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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu Jan 2006

On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Public sector reform programs implemented across Africa, including the World Bank’s “first” and ‘second” generation reforms, are based on the assumption that all public organizations are inefficient. This problematic assumption has had significant implications for policy in Africa. By failing to recognize that not all public organizations perform poorly, we ignore any potential lessons that could have been learnt from the experiences of organizations that have managed to perform effectively under the same social, political, economic and institutional environment. This paper uses Ghana as a case study to examine whether there are significant differences in the characteristics of poor ...


The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali Jan 2006

The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many countries claim that foreign cultural goods threaten their national identities and culture and engage in protectionism. In this dissertation, I analyze the economics of trade protection in cultural services, focusing on domestic cultural content protection in terrestrial television and radio broadcasting, and cultural tariffs in the movie industry. My the first essay considers the impact of cultural quota imposed of radio stations in increasing consumption of domestic programs. Domestic content requirement may reduce (increase) consumption of domestic programs when consumer's demand is highly elastic (inelastic), the degree of preference for foreign content over domestic content is high (low ...


Surviving Alone: The Relationship Between Economic Resources And Health Status In The Unmarried Later In Life And What Public Policymakers Can Learn From This Relationship , Susan M. Olson Jan 2006

Surviving Alone: The Relationship Between Economic Resources And Health Status In The Unmarried Later In Life And What Public Policymakers Can Learn From This Relationship , Susan M. Olson

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

As current social trends to delay marriage and age demographics continue to change, the number of single adults surviving into old and very old age will increase proportionately. This demographic change represents one of the most important challenges for public policymakers, government leaders and employers alike as they work to balance the policy implications of what it means to survive alone in later in live. The purpose of this research was to compare three unmarried groups (e.g., never married, divorced, and widowed) and three age groups (e.g., 65-74 years of age, 75-84 years of age, and 85 years ...


States Of Agreement: A New Look At Law Clerks And Consensual Norms In State Supreme Courts , Andrew John Fay Jan 2006

States Of Agreement: A New Look At Law Clerks And Consensual Norms In State Supreme Courts , Andrew John Fay

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This thesis attempts to answer what causes dissent in state supreme courts. It also approaches the normative questions of whether dissent in state supreme courts is good or bad for democracy. Within I review relevant literature on state supreme courts, judicial voting behavior and dissent. I also conduct my own study of state supreme courts. I find that limited resources affect nonconsensual opinion writing on state supreme courts. I do this by creating an OLS regression model showing that the employment of law clerks causes more nonconsensual opinions and a larger caseload causes less nonconsensual opinion writing. I also find ...


Elements Of Representation Within Iowa Soil , Bronwyn Beatty-Hansen Jan 2006

Elements Of Representation Within Iowa Soil , Bronwyn Beatty-Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Representation is key to the field of Political Science. Behavior of representatives and conditional factors affect representation. Previous research is lacking in information about representation on a small scale. This paper hypothesizes that representation at the local rural level is also affected by behavior and conditional factors. This paper uses Iowa rural community and city council data to explore the relationship between behavioral and environmental factors and citizen satisfaction ratings. Correlation and regression analysis was run on data from the RDI project and CCS project. The results show relationships between economic factors and population and the dependent variables, citizen satisfaction ...


Lost In Cyberspace: Barriers To Bridging The Digital Divide In E-Politics, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Lisa E. Thrane, Stuart W. Shulman Jan 2006

Lost In Cyberspace: Barriers To Bridging The Digital Divide In E-Politics, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Lisa E. Thrane, Stuart W. Shulman

Political Science Publications

In our analysis of e-political participation among a 2003-random sample survey of 478 respondents drawn from Iowa, Pennsylvania and Colorado, six blocks of variables were entered: (1) socio-demographic (2) place effects, (3) voting, (4) technology use (VCR, cell phone, etc.) and computer apathy, (5) attitudes toward technology and (6) specific uses of the internet. In the final block, younger and White respondents are more apt to be e-citizens. Computer training apathy decreases, and IT advantages increase, support for e-citizenry. Seeking medical e-information and making e-purchases increases engagement in e-politics. No main effects of place are found. For Colorado and Iowa ...


Generational Differences In Information Technology Use And Political Involvement, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Lisa E. Thrane, Stiart W. Shulman Jan 2006

Generational Differences In Information Technology Use And Political Involvement, Mack C. Shelley Ii, Lisa E. Thrane, Stiart W. Shulman

Political Science Publications

A structural equation model analysis of data from a 2003 national random sample survey (n = 478) on informational technology (IT) reveals important direct and indirect effects of generational demographic and attitudinal differences on electronic forms of political participation. Younger respondents reported more support for IT and fewer technological disadvantages compared to older respondents. Younger respondents showed more desire for public IT availability and e-political participation, whereas older respondents preferred traditional electoral involvement. The more educated held more favorable views of IT generally and of public IT access more specifically. Bettereducated respondents were more active civically in both traditional and electronic ...