Like Electoral Institutions: Self-Interest, Values, Or Ideology?, Todd Donovan, Shaun Bowler, Jeffrey A. Karp May 2006

Why Politicians Like Electoral Institutions: Self-Interest, Values, Or Ideology?, Todd Donovan, Shaun Bowler, Jeffrey A. Karp

Political Science Faculty Publications

We examine whether MPs and candidates for parliament are motivated by electoral self-interest, values, ideology, or all of these when evaluating proposals for changing electoral institutions. Using survey data from four countries (Australia, Germany, the Netherlands, and New Zealand), we find that candidates who won election are less supportive of proposals to change institutions, while those who lost elections are more supportive of institutional changes. Winning candidates share preferences for institutions that are independent of whether they are affiliated with a governing or opposition party. This self-interest effect is attenuated by ideology and attitudes about democracy. Pure self-interest, then, is ...


The Failure To Move: The Role Of Participant Beliefs In Social Movement Success, Mimi Gentry Apr 2006

The Failure To Move: The Role Of Participant Beliefs In Social Movement Success, Mimi Gentry

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

Social movement theorists have identified three elements that greatly affect the likelihood of emergence and growth of a movement: resources, political opportunity, and participant motivations or beliefs. Of these three, resources are often held as the most important factor in the success of a movement, particularly in resource mobilization theory. This essay seeks to address and evaluate the often undervalued role of beliefs in the participant mobilization process and to refute claims that a favorable environment alone can ignite and sustain a movement regardless of participant attitudes.


Evolution And Intelligent Design In Biology Curricula: Secular Science In A Multicultural Public Education System, Morgan Leona Hopson Apr 2006

Evolution And Intelligent Design In Biology Curricula: Secular Science In A Multicultural Public Education System, Morgan Leona Hopson

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

Science and religion tend to provide conflicting explanations for natural phenomena, such as the origin of man, as they rely on different epistemological foundations. In the United States, the government is required to maintain a secular presence, while acknowledging and protecting individuals and minority groups of varying faiths and cultures. This becomes problematic as the provision of primary goods by the federal government necessarily implies that the institutions representing these goods must remain secular, whilst not impeding upon cultural and individual rights. Due to the heterogeneous nature of the U.S. populace, it would be impossible to provide a perfectly ...


Democracy In Senegal: A Case Study Of Democratic Success In Africa, Rachael Lambert Apr 2006

Democracy In Senegal: A Case Study Of Democratic Success In Africa, Rachael Lambert

WWU Honors Program Senior Projects

Democracy as an ideal is an integral part of the Western understanding of the world. The spread and growth of democratic governments is seen as a victory of Western values. Democracy, however, has not been an easy transition for many developing countries. The troubles facing emergent democracies are numerous and multifaceted. For the continent of Africa, the last four decades have been a testament to the difficulty of building a stable democracy in former European colonies. With fifty-three countries dividing Africa, only a handful can claim the status of being a consolidated democracy. Senegal is an example of a former ...


Immigration Near The Washington-Bc Border, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Immigration Near The Washington-Bc Border, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

There are social and economic consequences associated with integration of immigrants, particularly when immigration occurs at a rapid pace, as has been the case in the Pacific Northwest. An understanding of underlying trends can be useful to policy-makers. This report examines recent trends in immigration near the Washington—British Columbia border, with a particular emphasis upon Whatcom County and the Lower Fraser Valley.


Explaining The Decline In Border Crossings Since 1990, Border Policy Research Institute, Hart Hodges Jan 2006

Explaining The Decline In Border Crossings Since 1990, Border Policy Research Institute, Hart Hodges

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

For many years it was believed that the US-Canada exchange rate was the dominant factor affecting the number of Canadians driving south to visit Washington State. When the Canadian dollar was strong in the early 1990s, border crossing were high. The Canadian dollar weakened relative to the US dollar in the mid and late 1990s, and border crossings likewise fell. However, when the Canadian dollar began to strengthen in 2003, border crossings did not increase as expected. While a number of possible reasons have been suggested, most attention has been given to increased border security in the wake of 9 ...


Pnwer Regional Economic Trends 1990 - 2005, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Pnwer Regional Economic Trends 1990 - 2005, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The Pacific Northwest Economic Region (PNWER) is a regional planning and facilitation organization established in 1991 to deal with transboundary policy and planning in the Pacific Northwest. The eight member jurisdictions are: the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and Alaska; the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia; the Yukon Territory.


The Impacts Of 9/11 On Canada - U.S. Trade, Steven Globerman, Paul Storer Jan 2006

The Impacts Of 9/11 On Canada - U.S. Trade, Steven Globerman, Paul Storer

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington have had profound global economic and political effects. One consequence of the tragedy is heightened security concerns surrounding the movement of goods and people across international borders that, in turn, have raised the prospects of substantial disruptions of international trade. Within the Canada-U.S. context, numerous observers have identified increased regulations and intensified inspection procedures at the Canada-U.S. border as contributing to significantly higher shipping costs and shipment delays. The higher costs and associated disruptions to commercial shipments might be inferred to discourage growth of trade between the two ...


Governance Of Canadian And American Ports, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Governance Of Canadian And American Ports, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article discusses differences in the governance of seaports within the U.S. and Canada, with particular emphasis upon ports located on the Georgia Basin – Puget Sound waterway shared by the State of Washington and the Province of British Columbia. The article reveals how regulatory contexts affect the ability of ports to compete within and outside the region and concludes with an assessment of the advantages of regional port cooperation.


Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

On January 1, 2008, U.S. legislation known as the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) will become effective at land ports-of-entry on the Canadian border. On that date, all persons entering the U.S. must possess either a passport or another federally-approved form of secure documentation, whereas at present, Canadian and American citizens crossing into the U.S. are able to rely upon documents such as a driver’s license and birth certificate.


2010 Olympics Spillover Into Washington, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

2010 Olympics Spillover Into Washington, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The 2010 Winter Olympics will take place in Vancouver, British Columbia, 30 miles north of the Canada – U.S. border. Vancouver is the northern terminus of a highway corridor that extends south to nearby cities in Washington State, including Bellingham, Mt. Vernon, Everett, and Seattle. Based upon existing analyses and data, together with knowledge gained from prior Olympic games, this report discusses certain cross-border Olympics-related impacts that could occur along that corridor. The report focuses upon the period immediately surrounding the games, but includes brief comments regarding pre– and post-games effects.


Canadian Natural Gas & Washington State, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Canadian Natural Gas & Washington State, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This report examines the natural gas relationship between Canada and Washington State, emphasizing the regulatory and economic changes that have influenced past availability of this energy source, and identifying some future challenges.


Overview Of The Perimeter Clearance Paradigm, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Overview Of The Perimeter Clearance Paradigm, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article discusses the perimeter clearance paradigm (“PC Paradigm” hereafter), with emphasis upon how the paradigm relates to current and proposed U.S. and Canadian border-control programs and policies.