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2001

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Articles 1 - 30 of 123

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The First Lady As Formal Advisor To The President: When East (Wing) Meets West (Wing), Maryanne Borrelli Dec 2001

The First Lady As Formal Advisor To The President: When East (Wing) Meets West (Wing), Maryanne Borrelli

Government and International Relations Faculty Publications

Drawing on archival research, this article examines how the position of the first lady has been formally defined, and how that definition has affected presidential advising by first ladies. Three first ladies-Eleanor Roosevelt, Rosalynn Carter, and Hillary Rodham Clinton-have served in a formal capacity within the executive branch. In each instance, the first lady's appointment, and subsequent exercise of formal and informal power, carried significant implications for our understanding of this position, the presidency, and the political system.


Managing Landmine Casualty Data, Cisr Jmu Dec 2001

Managing Landmine Casualty Data, Cisr Jmu

CISR Studies and Reports

The Mine Action Information Center (MAIC) at James Madison University implemented this project to develop a framework for the systematic collection and management of landmine casualty data. The project was premised on the lack of an adequate system for collecting and managing landmine casualty data on a global basis. Data on landmine and UXO casualties is being collected in a systematic manner in some countries, but worldwide, it is not being collected in a comprehensive or consistent manner that allows it to be compared cross-nationally and aggregated globally. The lack of an adequate system hampers the ability of mine action ...


American Irish Newsletter - December 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Dec 2001

American Irish Newsletter - December 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


American Irish Newsletter - November 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Nov 2001

American Irish Newsletter - November 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


中國自由貿易區的構想 : Wto 框架下中國大陸與港、澳、台經貿關係展望, 遲福林 Nov 2001

中國自由貿易區的構想 : Wto 框架下中國大陸與港、澳、台經貿關係展望, 遲福林

CAPS Working Paper Series

祖國大陸和臺灣相繼加入WTO ,加上中國單獨關稅區的香港、澳門, WTO 就有四個中國會員。由于中國的特殊情況,兩岸入世使祖國大陸、臺灣、香港和澳門四地之間的經貿關係將逐步發生重大變化。這需要我們面對現實,從長計議,客觀地探討WTO 框架下兩岸四地經貿關係的走勢,並由此作出基本判斷。

基于上述考慮, 這裏提出這樣一個初步設想: 建立“中國自由貿易區"。”中國自由貿易區"的主要內涵是,在“兩岸四地" 逐漸建立起一種要素無障礙流動的自由貿易的關係,它比一般WTO 成員之間貿易互惠更進一步,將具體體現 ”兩岸四地” 之間一個國家幾個關稅區的特殊關係。


Economic Reforms And Growth Prospects In India, Lawrence, R. Klein, Thangavel Palanivel Nov 2001

Economic Reforms And Growth Prospects In India, Lawrence, R. Klein, Thangavel Palanivel

CAPS Working Paper Series

Starting in June 1991, the Indian government introduced a number of liberalising measures, including significant tariff reduction, abolition of all quantitative restrictions on non-consumer goods, unification of the exchange rates, and adoption of a liberal set of rules for FDI, and introduction of current account convertibility. While the industrial reforms seek to bring about a greater competitive domestic environment, the trade reforms seek to improve international competitiveness. The private sector is allowed in many industries that were earlier exclusively reserved for the public sector. In these areas, the public sector will have to compete with the private sector, even though ...


The Politic 2001 Fall, The Politic, Inc. Nov 2001

The Politic 2001 Fall, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


“ Do The Attitudes Of Policy Implementers Affect The Implementation Of The Community Service Policy At A Southern Illinois County Housing Authority?” A Case Study, Bernadette Zayas Lorenzo Nov 2001

“ Do The Attitudes Of Policy Implementers Affect The Implementation Of The Community Service Policy At A Southern Illinois County Housing Authority?” A Case Study, Bernadette Zayas Lorenzo

Capstone Projects – Politics and Government

According to Section 512 of the Quality and Work Responsibility Act of 1998, “every adult resident of public housing will be required to perform eight hours of community service each month, or participate in a self-sufficiency program for at least eight hours every month. This requirement does not apply to elderly persons, disabled persons, persons already working, persons exempted from work requirements under State welfare to work programs, or programs receiving assistance under a State program that have not been found to be in non-compliance with such a program” (Hunt, Schulhof, Holmquist, 1998: 5). This community service work is not ...


Letter: Edna Saffy; Honorable Jeb Bush, Jeb Bush Oct 2001

Letter: Edna Saffy; Honorable Jeb Bush, Jeb Bush

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A letter from Dr. Edna Saffy to Governor Jeb Bush recommending Linda McCallum for the position of Circuit Court Judge in Jacksonville, Florida. Date: October 9, 2001. Box 15 Folder 16


American Irish Newsletter - October 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Oct 2001

American Irish Newsletter - October 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Public Opinion On The Third Term City Charter Amendment (October, 2001), Susan E. Howell Oct 2001

Public Opinion On The Third Term City Charter Amendment (October, 2001), Susan E. Howell

Survey Research Center Publications

This survey of registered voters in New Orleans was conducted three weeks before the election and prior to intense campaigning. It should be considered a baseline survey. That is, this is the state of opinion that the Mayor faces in trying to change the Charter. As the referendum on the third term charter change amendment approaches, opposition remains strong. Over half of registered voters say they will vote against the amendment, and a third say they will support it.


Evaluating The Judges In Baton Rouge, Susan E. Howell Oct 2001

Evaluating The Judges In Baton Rouge, Susan E. Howell

Survey Research Center Publications

The Baton Rouge Bar Association seeks to provide the public, lawyers, and the judges with some sort of evaluation of the judges in the Baton Rouge area. Since it is difficult for the public to obtain information on judges, the Bar Association relied on its own members and the members of the Louis Martinet Society to evaluate all judges, including city, state, and federal courts. Hopefully, the results will be useful to the public, the lawyers, and especially to the judges. Most judges can take satisfaction in the high regard with which they are held by the hundreds of lawyers ...


Overhauling The Wto: Opportunity At Doha And Beyond, John Audley, Ann Florini Oct 2001

Overhauling The Wto: Opportunity At Doha And Beyond, John Audley, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

The world's trade ministers, who will meet at a WTOministerial in November 2001 in Doha, Qatar, are wrong to think that only a newround of negotiations will save the much-maligned international trade system.Carnegie senior associates John Audley and Ann M. Florini argue that theyshould, instead, simultaneously tackle internal and external reform of the WTOto make it a truly equitable institution. Internally, industrial countries muststart treating developing countries as equal partners in making the rules thatgovern global trade, and where necessary provide technical assistance to makethat equality possible. Externally, to satisfy legitimate public demands,members should improve the transparency ...


American Irish Newsletter - September 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Sep 2001

American Irish Newsletter - September 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


A Response To Hogan And Simpson, John P. Pelissero, Timothy B. Krebs Sep 2001

A Response To Hogan And Simpson, John P. Pelissero, Timothy B. Krebs

Political Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

No abstract provided.


Competitive Market Socialism: A Practical Alternative For Sectors Of The Cuban Economy, Melvin Burke Aug 2001

Competitive Market Socialism: A Practical Alternative For Sectors Of The Cuban Economy, Melvin Burke

School of Economics Faculty Scholarship

The focus of this paper is to test for evidence of technical and scale efficiency in the commercial banking sector in Malaysia. In this context, the study attempts to evaluate if there are any differences between the efficiency of domestic and foreign owned Malaysian banks by applying the Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA). The result indicates that Malaysian commercial banks did not efficiently combine their inputs and that technical inefficiency was attributed to scale inefficiency.


American Irish Newsletter - August 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Aug 2001

American Irish Newsletter - August 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Election Systems And Voter Turnout: Experiments In The United States, Todd Donovan, Shaun Bowler, David Brockington Aug 2001

Election Systems And Voter Turnout: Experiments In The United States, Todd Donovan, Shaun Bowler, David Brockington

Political Science Faculty Publications

Theory suggests that majoritarian/plurality elections depress voter participation and that proportional election systems encourage greater voter mobilization and turnout. We examine the effect that cumulative voting (CV) has on turnout in local elections in the U.S. Variation in social/cultural context is largely held constant by our design while election system varies, allowing us to identify the unique effect CV has on turnout. We test if turnout is higher when CV is used in the same context as plurality rules. Consistent with expectations about institutional effects, turnout is about 5 percentage points higher under CV than in similar ...


Defying Conventional Wisdom: Political Movements And Popular Contention Against North American Free Trade – Book Review, Donald K. Alper Aug 2001

Defying Conventional Wisdom: Political Movements And Popular Contention Against North American Free Trade – Book Review, Donald K. Alper

Political Science Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


(Review) Congress, The President, And The Federal Reserve: The Politics Of American Monetary Policy-Making, Maryanne Borrelli Aug 2001

(Review) Congress, The President, And The Federal Reserve: The Politics Of American Monetary Policy-Making, Maryanne Borrelli

Government and International Relations Faculty Publications

BOOK REVIEW OF: Congress, the President, and the Federal Reserve: The Politics of American Monetary Policy-Making. By Irwin L. Morris. (Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2000. Pp. 141. $39.50.)


American Irish Newsletter - July 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec Jul 2001

American Irish Newsletter - July 2001, American Ireland Education Foundation - Pec

American Irish Newsletter

No abstract provided.


A Place To Learn And A Place To Grow: School Gardens In The Los Angeles Unified School District, A Survey, Case Studies, And Policy Recommendations, Andrea Azuma, Tegan Horan, Robert Gottlieb Jul 2001

A Place To Learn And A Place To Grow: School Gardens In The Los Angeles Unified School District, A Survey, Case Studies, And Policy Recommendations, Andrea Azuma, Tegan Horan, Robert Gottlieb

UEP Faculty & UEPI Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Comment On Benhabib's "Dismantling The Leviathan": A Republican-Liberai Perspective, Richard Dagger Jul 2001

Comment On Benhabib's "Dismantling The Leviathan": A Republican-Liberai Perspective, Richard Dagger

Political Science Faculty Publications

Those who think of themselves as republican or civic liberals, as I do, will surely be of two minds about Seyla Benhabib's "Dismantling the Leviathan: Citizen and State in a Global World" [Spring 2001 ]. In some respects, Professor Benhabib' s thoughtful essay is quite congenial to republican liberalism. She insists on the importance of human rights, for instance, and she looks for ways to expand political participation. Her indictment of "civic republicanism," however, requires a republican-liberal response.


Faux Realism: Spin Vs. Substance In The Bush Foreign-Policy Doctrine, Jeffrey W. Legro, Andrew Moravcsik Jul 2001

Faux Realism: Spin Vs. Substance In The Bush Foreign-Policy Doctrine, Jeffrey W. Legro, Andrew Moravcsik

Political Science Faculty Publications

The Bush administration has coined a foreign-policy doctrine. President George W. Bush, National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice, and Secretary of State Colin Powell herald "the new realism." Think you know what they are up to? OK, then fill in the blank: The "new realism" is _______. If you find the blank hard to fill, don’t worry; so would most of today's international-relations scholars. Indeed, one fundamental problem with the Bush administration's new doctrine is that "realism" no longer has any real intellectual coherence.


The Rise Of The Classical Gold Standard: The Role Of Focal Points And Synergistic Effects In Spontaneous Order, Giulio M. Gallarotti Jul 2001

The Rise Of The Classical Gold Standard: The Role Of Focal Points And Synergistic Effects In Spontaneous Order, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Division II Faculty Publications

This paper presents a theory of the invisible hand in homogeneous spontaneous orders. It does so by answering three fundamental questions: How do spontaneous orders arise? How are they consolidated? Why do they last? Spontaneous order is conceptualized as a solution to problems of cooperation (i.e., state-of-nature and coordination problems) within variable-sum games in decentralized environments. The processes which solve such cooperation problems must be effective in overcoming various obstacles deriving from limited information, uncertainty, and transaction costs. In the emergence or origin of spontaneous order, certain rules will be selected over others because of social-psychological dispositions (i.e ...


Book Review: Ecology Of War And Peace: Counting Costs Of Conflict, Elizabeth L. Chalecki Jul 2001

Book Review: Ecology Of War And Peace: Counting Costs Of Conflict, Elizabeth L. Chalecki

Political Science Faculty Publications

"Si pacem para pacem" ("If you want peace, prepare for peace"). With this sentiment, Tom Hastings opens the door to a discussion of the interrelationship between violent conflict and environmental damage.


Book Review: The Rise And Fall Of The American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics And The Onset Of The Civil War By Michael Holt, Allen C. Guelzo Jul 2001

Book Review: The Rise And Fall Of The American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics And The Onset Of The Civil War By Michael Holt, Allen C. Guelzo

Civil War Era Studies Faculty Publications

"An impartial history of American statesmanship will give some of its most brilliant chapters to the Whig party from 1830 to 1850," wrote James G. Blaine in his memoirs. This was not, unhappily, because of a great heritage of political achievement in American public life. The work of the Whigs was, as Blaine admitted, negative and restraining rather than constructive. Still, "if their work cannot be traced in the National statute books as prominently as that of their opponents, they will be credited by the discriminating reader of our political annals as the English of to-day credit Charles James Fox ...


Symbols Of Statehood: Military Industrialization And Public Discourse In India, David Todd Kinsella, Jugdep S. Chima Jul 2001

Symbols Of Statehood: Military Industrialization And Public Discourse In India, David Todd Kinsella, Jugdep S. Chima

Political Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

This article examines the forces driving the pursuit of military production capacity in India, including those behind the Indian nuclear and space programmes. We are mainly interested in whether symbolic motivations regularly find expression in the public discourse. We review all articles on the subject of weapons development and production appearing in India Today from May 1977 to April 1999. There are three closely interrelated yet distinguishable concerns in the public discourse that we consider symbolic: that military industrialization is a means of asserting India's autonomy in international affairs, that it is a means of establishing India's international ...


Chernobyl Stories And Anthropological Shock In Hungary, Krista Harper Jul 2001

Chernobyl Stories And Anthropological Shock In Hungary, Krista Harper

Anthropology Department Faculty Publication Series

The Budapest Chernobyl Day commemoration generated a creative outpouring of stories about parental responsibilities, scientific knowledge, environmental risks, and public participation. I examine the stories and performances elicited by the tenth anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in April 1996. In these “Chernobyl stories,” activists criticized scientific and state paternalism while engaging in alternative practices of citizenship. The decade between the catastrophic explosion and its commemoration coincides with the development of the Hungarian environmental movement and the transformation from state socialism. Chernobyl Day 1996 consequently became an opportunity for activists to reflect upon how the meaning of citizenship and public ...


Reframing Impunity: Applying Liberal International Law Theory To An Analysis Of Amnesty Legislation, William W. Burke-White Jul 2001

Reframing Impunity: Applying Liberal International Law Theory To An Analysis Of Amnesty Legislation, William W. Burke-White

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.