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2004

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Articles 1 - 30 of 411

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Beyond The Federation Of Fear: Regional Responses To Undocumented Migration, R. Ferguson Dec 2004

Beyond The Federation Of Fear: Regional Responses To Undocumented Migration, R. Ferguson

R. James Ferguson

A compilation of many of the papers presented at the PIPSA conference on the theme Pacific Islands security : old challenges, new threats.


"We Did It For The Kids," Housing Policies, Race, And Class: An Ethnographic Case Study Of A Resident Council In A Public Housing Neighborhood, Tiffany Gayle Chenault Dec 2004

"We Did It For The Kids," Housing Policies, Race, And Class: An Ethnographic Case Study Of A Resident Council In A Public Housing Neighborhood, Tiffany Gayle Chenault

Tiffany Chenault

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) emphasizes the word "community" for building economic development, citizen participations, and revitalization of facilities and services in urban and rural areas. Resident Councils are one way to develop and build community among residents of public housing. This is a study of a resident council's role of community building. Despite HUD stressing community building in public housing and investing money and policies around it, there are some resident councils that are not fulfilling the expectations of HUD. The purpose of this research is to describe and explain the disjunctions between HUD's ...


Judicial Nominees: Defining The Terms Of Senate Debates, Gary L. Mcdowell Dec 2004

Judicial Nominees: Defining The Terms Of Senate Debates, Gary L. Mcdowell

Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications

Since roughly the beginning of the Reagan administration the left wing of the Democratic senatorial cohort has enjoyed remarkable success in disparaging Republican nominees to the federal judiciary as mere "conservatives". Its argument has been that those nominees would decide cases on everything from abortion to economic regulation on the basis of their "conservative" policy preferences. Sadly, as a general rule, the conservatives have allowed the Democrats to get away with this distortion.


Writings: Nomination Of Sam Rooks For Florida State Committee Man, Edna Louise Saffy Dec 2004

Writings: Nomination Of Sam Rooks For Florida State Committee Man, Edna Louise Saffy

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Speech delivered by Dr. Edna L. Saffy on December 2, 2004 on the nomination of Sam Rooks for Florida State Committeeman of the Duval County Democratic Committee.


The Spouse In The House: What Explains The Marriage Gap In Canada?, J. Matthew Wilson, Michael Lusztig Dec 2004

The Spouse In The House: What Explains The Marriage Gap In Canada?, J. Matthew Wilson, Michael Lusztig

Political Science Research

A literature has emerged in American voting studies noting a “marriage gap”—the propensity for married voters to support the Republican party. Using Canadian Election Study data, we establish the existence of a significant marriage gap in Canada. We also seek to determine if the marriage gap is driven by socio-demographic factors or attitudinal ones. We find that while socio-demographic factors contribute to the marriage gap, they explain relatively little variance. In probing the attitudinal basis of the marriage gap further, we find that married Canadians differ from the unwed very strongly on issues of moral traditionalism, but much less ...


The Aftermath Of The Annan Plan Referendums: Cross-Voting Moderation For Cyprus, Neophytos Loizides, Eser Keskiner Dec 2004

The Aftermath Of The Annan Plan Referendums: Cross-Voting Moderation For Cyprus, Neophytos Loizides, Eser Keskiner

Neophytos Loizides

This article examines recent developments in the Cyprus

negotiations and suggests a number of changes to the proposed electoral system. Specifically, cross-voting and other electoral methods that encourage coalition-building across ethnic communities might add significantly to the functionality of the Annan Plan. Combined with other innovative mechanisms already in the plan, cross-voting could force political parties to seriously take into account the interests and concerns of the two Cypriot communities, an element that is currently missing from

both the Turkish Cypriot (TC) and Greek Cypriot (GC) political systems. Special conditions on the island, as well as the way most political ...


Editor's Notebook: An Election Post-Mortem, Michael Kryzanek Dec 2004

Editor's Notebook: An Election Post-Mortem, Michael Kryzanek

Bridgewater Review

No abstract provided.


The Adaptiveness Of Punishing Behavior: A Baseline Study, Levente Littvay Dec 2004

The Adaptiveness Of Punishing Behavior: A Baseline Study, Levente Littvay

Political Science Department -- Theses, Dissertations, and Student Scholarship

This study sheds light on the current patterns of punishing behavior. Experimental work with ultimatum bargaining shows that individuals have a high sensitivity to fairness, and when taken advantage of, are willing to endure costs to punish deviant behavior. Third party observers of the unfair behavior asked to represent ultimatum recipients are more hesitant to engage in such punishment. This becomes ever more puzzling when we consider individuals’ high value of their own reputation in similar settings. This leaves both rational choice modelers and political psychologists puzzled. This study presents the baseline model for a research agenda proposing a multi-agent ...


Cognitive Theory Of War: Why Do Weak States Choose War Against Stronger States?, Sang Hyun Park Dec 2004

Cognitive Theory Of War: Why Do Weak States Choose War Against Stronger States?, Sang Hyun Park

Doctoral Dissertations

The key question to be addressed in this paper is why weaker states with a slight chance of winning do not avoid war against stronger states. Even though most war theory does offer a few insights about the conditions under which weak states choose war when there is only a slight possibility of winning, explanations based on either emphasis on rationality or ignorance of “interacting structure” of international relations leave many practical remedies unexplained. This paper explains asymmetric conflict on the combination of Prospect theory and Game theory. The interacting game structure of asymmetric conflicts can be summarized. Under the ...


The Role Of The Dallas Housing Authority In Providing Decent, Affordable And Low-Income Housing For Blacks, 1985-2003, Brian C. White Dec 2004

The Role Of The Dallas Housing Authority In Providing Decent, Affordable And Low-Income Housing For Blacks, 1985-2003, Brian C. White

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines whether the Dallas Housing Authority has succeeded in providing adequate housing for black families in Dallas, Texas. Furthermore, this research examines whether the Dallas Housing Authority has complied with the Walker v. HUD, 734 F. Supp 1289 (N.D., TX. 1989) suit in building public housing in nonminority areas despite opposition from other pressure groups. This study begins with the premise that the Dallas Housing Authority is adequately providing public housing to black families in Dallas County, Texas. A case-study approach was used to analyze data gathered to determine whether equality and fair housing are being practiced ...


The Quality Of Black Legislative Life: Perceptions Of Black And White City Councilors At The Beginning Of The New Millennium, Gregory Glen Neddenriep Dec 2004

The Quality Of Black Legislative Life: Perceptions Of Black And White City Councilors At The Beginning Of The New Millennium, Gregory Glen Neddenriep

Masters Theses

Although scholars have become increasingly interested in the black legislative experience, they have largely overlooked black city councilors and the environment in which they serve. I utilize two nation-wide surveys to address this gap in the literature. I sent one survey to black city councilors in 2002 and the other to their white counterparts in 2003. The two instruments were similar in content and question wording so that I could compare the two groups in terms of their perceptions and personal profiles.

My data show that the two sets of councilors generally have similar backgrounds and profiles. However, their perceptions ...


The Political Roles Of Presidential Children: Kennedy Through Clinton, Tabitha Alissa Warters Dec 2004

The Political Roles Of Presidential Children: Kennedy Through Clinton, Tabitha Alissa Warters

Doctoral Dissertations

Many facets of the institution of the presidency warrant examination. Individual presidents, cabinets, staffs, and first ladies have all been studied in-depth, but one aspect of the presidency remains fundamentally unexplored: the political activities of presidential children.

Role analysis using case studies was the method of examination used. Role analysis was the method used in early studies on first ladies and is replicated in this study on presidential children. The basic assumption is that all presidential children from Kennedy through Clinton have performed political roles. By examining the repeated political activities of the 24 presidential children, five political roles were ...


Making Politics De Minimis In The Political Process: The Unworkable Implications Of Cox V. Larios In State Legislative Redistricting And Reapportionment, James R. Dalton Dec 2004

Making Politics De Minimis In The Political Process: The Unworkable Implications Of Cox V. Larios In State Legislative Redistricting And Reapportionment, James R. Dalton

BYU Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Political Economy Of Polarized Pluralism, Salvatore Babones, Riccardo Pelizzo Dec 2004

The Political Economy Of Polarized Pluralism, Salvatore Babones, Riccardo Pelizzo

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

It is difficult to overestimate the importance of Sartori’s party system typology at least because, as Peter Mair recently pointed out, “there has been very little new thinking on how to classify systems since the seminal work of Sartori” (Mair, forthcoming). The first important party system taxonomy was proposed by Duverger in his Political Parties (1951). Duverger in this classic study identified three types of party systems: the one party system, the two party system and the multi-party system. By the early 1960s Sartori had become quite unhappy with this typology (Sartori, 1982). Sartori thought that both the one-party ...


The Many Legal Institutions That Support Contractual Commitment, Gillian K. Hadfield Nov 2004

The Many Legal Institutions That Support Contractual Commitment, Gillian K. Hadfield

Gillian K Hadfield

One of the fundamental contributions of transaction cost theory and institutional economics has been to focus attention on opening the "black box" of contract enforcement, drawing attention to the institutions required to achieve effective and low-cost contract enforcement. The idea that the effectiveness of contract law is critical to the growth of economic activity is widespread in the literature on development and transition economies. Recent studies attempting to document toe relative strength of contract enforcement in different settings (La Porta, et al., 19982; Djankov, et al., 2003), however, have focused on relatively abstract notions of "courts" and "legal systems" and ...


Invitation: To The Dedication Of The William J. Clinton Presidential Center. Nov 2004

Invitation: To The Dedication Of The William J. Clinton Presidential Center.

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Invitation with envelope and reply form. November 18, 2004.


Resolution 6-04-F - Plus / Minus Grading Compromise, Wku Student Government Association Nov 2004

Resolution 6-04-F - Plus / Minus Grading Compromise, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Resolution to regarding the plus / minus grading compromise.


Flyer: Save The Dates For Grand Opening Week And Library Dedication Ceremony For The Clinton Presidential Library And Center Nov 2004

Flyer: Save The Dates For Grand Opening Week And Library Dedication Ceremony For The Clinton Presidential Library And Center

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Grand opening ceremony and dedication on November 14-18, 2004.


Comparing Floor-Dominated And Party-Dominated Explanations Of Policy Change In The House Of Representatives, Cary R. Covington, Andrew A. Bargen Nov 2004

Comparing Floor-Dominated And Party-Dominated Explanations Of Policy Change In The House Of Representatives, Cary R. Covington, Andrew A. Bargen

Department of Political Science Publications

We test two explanations of the legislative process for their ability to account for the ideological pattern of policy change produced by bills enacted by the House of Representatives, 1953-1996. The Floor-Dominated explanation argues that the floor's median member largely determines legislative outcomes, while the Party-Dominated explanation claims that power for the majority party. We develop three measures of the ideological pattern of policy change and independent variables that reflect the predictions of the two explanations. While we find support for both explanations, the greater significance, both substantively and statistically, of the Party-Dominated explanation leads us to conclude that ...


The Changing Political Economy Of Party Membership, Riccardo Pelizzo Nov 2004

The Changing Political Economy Of Party Membership, Riccardo Pelizzo

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

A recent survey conducted in a sample of 83 countries by the Inter-Parliamentary Union in collaboration with the World Bank Institute on the “Relations between the Legislature and the Executive in the Context of Parliamentary Oversight” allows cross-national comparison for the role of legislatures in the budgetary process. One of the survey’s most significant indications is that legislatures in presidential systems are generally more involved in the preparation of the budget than legislatures in either parliamentary or semi-presidential systems. The picture, however, is very different when we look at legislatures’ oversight of the budget. Parliaments are generally more involved ...


Collateral Damage: The Endangered Center In American Politics, Samuel Issacharoff Nov 2004

Collateral Damage: The Endangered Center In American Politics, Samuel Issacharoff

William & Mary Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Changing Political Economy Of Party Membership, Riccardo Pelizzo Nov 2004

The Changing Political Economy Of Party Membership, Riccardo Pelizzo

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Although few scholars would dispute from an empirical point of view the fact that parties change their electoral strategies, ideological stances and organizational structures over time, there is not much agreement on how these changes, above all party organizational change, have to be understood from a theoretical point of view. This is especially true with regard to the transformations that party organizations have undergone from the early 1970s on. In fact, although party organizational changes in the past three decades have generally been considered to be signs of the so called party crisis, the agreement on this analytical perspective is ...


Fire, Metaphor, And Constitutional Myth-Making, Robert Tsai Oct 2004

Fire, Metaphor, And Constitutional Myth-Making, Robert Tsai

Robert L Tsai

From the standpoint of traditional legal thought, metaphor is at best a dash of poetry adorning lawyerly analysis, and at worst an unjustifiable distraction from what is actually at stake in a legal contest. By contrast, in the eyes of those who view law as a close relative of ordinary language, metaphor is a basic building block of human understanding. This article accepts that metaphor helps us to comprehend a court’s decision. At the same time, it contends that metaphor plays a special role in the realm of constitutional discourse. Metaphor in constitutional law not only reinforces doctrinal categories ...


Flyer: Jacksonville Rally With John Edwards. Oct 2004

Flyer: Jacksonville Rally With John Edwards.

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

Rally with Vice Presidential Candidate John Edwards at Metro Park, Friday, October 22, 2004.


Güç Ve Çıkarı Aşan Birlik, Engin Erdem Oct 2004

Güç Ve Çıkarı Aşan Birlik, Engin Erdem

ENGIN I ERDEM Dr.

Avrupa'da yaşanan ve bugünün 25 üyeli AB'sini oluşturan büyük dönüşüm, tarihin en girift gelişmelerinden biri. İki 'dünya savaşı' yaşayan kıta, eşsiz bir ekonomik ve siyasi birlik kurabildi.


The Genius Of The Nation Versus The Gene-Tech Of The Nation: Science, Identity, And Gmo Debates In Hungary, Krista Harper Oct 2004

The Genius Of The Nation Versus The Gene-Tech Of The Nation: Science, Identity, And Gmo Debates In Hungary, Krista Harper

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

Introduction In the late 1990s, Hungarian politicians, environmentalists, and agricultural lobbyists weighed the pros and cons of allowing genetically modified (GM) food and seeds to enter the Hungarian market. Starting around 1994, a small group of Hungarian environmentalists began researching GM issues. Initially, they feared that as a post-socialist country seeking foreign investment, Hungary would become prey to multinational corporations seeking an ‘emerging market’ with a lax regulatory environment. The terms of the debate were reframed over time, notably following 1998, when a number of European Union member states banned the imports of GM foods and when Hungarian expatriate geneticist ...


Why Bush Won; What To Do Next: Analysis Of The 2004 Election, Peter Dreier Oct 2004

Why Bush Won; What To Do Next: Analysis Of The 2004 Election, Peter Dreier

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Refunctionalizing A Frayed American China-Taiwan Policy: Incrementalism Or Paradigmatic Shift?, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang, Liao Da-Chi Oct 2004

Refunctionalizing A Frayed American China-Taiwan Policy: Incrementalism Or Paradigmatic Shift?, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang, Liao Da-Chi

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper is interested in exploring whether it is possible for the US. to pursue parallel relationships with Taiwan and China, that is, whether US.-Taiwan relations can be "decoupled" from the Washington-Beijing relationship? This paper uses a spatial model to review how US-Taiwan relations have evolved since 1949, when the reality of two Chinas set in with the founding of the PRC. It discusses the increasingly unbalanced "dual track" framework of current US. policy toward China and Taiwan and contrasts the changing contexts between the SCP's time and the present post-Cold War era. It examines those most important ...


Are You For Bush Or For Kerry? A Discourse Analytical Study Of The Russian Mass Media Response To The 2004 United States Presidential Elections., Matthew Thomas Calvin Oct 2004

Are You For Bush Or For Kerry? A Discourse Analytical Study Of The Russian Mass Media Response To The 2004 United States Presidential Elections., Matthew Thomas Calvin

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This research project seeks to combine a Russian Language component with a look at Russian foreign politics by performing a discourse analytical study of the Russian mass media reaction to the November 2004 United States Presidential elections. Discourse analysis is a method by which a language or speech sample is analyzed to discover the greater social and societal meanings and implications hidden within those words. The attempt was made to gain a greater understanding of Russian society and culture through an analysis of answers given to the question “Are you for Bush or for Kerry?”, posed to various members of ...


Louisiana In The 2004 Presidential Election, Susan Howell Oct 2004

Louisiana In The 2004 Presidential Election, Susan Howell

Survey Research Center Publications

No abstract provided.