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2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 57

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Social Capital And Inequality In Latin America, Hector Faya Dec 2006

Social Capital And Inequality In Latin America, Hector Faya

Hector Faya

No abstract provided.


Religião, Direitos Humanos E Educação, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Nov 2006

Religião, Direitos Humanos E Educação, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Não admira que haja atritos, incompreensões, entre as religiões e os poderes. Porque, antes de mais, foi preciso a uns e a outros comprimirem-se para darem lugar (espaço, mesmo) ao outro tipo de normatividade e de poder. Em muitos casos históricos se terá começado com um poder de índole teocrática. E só com o tempo e o progresso social e político se passaria a admitir a cisão do mando, num ramo secular e num ramo sacral. O grande problema do tratamento da questão religiosa do ponto de vista dos Direitos Humanos, é que se trata, no limite, de pôr uma ...


Medeniyetler İttifakı Ve Akp, Ali Balci Nov 2006

Medeniyetler İttifakı Ve Akp, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Hegemony (霸權/領導權) Nov 2006

Hegemony (霸權/領導權)

Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南

英語 hegemony 一詞的希臘文和拉丁文形式是egemon,egemonia。據雷蒙‧威廉斯的考證,hegemony的本義是指一個國家的領導人或統治者,但在傳統上這個詞主要用來表示國與國之間的政治統治關係,同中國古代政治思想中「霸」的概念有些類似,都含有以實力迫使別國臣服的意思。所以,hegemony 在中文裏通常被譯為「霸權」。例如人們談論得越來越多的文化霸權,在當代世界語境中,系指西方發達國家憑藉強大的經濟、政治和軍事實力強制推行其意識形態和文化價值觀。在這個意義上,文化霸權和文化帝國主義基本上是作為同義詞使用的。

--《讀書》1995.2


「統識」教育, Ming Wai Lee Nov 2006

「統識」教育, Ming Wai Lee

Cultural Studies@Lingnan 文化研究@嶺南

『霸權』一詞容易令人聯想到強者持著特權令弱者得不到公平對待的情形,在本期陳燕谷的文章帶出『領導權』的譯名,比較貼合現今社會的實況。 Hegemony一字的出處和演變,有關『霸權』、『領導權』和『統識』的概念,在其他文章已有解說,本文試圖從『領導』和『統識』的方向,從香港教育中舉出例子。


The New Biopolitics: Autonomy, Demography, And Nationhood, Jedediah Purdy Nov 2006

The New Biopolitics: Autonomy, Demography, And Nationhood, Jedediah Purdy

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Duty To Obey The Law, David Lefkowitz Nov 2006

The Duty To Obey The Law, David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Under what conditions, if any, do those the law addresses have a moral duty or obligation to obey it simply because it is the law? In this essay, I identify five general approaches to carrying out this task, and offer a somewhat detailed discussion of one or two examples of each approach. The approaches studied are: relational-role approaches that appeal to the fact that an agent occupies the role of member in the political community; attempts to ground the duty to obey the law in individual consent or fair play; natural duty approaches; instrumental approaches; and philosophical anarchism, an approach ...


Learning To Work: Colonialism As Rule, Not Exception, Mindy Peden Sep 2006

Learning To Work: Colonialism As Rule, Not Exception, Mindy Peden

Mindy Peden

No abstract provided.


Defining One's Own Concept Of Existence And The Meaning Of The Universe: The Presumption Of Liberty In Lawrence V. Texas, Mitchell F. Park Sep 2006

Defining One's Own Concept Of Existence And The Meaning Of The Universe: The Presumption Of Liberty In Lawrence V. Texas, Mitchell F. Park

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


Remoulding The Critical Junctures Approach, John Hogan Sep 2006

Remoulding The Critical Junctures Approach, John Hogan

Articles

This paper improves our understanding of critical junctures, a concept employed in historical institutionalism for exploring change. However, the concept lacks rigour, weakening our ability to define critical junctures. Of late, academics have utilized other mechanisms to identify change in historical institutionalism. Thus, it is within this context that the critical junctures approach is remoulded through the specification of standards, hence reducing uncertainty as to what constitutes a critical juncture. The remoulded approach is employed here in examining change in the Irish Congress of Trade Unions’ ~ICTU! influence over public policy in 1987.


Who Was Gottfried Dietze?, Riccardo Pelizzo Aug 2006

Who Was Gottfried Dietze?, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

Published in 2006, this short note provides an overview of Dietze's work and ideas


The Politic 2006 Summer, The Politic, Inc. Jul 2006

The Politic 2006 Summer, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Norms Of Deliberation: An Inductive Study, Jane Mansbridge, Janette Hartz-Karp, Matthew Amengual, John Gastil Jun 2006

Norms Of Deliberation: An Inductive Study, Jane Mansbridge, Janette Hartz-Karp, Matthew Amengual, John Gastil

Journal of Public Deliberation

No abstract provided.


Lion In Winter – Tomás Moro Na Nossa Estação. Diálogos Com O Direito Constitucional, O Cristianismo E A Utopia Social, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha May 2006

Lion In Winter – Tomás Moro Na Nossa Estação. Diálogos Com O Direito Constitucional, O Cristianismo E A Utopia Social, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

Três tópicos sintetizam as preocupações da presente leitura de Tomás Moro: antes de mais, o direito constitucional e a polémica constitucional que acabou em crime político sob forma penal – a decapitação de Moro por traição; depois (mas apenas por comodidade depois, porque está antes de tudo em Moro), o cristianismo, mola propulsora da vida, do pensamento e da obra desta figura; finalmente, a utopia social, o seu contributo para a filosofia política, numa clave que normalmente não é a da maioria dos expoentes recentes do pensamento cristão – e daí, também, a sua originalidade.


Confronting Globalization: Humanity, Justice, And The Renewal Of Politics (Book Review), Steven Michels May 2006

Confronting Globalization: Humanity, Justice, And The Renewal Of Politics (Book Review), Steven Michels

Government Faculty Publications

Book review by Steven Michels:

Hayden, Patrick and Chamsy el-Ojeili. Confronting Globalization: Humanity, Justice, and the Renewal of Politics. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2005.

ISBN: 9781403945556


Gambling For Certainty: Luck, Chance, And Uncertainty In Politics, Mindy Peden, Nicole Rishel May 2006

Gambling For Certainty: Luck, Chance, And Uncertainty In Politics, Mindy Peden, Nicole Rishel

Political Science

How much of what we do is the result of our will, and how much the result of chance or luck or fortune? This is a decidedly un-decidable question, but one that needs to be asked. The general assumption seems to be that a person’s “lot” in life is physically, morally, politically, even romantically linked to choice. But the use of the term “lot” betrays the underlying uncertainty of what “causes” our “lot”, laying bare questions of responsibility, burden, and even explanation. Much (perhaps at the very least 50% according to Machiavelli) of what happens in our lives can ...


Entertaining Politics And The College Student, Alexandra Rubin May 2006

Entertaining Politics And The College Student, Alexandra Rubin

Senior Honors Projects

Mass media is crucial in forming and reflecting opinion in society. Newspaper, television, and the internet all play a critical role in the daily lives of Americans; disseminating information that shapes views of life, culture, and politics. It seems like all forms of media communication, either subliminally or blatantly, reflect the political climate of the day. The news media flood American homes with images, audio, and commentary on political happenings. My questions are as follows: How much basic political knowledge does an average college student possess? Where does the average college student receive his or her political knowledge? Does celebrity ...


The Limits Of U.S. Governmental Power In Times Of Crisis, Adam M. Goldwater Apr 2006

The Limits Of U.S. Governmental Power In Times Of Crisis, Adam M. Goldwater

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

Government’s Emergency Power Throughout the History of the United States This paper reviews the use of power by the United States government during times of crisis. This paper analyzes both the arguments from Thomas Hobbes and John Locke regarding how limited both believe government should be. Throughout this debate John Locke believes that in leaving a state of nature we must enter into civil society through a social contract with each other. Hobbes’ view of the state of nature is such that he believes that there should be virtually no limitations on the power of government in eliminating citizens ...


On Moral Arguments Against A Legal Right To Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention, David Lefkowitz Apr 2006

On Moral Arguments Against A Legal Right To Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention, David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

As the international response to recent events in Darfur demonstrates, the restriction of authority to intervene to the United Nations poses the greater legal barrier to intervention. From a practical perspective, then, the more pressing question may be whether international law ought to be modified to permit states, or multi-state organizations, to carry out unilateral humanitarian interventions; that is, interventions that are not authorized by the United Nations. The issue here is essentially a moral one: would the incorporation of a right to unilateral humanitarian intervention entail a moral improvement to international law – for example, a decrease in the number ...


The Politic 2006 Spring, The Politic, Inc. Apr 2006

The Politic 2006 Spring, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


The Refund Booth: Using The Principle Of Symmetric Information To Improve Campaign Finance Regulation, Ian Ayres, Bruce Ackerman Mar 2006

The Refund Booth: Using The Principle Of Symmetric Information To Improve Campaign Finance Regulation, Ian Ayres, Bruce Ackerman

Philip A. Hart Memorial Lecture

On March 22, 2006, Professor of Law, Ian Ayres of Yale Law School, delivered the Georgetown Law Center’s twenty-sixth Annual Philip A. Hart Memorial Lecture: "The Refund Booth: Using the Principle of Symmetric Information to Improve Campaign Finance Regulation." The article, The Secret Refund Booth, was co-authored with Professor Bruce Ackerman of Yale University.

Ian Ayres is a lawyer and an economist. He is the William K. Townsend Professor of Law and Anne Urowsky Professorial Fellow in Law at Yale Law School and a Professor at Yale's School of Management. He is the editor of the Journal of ...


Avrupa Birliği'nin Filistin Politikası, Ali Balci Jan 2006

Avrupa Birliği'nin Filistin Politikası, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Bir Dış Politika Aracı Olarak Dış Yardımların Kullanılması: Japonya Örneği, Ali Balci Jan 2006

Bir Dış Politika Aracı Olarak Dış Yardımların Kullanılması: Japonya Örneği, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Utilitarianism, James E. Crimmins Jan 2006

Utilitarianism, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


La Democracia Deliberativa En Las Sociedades Semiperiféricas. Una Apología, Leonardo García Jaramillo Jan 2006

La Democracia Deliberativa En Las Sociedades Semiperiféricas. Una Apología, Leonardo García Jaramillo

Leonardo García Jaramillo

No abstract provided.


Bir Dış Politika Aracı Olarak Dış Yardım: Japonya Örneği (Foreign Aid As A Foreign Policy Tool: The Case Of Japan), Murat Yesiltas, Ali Balcı Jan 2006

Bir Dış Politika Aracı Olarak Dış Yardım: Japonya Örneği (Foreign Aid As A Foreign Policy Tool: The Case Of Japan), Murat Yesiltas, Ali Balcı

Murat Yesiltas

This article attempts to explain the relationship between foreign policy and foreign aid. The question of how Japan's Official Development Assistance (ODA) programme is related to Japan's foreign policy will be explored. The findings suggest that foreign aid has been used to promote Japan's national interests and national security since the 1950's. Although Japan has used ODA in order to prevent humanitarian violation and promote democracy, especially since the 1990's, the humanitarian aspect of ODA has remained secondary to concerns about national interests. Japanese aid programs to ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) nations, Africa ...


Neşet Toku, İlm-I Umran:İbn Haldun’Da Toplum Bilimsel Düşünce, Murat Yesiltas Jan 2006

Neşet Toku, İlm-I Umran:İbn Haldun’Da Toplum Bilimsel Düşünce, Murat Yesiltas

Murat Yesiltas

Sosyal bilimlerde materyalizm ve idealizm tartışması, sosyal dünyayı oluşturan materyal ve düşünsel unsurlardan hangisinin aslî olduğuna ilişkin ontolojik bir tartışma üzerine kuruludur. Materyalizm, toplumun temelini oluşturan aslî unsurun “doğa” ve “materyal unsurlar” olduğunu öne sürerken, düşünsel unsurları her zaman ikinci plana itmiştir. Sözkonusu bakış açısı iki önemli soruyu zorunlu olarak gündeme getirmektedir.


Iran 2005: İç Ve Dış Politika, Murat Yesiltas Jan 2006

Iran 2005: İç Ve Dış Politika, Murat Yesiltas

Murat Yesiltas

Ülkemizin de çok önemli bir parçasını oluşturduğu Ortadoğu konusunda araştırma yapan akademik çevreden olan ya da olmayan herkes için değerli bir kaynak olma amacı taşıyan Ortadoğu Yıllığı “Çekirdek Ortadoğu” diye bilinen, Türkiye, İran ve Mısır ile bunların arasında kalan Arap Yarımadası’nda yer alan ülkelerdeki bir yıllık gelişmelere ışık tutmaktadır. Bölgenin Filistin dâhil olmak üzere 16 ülkesinin incelendiği” Ortadoğu Yıllığı 2005” söz konusu ülkelerin dış ve iç politikalarında yaşanan ilgili yıla ait gelişmeleri ele alan, yorumdan çok bilgi ağırlıklı yazılardan oluşmaktadır. Kitabın son bölümünde ayrıca, Ortadoğu’nun siyasi, ekonomik ve sosyal yapısına ilişkin, ilgili yıldan bağımsız makaleler yer almaktadır. Kitap ...


The Recognition Of Same-Sex Relationships: Comparative Institutional Analysis, Contested Social Goals, And Strategic Institutional Choice, Nancy J. Knauer Jan 2006

The Recognition Of Same-Sex Relationships: Comparative Institutional Analysis, Contested Social Goals, And Strategic Institutional Choice, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

The emerging field of comparative institutional analysis (CIA) has much to offer public policy analysts. However, the failure of CIA to address the dynamic process through which social goals are articulated limits the scope of its application to the largely prescriptive pronouncements of legal scholars. By examining the movement for equal recognition of same-sex relationships, this Essay builds on the basic observations of CIA and introduces a new dimension, namely the dynamic process through which social goals are articulated and social change is pursued. The acknowledgment that the production of social goals involves institutional behavior, as well as multiple sites ...


Dewey: The First Ghost-Buster?, Leslie Marsh Jan 2006

Dewey: The First Ghost-Buster?, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

Ghost-busting, or less colloquially, anti-Cartesianism or non-representationalism, is a loose and internally fluid coalition (philosophical and empirical) comprising Dynamical, Embodied, Extended, Distributed, and Situated (DEEDS) theories of cognition. Gilbert Ryle – DEEDS’ anglophonic masthead [1] – supposedly exorcised the Cartesian propensity to postulate mind as an apparition-like entity somehow situated in the body. Ryle’s behaviouristic recommendation was, that just as we don’t see the wind blowing but only see the trees waving, so too should we conceive intelligence as manifest though action. The Cartesian ghost of old has mutated, taking the form of the ‘Machine in the Machine’, the brain ...