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2006

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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Lobbying Bureaucrats, Sven Feldmann, Morten Bennedsen Nov 2006

Lobbying Bureaucrats, Sven Feldmann, Morten Bennedsen

Sven Feldmann

We study how interest group lobbying of the bureaucracy affects policy outcomes and how it changes the legislature's willingness to delegate decision-making authority to the bureaucracy. We extend the standard model of delegation to account for interest group influence during the implementation stage of policy. We analyze how the decision to delegate changes when the bureaucratic agent is subject to external influence. The optimal degree of delegation as well as the extent to which interest groups influence policy outcomes differ depending on whether the system of government is characterized by unified or divided control. The result is a comparative ...


The Economic Implications Of A North Korean Nuclear Test, Marcus Noland Jul 2006

The Economic Implications Of A North Korean Nuclear Test, Marcus Noland

Marcus Noland

This essay analyzes the economic implications that a North Korean nuclear test would have on Northeast Asia. Main Argument: A North Korean nuclear test would likely have a negative, though noncatastrophic, economic impact on the region: -South Korea would likely suffer from capital flight, consequent declines in asset prices and investment, and possibly a minor budgetary loss associated with existing investment guarantees to companies operating in North Korea. - Japan’s economy would also suffer from capital flight, asset price declines, and a reduction in investment. The most radical consequence, however, would be political: a nuclear test might strengthen Japanese attitudes ...


A Spatial Analysis Of The Xiii Italian Legislature, Massimiliano Landi, Riccardo Pelizzo Jun 2006

A Spatial Analysis Of The Xiii Italian Legislature, Massimiliano Landi, Riccardo Pelizzo

Research Collection School Of Economics

We present a spatial map of the Italian House of Deputies during the XIII Legislature obtained by applying the Poole and Rosenthal methodology to roll call data. We estimate coordinates for almost all the 650 Deputies that were on the House’s floor at the time, and we aggregate them according to parties. We find that voting patters generate basically a two dimensional political space. The first dimension represents loyalty to either the ruling coalition or the opposing one. The second dimension is represented by the European Union. These findings are consistent with the exceptional case of the party Northern ...


Democracia Sin Blindaje, Jose Luis Sardon May 2006

Democracia Sin Blindaje, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

No abstract provided.


Nicaragua's Survival: Choices In A Neoliberal World, Stanley G. Hash Jr. Apr 2006

Nicaragua's Survival: Choices In A Neoliberal World, Stanley G. Hash Jr.

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

In January 1990 the Nicaraguan electorate chose to abandon the failing Sandinista Revolution in favor of the economic neoliberal rubric. However, since 1990 Nicaragua's economy has been stagnant. Today it is one of the four poorest states in Latin America having been one of the wealthiest before 1975.

The purpose of this work is to explain Nicaragua's poor performance since 1990. The hypothesis is that domestic independent variables are central to recovery and are the underlying causes of Nicaragua's failure to fully recover.

The abuses of the Somozas' ancien régime before the 1979 revolution are well documented ...


Globalization & Nationalism: A Recipe For Terror, Cari Bourette, Daniel Reader Mar 2006

Globalization & Nationalism: A Recipe For Terror, Cari Bourette, Daniel Reader

Cari Bourette

Nationalism appears to be part of the human condition; it may well be related to the human tendency toward tribalism. Whatever the case, nationalism appears to be a permanent feature on the global landscape. Globalization, while not a new phenomenon by any means, seems to be having a tremendous dilutory effect on the sovereignty of states; it now appears to be carrying the assault to the cultural frontiers of nationalism. Unlike the Westphalian constructs, however, nations will not so easily succumb. There is a greater inherent resistance to change in nations; the only historically effective method has been outright eradication ...


Identity And Market For Loyalties Theories: The Case For Free Information Flow In Insurgent Iraq, Paul D. Callister Mar 2006

Identity And Market For Loyalties Theories: The Case For Free Information Flow In Insurgent Iraq, Paul D. Callister

Paul D. Callister

When monopoly control over the flow of information is lost, the unavoidable consequence is destabilization. Information flow through a society can be understood as a market - not a market exchanging cash for goods, but loyalty for identity. Hence the market is called the Market for Loyalties - so labeled by an economics of information theory first developed by Prof. Monroe Price, of Cardozo Law School, and Director of the Howard M. Squadron Program in Law, Media and Society, to explain government regulation of radio, TV, cable and satellite broadcasting.

In post-invasion Iraq, Saddam Hussein lost or monopoly control over the information ...


Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 24, Wku Student Affairs Jan 2006

Ua12/2/1 College Heights Herald, Vol. 81, No. 24, Wku Student Affairs

WKU Archives Records

WKU campus newspaper reporting campus, athletic and Bowling Green, Kentucky news. Articles in this issue:

  • Coulter, Amber. Budget Won’t Cover Costs
  • Paul, Corey. Fires Destroy Local Houses - Arson
  • Harrell, Bobby. J-term Enrollment Higher than University of Kentucky’s
  • Bosken, Nina. Race Machine Brings Diversity to Downing University Center – Video Games
  • Coulter, Amber. Study Finds Salary Equity
  • Coulter, Amber. Donor Helps Scholarship Increase
  • Governor Ernie Fletcher’s Folly
  • Watt, Wes. Opinion Page is Everyone’s Page
  • Casagrande, Michael. Note from the Editor
  • McNamara, Andrew. Additions to Downing University Center Centralize Services
  • Harrell, Bobby. Governor’s Comments Ignite Intelligent Design Debate ...


La Reforma Política Pendiente, Jose Luis Sardon Jan 2006

La Reforma Política Pendiente, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

El presente artículo identifica las claves institucionales que explican las repetidas frustraciones políticas del Perú. Argumenta que existen problemas de diseño tanto en el sistema de gobierno como en el sistema de representación. El Perú tiene un sistema de gobierno seudopresidencial, en el cual predomina un Congreso fragmentado e irresponsable, debido a que es elegido a través de un sistema de representación proporcional. Para tener bases políticas propicias para el desarrollo de los mercados, se requiere una reforma de tales instituciones políticas.


Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín Jan 2006

Privatizing Public Enterprises In The European Union 1960-2002: Ideological, Pragmatic, Inevitable?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes, Francisco Comín

Judith Clifton

Privatization, recognized as one of the most important economic policy reforms from the 1970s, has attracted significant attention from scholars, and the literature on the topic is now vast. Yet there is little agreement on the reasons why governments privatized. Three dominant paradigms explaining European Union (EU) privatization put forward distinct motivations. The ‘British paradigm’ assumed that market-friendly ideology played a significant role in a path towards a global programme inspired by the UK experience. The ‘multiple logics’ approach observed that the UK was an anomaly, not a leader, and that EU privatization was so diverse that there were few ...


The Recognition Of Same-Sex Relationships: Comparative Institutional Analysis, Contested Social Goals, And Strategic Institutional Choice, Nancy J. Knauer Jan 2006

The Recognition Of Same-Sex Relationships: Comparative Institutional Analysis, Contested Social Goals, And Strategic Institutional Choice, Nancy J. Knauer

Nancy J. Knauer

The emerging field of comparative institutional analysis (CIA) has much to offer public policy analysts. However, the failure of CIA to address the dynamic process through which social goals are articulated limits the scope of its application to the largely prescriptive pronouncements of legal scholars. By examining the movement for equal recognition of same-sex relationships, this Essay builds on the basic observations of CIA and introduces a new dimension, namely the dynamic process through which social goals are articulated and social change is pursued. The acknowledgment that the production of social goals involves institutional behavior, as well as multiple sites ...


Dewey: The First Ghost-Buster?, Leslie Marsh Jan 2006

Dewey: The First Ghost-Buster?, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

Ghost-busting, or less colloquially, anti-Cartesianism or non-representationalism, is a loose and internally fluid coalition (philosophical and empirical) comprising Dynamical, Embodied, Extended, Distributed, and Situated (DEEDS) theories of cognition. Gilbert Ryle – DEEDS’ anglophonic masthead [1] – supposedly exorcised the Cartesian propensity to postulate mind as an apparition-like entity somehow situated in the body. Ryle’s behaviouristic recommendation was, that just as we don’t see the wind blowing but only see the trees waving, so too should we conceive intelligence as manifest though action. The Cartesian ghost of old has mutated, taking the form of the ‘Machine in the Machine’, the brain ...


The Marginal Utility Of Consolidated Agency Hearings In Ohio: A Due Process Analysis From An Economic Perspective, Chris Mcneil Jan 2006

The Marginal Utility Of Consolidated Agency Hearings In Ohio: A Due Process Analysis From An Economic Perspective, Chris Mcneil

Christopher B. McNeil, J.D., Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


The Equilibrium Content Of Corporate Federalism, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery Jan 2006

The Equilibrium Content Of Corporate Federalism, William W. Bratton, Joseph A. Mccahery

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Senturion: Predictive Political Simulation Model, Mark Abdollahian, Michael Baranick, Brian Efird, Jacek J. Kugler Jan 2006

Senturion: Predictive Political Simulation Model, Mark Abdollahian, Michael Baranick, Brian Efird, Jacek J. Kugler

CGU Faculty Publications and Research

This paper summarizes work utilizing the Senturion predictive analysis software at the National Defense University (NDU). The Center for Technology and National Security Policy (CTNSP) at NDU has been testing the Senturion capability since 2002, and has begun to support the application of this new technology in DOD. In this paper, we begin by describing the methodology underlying the software, and then provide an overview of three case studies that used the software: a predictive analysis of the stabilization and reconstruction phase of Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), the run-up to the Iraqi elections in January 2005, and the leadership transition ...


The "Bad Man" Goes To Washington: The Effect Of Political Influence On Corporate Duty, Jill E. Fisch Jan 2006

The "Bad Man" Goes To Washington: The Effect Of Political Influence On Corporate Duty, Jill E. Fisch

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


The Uselessness Of Public Use, Abraham Bell, Gideon Parchomovsky Jan 2006

The Uselessness Of Public Use, Abraham Bell, Gideon Parchomovsky

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson Jan 2006

International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson

Articles and Chapters

This paper challenges the inward looking perspective of recent immigration research by situating migration to the United States within a global and historical context. This macro-stratification perspective breaks out of the confines of national contexts to explore how international migration is shaped by global power divides. We argue that in order to fully understand international migration, it is necessary to account for both the emergence of global power structures and the historical domination of Europe. We develop our argument by first outlining the significance of global power divides, with a particular focus on the United States. We then demonstrate how ...


The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali Jan 2006

The Economics Of Protection Of Cultural Goods , Mukhtar Askaruli Bekkali

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many countries claim that foreign cultural goods threaten their national identities and culture and engage in protectionism. In this dissertation, I analyze the economics of trade protection in cultural services, focusing on domestic cultural content protection in terrestrial television and radio broadcasting, and cultural tariffs in the movie industry. My the first essay considers the impact of cultural quota imposed of radio stations in increasing consumption of domestic programs. Domestic content requirement may reduce (increase) consumption of domestic programs when consumer's demand is highly elastic (inelastic), the degree of preference for foreign content over domestic content is high (low ...


Canadian Natural Gas & Washington State, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Canadian Natural Gas & Washington State, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This report examines the natural gas relationship between Canada and Washington State, emphasizing the regulatory and economic changes that have influenced past availability of this energy source, and identifying some future challenges.


Immigration Near The Washington-Bc Border, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Immigration Near The Washington-Bc Border, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

There are social and economic consequences associated with integration of immigrants, particularly when immigration occurs at a rapid pace, as has been the case in the Pacific Northwest. An understanding of underlying trends can be useful to policy-makers. This report examines recent trends in immigration near the Washington—British Columbia border, with a particular emphasis upon Whatcom County and the Lower Fraser Valley.


Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

On January 1, 2008, U.S. legislation known as the Western Hemisphere Travel Initiative (WHTI) will become effective at land ports-of-entry on the Canadian border. On that date, all persons entering the U.S. must possess either a passport or another federally-approved form of secure documentation, whereas at present, Canadian and American citizens crossing into the U.S. are able to rely upon documents such as a driver’s license and birth certificate.


2010 Olympics Spillover Into Washington, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

2010 Olympics Spillover Into Washington, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The 2010 Winter Olympics will take place in Vancouver, British Columbia, 30 miles north of the Canada – U.S. border. Vancouver is the northern terminus of a highway corridor that extends south to nearby cities in Washington State, including Bellingham, Mt. Vernon, Everett, and Seattle. Based upon existing analyses and data, together with knowledge gained from prior Olympic games, this report discusses certain cross-border Olympics-related impacts that could occur along that corridor. The report focuses upon the period immediately surrounding the games, but includes brief comments regarding pre– and post-games effects.


Governance Of Canadian And American Ports, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Governance Of Canadian And American Ports, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article discusses differences in the governance of seaports within the U.S. and Canada, with particular emphasis upon ports located on the Georgia Basin – Puget Sound waterway shared by the State of Washington and the Province of British Columbia. The article reveals how regulatory contexts affect the ability of ports to compete within and outside the region and concludes with an assessment of the advantages of regional port cooperation.


Overview Of The Perimeter Clearance Paradigm, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Overview Of The Perimeter Clearance Paradigm, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

This article discusses the perimeter clearance paradigm (“PC Paradigm” hereafter), with emphasis upon how the paradigm relates to current and proposed U.S. and Canadian border-control programs and policies.


Explaining The Decline In Border Crossings Since 1990, Border Policy Research Institute, Hart Hodges Jan 2006

Explaining The Decline In Border Crossings Since 1990, Border Policy Research Institute, Hart Hodges

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

For many years it was believed that the US-Canada exchange rate was the dominant factor affecting the number of Canadians driving south to visit Washington State. When the Canadian dollar was strong in the early 1990s, border crossing were high. The Canadian dollar weakened relative to the US dollar in the mid and late 1990s, and border crossings likewise fell. However, when the Canadian dollar began to strengthen in 2003, border crossings did not increase as expected. While a number of possible reasons have been suggested, most attention has been given to increased border security in the wake of 9 ...


Pnwer Regional Economic Trends 1990 - 2005, Border Policy Research Institute Jan 2006

Pnwer Regional Economic Trends 1990 - 2005, Border Policy Research Institute

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The Pacific Northwest Economic Region (PNWER) is a regional planning and facilitation organization established in 1991 to deal with transboundary policy and planning in the Pacific Northwest. The eight member jurisdictions are: the states of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana and Alaska; the provinces of Alberta and British Columbia; the Yukon Territory.


The Impacts Of 9/11 On Canada - U.S. Trade, Steven Globerman, Paul Storer Jan 2006

The Impacts Of 9/11 On Canada - U.S. Trade, Steven Globerman, Paul Storer

Border Policy Research Institute Publications

The 9/11 terrorist attacks in New York and Washington have had profound global economic and political effects. One consequence of the tragedy is heightened security concerns surrounding the movement of goods and people across international borders that, in turn, have raised the prospects of substantial disruptions of international trade. Within the Canada-U.S. context, numerous observers have identified increased regulations and intensified inspection procedures at the Canada-U.S. border as contributing to significantly higher shipping costs and shipment delays. The higher costs and associated disruptions to commercial shipments might be inferred to discourage growth of trade between the two ...


A History Of Political Experience, Leslie Marsh Dec 2005

A History Of Political Experience, Leslie Marsh

Leslie Marsh

This book survives superficial but fails deeper scrutiny. A facile, undiscerning criticism of Lectures in the History of Political Thought (LHPT) is that on Oakeshott’s own account these are lectures on a non-subject: ‘I cannot detect anything which could properly correspond to the expression “the history of political thought”’ (p. 32). This is an entirely typical Oakeshottian swipe – elegant and oblique – at the title of the lecture course he inherited from Harold Laski. If title and quotation sit awkwardly we should remember that Oakeshott never prepared the text for publication – a fortiori he did not prepare it for publication ...


How Society Makes Itself: The Evolution Of Political And Economic Institutions, Howard J. Sherman Dec 2005

How Society Makes Itself: The Evolution Of Political And Economic Institutions, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

This radical account of the evolution of political, social, and economic institutions weaves together strands of anthropology, sociology, political science, history, and economics. In a highly readable text, Howard Sherman explains the interconnections of ideas and economic forces, and traces the evolution of social and economic institutions from primitive times to the present. Sherman focuses on the myth of "inevitable progress" in technology, and argues that it progresses only when social and economic institutions and dominant ideas encourage it to improve. He shows that throughout history technology, as a part of the economic forces, ebbs and flows to create or ...