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2006

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Articles 1 - 30 of 81

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Jus Post Bellum: Just War Theory And The Principles Of Just Peace, Robert Williams, Dan Caldwell Mar 2014

Jus Post Bellum: Just War Theory And The Principles Of Just Peace, Robert Williams, Dan Caldwell

Dan Caldwell

What happens following a war is important to the moral judgments we make concerning warfare, just as the intentions going in and the means used are. There has, however, been inadequate attention paid to considerations of jus post bellum in the just war tradition. This essay seeks to contribute to recent efforts to develop jus post bellum principles by first noting some of the ways that jus ad bellum and jus in bello considerations serve to constrain what can legitimately be done after war. We argue, however, that the constraints grounded in traditional just war theory do not offer sufficient ...


Social Capital And Inequality In Latin America, Hector Faya Dec 2006

Social Capital And Inequality In Latin America, Hector Faya

Hector Faya

No abstract provided.


Defining Terrorism: The Evolution Of Terrorism As A Legal Concept In International Law And Its Influence On Definitions In Domestic Legislation, Reuven Young Dec 2006

Defining Terrorism: The Evolution Of Terrorism As A Legal Concept In International Law And Its Influence On Definitions In Domestic Legislation, Reuven Young

Boston College International and Comparative Law Review

This Article examines the evolution of the definition of terrorism at international law and tests the widely held view that international law does not provide a definition of terrorism. It contends that by abstracting from the common elements and themes present in the United Nations General Assembly and Security Council resolutions concerning terrorism, and the multi-lateral anti-terrorism conventions, treaties, and protocols, one can discern a core international law definition of terrorism. The Article then compares this definition to those in the domestic legal systems of the United States, United Kingdom, India, and New Zealand to determine whether (1) international law ...


Medeniyetler İttifakı Ve Akp, Ali Balci Nov 2006

Medeniyetler İttifakı Ve Akp, Ali Balci

Ali Balci

No abstract provided.


Justice And Justification In The War On Terrorism, Emma Norman Nov 2006

Justice And Justification In The War On Terrorism, Emma Norman

Emma R. Norman

This paper offers a few preliminary reflections on some ethical implications stemming from the disconnect between the moral rhetoric and the reality of the War on Terrorism. I suggest that the Bush Administration certainly shares a large part of the responsibility for constantly attempting to justify a war that, by the standards of traditional just war theory, is almost impossible to see as just. However, I also suggest that part of the responsibility lies with a public that demands high ethical standards of its public officials, but appears to be ultimately unprepared to face the full consequences of acting ethically ...


Jus Post Bellum: Just War Theory And The Principles Of Just Peace, Robert Williams, Dan Caldwell Oct 2006

Jus Post Bellum: Just War Theory And The Principles Of Just Peace, Robert Williams, Dan Caldwell

Robert E. Williams Jr.

What happens following a war is important to the moral judgments we make concerning warfare, just as the intentions going in and the means used are. There has, however, been inadequate attention paid to considerations of jus post bellum in the just war tradition. This essay seeks to contribute to recent efforts to develop jus post bellum principles by first noting some of the ways that jus ad bellum and jus in bello considerations serve to constrain what can legitimately be done after war. We argue, however, that the constraints grounded in traditional just war theory do not offer sufficient ...


On Homo-Diplomacy, Costas M. Constantinou Oct 2006

On Homo-Diplomacy, Costas M. Constantinou

Costas M. Constantinou

This article explores alternative cultures of diplomacy that have been neglected in diplomatic studies
and global politics. It is concerned firstly with the human dimension of diplomacy, that is to say,
the interpersonal dealings of the homo sapiens, or the experimental and experiential diplomacy of
everyday life. It is concerned secondly with the spiritual and transformative potential of diplomacy,
a form of diplomacy that engages in heterology to revisit and rearticulate homology, whose mission
is not only, not just, the knowledge and control of the Other but fundamentally the knowledge of
the Self and this knowledge of the Self as ...


Die Uno Steckt In Einer Doppelkrise, Beat Habegger Oct 2006

Die Uno Steckt In Einer Doppelkrise, Beat Habegger

Beat Habegger

No abstract provided.


The Impact Of Homeland Politics On The National Identity Of Palestinians Reflected In The Diaspora, Mouna Marie Abraham Oct 2006

The Impact Of Homeland Politics On The National Identity Of Palestinians Reflected In The Diaspora, Mouna Marie Abraham

Theses

Homeland politics shaped Arab and Palestinian nationalism over the course of three political administrations in historic Palestine. Policy administered under the Ottoman Empire and the British Mandate directly affected the national identity of the indigenous population. Just before the creation of the State of Israel in 1948, 'Palestinian' came to refer to the Muslim and Christian majority, and excluded the Jewish minority, as a consequence of homeland politics. This study focuses on the impact of these policies on emigrants from Palestine under the Ottoman Authority, the British Mandate, and after the creation of the State ofIsrael in 1948. The political ...


The Hermeneutic Foundations Of Qualitative Research, Bernd Reiter Oct 2006

The Hermeneutic Foundations Of Qualitative Research, Bernd Reiter

Government and International Affairs Faculty Publications

This article is the result of reflection that emerged while conducting qualitative field research on nationalism and exclusion in Portugal. The problem I confronted was when to stop interviewing. Stated more precisely, I was seeking an answer to the question of when one has collected enough empirical data to support or reject one’s hypotheses. This initial problem led me to a rather old discussion on the difference between natural and human sciences that has characterized German academic life for many years–in fact, since the early 19th century–producing some more heated phases of academic dispute, known as the ...


Eritrea: Challenges And Crises Of A New State, Assefaw Bariagaber Sep 2006

Eritrea: Challenges And Crises Of A New State, Assefaw Bariagaber

Assefaw Bariagaber

No abstract provided.


Militarization, Globalization, And Islamist Social Movements: How Today’S Ideology Of Islamophobia Fuels Militant Islam, Thomas Ehrlich Reifer Sep 2006

Militarization, Globalization, And Islamist Social Movements: How Today’S Ideology Of Islamophobia Fuels Militant Islam, Thomas Ehrlich Reifer

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Today the world faces the prospect of an endless war and intensifying global polarization. While extremist forms of Islam have gotten great attention, the media and academic scholarship have been much slower in addressing the varieties and vibrancy of Islamic mobilization that are leading to a global Islamist resurgence. How does one explain the paradox represented by the simultaneous duality of the efflorescence of U.S.-led neoliberal globalization and militarization and Islamist mobilization on a global scale? Exploring this central question, the author concludes that until the present day selective discourse on Islamophobia is replaced with a nuanced understanding ...


Weltdiplomat, Beat Habegger Sep 2006

Weltdiplomat, Beat Habegger

Beat Habegger

No abstract provided.


Der Unmöglichste Job Der Welt: Zur Wahl Eines Neuen Uno-Generalsekretärs, Beat Habegger Sep 2006

Der Unmöglichste Job Der Welt: Zur Wahl Eines Neuen Uno-Generalsekretärs, Beat Habegger

Beat Habegger

No abstract provided.


Vol. 2 No. 1, Moynihan European Research Centers, August 21, 2006, Moynihan European Research Centers Aug 2006

Vol. 2 No. 1, Moynihan European Research Centers, August 21, 2006, Moynihan European Research Centers

Newsletters from Moynihan European Research Centers

Letter from the Director -- New Modern European Studies Minor proposed -- Windows on Europe : the Kaczynskis reconsidered -- FLAS Fellow update -- CES Welcomes New postdoctoral fellow -- Upcoming events


From Aspac To Eas : South Korea And The Asian Pacific Region, Brian Bridges Aug 2006

From Aspac To Eas : South Korea And The Asian Pacific Region, Brian Bridges

CAPS Working Paper Series

South Korea’s diplomatic and security focus has inevitably been on North-east Asia and its difficult relationship with its northern neighbour, but South Korea also has a role to play in the broader Asian Pacific region. This paper analyses South Korea’s increasing economic, political and cultural links with the region and its role in the development of Asian Pacific regionalism. Utilising the concept of ‘middle power’, it argues that, while clearly South Korea cannot ignore what is happening in its immediate geographical environment, it does have the economic and political resources to enable it to take advantage of the ...


The Economic Implications Of A North Korean Nuclear Test, Marcus Noland Jul 2006

The Economic Implications Of A North Korean Nuclear Test, Marcus Noland

Marcus Noland

This essay analyzes the economic implications that a North Korean nuclear test would have on Northeast Asia. Main Argument: A North Korean nuclear test would likely have a negative, though noncatastrophic, economic impact on the region: -South Korea would likely suffer from capital flight, consequent declines in asset prices and investment, and possibly a minor budgetary loss associated with existing investment guarantees to companies operating in North Korea. - Japan’s economy would also suffer from capital flight, asset price declines, and a reduction in investment. The most radical consequence, however, would be political: a nuclear test might strengthen Japanese attitudes ...


Globalizing Resistance: Global Media And The Political Psychology Of Oppression And Resistance, Francis A. Beer Jul 2006

Globalizing Resistance: Global Media And The Political Psychology Of Oppression And Resistance, Francis A. Beer

Political Science Faculty Contributions

On September 30, 2005 a large Danish newspaper published a set of twelve cartoons picturing the prophet Muhammad. The text was about freedom of the press; the cartoons, which the author knew would anger Muslims, were to demonstrate freedom as it was being exercised by the newspaper. Thirteen days later Al Jazeera's English language website contained a brief report about a protest by Muslim organizations in Denmark. Then nothing until the end of January 2006 when there was an explosion of news reporting about protests by Muslim communities demanding an apology for the desecration of their leader and their ...


Globalizing Walls, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton Jul 2006

Globalizing Walls, Francis A. Beer, G. Robert Boynton

Political Science Faculty Contributions

Globalization seems to homogenize the world as technology dissolves barriers of time and space. The proliferation of international actors and links appears to eat away at the very foundations of the Westphalian state system. Where the global meets the local is at the walls that define the external objective boundaries of political units and the internal subjective identities of their citizens.As globalizing media tell wall stories, they give the walls legitimacy and power. Wall stories in globalizing media imply that the walls are important news. Wall stories reflect and construct an important part of the myths--the dominant narratives-- of ...


Taiwan's Participation In Inter-Governmental Organizations: An Overview Of Its Initiatives, Chien-Pin Li Jul 2006

Taiwan's Participation In Inter-Governmental Organizations: An Overview Of Its Initiatives, Chien-Pin Li

Faculty Publications

Emboldened by the ascendance of economic issues on the global agenda and the erosion of security-driven bipolar structures, Taiwan in the late 1980s decided to use its economic advantages for diplomatic gain. Examination of changes in three phases of Taiwan's initiatives indicates that its inter-governmental organization strategies and targets correlate well with domestic politics and external factors.


The Politic 2006 Summer, The Politic, Inc. Jul 2006

The Politic 2006 Summer, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


The Future Of International Law Is Domestic (Or, The European Way Of Law), William W. Burke-White, Anne-Marie Slaughter Jul 2006

The Future Of International Law Is Domestic (Or, The European Way Of Law), William W. Burke-White, Anne-Marie Slaughter

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Alliance And Conflict: The World-System Of The Inupiaq Eskimos - Book Review, Jon D. Carlson Jun 2006

Alliance And Conflict: The World-System Of The Inupiaq Eskimos - Book Review, Jon D. Carlson

Jon D. Carlson

No abstract provided.


Nepantlera-Activism In The Transnational Moment: In Dialogue With Gloria Anzaldúa’S Theorizing Of Nepantla, Kavitha Koshy Jun 2006

Nepantlera-Activism In The Transnational Moment: In Dialogue With Gloria Anzaldúa’S Theorizing Of Nepantla, Kavitha Koshy

Human Architecture: Journal of the Sociology of Self-Knowledge

Through this article I wish to stress the criticality of transnational encounters. I use the word "criticality" to underscore the pivotal role transnational experiences play in a globalized world, for they can frame and challenge international politics. When in transnational encounters the (mis)interpretations and (mis)understandings of "others" are not addressed, positive social transformation is pretty much negated. Most often, such limited encounters perpetuate the negative or positive stereotypes projected by the dominant western, Eurocentric ideology and thus help to maintain systems of power and privilege, i.e., an unjust status quo. In a search for solutions in what ...


Examining The Process Of Regime Change In The North Atlantic Treaty Organization : The Divide Between Rhetoric And Reality, Barak Carlson Apr 2006

Examining The Process Of Regime Change In The North Atlantic Treaty Organization : The Divide Between Rhetoric And Reality, Barak Carlson

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is a product of the Cold War through which its members organized their military forces for the purpose of collective defense against the common threat of Soviet-backed aggression. Employing the terminology of regime theory, the creation of NATO can be viewed as the introduction of an international security regime. Throughout the Cold War, NATO member states preserved their commitment to mutual defense while increasingly engaging in activities aimed at overcoming the division of Europe and promoting regional stability. The end of the Cold War has served as the catalyst for a new period of ...


The Limits Of U.S. Governmental Power In Times Of Crisis, Adam M. Goldwater Apr 2006

The Limits Of U.S. Governmental Power In Times Of Crisis, Adam M. Goldwater

Undergraduate Theses and Capstone Projects

Government’s Emergency Power Throughout the History of the United States This paper reviews the use of power by the United States government during times of crisis. This paper analyzes both the arguments from Thomas Hobbes and John Locke regarding how limited both believe government should be. Throughout this debate John Locke believes that in leaving a state of nature we must enter into civil society through a social contract with each other. Hobbes’ view of the state of nature is such that he believes that there should be virtually no limitations on the power of government in eliminating citizens ...


China's Economic Statecraft Toward Southeast Asia: Free Trade Agreement And "Peaceful Rise", Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang Apr 2006

China's Economic Statecraft Toward Southeast Asia: Free Trade Agreement And "Peaceful Rise", Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article examines the China-ASEAN free trade agreement (ACFTA) in light of regionalism in East Asia and China's new diplomacy. Dubbed "peaceful rise," China's new diplomatic strategy seeks to capitalize on globalization to accelerate China's economic development and elevate China's power. In Southeast Asia, "peaceful rise" is promoted through a FTA agenda reflecting geopolitical and geoeconomic objectives - cultivating goodwill among neighbors, maintaining regional stability, and securing key markets and raw materials needed for China's economic growth. China sees ACFTA as a tool to respond to challenges posed by competitive regionalisms in the world economy, cement ...


Slavery In The 21st Century, Paul R. Rickert Apr 2006

Slavery In The 21st Century, Paul R. Rickert

Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper briefly examines the modern practice of slavery. It attempts to demonstrate that slavery is a larger problem than most understand, does exist in the United States, and will outline some effective means to combat it.


On Moral Arguments Against A Legal Right To Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention, David Lefkowitz Apr 2006

On Moral Arguments Against A Legal Right To Unilateral Humanitarian Intervention, David Lefkowitz

Philosophy Faculty Publications

As the international response to recent events in Darfur demonstrates, the restriction of authority to intervene to the United Nations poses the greater legal barrier to intervention. From a practical perspective, then, the more pressing question may be whether international law ought to be modified to permit states, or multi-state organizations, to carry out unilateral humanitarian interventions; that is, interventions that are not authorized by the United Nations. The issue here is essentially a moral one: would the incorporation of a right to unilateral humanitarian intervention entail a moral improvement to international law – for example, a decrease in the number ...


The Politic 2006 Spring, The Politic, Inc. Apr 2006

The Politic 2006 Spring, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.