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2006

International and Area Studies

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Articles 1 - 30 of 47

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

European Integration And International Relations Theory, Engin Erdem Dec 2006

European Integration And International Relations Theory, Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

One of the most significant developments in the twenty-century world politics has been the foundation of European Community (EC), and its evolution into the European Union (EU). Now, the EU is a supranational entity that is composed of twenty-five member states while it will be twenty-seven with the membership of Bulgaria and Romania in January 2007. The EU poses great challenges for both the policy and academic world. On one hand, the EU has become a powerful international actor in the current international politics. On the other hand, the academic world needs to explain the genesis and development of European ...


The Volatile Middle East, Frank L. Jenista Oct 2006

The Volatile Middle East, Frank L. Jenista

History and Government Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


With The Grain Or Against The Grain? Energy Security And Chinese Foreign Policy In The Hu Jintao Era, James T. H. Tang Oct 2006

With The Grain Or Against The Grain? Energy Security And Chinese Foreign Policy In The Hu Jintao Era, James T. H. Tang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Are China’s growing energy needs insatiable, and is a resource war between China and other major energy-consuming countries, such as the United States, inevitable? China’s pursuit of overseas energy resources to feed its fast-growing economy has given rise to observations that energy is now the driving force behind Chinese foreign policy and predictions that potential conflicts between China and other countries are likely to arise as China becomes more aggressive internationally in search of resources.


Eritrea: Challenges And Crises Of A New State, Assefaw Bariagaber Sep 2006

Eritrea: Challenges And Crises Of A New State, Assefaw Bariagaber

Assefaw Bariagaber

No abstract provided.


No Race To The Swift: Negotiating Racial Identity In Past And Present Eastern Europe, Manuela Boatcã Sep 2006

No Race To The Swift: Negotiating Racial Identity In Past And Present Eastern Europe, Manuela Boatcã

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Portrayals of Eastern European countries as "bridges" between East and West are commonplace both in the media and in the political discourse. While the question of the historical origin of Europe's East-West divide is still under heavy dispute among social scientists, it can be argued that it was the Orientalist discourse of the 19th century that decisively shaped the content of the present categories of Western and Eastern Europe and made policies of demarcation from "the Orient" an important strategy of geopolitical and cultural identification with Europe. The enduring quality of Orientalism's effects on both national self-definitions and ...


Vol. 2 No. 1, Moynihan European Research Centers, August 21, 2006, Moynihan European Research Centers Aug 2006

Vol. 2 No. 1, Moynihan European Research Centers, August 21, 2006, Moynihan European Research Centers

Newsletters from Moynihan European Research Centers

Letter from the Director -- New Modern European Studies Minor proposed -- Windows on Europe : the Kaczynskis reconsidered -- FLAS Fellow update -- CES Welcomes New postdoctoral fellow -- Upcoming events


India: Grassroots Hiv/Aids Activism Growing, Manju Parikh Aug 2006

India: Grassroots Hiv/Aids Activism Growing, Manju Parikh

Political Science Faculty Publications

In the last ten years, we have seen frequent news reports on the spread of the HIV/AIDS virus in the Indian subcontinent, each one stressing the dire economic and social consequences if urgent attention is not paid to the problem. Although the Indian government has responded by adopting many policies and by establishing an organization — the National Aids Control Organization (NACO) — to deal specifically with HIV awareness, treatment for HIV infected individuals, and prevention of further spread of HIV/AIDS, many critics do not find these measures adequate.

The campaign to create awareness and check the spread of AIDS ...


A Reflection On American Democracy, Engin Erdem Jul 2006

A Reflection On American Democracy, Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

No abstract provided.


The Economic Implications Of A North Korean Nuclear Test, Marcus Noland Jul 2006

The Economic Implications Of A North Korean Nuclear Test, Marcus Noland

Marcus Noland

This essay analyzes the economic implications that a North Korean nuclear test would have on Northeast Asia. Main Argument: A North Korean nuclear test would likely have a negative, though noncatastrophic, economic impact on the region: -South Korea would likely suffer from capital flight, consequent declines in asset prices and investment, and possibly a minor budgetary loss associated with existing investment guarantees to companies operating in North Korea. - Japan’s economy would also suffer from capital flight, asset price declines, and a reduction in investment. The most radical consequence, however, would be political: a nuclear test might strengthen Japanese attitudes ...


The Future Of International Law Is Domestic (Or, The European Way Of Law), William W. Burke-White, Anne-Marie Slaughter Jul 2006

The Future Of International Law Is Domestic (Or, The European Way Of Law), William W. Burke-White, Anne-Marie Slaughter

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Taiwan's Participation In Inter-Governmental Organizations: An Overview Of Its Initiatives, Chien-Pin Li Jul 2006

Taiwan's Participation In Inter-Governmental Organizations: An Overview Of Its Initiatives, Chien-Pin Li

Faculty Publications

Emboldened by the ascendance of economic issues on the global agenda and the erosion of security-driven bipolar structures, Taiwan in the late 1980s decided to use its economic advantages for diplomatic gain. Examination of changes in three phases of Taiwan's initiatives indicates that its inter-governmental organization strategies and targets correlate well with domestic politics and external factors.


Globalizing Walls, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jul 2006

Globalizing Walls, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Globalization seems to homogenize the world as technology dissolves barriers of time and space. The proliferation of international actors and links appears to eat away at the very foundations of the Westphalian state system. Where the global meets the local is at the walls that define the external objective boundaries of political units and the internal subjective identities of their citizens.As globalizing media tell wall stories, they give the walls legitimacy and power. Wall stories in globalizing media imply that the walls are important news. Wall stories reflect and construct an important part of the myths--the dominant narratives-- of ...


Alliance And Conflict: The World-System Of The Inupiaq Eskimos - Book Review, Jon D. Carlson Jun 2006

Alliance And Conflict: The World-System Of The Inupiaq Eskimos - Book Review, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Is Resisting Genocide A Human Right?, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant, Joanne D. Eisen May 2006

Is Resisting Genocide A Human Right?, David B. Kopel, Paul Gallant, Joanne D. Eisen

David B Kopel

The genocide in Darfur, Sudan, is perhaps the worst human rights crisis of the new century. This article examines the failures of the international response so far, and offers a solution based on international human rights law.

Conducting an in-depth study of the Darfur genocide, and also discussing other genocides, the Article details the inadequacy of many of the international community's response to genocides, including “targeted sanctions” or international peacekeeping forces.

The Article then examines international legal authorities such as the Genocide Convention, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, and the International Court of Justice, and demonstrates that groups ...


South Goes South: American Perspectives On Southern Immigrants To Brazil, Ernest R. Rheaume May 2006

South Goes South: American Perspectives On Southern Immigrants To Brazil, Ernest R. Rheaume

Senior Honors Projects

Reconstruction following the American Civil War led to conditions in the South that caused upwards of 20,000 Americans to go into exile. Of these, approximately 2,500 to 3,500 made the trip to Brazil and established settlements of varying success. One hundred forty one years later descendents of the original settlers, known as the Confederados, still populate the areas of Americana and Santa Barbara D’Oeste, Brazil. Extensive studies have been conducted on the history of the migration and the resulting settlements, yet conflicting perspectives of the Confederados exist within American society. These include different understandings of the ...


Three Kinds Of Culture In Mainstream Civilizations, Kazutake Miyahara Apr 2006

Three Kinds Of Culture In Mainstream Civilizations, Kazutake Miyahara

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Slavery In The 21st Century, Paul R. Rickert Apr 2006

Slavery In The 21st Century, Paul R. Rickert

Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper briefly examines the modern practice of slavery. It attempts to demonstrate that slavery is a larger problem than most understand, does exist in the United States, and will outline some effective means to combat it.


Nicaragua's Survival: Choices In A Neoliberal World, Stanley G. Hash Jr. Apr 2006

Nicaragua's Survival: Choices In A Neoliberal World, Stanley G. Hash Jr.

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

In January 1990 the Nicaraguan electorate chose to abandon the failing Sandinista Revolution in favor of the economic neoliberal rubric. However, since 1990 Nicaragua's economy has been stagnant. Today it is one of the four poorest states in Latin America having been one of the wealthiest before 1975.

The purpose of this work is to explain Nicaragua's poor performance since 1990. The hypothesis is that domestic independent variables are central to recovery and are the underlying causes of Nicaragua's failure to fully recover.

The abuses of the Somozas' ancien régime before the 1979 revolution are well documented ...


North-South Globalization And Action Initiatives: Multiple News Media In The Emerging Global Communication Space, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Mar 2006

North-South Globalization And Action Initiatives: Multiple News Media In The Emerging Global Communication Space, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

The news media are major purveyors of globalization. Globalization becomes present to the citizens of the world as news media reach out to a global audience. As improving communication technologies have made real time global communication possible, northern networks like CNN and BBC have used the technology to develop globally oriented television news programs. Their offerings, CNN WorldView and BBC World, attempt to connect with a global audience. The further development of the web has allowed organizations with considerably less funding than BBC and CNN to try for a global audience as well. The southern network Aljazeera, for example, recently ...


Through A Glass Darkly’: Assessing The ‘New’ War Against Corruption In Nigeria, Shola J. Omotola Jan 2006

Through A Glass Darkly’: Assessing The ‘New’ War Against Corruption In Nigeria, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

It is no longer news that corruption is endemic in Nigeria. Neither is it news that the ‘democratic’ government of President Obasanjo is waging an unprecedented war against corruption. What is, however, controversial is the extent to which the ‘new’ war has succeeded in addressing this scourge. This article engages this crucial question and submits that while the legal and institutional anchorages of the war offer a good point of departure, they remain grossly inadequate. This largely explains why the war has been underproductive and caught in a deepening crisis of legitimacy. What is required is the nourishing and re-envisioning ...


The Next Gulf? Oil Politics, Environmental Apocalypse And Rising Tension In The Niger Delta, Shola J. Omotola Jan 2006

The Next Gulf? Oil Politics, Environmental Apocalypse And Rising Tension In The Niger Delta, Shola J. Omotola

Shola J. Omotola Mr

No abstract provided.


Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Jan 2006

Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

Privatization, recognized as one of the most important economic policy reforms from the 1970s, has attracted significant attention from scholars, and the literature on the topic is now vast. Yet there is little agreement on the reasons why governments privatized. Three dominant paradigms explaining European Union (EU) privatization put forward distinct motivations. The ‘British paradigm’ assumed that market-friendly ideology played a significant role in a path towards a global programme inspired by the UK experience. The ‘multiple logics’ approach observed that the UK was an anomaly, not a leader, and that EU privatization was so diverse that there were few ...


2006. La Transformación De La Izquierda En Centroamérica. De La Lucha Armada A La Participación Electoral., Salvador Marti I Puig, Carlos Figueroa Ibarra Jan 2006

2006. La Transformación De La Izquierda En Centroamérica. De La Lucha Armada A La Participación Electoral., Salvador Marti I Puig, Carlos Figueroa Ibarra

Salvador Marti i Puig

El libro tiene como objetivo mostrar (a través de las herramientas analíticas que ofrecen la Ciencia Política y la Sociología) la mutación que han experimentado desde el punto organizativo, programático y discursivo las fuerzas políticas más representativas de la izquierda revolucionaria en Centroamericana (el FSLN en Nicaragua, el FMLN en El Salvador y la URNG en Guatemala) desde su fundación, cuando proponían la revolución y se articulaban en movimientos guerrilleros, hasta la actualidad, en que estas formaciones desempeñan funciones de gobierno en diversos municipios y ejercen el rol de partidos opositores –si bien con notables diferencias según el país del ...


Interview Of Edward A. Turzanski, M.A., Edward A. Turzanski, Steven Gilligan Jan 2006

Interview Of Edward A. Turzanski, M.A., Edward A. Turzanski, Steven Gilligan

All Oral Histories

From the La Salle University website (12/5/2013):

Edward Turzanski is a political and national security analyst who has held a number of posts with the federal government, and can authoritatively comment on the following areas: International Relations; U. S. Foreign and Defense Policy; Intelligence and Counterintelligence: Terrorism and Counterterrorism, Domestic and Foreign policy issues related to the Middle East, Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union; Congress and the American Presidency; Media-Political process and relations. In addition to his classroom work, Turzanski is also La Salle University's Assistant Vice President for Government and Community Relations. In that ...


Religiosity, Secularism, And Social Health: A Research Note, Thomas S. Mach, Gerson Moreno-Riano, Mark Caleb Smith Jan 2006

Religiosity, Secularism, And Social Health: A Research Note, Thomas S. Mach, Gerson Moreno-Riano, Mark Caleb Smith

History and Government Faculty Publications

This article is a research note addressing various theoretical and methodological issues in the measurement and analysis of religiosity and secularism and their relationship to quantifiable measures of social health in advanced and prosperous democracies. Particular attention is given to cross-national frameworks for studying religiosity and secularism as well as to the conceptualization and statistical analysis of these notions for research design. Various procedural suggestions regarding the use of comparative frameworks are presented to assist in the development and implementation of future studies gauging the impact of worldview commitments upon societal wellbeing.


God In Civil Society: Prophetic, Sapiential, And Pacific, Gary M. Simpson Jan 2006

God In Civil Society: Prophetic, Sapiential, And Pacific, Gary M. Simpson

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu Jan 2006

On Public Organizations In Ghana: What Differentiates Good Performers From Poor Performers?, Francis Y. Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Public sector reform programs implemented across Africa, including the World Bank’s “first” and ‘second” generation reforms, are based on the assumption that all public organizations are inefficient. This problematic assumption has had significant implications for policy in Africa. By failing to recognize that not all public organizations perform poorly, we ignore any potential lessons that could have been learnt from the experiences of organizations that have managed to perform effectively under the same social, political, economic and institutional environment. This paper uses Ghana as a case study to examine whether there are significant differences in the characteristics of poor ...


International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson Jan 2006

International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson

Articles and Chapters

This paper challenges the inward looking perspective of recent immigration research by situating migration to the United States within a global and historical context. This macro-stratification perspective breaks out of the confines of national contexts to explore how international migration is shaped by global power divides. We argue that in order to fully understand international migration, it is necessary to account for both the emergence of global power structures and the historical domination of Europe. We develop our argument by first outlining the significance of global power divides, with a particular focus on the United States. We then demonstrate how ...


Singapore: A Tax Compact For The Future?, Eugene Kheng Boon Tan Jan 2006

Singapore: A Tax Compact For The Future?, Eugene Kheng Boon Tan

Research Collection School Of Law

No abstract provided.


A Code Of Conduct For Indonesia: Problems And Perspectives, Riccardo Pelizzo, Bernice Ang Jan 2006

A Code Of Conduct For Indonesia: Problems And Perspectives, Riccardo Pelizzo, Bernice Ang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The purpose of the present paper is fairly straightforward. We want to show that institutional reforms, such as the adoption of a conduct code, represent a necessary albeit insufficient condition to curb corruption and promote good governance. As several scholars have pointed out the success of institutional reform in general and the success of codes of conduct in particular depends, among other things, on ideational conditions. With regard to codes of conduct, parliamentary ethics experts believe in fact that the success of a code of conduct depends on whether the individuals who are supposed to be regulated by the disposition ...