Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 15 of 15

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Influence Of European Émigré Scholars On Comparative Politics 1925-1965, Gerhard Loewenberg Nov 2006

The Influence Of European Émigré Scholars On Comparative Politics 1925-1965, Gerhard Loewenberg

Department of Political Science Publications

Among European émigré intellectuals who came to the United States between 1925 and 1940, a small group of prolific, influential scholars who received appointments at major colleges and universities helped to restore the comparative approach to the study of political systems. That approach had been dominant in the early years of the discipline but had been lost during its Americanization in the first quarter of the twentieth century. The teaching and writing of these scholars contributed to the formulation of theoretical frameworks designed to facilitate cross-national comparison. When the purview of comparative politics expanded in the 1950s and 1960s to ...


The Costs Of Reneging: Reputation And Alliance Formation, Douglas M. Gibler Oct 2006

The Costs Of Reneging: Reputation And Alliance Formation, Douglas M. Gibler

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


Premature Alliance Termination: Explaining Decisions To Abrogate Or Renegotiate Existing Alliances, Brett Ashley Leeds, Burcu Savun Oct 2006

Premature Alliance Termination: Explaining Decisions To Abrogate Or Renegotiate Existing Alliances, Brett Ashley Leeds, Burcu Savun

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


Legal Systems And Variance In The Design Of Commitments To The International Court Of Justice, Sarah Mclaughlin Mitchell, Emilia Justyna Powell Oct 2006

Legal Systems And Variance In The Design Of Commitments To The International Court Of Justice, Sarah Mclaughlin Mitchell, Emilia Justyna Powell

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


The Context Of Law-Making And The Law That Is Made: How The International Legal Operating System Influences The Normative System., Paul F. Diehl, Charlotte Ku Oct 2006

The Context Of Law-Making And The Law That Is Made: How The International Legal Operating System Influences The Normative System., Paul F. Diehl, Charlotte Ku

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


The Comprehensive Statistical Database Of Multilateral Treaties (Csdmt) Project, John King Gamble Oct 2006

The Comprehensive Statistical Database Of Multilateral Treaties (Csdmt) Project, John King Gamble

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


International Commitments In An Era Of Unilateral Presidential Power: A Comparison Of The Treaties And Executive Agreements Made By The Administrations Of George W. Bush And Theodore Roosevelt, Brandon C. Prins, Bryan W. Marshall Oct 2006

International Commitments In An Era Of Unilateral Presidential Power: A Comparison Of The Treaties And Executive Agreements Made By The Administrations Of George W. Bush And Theodore Roosevelt, Brandon C. Prins, Bryan W. Marshall

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

Paper prepared for the Shambaugh Conference, “Building Synergies Institutions and Cooperation in World Politics,” October 12-15, University of Iowa.

Abstract

Treaty-making involves the constitutional struggle for policy control. Both Congress and the presdient are defined as official actors in the making of international commitments, and both closely guard their constitutionally defined roles. Yet extant scholarship generally concludes Congress rarely matters in establishing U.S. formal commitments abroad. Indeed, it is frequently pointed out that only 21 treaties have been voted down by the U.S. Senate in its 230 year existence. While true, such a figure presents an incomplete picture ...


International Multilateral Agreement Negotiations, Michael Gilligan, Nicole Simonelli Oct 2006

International Multilateral Agreement Negotiations, Michael Gilligan, Nicole Simonelli

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

Prepared for presentation at the 2006 Shambaugh Conference, “Building Synergies: Institutions and Cooperation in World Politics,” October 12-14, 2006, University of Iowa.

Abstract

The negotiations of multilateral agreements are often long and laborious endeavors, but international relations scholars know very little about what occurs during the bargaining of such agreements, and systematic empirical work is seriously lacking. Little empirical work on how multilateral agreements are negotiated exists because data on the negotiations of a large number of agreements across multiple issue areas has not been collected. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new database of facts related ...


Conciliatory Agreements And The Durability Of Peace, Michaela C. Mattes Oct 2006

Conciliatory Agreements And The Durability Of Peace, Michaela C. Mattes

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

A previous version of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association, San Diego, California, March 22-25, 2006. I would like to thank Ashley Leeds, Cliff Morgan, and Randy Stevenson for their helpful comments on this project.

Abstract

States often experience disagreements such as competing territorial claims and sometimes they attempt to address these differences by negotiating explicit, written settlements. Can these agreements help ensure a durable peace? I examine the effect of agreements that attempt to address differences after significant conflict has occurred, such as peace agreements, as well as agreements designed to manage ...


Territorial Integrity Treaties, Uti Possidetis, And Armed Conflict Over Territory, Paul R. Hensel, Michael E. Allison, Ahmed Khanani Oct 2006

Territorial Integrity Treaties, Uti Possidetis, And Armed Conflict Over Territory, Paul R. Hensel, Michael E. Allison, Ahmed Khanani

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

Paper presented at the 2006 Shambaugh Conference "Building Synergies: Institutions and Cooperation in World Politics," University of Iowa, 13 October 2006. Earlier versions of this paper were presented at the 37th Annual Meeting of the Peace Science Society (International), Ann Arbor, November 2003, and the 45th Annual Meeting of the International Studies Association, Montreal, March 2004. The authors wish to thank Ashley Leeds, Bumba Mukherjee, Chris Reenock, and Jeff Staton for their valuable comments and suggestions, while taking full blame for all errors and interpretations herein.

Abstract

A recent article suggests that a norm of territorial integrity spread rapidly across ...


Complex Security Institutions: Nested Bilateralism In The Commonwealth Of Independent States, John P. Willerton, Tatiana Vashchilko, Kathy L. Powers, Mikhail Beznosov, Gary Goertz Oct 2006

Complex Security Institutions: Nested Bilateralism In The Commonwealth Of Independent States, John P. Willerton, Tatiana Vashchilko, Kathy L. Powers, Mikhail Beznosov, Gary Goertz

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

Paper prepared for presentation at the Shambaugh/ITRAG Conference, "Building Synergies: Institutions and Cooperation in World Politics," Iowa City, Iowa, October 12-14, 2006. This project was supported by funding from the National Science Foundation grant (SES-02415754), the Social and Behavioral Sciences Research Institute and the Udall Center for Public Policy at the University of Arizona as well as a PEIR grant from the Department of Political Science at Pennsylvania State University.


Creating Large N Databases From Qualitative Information: Lessons From International Environmental Agreements, Ronald Mitchell, Steve Rothman Oct 2006

Creating Large N Databases From Qualitative Information: Lessons From International Environmental Agreements, Ronald Mitchell, Steve Rothman

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


Success In Graduate School And After: Survey Results From The Midwest Region Part Iii, Vicki L. Hesli, Jacqueline Delaat, Jeremy Youde, Jeanette Mendez, Sang-Shin Lee Apr 2006

Success In Graduate School And After: Survey Results From The Midwest Region Part Iii, Vicki L. Hesli, Jacqueline Delaat, Jeremy Youde, Jeanette Mendez, Sang-Shin Lee

Department of Political Science Publications

Ph.D.-granting institutions want students to complete their doctoral degrees. Most graduate departments in political science focus their training on preparing students to pursue academic careers. We provide valid and reliable empirical data about the factors that affect students' prospects for successfully completing political science doctoral degrees and finding academic jobs. Because National Science Foundation data (2002, Table 53) reveal significant differences in the number of doctoral degrees awarded to women compared with men, we test a series of hypotheses based on the existing literature that may account for these differences. Our paper applies knowledge gained from previous studies ...


Cooperation In World Politics: The Constraining And Constitutive Effects Of International Organizations, Sara Mclaughlin Mitchell Mar 2006

Cooperation In World Politics: The Constraining And Constitutive Effects Of International Organizations, Sara Mclaughlin Mitchell

Department of Political Science Publications

Many scholars accept the important role international organizations (IOs) play in facilitating cooperation among states in world politics, yet there is disagreement about the theoretical mechanisms that best account for the positive correlation between shared IO memberships and cooperation. Institutionalists and Rationalists treat state preferences as fixed and emphasize the influence of IO memberships on interstate bargaining. In this view, IOs act as constraints, because while they help states negotiate more efficiently (with fewer costs & greater information), they do not significantly alter states’ preferences. Constructivists, on the other hand, recognize that organizations can alter member states’ identities and interests, and ...


Does Economics Still Matter? Econometrics And The Vote, Michael S. Lewis-Beck Feb 2006

Does Economics Still Matter? Econometrics And The Vote, Michael S. Lewis-Beck

Department of Political Science Publications

Evans and Andersen make the provocative argument that the effects of economic perceptions on political support are greatly exaggerated, owing to the endogeneity of economic perceptions with respect to partisanship. I question their claim, for several reasons. First, the dependent variable measure of popularity is unusual. Second, the causal modeling is based on debatable assumptions that could be behind these surprising results. Third, in the United Kingdom and the United States, evidence suggests that national economic perceptions reflect closely the real economy. There may well be an endogeneity problem in economic voting studies, but it more likely runs from economic ...