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Political Science Commons

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2000

Selected Works

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Articles 1 - 30 of 65

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Two Koreas: Prospects For Economic Cooperation And Integration, Marcus Noland Dec 2000

The Two Koreas: Prospects For Economic Cooperation And Integration, Marcus Noland

Marcus Noland

After nearly a half century of strident adherence to the principles of socialism and self-reliance, North Korea may be on the verge of opening itself to outside aid and advice. Motivators include a decade of economic trouble punctuated by declining output and famine as well as underdeveloped infrastructures and reduction in foreign trade and material support. The limits of national selfsufficiency may finally have become admissible in North Korea, as evidenced by recent diplomatic negotiations and cooperative commercial projects with capitalist nations. South Korea, meanwhile, is struggling to regain ground lost in the financial crisis and to correct faults in ...


Life At The Bottom, Ananya Vajpeyi Nov 2000

Life At The Bottom, Ananya Vajpeyi

Ananya Vajpeyi

No abstract provided.


Accidental Diasporas And External 'Homelands' In Central And Eastern Europe: Past And Present, Rogers Brubaker Sep 2000

Accidental Diasporas And External 'Homelands' In Central And Eastern Europe: Past And Present, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


Interview With Howard Sherman In Democratic Left, Howard J. Sherman, Solveig Wilder Sep 2000

Interview With Howard Sherman In Democratic Left, Howard J. Sherman, Solveig Wilder

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Interview with Howard Sherman on Democratic Socialism, based on his book Reinventing Marxism. Interviewer Solveig Wilder comments: "If you're like me, you read a great deal searching for theories that you can apply to your activism. I recently discovered a book called, Reinventing Marxism, which succinctly covers so many of the questions that I've grappled with about Democratic Socialism. Author and DSA member Howard Sherman agreed to give me an interview so that other DSAers could find out about this useful resource."


Environmental Justice: Grassroots Activism And Its Impact On Public Policy Decision Making, Robert D. Bullard, Glenn S. Johnson Aug 2000

Environmental Justice: Grassroots Activism And Its Impact On Public Policy Decision Making, Robert D. Bullard, Glenn S. Johnson

Glenn S Johnson

A growing body of evidence reveals that people of color and low-income persons have borne greater environmental and health risks than the society at large in their neighborhoods, workplace, and playgrounds. Over the last decade or so, grassroots activists have attempted to change the way government implements environmental, health, and civil rights laws. Grassroots groups have organized, educated, and empowered themselves to improve the way government regulations and environmental policies are administered. A new movement emerged in opposition to environmental racism and environmenttal injustice. Over the last decades or so, grassroots activists have had some success in changing the way ...


Percepciones Ciudadanas Hacia La Democracia Y Las Instituciones Políticas En Los Países Andinos, Flavia Freidenberg Aug 2000

Percepciones Ciudadanas Hacia La Democracia Y Las Instituciones Políticas En Los Países Andinos, Flavia Freidenberg

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Medios De Comunicación Y La Función De Establecimiento De La Agenda: Un Estudio Empírico En Argentina, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux Aug 2000

Medios De Comunicación Y La Función De Establecimiento De La Agenda: Un Estudio Empírico En Argentina, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


The Big Store, Derek Shearer Jul 2000

The Big Store, Derek Shearer

Derek Shearer

Derek Shearer reviews the book "A Future Perfect: The Essentials of Globalization" by John Micklethwait and Adrian Wooldridge.


The Evolution Of An Issue: The Rise And Decline Of Affirmative Action, Euel Elliott, Andrew Ewoh May 2000

The Evolution Of An Issue: The Rise And Decline Of Affirmative Action, Euel Elliott, Andrew Ewoh

Andrew I.E. Ewoh

This article examines the development of the affirmative action issue since its inception, and compares its dynamics and evolution with the broader civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. It identifies and discusses three periods or phases of the affirmative action regime. This vein of research helps provide at least a partial explanation for why policies in related areas of civil rights may produce different outcomes, and explicates the broad resistance to key elements of the anti-discrimination effort of the last three decades. A tentative model based on the congruence of the policy stance of political institutions to public ...


The Church As Counterculture, Michael Budde May 2000

The Church As Counterculture, Michael Budde

Michael Budde

The question, "What does it mean to be 'the church'?" has always been among the most controversial and of vital concern to political, economic, and ecclesial leaders alike. How it is answered influences whether Christianity will be a force for legitimating or subverting existing secular relations of power, influence, and privilege. The Church as Counterculture enters the debates on Christian identity, purpose, and organization by calling for the churches to reclaim their roles as "communities of disciples"-distinct and distinctive groups formed by the priorities and practices of Jesus-to constitute a countercultural reality and challenge to secular society and existing ...


"There's A Reason It's Called Social Security: Getting The Facts Straight, Viewing Social Security Calmly, Max Skidmore May 2000

"There's A Reason It's Called Social Security: Getting The Facts Straight, Viewing Social Security Calmly, Max Skidmore

Max J. Skidmore

No abstract provided.


The Philippines In The Asian Financial Crisis: How The Sick Man Avoided Pneumonia, Marcus Noland May 2000

The Philippines In The Asian Financial Crisis: How The Sick Man Avoided Pneumonia, Marcus Noland

Marcus Noland

No abstract provided.


Efectos Políticos De Los Medios De Comunicación De Masas. Un Análisis De La Función De "Establecimiento De La Agenda", Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux May 2000

Efectos Políticos De Los Medios De Comunicación De Masas. Un Análisis De La Función De "Establecimiento De La Agenda", Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Statecraft, Australia And The Future Of Indonesia, Jonathan H. Ping Mar 2000

Statecraft, Australia And The Future Of Indonesia, Jonathan H. Ping

Jonathan H. Ping

Extract:

Indonesia is reconstructing itself. Democracy has taken hold, a free press is working and the rule of law is gaining popularity. What about selfdetermination, human rights and the environment? Can Australia play a role in assisting those people and groups in Indonesia that can’t help themselves? Can Australia’s leaders help? To date, unfortunately, it can be argued that Australia has no statesmen (or stateswomen) only politicians! The character of a ‘statesperson’ sees them looking at the world in a proactive and thus inventive way which allows them to create circumstances and also to take advantage of opportunities ...


Decentralization And Democratization In Bolivia, Miguel Centellas Mar 2000

Decentralization And Democratization In Bolivia, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Bolivia’s decentralization under the 1994 Ley de Participación Popular (LPP) cannot be characterized as federalism or administrative decentralization. The Bolivian model demonstrates the importance of ideological discourse and the role of decentralization in democratization. The ideological and historical roots of Bolivia’s state decentralization explain its divergence from other decentralization strategies. Bolivia’s LPP includes citi-zen-initiated Organizaciones Territoriales de Base (OTB) which provide communal democratic control over municipal governments. This unique strategy makes Bolivia a possible case for emulation among other decentralizing (and democratizing) regimes.


Releasing The Fetters: Parties And The Mobilization Of The African-American Electorate, Peter Wielhouwer Jan 2000

Releasing The Fetters: Parties And The Mobilization Of The African-American Electorate, Peter Wielhouwer

Peter W. Wielhouwer

One of the most important functions of political parties is mobilizing the electorate during campaigns in order to help the party and its candidates win elections. To this end, the parties seek out particular types of potential voters, and this research assesses the efforts of the parties to mobilize African-Americans. Using the 1952–96 American National Election Studies and the 1996 National Black Election Study, I examine long-term patterns of party canvassing, bivariate effects of the party canvass on voting rates, and effects of the parties' activities on black voters in 1996. The findings show that the overall contacting rate ...


The Advent Of The Prosperous Society: The Rise Of The Guardian State And Structural Change In The World Economy, Giulio M. Gallarotti Jan 2000

The Advent Of The Prosperous Society: The Rise Of The Guardian State And Structural Change In The World Economy, Giulio M. Gallarotti

Giulio M Gallarotti

Over the last century there has been a fundamental change in the economic orientation of industrially advanced democracies, and this has had a pervasive impact on both their macroeconomies and their international economic relations. Put more starkly, changing expectations about prosperity and the role of government as an economic guardian have fundamentally reshaped the economic geography of the world economy. In humorous tone, it might even be called a cowardly new world, one in which societies refuse to brave the vagaries of unrestrained markets. This argument presents an alternative to traditional explanations of economics processes and relations in which scholars ...


Squatting, Self-Immolation And The Repatriation Of The Crimean Tatars, Greta Uehling Jan 2000

Squatting, Self-Immolation And The Repatriation Of The Crimean Tatars, Greta Uehling

Greta Uehling

No abstract provided.


Piac És Igazságosság? (Market And Justice?), Attila Tanyi Jan 2000

Piac És Igazságosság? (Market And Justice?), Attila Tanyi

Attila Tanyi

The aim of the book is to uncover the relation between market and justice through the critical examination of the work of Friedrich Hayek. The book argues for the following thesis: the institution of free market is not the only candidate social system; substantial, not merely formal distributive justice must become the central virtue of our social institutions. Notwithstanding its achievements and virtues, the Hayekian theory makes a simple mistake by equivocating possible social systems, dividing them into two groups. One is the world of liberty and free market where people follow the general and abstract rules of conduct, accepting ...


Ethics And The Science Of Legislation’ An Extract From Secular Utilitarianism, James E. Crimmins Jan 2000

Ethics And The Science Of Legislation’ An Extract From Secular Utilitarianism, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Political Structures And Chinese Business Connections In The Malay World: A Historical Perspective, Robert Cribb Jan 2000

Political Structures And Chinese Business Connections In The Malay World: A Historical Perspective, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

The prominence of ethnic Chinese among successful business owners in Southeast Asia is intriguing. Many have sought the secret of Chinese success in Chinese characteristics. This chapter suggests that Chinese success rests rather on the specific historical circumstances in Southeast Asia during the colonial period and after. A series of crony-like arrangements has been possible because political conditions permitted them,


Democracy And Multiculturalism, Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Will Kymlicka Jan 2000

Democracy And Multiculturalism, Raphael Cohen-Almagor, Will Kymlicka

raphael cohen-almagor

One of the most pressing issues facing liberal democracies today is the politicization of ethnocultural diversity. Minority cultures are demanding greater public recognition of their distinctive identities, and greater freedom and opportunity to retain and develop their distinctive cultural practices. In response to these demands, new and creative mechanisms are being adopted in many countries for accommodating difference. This paper discusses some of the issues raised by these demands, focusing in particular on the difficulties, which arise in North America and Israel when the minority seeking accommodation is illiberal. Historically, liberal democracies have hoped that the protection of basic individual ...


La Reforma De La Educación Superior. Señas Del Debate Internacional A Fin De Siglo, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 2000

La Reforma De La Educación Superior. Señas Del Debate Internacional A Fin De Siglo, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

El artículo ubica algunos de los interlocutores relevantes en el debate sobre el rumbo de la educación superior en el siglo XXI, así como señalar las líneas de argumentación más relevantes. Se divide en dos secciones. La primera hace referencia al papel de varias agencias multilaterales en la definición de políticas públicas de educación superiorl. La segunda comenta tres casos nacionales: Francia, Inglaterra y Estados Unidos.


Gradations Of Democracy? Empirical Tests Of Alternative Conceptualizations, Zachary Elkins Jan 2000

Gradations Of Democracy? Empirical Tests Of Alternative Conceptualizations, Zachary Elkins

Zachary Elkins

No abstract provided.


Quem Votaria? As Consequências Do Voto Obrigatόrio, Zachary Elkins Jan 2000

Quem Votaria? As Consequências Do Voto Obrigatόrio, Zachary Elkins

Zachary Elkins

No abstract provided.


The Evolution Of The Public Trust Doctrine And The Degradation Of Trust Re- Sources: Courts, Trustees And Political Power In Wisconsin, Melissa K. Scanlan Jan 2000

The Evolution Of The Public Trust Doctrine And The Degradation Of Trust Re- Sources: Courts, Trustees And Political Power In Wisconsin, Melissa K. Scanlan

Melissa K. Scanlan

The public trust doctrine is rooted in ancient Roman law and the Wisconsin Constitution. Ancient Roman jurists be- lieved that the natural law concept that the waters are common to all was not subject to the changing whims of legis- latures. Similarly, modern theorists assert that a constitutionally-based doctrine will be more insulated from politics. This Comment demonstrates the limits of these theories. The trust doctrine is not immutable. Based on interviews with the trustees of Wisconsin's water resources, this Comment uncovers the constraints on the trustees. It shows that trust resources are at risk due to politically-motivated decisions ...


Rhetoric In The Civil Wars, Fernando Estrada Jan 2000

Rhetoric In The Civil Wars, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

Using the conceptual network of Lakoff / Facounnier / Perelman, This article explores the role of language in civil wars. In particular, the ideology in the discourse formed paramilitary in Colombia


Parlamento Y Gobierno En Uruguay. Hacia Una Teoría Del Ciclo Político, Daniel Chasquetti, Juan A. Moraes Jan 2000

Parlamento Y Gobierno En Uruguay. Hacia Una Teoría Del Ciclo Político, Daniel Chasquetti, Juan A. Moraes

Daniel Chasquetti

El presente trabajo indaga el conjunto de la producción legislativa de importancia, como un indicador central para demostrar la forma en como se comporta el proceso de gobierno en Uruguay. Este desarrollo permite establecer las características de la relación entre el Poder Ejecutivo y el Poder Legislativo, así como inferir los efectos que tanto el marco institucional como las propias reglas electorales generan sobre los proceso de decisión. El trabajo está dividido en cuatro secciones. En la primera se presenta el conjunto de reglas con las cuales los partidos y fracciones juegan en la arena parlamentaria y se vinculan con ...


Reclaiming Evolution: A Marxist-Institutionalist Dialogue On Social Change, Howard Sherman, William Dugger Dec 1999

Reclaiming Evolution: A Marxist-Institutionalist Dialogue On Social Change, Howard Sherman, William Dugger

HOWARD J SHERMAN

In this unique book, Howard Sherman and William M.Dugger engage in a dialogue on social evolution from Institutionalist and Marxist perspectives, each representing one side. It is their intention to explore the way society develops using the equally radical, but very different approaches of Thorstein Veblen and Karl Marx. The dialogue proceeds with a series of questions - each answered from the two perspectives. Beginning with an intellectual history and definition, Reclaiming Evolution examines social evolution in terms of causal elements; economic relations, technology, enabling myth and political relations, and social processes; structural change, social tension and social conflict. It ...


The Westphalian Deferral, David Blaney, Naeem Inayatullah Dec 1999

The Westphalian Deferral, David Blaney, Naeem Inayatullah

David Blaney

No abstract provided.