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2000

Theses/Dissertations

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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Federal Election Commission: An Analysis Of Administrative Behavior, Maurice C. Sheppard Dec 2000

The Federal Election Commission: An Analysis Of Administrative Behavior, Maurice C. Sheppard

Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Comparative Case Study Of Private Investment And Economic Development In Ethiopia And Tanzania, 1986-1996, Kasahun Reta Woldemariam Jul 2000

A Comparative Case Study Of Private Investment And Economic Development In Ethiopia And Tanzania, 1986-1996, Kasahun Reta Woldemariam

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examined the contribution of foreign direct investment to economic development in Ethiopia and Tanzania from 1986 to 1996. Data for this study were obtained from the Ethiopian Investment Authority in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and the Tanzanian Investment Promotion Centre in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Other publications including the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, and the United Nations Human Development Programme were also consulted. Using exploratory research method, this undertaking compared and contrasted foreign investment flows and the conditions under which the transfer of capital and technology help achieve the development objectives of the two countries. It also ...


Identity, Conflict And Cooperation In International River Basins, Jack V. Kalpakian Jul 2000

Identity, Conflict And Cooperation In International River Basins, Jack V. Kalpakian

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

This dissertation tests the hypothesis that water disputes cause serious conflict within and between states. It uses a structured case study approach to see whether there is a link between the independent and dependent variables. It also considers the effect of other variables on serious conflict. Specifically it addresses the effects of national identity and the othering process on conflict. The three case studies are built around rivers in the drier parts of the world. This biases the dissertation towards affirming the established mainstream hypothesis which states that water disputes cause serious conflict. In all three cases, historical animosities and ...


Community Building In Ethically Restructured States: The Baltics, Dovile Budryte Jul 2000

Community Building In Ethically Restructured States: The Baltics, Dovile Budryte

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

Drawing on democratic theory, this dissertation explores a thesis that the experience of ethnic restructuring significantly effects the ability of a democratizing state to successfully consolidate its emerging democracy. Ethnically restructured states, it is hypothesized, have an especially hard time creating inclusive democratic political communities, which is a necessary prerequisite for a consolidated democracy.

To test the thesis, the comparative case study method is applied to the ethnically restructured states of Latvia, Lithuania, and Estonia. The goal of the case studies is to examine the approaches that the Baltic states used to reduce polarization. The historical background to the case ...


The Concept And Practice Of Representative Democracy In Post-Communist Eastern Europe, Georgeta V. Pourchot Jul 2000

The Concept And Practice Of Representative Democracy In Post-Communist Eastern Europe, Georgeta V. Pourchot

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

Using the concept of representation, this study advances a comparative interpretive analysis which makes use of hard statistical data and soft data to assess the direction of democratization in Eastern Europe between 1990 and 1998. Specifically, the study looks at how governments in Eastern Europe chose to heed constituencies' calls for the institution of a market economy, and analyzes the degree of government responsiveness towards constituencies. The study finds that the region is moving towards a more responsible and responsive type of governance, but at different paces and degrees. Poland leads with respect to government responsiveness. The Czech Republic displays ...


Mitigating The Defects Of Pluralism: Interest Group Coalitions Before The Supreme Court, Jason Frederick Jagemann Jun 2000

Mitigating The Defects Of Pluralism: Interest Group Coalitions Before The Supreme Court, Jason Frederick Jagemann

Dissertations

This project examines interest group coalitional activity before the Supreme Court in affirmative action cases between 1971 and 1995. First, I address the characteristics and dynamics of amicus participants over time. Second, I examine the extent to which organizations with a smaller base of resources, in terms of staff and the number of years that organizations have been on the scene, engage in coalitional activity. I find that organizations with smaller staffs are more likely to participate in coalitions, and, contrary to my expectations, organizations that have been on the scene longer are more likely to engage in coalitional activity ...


Anger And Reconciliation: Relations Between The United States And India, 1953-1956, Tom Donahue May 2000

Anger And Reconciliation: Relations Between The United States And India, 1953-1956, Tom Donahue

Honors Theses

When Dwight D. Eisenhower was elected President of the United States in 1952, America held its breath to see how a Republican administration would handle the Cold War. By 1952, due particularly to the costs of the Korean conflict, enthusiasm for President Harry Truman and Secretary of State Dean Acheson's policy of "containment" of Communism reached new lows. Eisenhower had been elected with a mandate from the citizenry: to get tough on communism. The candidate and his advisers were determined to prove to the Communists that the United States had rurned over a new leaf. There would be no ...


Environmental Effects Of Economic Sanctions: The Cuban Experience, Amanda Carucci May 2000

Environmental Effects Of Economic Sanctions: The Cuban Experience, Amanda Carucci

Honors Theses

Cuba has pervaded U.S. consciousness for several decades. For nearly fifty years the United States has continuously threatened and feared one of our closest neighbors. Lawmakers have fretted over the stubbornness of its communist leadership. Though the longevity and persistence of Fidel Castro's rule might be an understandable concern for U.S. policyrnakers, there are several other issues apparent within the island which are certainly worthy of our attention. The highways are adorned with colorful billboards praising the communist government and Fidel Castro exudes pride and confidence during each of his public appearances. Yet beneath this poorly constructed ...


Status Of Women In Western Nigeria, Rolake Omonubi May 2000

Status Of Women In Western Nigeria, Rolake Omonubi

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examined the status of women in Southwestern Nigeria from a legal perspective. It scrutinized the three legal infrastructures in the Nigerian legal system. The study is based on the premise that the huge disparity in the socio-economic development of the women in South-western Nigeria is a consequence of inadequate legal protection. Four independent variables were considered, and three intervening variables were identified. Workshops, interviews and surveys were conducted. A document analysis approach was used to examine the three legal infrastructures in the Nigerian legal system—the Common Law also known as the English Law, the Statutory Laws which ...


African Women And Political Development: A Case Study Of Etsako Women In Edo State Of Nigeria, Omoh Tsatsaku Ojior May 2000

African Women And Political Development: A Case Study Of Etsako Women In Edo State Of Nigeria, Omoh Tsatsaku Ojior

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This dissertation draws attention to covert efforts directed at African women that seek to negatively affect the family structure and the historic cultural value systems, thereby destabilizing the African family setting, and destroying the society through a process of depopulation in Etsako in Edo State, and by extension, Nigeria and Africa. The researcher employed the African philosophy of politics and government as the conceptual framework most suitable for this research. The American woman’s knowledge of the African woman was investigated. Equally, the African woman was examined to determine what she thinks of her womanhood role. The findings established that ...


African-American Conservatism: A Longitudinal And Comparative Study, Angela K. Lewis May 2000

African-American Conservatism: A Longitudinal And Comparative Study, Angela K. Lewis

Doctoral Dissertations

The proposed research addresses the following questions: “Have African-Americans become more conservative over the last 25 years?” While numerous commentators have noted the existence of a Black conservative group, heretofore, none have attempted to document this phenomenon empirically. In fact, the question of whether conservatism has substantial support in the Black community remains unanswered (Welch & Combs, 85; Welch & Foster, 87; Randolph, 95). The purpose of this dissertation is to systematically address the preceding question through the use of the National Black Election Study (1984, 1988, & 1996) and the National Election Study.


A Model Of Managed Primary Commodities: Coffee And Colombia, Evan Hansen Apr 2000

A Model Of Managed Primary Commodities: Coffee And Colombia, Evan Hansen

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

This study attempts to track the effects of coffee on the Colombian economy, and by doing so, it also hopes to analyze the Colombian efforts to lessen the effects of coffee on the national economy. By looking at the efforts by the Colombian government and other groups in Colombia, the reader then can see the beginnings of the serious coffee management in Colombia. The Colombians have always attempted to manage coffee, yet in the 1970s, their efforts to use coffee’s revenues to develop largely failed due to an unexpected fluctuation of prices. The coffee boom lasted from 1977 to ...


The Boxer Representative Pat Williams’S Battle To Save The National Endowment For The Arts, Angele Mott Apr 2000

The Boxer Representative Pat Williams’S Battle To Save The National Endowment For The Arts, Angele Mott

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

The thesis presented in the following pages works to understand the role of a leader in the broad historical sense and in relationship to the United States Congress. The best way to understand what it takes to be a leader and accomplish one’s goals is to examine leadership in theory and then test that theory on an actual case study. The first two chapters provide the reader with insights into leadership in a theoretical context. The third and fourth chapters are the real world actions of a proven leader in the US House of Representatives. Representative Pat Williams’s ...


Was The Theme Of The Sweetgrass Rally Right? An Analytical Study Of The Wheat Industry Focused On Governmental Involvement, Grain Traders, The Canadian Wheat Board, And The Montana Industry, Chany Ockert Apr 2000

Was The Theme Of The Sweetgrass Rally Right? An Analytical Study Of The Wheat Industry Focused On Governmental Involvement, Grain Traders, The Canadian Wheat Board, And The Montana Industry, Chany Ockert

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Once again national and international news crews and I congregated at the Montana-Alberta border to discover why Montana and Canadian farmers were gathering there. Farmers were invited by the Reclaim Rural America organization to the protest rally to speak to journalists or anyone else, for that matter, about their plight. These farmers assembled at Sweetgrass, Montana, to voice their anxiety over the low grain prices on July 9, 1999. Throughout the day, it became very clear to me that many in the crowd and at the podium blamed grain trading, the lack of government enforcement, and the Canadian Wheat Board ...


A Comprehensive Analysis Of The Proposed Alternatives For Grizzly Bear Reintroduction Into The Bitterroot Ecosystem, Sara Adams Apr 2000

A Comprehensive Analysis Of The Proposed Alternatives For Grizzly Bear Reintroduction Into The Bitterroot Ecosystem, Sara Adams

Life and Environmental Sciences Undergraduate Theses

In 1997, the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) issued a Draft Environmental Impact Statement (DEIS) proposing possible modes of grizzly bear recovery in the Bitterroot Ecosystem (BE) of Central Idaho and Western Montana. Four alternatives were outlined in the DEIS. The first alternative suggests grizzly reintroduction into the BE managed by a Citizen Management Committee (CMC). This would require amending the Endangered Species Act (ESA) to allow the population to be labeled as experimental and nonessential. The second alternative proposes that the grizzlies naturally reinhabit the BE, through migrational movements. Experts have agreed that natural reinhabitation of the ...


Comparative Evaluation Of Small To Mid-Size U.S. Bus Transit Systems, 1997, Greg P. Vlietstra Apr 2000

Comparative Evaluation Of Small To Mid-Size U.S. Bus Transit Systems, 1997, Greg P. Vlietstra

Master's Theses

This study provides an assessment of the overall comparative performance of 178 small to mid-size bus transit operations located in the United States, during 1997. It uses commonly applied measures of resources and results. This is the only known study that compares and ranks small to mid-size bus systems by combining both resources and results.

The selected data comes from the Federal Transit Administration's (FTA) National Transit Database Profiles: Agencies in Urbanized Are·as with a Population of Less than 200,000. The nationally reported data is collected and published by the FTA under Section 15 of the Transit ...


"I Have Lived Long And Variously In The World": The Politics And Rhetoric Of Edmund Burke, Amy M. Sandidge Jan 2000

"I Have Lived Long And Variously In The World": The Politics And Rhetoric Of Edmund Burke, Amy M. Sandidge

Honors Theses

In the words of Woodrow Wilson, the works of Edmund Burke are "stamped in the colors of his extraordinary imagination. The movement takes your breath and quickens your pulses. The glow and power of the matter rejuvenates your faculties." One cannot help but react viscerally to Burke; the brilliant, blustering Irishman demands attention and response. Some regard him as "the first and most important exponent" of the "theoretical reaction against. .. the tenets of liberalism ... [which] came to be called conservatism." Coleridge called him "a great man;" Victorian liberals even considered him a fellow utilitarian and "the greatest thinker who ever ...


New Balance Of Threat: East Asian Alliance Formation And Capacity Development, Ben Humphreys Jan 2000

New Balance Of Threat: East Asian Alliance Formation And Capacity Development, Ben Humphreys

Honors Theses

The different analyses and predictions of alliance behavior and capacity development advocated in the literature are based on the application of different theoretical perspectives to international relationships. As none of these theories dominate the field, the contradictory predictions do not empower current policy-makers with any clear sense of the future of alliance formation in East Asia. In this thesis I present the major theoretical frameworks that explain alliance formation behavior. Then I examine the empirical evidence independent of any theoretical considerations. I then apply the empirical evidence regarding capacity development in East Asia during 1990-1998 to these theories to determine ...


Seasonal Initiatives: Sports Stadium Referendums And Voter Turnout, Joe Book Jan 2000

Seasonal Initiatives: Sports Stadium Referendums And Voter Turnout, Joe Book

Presidential Scholars Theses (1990 – 2006)

Democracy is a system of government in which the people of a state govern themselves under the idea that every person's vote and opinion is equal in the eyes of the government. In its purest form, a democratic government involves all citizens equally in every level of administration. The United States government was founded on this belief that citizens deserve the right to govern themselves, but the system created by the founders of this country was a form of representative democracy. Rebelling against the British monarchy, which would not allow the American colonies a voice in Parliament, the founders ...


Changing Wages And Employment By Skill In Taiwan, 1978-1996: The Roles Of Education Policy, Trade, And Immigration , Chun-Hung Andy Lin Jan 2000

Changing Wages And Employment By Skill In Taiwan, 1978-1996: The Roles Of Education Policy, Trade, And Immigration , Chun-Hung Andy Lin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Since the 1970s, Taiwan's labor market has been characterized as a smooth functioning, highly integrated and nearly full employment market, which also enjoying high growth in labor earnings. Unlike most developed countries, the average unemployment rate in Taiwan was under 3 percent over the 1978--1996 period. Unskilled labor shortage problem has forced many industrial companies to move abroad where have cheaper labor costs. In 1990, the government began to invite foreign temporary unskilled workers from the Philippines, Thailand, Malaysia, and Indonesia. Most foreign workers are in manufacturing and construction industries. About the same time, the Taiwan government also has ...


Agricultural And Trade Policy Reform In Mexico: Procampo, Nafta, And Pre-Gatt , James Mark Hansen Jan 2000

Agricultural And Trade Policy Reform In Mexico: Procampo, Nafta, And Pre-Gatt , James Mark Hansen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Changes in Mexico's domestic agricultural policy (PROCAMPO) and continued liberalization of trade through GATT and NAFTA have had strong effects on Mexico's agricultural production, consumption, and trade with the United States. The main objective of this study is to analyze these effects in Mexico's grain and livestock sectors. Policies within the NAFTA and GATT international trade agreements may overlap to some degree, and Mexico's domestic agricultural liberalization program (PROCAMPO) may include policies that overlap those in one or both of the international trade agreements. This study analyzes the effects of PROCAMPO, NAFTA, and pre-GATT policies compared ...


Defense Conversion, Jason Carver Jan 2000

Defense Conversion, Jason Carver

Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Perspectives On Executive Power: Legislative Vs. Presidential War Powers In The United States, Cynthia A. Linton Jan 2000

Perspectives On Executive Power: Legislative Vs. Presidential War Powers In The United States, Cynthia A. Linton

Theses Digitization Project

No abstract provided.


Atoms, Pounds And Poor Relations: The Illusion Of An Anglo-American Special Relationship, 1941-1946, Edward J. Gustafson Jan 2000

Atoms, Pounds And Poor Relations: The Illusion Of An Anglo-American Special Relationship, 1941-1946, Edward J. Gustafson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


"Once More Unto The Breach, Dear Friends": Cardinal Wolsey And The Politics Of The "Great Enterprise," 1518-1525, Shawn Jeremy Martin Jan 2000

"Once More Unto The Breach, Dear Friends": Cardinal Wolsey And The Politics Of The "Great Enterprise," 1518-1525, Shawn Jeremy Martin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


The Market And Ethics: The Case Of The 1994 Decision By The Clinton Administration To Delink China's Human Rights Record From Most-Favored-Nation Status, Susan C. Morris Jan 2000

The Market And Ethics: The Case Of The 1994 Decision By The Clinton Administration To Delink China's Human Rights Record From Most-Favored-Nation Status, Susan C. Morris

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

Amid the globalization of markets and the interdependence of states, human rights violations throughout the world still persist. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the economic interdependence of nations and the moral responsibilities of nations by examining the case of the 1994 decision by the Clinton administration to delink China's human rights practices from most-favored-nation status.

The annual 1997 Freedom House world survey of human rights rated China at its lowest point and quoted that “the regime continues to have one of the worst human rights records in the world.”1 Yet despite China ...