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2003

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 102

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

I argue that Aristotle could not be a fore-runner to liberalism, because his view of humanity is that human beings are constituted by a community and achieve self-fulfillment only as so constituted. Thus, Aristotle endorses a unique position that defends the freedom and self-development of the individual within the parameters of a social order.


Radical Islam, Liberal Islam, Muqtedar Khan Dec 2003

Radical Islam, Liberal Islam, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article extols the virtues of Liberal Islam and argues for the strategic compatibility of Liberal Islam and Liberal Democracy.


Public-Private Partnership? Shifting Paradigms Of Economic Governance In Ontario, Neil Bradford Nov 2003

Public-Private Partnership? Shifting Paradigms Of Economic Governance In Ontario, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

In recent years, many governments have embraced new modes of economic governance that rely on public-private partnerships. These forms of governance effectively devolve authority and responsibility from the state, and instead rely on the policy networks found in civil society. This article argues that despite the general enthusiasm for such decentralized collaboration, there is significant variation in its meaning and practice. Comparing the public-private partnership strategies of two governments in Ontario in the 1990s, the article analyzes the origins and progress of two distinctive governance paradigms, looking for signs of economic innovation. The case studies demonstrate that each of the ...


The Political And Social Activities Of Mainline Protestant Clergy In The Election Of 2000:, Corwin |Smidt, Sue Crawford, Laura Olson, Melissa Deckman, Donald Gray, Dan Hofrenning, Sherrie Steiner, Beau Weston Nov 2003

The Political And Social Activities Of Mainline Protestant Clergy In The Election Of 2000:, Corwin |Smidt, Sue Crawford, Laura Olson, Melissa Deckman, Donald Gray, Dan Hofrenning, Sherrie Steiner, Beau Weston

Sherrie M Steiner

This study examines clergy across six mainline Protestant denominations in terms of their social characteristics, their theological positions, and their political attitudes and behavior. The analysis is based on data collected through random surveys of clergy in each denomination conducted in 2001 using the same instrument. The predominant focus of the article is on the nature and level of political activities exhibited by mainline Protestant clergy in the election year of 2000. The analysis revealed that mainline Protestant clergy are indeed relatively active politically, but that, despite their commonality of belonging to the same broad religious tradition, the nature and ...


Fdr To Clinton, Mueller To ?: A Field Essay On Presidential Approval, Brian Newman, Paul Gronke Nov 2003

Fdr To Clinton, Mueller To ?: A Field Essay On Presidential Approval, Brian Newman, Paul Gronke

Brian Newman

Since the 1930s, polling organizations have asked Americans whether they "approve or disapprove of the job [the incumbent] is doing as president." In the early 1970s, John Mueller started an academic industry by asking what drives these evaluations. American politics and the tools available to examine it have changed dramatically since then, inspiring a burst of research on presidential approval in the 1990s. We review this new body of literature, arguing that it builds on but differs importantly from earlier approval studies. Since Mueller's writing, scholars have expanded his relatively simple model, taking account of presidents' goals and personal ...


Bifurcations And Patterns In Compromise Processes, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner Nov 2003

Bifurcations And Patterns In Compromise Processes, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner

Eli Ben-Naim

We study an opinion dynamics model in which agents reach compromise via pairwise interactions. When the opinions of two agents are sufficiently close, they both acquire the average of their initial opinions; otherwise, they do not interact. Generically, the system reaches a steady state with a finite number of isolated, noninteracting opinion clusters (``parties''). As the initial opinion range increases, the number of such parties undergoes a periodic sequence of bifurcations. Both major and minor parties emerge, and these are organized in alternating pattern. This behavior is illuminated by considering discrete opinion states.


In Search Of Lincoln’S Perfect List: Targeting In Grassroots Campaigns, Peter Wielhouwer Oct 2003

In Search Of Lincoln’S Perfect List: Targeting In Grassroots Campaigns, Peter Wielhouwer

Peter W. Wielhouwer

A key element in winning elections, according to many practitioners, is successfully identifying citizens for targeted campaign communications, and a central tactic for implementing that strategy is through personal-contact campaigning. This article first integrates academic and practitioner perspectives into theoretical arguments about targeted campaigning. Then, using the 1956 to 1998 National Election Studies, the analysis shows that voter registration and age have become increasingly important as criteria for campaign contacts, that contacting rates among urban, sub-urban, and rural areas have equalized, and that campaigns continue to target party regulars, people predisposed to vote, and those who are more socially and ...


Out Of The Blue? Democracy And Privatization In Post-Communist Europe, John A. Gould Oct 2003

Out Of The Blue? Democracy And Privatization In Post-Communist Europe, John A. Gould

John A Gould

No abstract provided.


Estado Militar, Política Económica Y Representación De Intereses: Dificultades De La Transición Democrática En El Brasil En Los Años Ochenta, Adriano Codato Oct 2003

Estado Militar, Política Económica Y Representación De Intereses: Dificultades De La Transición Democrática En El Brasil En Los Años Ochenta, Adriano Codato

Adriano Codato

This article discusses some of the institutional formats utilized by the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964-1985) in order to regulate the influence of large commercial interest groups on economic policy. It focuses particularly on the conflicts between the directors of the dominant social class groups and high-level state bureaucratic leaders on decisory priorities in the context of the politics of redemocratização during the Figueiredo government (1979-1985).


The Strategic Importance Of U.S.-South Korea Economic Relations, Marcus Noland, Taeho Bark Oct 2003

The Strategic Importance Of U.S.-South Korea Economic Relations, Marcus Noland, Taeho Bark

Marcus Noland

Due to the still critical nature of the United States-Republic of Korea (U.S.-ROK) alliance, diplomatic and economic relations between the two nations assume larger than usual importance. This fourth NBR Special Report examines whether economic ties could diffuse conflict in other aspects of the bilateral relationship, or whether economic irritants might be a source of further bilateral tensions. In the Foreword, Stephen W. Bosworth, former Ambassador to the Republic of Korea and current Dean of the Fletcher School at Tufts University, places the importance of United States-Republic of Korea relations in the broader context of ongoing changes in ...


Kapitalizmus És Szocializmus Bibó István Gondolatrendszerében [István Bibó On Capitalism And Socialism], Peter Cserne Oct 2003

Kapitalizmus És Szocializmus Bibó István Gondolatrendszerében [István Bibó On Capitalism And Socialism], Peter Cserne

Péter Cserne

Although István Bibó’s (1911–1979) reputation in Hungary is based on his political and historical essays, he has written much on economic and social issues as well. As an anti-speculative thinker, he formulated his views each time in the context of actual economic and social problems. Starting from the critique of modernity and a sort of elitism in the 30’s, his interest turned toward the serious deformations of Hungarian social structure, especially the situation of the agrarian population. His great private lecture on The Meaning of the Development of European Society (1971–72) treated the history of Europe ...


How City Hall Causes Sprawl - A Case Study, Michael E Lewyn Sep 2003

How City Hall Causes Sprawl - A Case Study, Michael E Lewyn

Michael E Lewyn

A book review addressing the city of Atlanta's pro-sprawl transportation, zoning and urban renewal policies.


Response Piece, Ananya Vajpeyi Sep 2003

Response Piece, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.


Medias Verdades, Jose Luis Sardon Sep 2003

Medias Verdades, Jose Luis Sardon

Jose Luis Sardon

No abstract provided.


Informed Discussion In Information Technology Survey Courses, Amber Settle, André Berthiaume, Evelyn Lulis, Abdulrahman Mirza, Saudi Arabia Sep 2003

Informed Discussion In Information Technology Survey Courses, Amber Settle, André Berthiaume, Evelyn Lulis, Abdulrahman Mirza, Saudi Arabia

Amber Settle

Structured debates have been suggested as a way to help students understand the basic ethical, so"cial, and legal issues inherent in information technology. In this paper, we present evidence that a form of less structured debates we call informed discussions provide equal benefits. As with debates, informed discussions allow for a high-level of participation, demand that students conduct significant research, and provide an interactive environment. However, informed discussion is more engaging for certain populations. Our work is based on debates and informed discussions conducted in three courses. Two of these courses are at the undergraduate level and one is ...


Entry Point: Comment On W. Brown, Howard J. Sherman Aug 2003

Entry Point: Comment On W. Brown, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

This article discusses where the researcher should begin an analysis of any political, social, or economic, problem in a given society.


Institutions And The Business Cycle, Howard J. Sherman Aug 2003

Institutions And The Business Cycle, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Feudal European political-economic institutions included a self-sufficient manor with very little market exchange, barter rather than money, and production motivated only by the need of the manor rather than a profit. All of these institutions meant that a business cycle was impossible, though there were many other problems. Capitalist institutions include production only for market exchange, a monetary economy, and production motivated only by profit. All of these institutions make possible the business cycle--since a contraction may occur if there is insufficient monetary demand to buy the supply at a price including a profit.


Teaching Globalization, Muqtedar Khan Aug 2003

Teaching Globalization, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article provides helpful conceptual guidelines for teaching Globalization.


Weak Groups And Multiple Goals: Setting Priorities And Working For Change On The State Level, Elizabeth Stiles Jul 2003

Weak Groups And Multiple Goals: Setting Priorities And Working For Change On The State Level, Elizabeth Stiles

Elizabeth A. Stiles

No abstract provided.


Ask And Ye Shall Receive? Policy Requests In State Of The Union Addresses, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Jul 2003

Ask And Ye Shall Receive? Policy Requests In State Of The Union Addresses, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


How Relevant Is Jury Rationality?, David A. Hoffman Jul 2003

How Relevant Is Jury Rationality?, David A. Hoffman

David A Hoffman

This essay reviews "Punitive Damages: How Juries Decide" by Cass Sunstein, et al. The book provides a good example of a recent trend: the use of behavioralist research to justify surprisingly paternalistic legal reforms. While critics of behavioralism often contend that its theoretical foundations are weak, this approach is unlikely to prove an effective rejoinder in the new debate about what kinds of paternalism are made permissible by human "irrationality". A better approach: (1) notes the lack of a nexus between behavioralism and the supposed emergent necessity of paternalist reforms; and (2) suggests that juror unwillingness to apply cost-benefit formula ...


The Bush Doctrine And American Civil Religion In The Context Of Us Religious Pluralism, Harlan Stelmach Jun 2003

The Bush Doctrine And American Civil Religion In The Context Of Us Religious Pluralism, Harlan Stelmach

Harlan Stelmach

No abstract available


Progressing Towards Governance For Sustainability At Parkfield School: Making Connections Through Dialogical Design, Sandra Wooltorton, Alan Kidd Jun 2003

Progressing Towards Governance For Sustainability At Parkfield School: Making Connections Through Dialogical Design, Sandra Wooltorton, Alan Kidd

Sandra Wooltorton

No abstract provided.


Kurds At The Nexus Of Global Politics, Jesse Benjamin May 2003

Kurds At The Nexus Of Global Politics, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.


The Importance Of Trust And Community In Developing And Maintaining A Community Electronic Network, Alina Oxendine, Eugene Borgida, John Sullivan, Melinda Jackson May 2003

The Importance Of Trust And Community In Developing And Maintaining A Community Electronic Network, Alina Oxendine, Eugene Borgida, John Sullivan, Melinda Jackson

Alina Oxendine

Focusing on two rural cities in Minnesota, this paper analyses ways in which these communities have gone about providing information technology to their citizens. This paper will explain why one city has chosen to take an entrepreneurial approach to networking and the other city has chosen a more collaborative approach, promoting equal access for its citizens. Based on interviews, focus groups, and surveys in the two cities, we find that these divergent approaches are related to fundamental cultural differences in the two communities. One city seems to have a more pronounced reservoir of social capital, meaning that people in this ...


El Voto De Los Mexicanos En El Extranjero. Contexto, Dilemas E Implicaciones, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte May 2003

El Voto De Los Mexicanos En El Extranjero. Contexto, Dilemas E Implicaciones, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Tesis de Licenciatura en Ciencias Políticas y Administración Pública, México, UNAM, 2003. En este trabajo de investigación la hipótesis central es: el proceso de creación de mecanismos legales que posibiliten el voto de los mexicanos en el extranjero, su implementación en un futuro cercano, el desempeño de los partidos políticos, las autoridades gubernamentales y otros actores al respecto, sus factibles resultados, así como la posición que asuma frente a este proceso el gobierno estadounidense, pueden incidir significativamente en el desarrollo de la política interna de México, generando impactos políticos, sociales y económicos inesperados a corto y mediano plazo afectando negativamente ...


Political Realities And Unintended Consequences: Why Campaign Finance Reform Is Too Important To Be Left To The Lawyers, Kenneth R. Mayer May 2003

Political Realities And Unintended Consequences: Why Campaign Finance Reform Is Too Important To Be Left To The Lawyers, Kenneth R. Mayer

Kenneth R Mayer

A review essay on Ian Ayres and Bruce Ackerman, Voting With Dollars, and an exploration of the political and legal foundations of campaign finance regulation.


Party Positions Or Party Direction?, Riccardo Pelizzo Apr 2003

Party Positions Or Party Direction?, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

The use .f the party manifesto data (PMD) to identqy parties’ position in the political space provida a rather distorted picture of the Italian party syJlern. Three possible explanations fbr this are explored, namely that the Italian party system is exceptional, that there are jlaws in [he data and there might be flaws in the methodology. The article argues that none of these explanations is jully satisJuctory and advances the hypothesis that the PMD left-right scores do not indicate parties’ posilions but instead indicate parties’ direction, that is how (and how much) parlies move to adjusl to changing political conditions ...


Law Enforcement Cooperation As A 'Transnational Factor' In Cross-Taiwan Strait Relations, Jason A. Blatt Apr 2003

Law Enforcement Cooperation As A 'Transnational Factor' In Cross-Taiwan Strait Relations, Jason A. Blatt

Jason A Blatt

In recent years, political disputes have constantly prevented governments in China and Taiwan from working with each other on important issues of mutual concern. However, cooperation between law enforcement authorities on both sides of the Taiwan Strait has steadily increased over the past decade and a half, regardless of ups and downs in political relations. While governments on both sides are still not speaking to each other, law enforcement authorities are boosting cooperation by sharing information on criminal cases, deporting each other's fugitives, exchanging visits of high-ranking police officials and participating in seminars on cross-strait crime-fighting. Successful cross-strait law ...


Agendas, Rhetoric, And Social Change: State Of The Union Addresses From Eisenhower To Clinton, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Mar 2003

Agendas, Rhetoric, And Social Change: State Of The Union Addresses From Eisenhower To Clinton, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available