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2001

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Articles 1 - 30 of 32

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Military Strategy In The Indonesian Revolution: Nasution's 'Total People's War' In Theory And Practice, Robert Cribb Oct 2001

Military Strategy In The Indonesian Revolution: Nasution's 'Total People's War' In Theory And Practice, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

Analyses the guerrilla strategy of General A.H. Nasution, architect of Indonesia's guerrilla resistance to the Dutch in the late 1940s and finds that his strategy, unlike that of Mao or Giap, involved keeping the mass of the poeple at arm's length from the guerrilla army.


Ms-033: The Papers Of H. Ralph Burton, Christine M. Ameduri Oct 2001

Ms-033: The Papers Of H. Ralph Burton, Christine M. Ameduri

All Finding Aids

H. (Hiram) Ralph Burton's obituary dated August 12, 1971 (Washington Post) states that he was a lifelong resident of Washington, D.C., aged 89 years old when he died on August 5, 1971 and a graduate of Georgetown University Law School. He served as Special Investigator for the Senate Campaign Expenditures Committee, 1938-1939 and 1940-1941, and House Appropriations Committee in charge of NYC and State, investigation of the W.P.A. 1939-1940; General Counsel to the House Military Affairs Committee, 1941-1947; Chief Investigator for the Senate Committee on Post Office and Civil Service, 1947-1948; General Counsel for the House ...


Weapons As Weapons: Another Northern Ireland Impasse, Editor Jul 2001

Weapons As Weapons: Another Northern Ireland Impasse, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article explores the psychology of weapons possession in the context of political conflict in Northern Ireland.


Book Review: The Rise And Fall Of The American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics And The Onset Of The Civil War By Michael Holt, Allen C. Guelzo Jul 2001

Book Review: The Rise And Fall Of The American Whig Party: Jacksonian Politics And The Onset Of The Civil War By Michael Holt, Allen C. Guelzo

Civil War Era Studies Faculty Publications

"An impartial history of American statesmanship will give some of its most brilliant chapters to the Whig party from 1830 to 1850," wrote James G. Blaine in his memoirs. This was not, unhappily, because of a great heritage of political achievement in American public life. The work of the Whigs was, as Blaine admitted, negative and restraining rather than constructive. Still, "if their work cannot be traced in the National statute books as prominently as that of their opponents, they will be credited by the discriminating reader of our political annals as the English of to-day credit Charles James Fox ...


The Return Of Assimilation? Changing Perspectives On Immigration And Its Sequels In France, Germany, And The United States, Rogers Brubaker Jun 2001

The Return Of Assimilation? Changing Perspectives On Immigration And Its Sequels In France, Germany, And The United States, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

This article argues that the massive differentialist turn of the last third of the twentieth century may have reached its peak, and that one can discern signs of a modest “return of assimilation”. The article presents evidence of this from the domain of public discourse in France, public policy in Germany, and scholarly research in the US. Yet what has “returned” is not the old, analytically discredited and politically disreputable “assimilationist” understanding of assimilation, but a more analytically complex and normatively defensible understanding. The article concludes by specifying the ways in which the concept of assimilation has been transformed.


Naccs 28th Annual Conference, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies Apr 2001

Naccs 28th Annual Conference, National Association For Chicana And Chicano Studies

NACCS Conference Programs

I-uan g ceksan, Tuchá Aria Wa Frontierapo, Borrando Fronteras, Erasing Borders: La Educación, Salud, Inmigración e Historia del Pueblo
April 4-8, 2001
Marriot Hotel


Ashok Kumar Malbora Transcreation Of The Bhagavad Gita., Michael Andregg Apr 2001

Ashok Kumar Malbora Transcreation Of The Bhagavad Gita., Michael Andregg

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Richard L. Burger. Chavin And The Origins Of Andean Civilizations, Laina Farhat-Holzman Apr 2001

Richard L. Burger. Chavin And The Origins Of Andean Civilizations, Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


The Shahnameh Of Ferdowsi: An Icon To National Identity, Laina Farhat-Holzman Apr 2001

The Shahnameh Of Ferdowsi: An Icon To National Identity, Laina Farhat-Holzman

Comparative Civilizations Review

No abstract provided.


Trends. The Idolatry Of Ignorance And Iconoclasm: Notes On The Taliban, Editor Mar 2001

Trends. The Idolatry Of Ignorance And Iconoclasm: Notes On The Taliban, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The New York Times has reported that at least some Taliban authorities have directed that all statues in Afghanistan--including those commonly viewed as priceless exemplars of cultural (largely Buddhist) heritage and as treasures--be destroyed. The Taliban's rationale--that these statues have been used as idols and deities by non-Islamic believers and may be turned into idols in the future--is largely discussed in the context of leading to a global cultural catastrophe, as an unacceptable decision, as gratuitous vandalism, as exemplifying a rigid ignorance deserving unique contempt and disgust.


Kaltenbacker, William S., 1870-1941 (Sc 1374), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives Feb 2001

Kaltenbacker, William S., 1870-1941 (Sc 1374), Manuscripts & Folklife Archives

MSS Finding Aids

Finding aid only for Manuscripts Small Collection 1374. Political columns submitted by William S. Kalterbacker, Shelbyville, Kentucky, to the Cincinnati Enquirer, for publication. Kaltenbacker discusses the upcoming state election and the Kentucky gubernatorial candidates.


Timbuktu: A Lesson In Underdevelopment, Riccardo Pelizzo Jan 2001

Timbuktu: A Lesson In Underdevelopment, Riccardo Pelizzo

riccardo pelizzo

Th e purpose of the present paper is to investigate Timbuktu’s economic decline in the three centuries elapsed between 1526, when Leo Africanus reached the Mysterious City, and 1830, when the fi rst European explorers arrived in Timbuktu. It is argued that Timbuktu’s decline was neither an accident nor the result of inevitable natural conditions. Timbuktu’s decay was the product of historical and social forces. Specifi cally, it is argued that Timbuktu lost power and prestige because its market decayed. However, it is also suggested that no single factor can account individually for this event. Th e ...


Rights Of Inequality: Rawlsian Justice, Equal Opportunity, And The Status Of The Family, Justin Schwartz Jan 2001

Rights Of Inequality: Rawlsian Justice, Equal Opportunity, And The Status Of The Family, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Is the family subject to principles of justice? In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls includes the (monogamous) family along with the market and the government as among the "basic institutions of society" to which principles of justice apply. Justice, he famously insists, is primary in politics as truth is in science: the only excuse for tolerating injustice is that no lesser injustice is possible. The point of the present paper is that Rawls doesn't actually mean this. When it comes to the family, and in particular its impact on fair equal opportunity (the first part of the the ...


Independence For Java? New National Projects For An Old Empire, Robert Cribb Jan 2001

Independence For Java? New National Projects For An Old Empire, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

In the context of speculation that outlying regions might break away from Indonesia, the chapter suggests that Java might be better off shorn of its Indonesian empire.


Mongoler I Troebbel Pa Java (Mongols In Trouble On Java), Robert Cribb Jan 2001

Mongoler I Troebbel Pa Java (Mongols In Trouble On Java), Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

Brief article in Norwegian on the unsuccessful Mongol invasion of Java in the 13th century


Spanish Pre-Civil War, Josep M. Colomer Jan 2001

Spanish Pre-Civil War, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

Nonmonotonic electoral results in which the loser in popular votes becomes the winner in seats can help to explain high levels of political bipolarization that, under certain circumstances, may lead to revolution, coup d'état, and civil war. This was the case in the Spanish Second Republic, in the period 1931-1936.


Origin Of Communist Policing In The People's Republic Of China, Kam C. Wong Jan 2001

Origin Of Communist Policing In The People's Republic Of China, Kam C. Wong

Kam C. Wong

This is an investigation into the origin of Communist policing in the People’s Republic of China (PRC). Existing literature on the PRC police (baowei, gongan, jingcha) are not in agreement as to the origin of Communist policing. Most sources, particularly western ones, point to the formation of the Ministry of Public Security in November of 1949 as the origination of Communist police. Others, particularly the PRC police historians, have traced the starting date to November of 1931 when the Chinese Soviet government in Shan-Gan-Ning border area established the Political Security Department (zhengzhi baoweiju). Still, a minority have suggested that ...


Castro And Terrorism: A Chronology, Eugene Pons Jan 2001

Castro And Terrorism: A Chronology, Eugene Pons

Institute for Cuban & Cuban-American Studies Occasional Papers

No abstract provided.


The Deconstruction Of Refugees And The Reconstruction Of History, Peter W. Van Arsdale Jan 2001

The Deconstruction Of Refugees And The Reconstruction Of History, Peter W. Van Arsdale

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of States and Strangers: Refugees and Displacements of Statecraft, by Nevzat Soguk. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press (Borderlines Series, No. 11) 1999. 328 pp.

I would characterize Nevzat Soguk as either a neo-liberal operating in the guise of a postmodern deconstructionist, or a post-modern deconstructionist operating in the guise of a neoliberal. This is not a trivial distinction, nor an attempt to play semantic games, but my attempt to classify a brilliant theorist (known for his work in political science) whose book has a great deal of merit—but whose writing at times seems aimed more at discursive ...


Universality By Consensus: The Evolution Of Universality In The Drafting Of The Udhr, Amy Eckert Jan 2001

Universality By Consensus: The Evolution Of Universality In The Drafting Of The Udhr, Amy Eckert

Human Rights & Human Welfare

A review of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Drafting, Origins & Intent by Johannes Morsink. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press (Pennsylvania Studies in Human Rights), 2000. 400pp.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) has helped to define human rights standards and bring them to the forefront of global concern. Yet the UDHR continues to suffer from charges of cultural imperialism. While many scholars have answered these charges with philosophical justification for universal human rights, Johannes Morsink takes another approach to the question of cultural relativism in The Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Origins, Drafting & Intent.


Emma Goldman And Birth Control: Honest Goals Or Ulterior Motives?, Nathan Moon Jan 2001

Emma Goldman And Birth Control: Honest Goals Or Ulterior Motives?, Nathan Moon

The Corinthian

Emma Goldman proved herself to be a powerful force on American society during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. For many years, the activist had the uncanny ability to seize the mass consciousness of America and never let go. Though she was often criticized, even reviled during her career as an anarchist, her reputation became rehabilitated over the years. Today, few people recall the "Red Emma" of long ago, a persona that many Americans scoffed at. Instead, she has become an icon and folk hero for many people, perhaps because the American public has finally seen and understood her ...


United States' Foreign Policy During The Haitian Revolution: A Story Of Continuity, Power Politics, And The Lure Of Empire In The Early Republic, Jeffrey B. Nickel Jan 2001

United States' Foreign Policy During The Haitian Revolution: A Story Of Continuity, Power Politics, And The Lure Of Empire In The Early Republic, Jeffrey B. Nickel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Savior Of The West, Daniel J. Mahoney Jan 2001

Savior Of The West, Daniel J. Mahoney

Political Science Department Faculty Works

No abstract provided.


"To End This Day Of Strife": Churchwomen And The Campaign For Integration, 1920-1970, Janine Marie Denomme Jan 2001

"To End This Day Of Strife": Churchwomen And The Campaign For Integration, 1920-1970, Janine Marie Denomme

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

"'To End This Day of Strife': Churchwomen and the Campaign for Integration, 1920-1970," explores the development and significance of a race relations agenda within a national interdenominational and interracial organization of women, known today as Church Women United (CWU). This project examines the role the organization played in the expansion of a moral language of race that reached across region, race and denomination. The keys to this expansion were twofold: First, the participation of African American churchwomen in the organization from its beginnings stimulated dialogue and action; and second, the missionary legacy of white churchwomen, which, despite its initial imperialist ...


The Encyclopedia Of Louisville, Entry For "Wilson Wyatt"., Terry L. Birdwhistell Jan 2001

The Encyclopedia Of Louisville, Entry For "Wilson Wyatt"., Terry L. Birdwhistell

Library Faculty and Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


The Legitimacy Of The Modern Militia, Jonathan Huber Jan 2001

The Legitimacy Of The Modern Militia, Jonathan Huber

Honors Theses

On May 16, 2001, barring any last minute court appeals, Timothy c Veigh will be executed for his role in the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City. He along with thousands of other Americans who have joined private armies, known as militia, to fight the American government share a common belief that the American government is corrupt at its core and actions such as this one are at the very least patriotic. To most Americans, however, acts such as the bombing of the Oklahoma City Federal Building are not only terroristic, but demonstrate the need ...


Conflict Of Rights And The Outbreak Of The First World War, Leo Katz Jan 2001

Conflict Of Rights And The Outbreak Of The First World War, Leo Katz

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Rethinking The Red Scare: The Lusk Committee And New York State's Fight Against Radicalism, 1919--1923, Todd J. Pfannestiel Jan 2001

Rethinking The Red Scare: The Lusk Committee And New York State's Fight Against Radicalism, 1919--1923, Todd J. Pfannestiel

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This study re-examines the Great Red Scare that followed the First World War in an effort to more accurately determine its origins, tactics, duration, and conclusion. Specifically, it analyzes the efforts of the Lusk Committee, New York State's joint legislative committee to combat radicalism, between 1919 and 1923.;Prior studies agree that the Red Scare was intense and brief in duration. Physical raids upon Socialist Party, Communist Party, and Industrial Workers of the World offices dominated the episode, culminating with Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer's infamous national raids in January, 1920. His heavy-handed tactics, which failed to uncover ...


"A Bad Case Of Fossilized Tradition": The Discourse Of Race And Gender In Women's Battle For The Ballot In Richmond, Virginia 1909-1920, Melissa D. Ooten Jan 2001

"A Bad Case Of Fossilized Tradition": The Discourse Of Race And Gender In Women's Battle For The Ballot In Richmond, Virginia 1909-1920, Melissa D. Ooten

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Why Privatization Is Not On The American Social Security Policy Agenda, Max Skidmore Dec 2000

Why Privatization Is Not On The American Social Security Policy Agenda, Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.