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Political Science Commons

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1998

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Articles 421 - 436 of 436

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Torture And Eucharist: Theology, Politics, And The Body Of Christ, William Cavanaugh Dec 1997

Torture And Eucharist: Theology, Politics, And The Body Of Christ, William Cavanaugh

William T. Cavanaugh

"Cavanaugh begins with an engrossing analysis of the dynamics of torture and disappearance as a mode disciplining the body politic. He judiciously uses psychological and social scientific sources without letting them override the theological focus of the book. He then gives an equally engrossing account of the Church in Chile under Pinochet. His analyses both of Maritain and the 'New Christendom' ecclesiology provide as interesting critique of the failures of the Church to respond to Pinochet's repression, while his concluding chapter on eucharistic theology points towards the source of the successful responses made by the Church. Particularly useful and ...


Commissioning Ideas: Canadian National Policy Innovation In Comparative Perspective, Neil Bradford Dec 1997

Commissioning Ideas: Canadian National Policy Innovation In Comparative Perspective, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

No abstract provided.


International Political Economy As A Culture Of Competition, David Blaney, Naeem Inayatullah Dec 1997

International Political Economy As A Culture Of Competition, David Blaney, Naeem Inayatullah

David Blaney

No abstract provided.


Esmonde Higgins - Politics As Intellectual Practice, Terry Irving Dec 1997

Esmonde Higgins - Politics As Intellectual Practice, Terry Irving

Terry Irving

This chapter traces Esmonde Higgins' struggle to define his intellectual practice from 1919 to 1954, using his private correspondence and his published writings. It divides his reflections into three parts: alienation, practice, and contradictory aspects of practice.It describes his route from Communist bureaucratic practice to having conversations 'about human interests' with workers as equals in adult education classes and informal domestic gatherings.


Realism, Institutions, And Neutrality: Constraining Conflict Through The Force Of Norms, Daniel Austin Dec 1997

Realism, Institutions, And Neutrality: Constraining Conflict Through The Force Of Norms, Daniel Austin

Daniel A. Austin

Realism posits power as the key component of international relations. In contrast, Institutionalism looks to norms and customs as the primary bases of world politics. Yet both theories frequently fall short in explaining major international events. This article considers the institution of neutrality as an example of how norms exert a stabilizing influence in international relations. On the other hand, the failure to observe norms often results in instability, and in extreme cases, can lead to war. When this point is reached, the use of force may be the only means to restore a stable balance of power. By drawing ...


“Migrations Of Ethnic Unmixing In The New Europe, Rogers Brubaker Dec 1997

“Migrations Of Ethnic Unmixing In The New Europe, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

To the extent that ethnicity or nationality has been relevant to the study of migrations to, from or within Europe in the last century and a half, the focus has been on migration as a 'heterogenizing' process, one important consequence of which has been to introduce or increase ethnic or national heterogeneity in the receiving countries. This article addresses a different, and neglected, link between migration and ethnicity or nationality in Europe. It explores migrations of "ethnic unmixing" or "ethnic affinity."


Myths And Misconceptions In The Study Of Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker Dec 1997

Myths And Misconceptions In The Study Of Nationalism, Rogers Brubaker

Rogers Brubaker

No abstract provided.


Ethnic And Nationalist Violence, Rogers Brubaker, David Laitin Dec 1997

Ethnic And Nationalist Violence, Rogers Brubaker, David Laitin

Rogers Brubaker

Work on ethnic and nationalist violence has emerged from two largely nonintersecting literatures: studies of ethnic conflict and studies of political violence. Only recently have the former begun to attend to the dynamics of violence and the latter to the dynamics of ethnicization. Since the emergent literature on ethnic violence is not structured by clearly defined theoretical oppositions, we organize our review by broad similarities of methodological approach: (a) Inductive work at various levels of aggregation seeks to identify the patterns, mechanisms, and recurrent processes implicated in ethnic violence. (b) Theory-driven work employs models of rational action drawn from international ...


The Party Family And Its Study, Cas Mudde Dec 1997

The Party Family And Its Study, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Although the notion of the party family, with the various cross-national and cross-temporal similarities it implies, underlies much of the standard work on comparative party politics, it nevertheless remains one of the most undertheorized and least specified approaches to the general classification of parties. Four of the principal approaches that are used to identify party families are discussed: origins and sociology, transnational links, policy and ideology, and party name. The advantages and disadvantages of each approach are assessed, as are some of the more generic problems that may be associated with all four approaches. The two approaches that appear best ...


Critique Of The Critique: Analysis Of Hodgson On Marx On Evolution, Howard J. Sherman Dec 1997

Critique Of The Critique: Analysis Of Hodgson On Marx On Evolution, Howard J. Sherman

HOWARD J SHERMAN

Hodgson claims that Marxism is incompatible with Darwinian biological evolution. That was true of earlier Socialist and Communist theories of economic determinism, but it is not true of the contemporary generation of critical Marxists.


Before The Summit: Representations Of Sovereignty On The Himalayas, Costas M. Constantinou Dec 1997

Before The Summit: Representations Of Sovereignty On The Himalayas, Costas M. Constantinou

Costas M. Constantinou

Politics of representation and contested claims to sovereignty


Dalla Simbologia Giuridica A Una Filosofia Giuridica E Politica Simbolica ? Ovvero Il Diritto E I Sensi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha Dec 1997

Dalla Simbologia Giuridica A Una Filosofia Giuridica E Politica Simbolica ? Ovvero Il Diritto E I Sensi, Paulo Ferreira Da Cunha

Paulo Ferreira da Cunha

La prima conseguenza della nostra cultura giuridica dell'audizione che è anche cultura dell'oralità, del discorso e della scrittura (di tutto ciò che serve per parlare e fissare quello che può essere detto) è la volontaria atrofia degli altri sensi: il tatto, il gusto, l'olfatto e la vista. Il Diritto quasi non tocca le cose. Le concepisce mentalmente, le dice, però, anche se con i guanti deve toccare il corpo del delitto.


Political Theory, Steven Alan Samson Dec 1997

Political Theory, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Constitutional Structure As A Limitation On The Scope Of The "Law Of Nations" In The Alien Tort Claims Act, Donald J. Kochan Dec 1997

Constitutional Structure As A Limitation On The Scope Of The "Law Of Nations" In The Alien Tort Claims Act, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

Jurisdiction matters. Outside of the set of jurisdictional constraints, the judiciary is at sea; it poses a threat to the separation of powers and risks becoming a dangerous and domineering branch. Jurisdictional limitations serve a particularly important function when the judiciary is dealing with issues of international law. Since much of international law concerns foreign relations, the province of the executive and, in part, the legislature, the danger that the judiciary will act in a policy-making role or will frustrate the functions of the political branches is especially great. The Framers of the Constitution were particularly concerned with constructing a ...


"Public Use" And The Independent Judiciary: Condemnation In An Interest-Group Perspective, Donald J. Kochan Dec 1997

"Public Use" And The Independent Judiciary: Condemnation In An Interest-Group Perspective, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

This Article reexamines the doctrine of public use under the Takings Clause and its ability to impede takings for private use through an application of public choice theory. It argues that the judicial validation of interest-group capture of the condemnation power through a relaxed public use standard in Takings Clause review can be explained by interest group politics and public choice theory and by institutional tendencies inherent in the independent judiciary. Legislators can sell the eminent domain power to special interests for almost any use, promising durability in the deal given the low probability that the judiciary will invalidate it ...


Pages Per Term In The United States Reports And Converting Supreme Court Citations To Term Announced: A Statistical Research Tool, Donald J. Kochan Dec 1997

Pages Per Term In The United States Reports And Converting Supreme Court Citations To Term Announced: A Statistical Research Tool, Donald J. Kochan

Donald J. Kochan

This short article presents a valuable statistical research tool for those involved in analysis of U.S. Supreme Court opinions. Researchers are made available the data regarding the number of pages that the Supreme Court has written each term and provides an easier basis for identifying this page count with the term announced, which is not otherwise immediately evident from the volume number of the U.S. Reports.