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2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 446

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

I argue that Aristotle could not be a fore-runner to liberalism, because his view of humanity is that human beings are constituted by a community and achieve self-fulfillment only as so constituted. Thus, Aristotle endorses a unique position that defends the freedom and self-development of the individual within the parameters of a social order.


Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association Dec 2003

Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Meeting to discuss plus/minus grading, constitution, budget, banquet, membership, parking lots, adopt-a-tree, private information security, sweatshirts and spring retreat.


Radical Islam, Liberal Islam, Muqtedar Khan Dec 2003

Radical Islam, Liberal Islam, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article extols the virtues of Liberal Islam and argues for the strategic compatibility of Liberal Islam and Liberal Democracy.


U.S. Policy Toward Strategic Asia Since September 11: Expanding Power Or Promoting Values?, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang Dec 2003

U.S. Policy Toward Strategic Asia Since September 11: Expanding Power Or Promoting Values?, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper examines the change and continuity of U.S. policy toward Strategic Asia after September 11 and discusses the impact of September 11 on regional security trends. The main arguments are: (1) the anti-terror war codenamed Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF)-which successfully destroyed the Al-Qaeda terrorist organization, dislodged the Taliban regime that provided Al-Qaeda with sanctuary in Afghanistan, and then turned to a "second front" in Southeast Asia-has advanced U.S. power and standing in Strategic Asia; (2) OEF constitutes a major ingredient in the emerging Bush Doctrine; (3) while the doctrine exemplified by OEF appears to follow realist ...


Israeli Coalition Governments: Formation And Duration (1949-1999), Imad Salamey Dec 2003

Israeli Coalition Governments: Formation And Duration (1949-1999), Imad Salamey

Wayne State University Dissertations

This doctoral dissertation identifies key aspects that have contributed to the formation and duration of Israeli coalition governments. Most importantly, it differentiates between two historical periods that have shaped Israeli coalition politics. Prior to the 1967 Arab-Israeli War and the election of the 7th Israeli Knesset in 1969, Israeli political parties formed consensual and inclusive coalitions in response to economic, immigration, and external pressures. Low levels of party competition and the dominance of Mapai in the Israeli Knessets further contributed to the formation of large alliances. Post-1969, following the gradual decline of Labor’s electoral dominance, Israeli parties became further ...


Yesterday's Lei Feng And Today's Young People's Liberation Army Soldiers, Che Po Chan Dec 2003

Yesterday's Lei Feng And Today's Young People's Liberation Army Soldiers, Che Po Chan

CAPS Working Paper Series

Lei Feng has been propagandized as a model of emulation for the People's Liberation Army soldiers since the 1960s. This paper uses Lei Feng as a yardstick to measure contemporary young soldiers' general behaviors and orientations. We are interested to find out to what extent contemporary young soldiers have accepted the Chinese Communist Party's political education and have followed the norm set by the Party. It is found that the widely publicized Chinese role model has exerted little influence on contemporary young soldiers. Young soldiers today are utilitarian and materialistic, sharing the same youth culture with most Chinese ...


The Arms Trade In Russian-Chinese Relations: Identity, Domestic Politics, And Geopolitical Positioning, Robert H. Donaldson, John A. Donaldson Dec 2003

The Arms Trade In Russian-Chinese Relations: Identity, Domestic Politics, And Geopolitical Positioning, Robert H. Donaldson, John A. Donaldson

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

Why would a declining power help arm a neighboring and once-hostile rising power? Current international relations literature cannot explain relationships in which one powerful country contributes directly to its long-term relative decline in order to make smaller, short-term gains. This study focuses on one example, the Treaty on Good Neighborly Friendship and Cooperation between the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China, signed in Moscow on July 16, 2001. Presenting evidence that this alliance embodies a relationship that is based primarily on sales of arms from Russia to China, the authors argue that this association cannot be explained ...


The Eu And The Non-Proliferation Of Nuclear Weapons: The Way To Thessaloniki And Beyond, Clara Portela Dec 2003

The Eu And The Non-Proliferation Of Nuclear Weapons: The Way To Thessaloniki And Beyond, Clara Portela

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This paper discusses EU policies against the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD). The author states that at the beginning of the century, the EU began taking steps against the spread of nuclear weapons within its Common Foreign and Security Policy (CFSP). In June 2003, the European Council adopted its first draft strategy against the proliferation of WMDs. In order to assess the significance of the strategy, the paper presents and evaluates the Union’s record in the field, reviews the strategy and makes suggestions as to how it can be improved.


Public-Private Partnership? Shifting Paradigms Of Economic Governance In Ontario, Neil Bradford Nov 2003

Public-Private Partnership? Shifting Paradigms Of Economic Governance In Ontario, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

In recent years, many governments have embraced new modes of economic governance that rely on public-private partnerships. These forms of governance effectively devolve authority and responsibility from the state, and instead rely on the policy networks found in civil society. This article argues that despite the general enthusiasm for such decentralized collaboration, there is significant variation in its meaning and practice. Comparing the public-private partnership strategies of two governments in Ontario in the 1990s, the article analyzes the origins and progress of two distinctive governance paradigms, looking for signs of economic innovation. The case studies demonstrate that each of the ...


The Political And Social Activities Of Mainline Protestant Clergy In The Election Of 2000:, Corwin |Smidt, Sue Crawford, Laura Olson, Melissa Deckman, Donald Gray, Dan Hofrenning, Sherrie Steiner, Beau Weston Nov 2003

The Political And Social Activities Of Mainline Protestant Clergy In The Election Of 2000:, Corwin |Smidt, Sue Crawford, Laura Olson, Melissa Deckman, Donald Gray, Dan Hofrenning, Sherrie Steiner, Beau Weston

Sherrie M Steiner

This study examines clergy across six mainline Protestant denominations in terms of their social characteristics, their theological positions, and their political attitudes and behavior. The analysis is based on data collected through random surveys of clergy in each denomination conducted in 2001 using the same instrument. The predominant focus of the article is on the nature and level of political activities exhibited by mainline Protestant clergy in the election year of 2000. The analysis revealed that mainline Protestant clergy are indeed relatively active politically, but that, despite their commonality of belonging to the same broad religious tradition, the nature and ...


Fdr To Clinton, Mueller To ?: A Field Essay On Presidential Approval, Brian Newman, Paul Gronke Nov 2003

Fdr To Clinton, Mueller To ?: A Field Essay On Presidential Approval, Brian Newman, Paul Gronke

Brian Newman

Since the 1930s, polling organizations have asked Americans whether they "approve or disapprove of the job [the incumbent] is doing as president." In the early 1970s, John Mueller started an academic industry by asking what drives these evaluations. American politics and the tools available to examine it have changed dramatically since then, inspiring a burst of research on presidential approval in the 1990s. We review this new body of literature, arguing that it builds on but differs importantly from earlier approval studies. Since Mueller's writing, scholars have expanded his relatively simple model, taking account of presidents' goals and personal ...


Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association Nov 2003

Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Meeting to discuss plus/minus grading rally, budget, banquet, constitution, class cancellations, parking lots, adopt-a tree, promotional items and identity theft prevention.


Resolution 03-08-F - Hooded Sweatshirts, Wku Student Government Association Nov 2003

Resolution 03-08-F - Hooded Sweatshirts, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Resolution to provide SGA members with sweatshirts.


Resolution 03-07-F - Private Information Security, Wku Student Government Association Nov 2003

Resolution 03-07-F - Private Information Security, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Resolution to have students approve publication of directory information.


Bill #03-07-F - Promotional Items, Wku Student Government Association Nov 2003

Bill #03-07-F - Promotional Items, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Bill allocating money for promotional items.


Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association Nov 2003

Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Meeting to discuss class rings, plus/minus grading, student rally, scholarships, class cancellations, suggestion box, website and constitution.


Bill #03-05-F - New Constitution & Bylaws, Wku Student Government Association Nov 2003

Bill #03-05-F - New Constitution & Bylaws, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Bill revising the SGA constitution and bylaws.


Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association Nov 2003

Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Meeting to discuss tuition, College Heights Herald, homecoming, plus/minus grading, organizational aid, website, Focus on Western, graduation requirements, adopt-a-tree, parking and class cancellations.


Race, Place, And Information Technology, Karen Mossberger, Caroline J. Tolbert Nov 2003

Race, Place, And Information Technology, Karen Mossberger, Caroline J. Tolbert

National Center for Digital Government

What role does environment play in influencing information technology access and skills – over and above individual characteristics such as income, education, race, and ethnicity? One of the puzzles that emerged from our recent research on the “digital divide” was that African-Americans, and to a lesser extent, Latinos, had more positive attitudes toward information technology than similarly-situated whites. And yet, African-Americans and Latinos are less likely to have information technology access and skills, even when controlling for other factors such as income and education (Mossberger, Tolbert and Stansbury 2003). The research presented in this paper takes a first step toward explaining ...


Bifurcations And Patterns In Compromise Processes, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner Nov 2003

Bifurcations And Patterns In Compromise Processes, E. Ben-Naim, P. L. Krapivsky, S. Redner

Eli Ben-Naim

We study an opinion dynamics model in which agents reach compromise via pairwise interactions. When the opinions of two agents are sufficiently close, they both acquire the average of their initial opinions; otherwise, they do not interact. Generically, the system reaches a steady state with a finite number of isolated, noninteracting opinion clusters (``parties''). As the initial opinion range increases, the number of such parties undergoes a periodic sequence of bifurcations. Both major and minor parties emerge, and these are organized in alternating pattern. This behavior is illuminated by considering discrete opinion states.


2003 Governor's Race, Susan Howell Nov 2003

2003 Governor's Race, Susan Howell

Survey Research Center Publications

No abstract provided.


2001 Michigan Hospital Cqi/Tqm Study, Colleen L. Croxall Nov 2003

2001 Michigan Hospital Cqi/Tqm Study, Colleen L. Croxall

Wayne State University Dissertations

In recent years, there has been significant interest in the application of total quality management/continuous quality improvement (TQM/CQI) within health care organizations. The health care industry, in its quest to improve outcomes with fewer resources, began to look at CQI/TQM as a possible solution. To date, the most comprehensive and enthusiastic response to efforts to improve quality while containing or lowering costs is reflected in hospitals' commitment to continuous quality improvement/total quality management (CQI/TQM). The health care industry, particularly hospitals, has embraced the concepts of CQI/TQM with the belief that adoption will lead to ...


Societal Stability And Political Reform : Chinese Politics In The 1990s, Yiu Chung Wong Nov 2003

Societal Stability And Political Reform : Chinese Politics In The 1990s, Yiu Chung Wong

CAPS Working Paper Series

On 28 September 1995, Jiang Zemin delivered one of the most important speeches in his tenure as the General Secretary of the CCP in the Fifth Plenum of 14th CCP Congress, which is entitled “To Handle Correctly Certain Relationships in the Process of Socialist Modernization Construction”. On the top of the agenda was the relationships between reform, development and stability. To him, reform, in particular economic reform, must be pursued; development is the enhancing of national strength and stability is the pre-condition of development. Indeed, it is the equilibrium of these three sets of relationships that the CCP leadership strove ...


September 11: Symbolism And Responses To "9/11", M. R. Hopkins, Raymond F. Hopkins Nov 2003

September 11: Symbolism And Responses To "9/11", M. R. Hopkins, Raymond F. Hopkins

Political Science Faculty Works

Professors Hopkins and Hopkins review the impact of 9/11 as a symbol in American politics. Following the terrorist attacks, "9/11" became a simple reference condensing wide-ranging events and emotions. Various interpretations emerged about what caused "9/11" and enabled the attacks. The authors claim that 9/11 allowed US leaders to pursue certain policy prescriptions that otherwise would have been blocked. Among four possible prescriptions for responding to the attacks, the Bush administration chose a "praetorian" policy of preventive war, with Iraq as its first example. In the authors’ view, by pursuing an expansive but highly militarized response ...


Art For Democracy's Sake? Group Membership And Political Engagement In Europe, Todd Donovan, Shaun Bowler, Robert Hanneman Nov 2003

Art For Democracy's Sake? Group Membership And Political Engagement In Europe, Todd Donovan, Shaun Bowler, Robert Hanneman

Political Science Faculty Publications

Theorists contend that private social groups-particularly those that have no overt political missions such as bowling leagues, sports clubs, and choral societies-make major contributions to democracy by generating engagement with democracy in the form of political interest and participation. Although this discussion is generally at an aggregate level, it is based on seldom-tested assumptions about individual-level phenomena. This study expands our understanding of how (and where) memberships in various groups are associated with political engagement of individual citizens. We test if the effects of group membership vary across eleven European democracies and test which types of groups have the strongest ...


Public Preferences And Health Spending: Comparing Democratic Responsiveness In The Us And The Uk, Stuart N. Soroka, Elvin T. Lim Nov 2003

Public Preferences And Health Spending: Comparing Democratic Responsiveness In The Us And The Uk, Stuart N. Soroka, Elvin T. Lim

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article explores the extent to which yearly changes in health spending reflect yearlychanges in public preferences. Time series modelling suggests that health care spending isremarkably more responsive to yearly changes in public opinion in the US than in the UK.A content analysis of party manifestos suggests the significant role of ‘issue definition’ inaccounting for this difference. Health care issues in the US have more often been viewed asproblems of expenditure, while UK policy-makers have tended to focus on efficiency. Resultssuggest that the responsiveness of health care expenditures to public preferences in theUS and UK is linked to the ...


In Search Of Lincoln’S Perfect List: Targeting In Grassroots Campaigns, Peter Wielhouwer Oct 2003

In Search Of Lincoln’S Perfect List: Targeting In Grassroots Campaigns, Peter Wielhouwer

Peter W. Wielhouwer

A key element in winning elections, according to many practitioners, is successfully identifying citizens for targeted campaign communications, and a central tactic for implementing that strategy is through personal-contact campaigning. This article first integrates academic and practitioner perspectives into theoretical arguments about targeted campaigning. Then, using the 1956 to 1998 National Election Studies, the analysis shows that voter registration and age have become increasingly important as criteria for campaign contacts, that contacting rates among urban, sub-urban, and rural areas have equalized, and that campaigns continue to target party regulars, people predisposed to vote, and those who are more socially and ...


Out Of The Blue? Democracy And Privatization In Post-Communist Europe, John A. Gould Oct 2003

Out Of The Blue? Democracy And Privatization In Post-Communist Europe, John A. Gould

John A Gould

No abstract provided.


Terrorism Preparedness In State Health Departments --- United States, 2001--2003, G. Shipp, James S. Dickson, P. Quinlisk, C. Lohff, N. Franklin Oct 2003

Terrorism Preparedness In State Health Departments --- United States, 2001--2003, G. Shipp, James S. Dickson, P. Quinlisk, C. Lohff, N. Franklin

Meat Science Publications

The anthrax attacks in fall 2001 highlighted the role of infectious disease (ID) epidemiologists in terrorism preparedness and response. Beginning in 2002, state health departments (SHDs) received approximately $1 billion in new federal funding to prepare for and respond to terrorism, infectious disease outbreaks, and other public health threats and emergencies (1). This funding is being used in part to improve epidemiologic and surveillance capabilities. To determine how states have used a portion of their new funding to increase ID epidemiology capacity, the Iowa Department of Public Health's Center for Acute Disease Epidemiology and the Iowa State University Department ...


Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association Oct 2003

Meeting Minutes, Wku Student Government Association

Student Government Association

Meeting to discuss plus/minus grading, student loans, Dialogue Day, Thanksgiving, tuition, tobacco tax, organizational aid, telephone survey, gubernatorial election and homecoming.