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1998

Theses/Dissertations

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

A Descriptive Analysis Of The Election Of A Black Male Elite Middle Class To Public Office And Its Role In Improving The Quality Of Black Life In The City Of Atlanta, Georgia, 1989-1996, Terrance U. Parker Dec 1998

A Descriptive Analysis Of The Election Of A Black Male Elite Middle Class To Public Office And Its Role In Improving The Quality Of Black Life In The City Of Atlanta, Georgia, 1989-1996, Terrance U. Parker

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

The purpose of this case study is to conduct a descriptive analysis of the election of Black males to public office and the role they played in improving the quality of Black life in the city of Atlanta, Georgia. The study has analyzed and examined the impact that education, housing, income, and health care demographic factors have contributed to the election of these males to various committees, boards and commissions in the city of Atlanta and Fulton County Georgia. The study has also examined the political activity of college fraternities, urban voluntary associations, and community based organizations that played a ...


The U.S. Policy Towards The Middle East: The Case Of The 1990-1991 Gulf War, Ihmoud Ali Abu Salim Dec 1998

The U.S. Policy Towards The Middle East: The Case Of The 1990-1991 Gulf War, Ihmoud Ali Abu Salim

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study has unfolded the U.S. policy toward the Middle East in general and the U.S. response to the 1990- 1991 Gulf crisis in particular. It has uncovered the fact that throughout different phases of history the U.S. policy in the Middle East was shaped by its national interests. U.S. interests in the Middle East, as elsewhere, are determined on the basis of strategic considerations and access to resources and markets. At a more specific level, however, U.S. policy objectives in the Middle East over the past several decades, until the 1990-1991 U.S.-led ...


Thomas Jefferson And The United States Constitution: A Comparative Study Of Jefferson As Maturing Political Thinker To Jefferson The Political Operative, Thomas A. Parker Dec 1998

Thomas Jefferson And The United States Constitution: A Comparative Study Of Jefferson As Maturing Political Thinker To Jefferson The Political Operative, Thomas A. Parker

Master's Theses

The purpose of this thesis is to use historical, qualitative, and comparative methods of research in studying the life of Thomas Jefferson, his views on governance, and his impact on the highest law of our land, the United States Constitution. Thomas Jefferson's constitutional thoughts and theories evolved first as a maturing political thinker and later as a political operative on the state, national and international stage. His beliefs were shaped by many factors including Jefferson's own principles and character, his scholarship via learned men and life experiences, American and overseas events in and out of his control, titles ...


The Origins Of Greek Cypriot National Identity, Elena Koumna Dec 1998

The Origins Of Greek Cypriot National Identity, Elena Koumna

Master's Theses

Discussions of Greek Cypriot identity have conventionally been dominated by primordial arguments, contributing to the creation and maintenance of stereotypes and mythologies about the ethnic conflict between Greek and Turkish Cypriots. In order to examine the validity of the primordial thesis, modernist and constructionist approaches on nationalism and identity are considered (Gellner 1983; Hobsbawm 1990; Anderson 1991; Hroch 1985; Smith 1991). Nationalism and identity formation are analyzed in the context of"stages," where the social composition of each stage and the degree of modernization are examined. The findings of the thesis largely support the hypotheses that pinpoint the articulation of ...


The Effect Of The Mail In Voter Registration Form On Voter Turnout In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Leroy O. Pfeiffer Aug 1998

The Effect Of The Mail In Voter Registration Form On Voter Turnout In The Commonwealth Of Virginia, Leroy O. Pfeiffer

Master's Theses

Over the years, many states have undertaken different approaches to increase voter registration and stimulate voter participation in the electoral process. One such approach was the Commonwealth of Virginia's Voter Registration Extension Form, which was instituted in 1989. Using statewide voter registration statistics and a survey of state voter registrars, this paper attempts to measure the impact that this form had on voter registration and turnout in the electoral process from 1989 to 1994. This thesis finds that the registration extension form was reasonably successful in terms of increasing registration. Yet, easing registration requirements does not significantly increase voter ...


Reflection Moderation In The U.S. Senate On Economics, Social, And Foreign Policy, Brian E. Russell Aug 1998

Reflection Moderation In The U.S. Senate On Economics, Social, And Foreign Policy, Brian E. Russell

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis investigates reelection moderation in the U.S. Senate on economic, social, and foreign policy between 1983 and 1994. I test 3 hypotheses based on the assumption that senators moderate their voting records when seeking reelection to appeal to the median voter. My hypotheses are: (1) Both groups of senators will moderate on economic policy, but a larger percentage of Democrats will moderate than Republicans (2) A majority of Democratic senators will moderate on social policy, but only a small percentage of Republicans will moderate. (3) Less than a majority of both groups of senators will moderate on foreign ...


The Political Economy Of Market Women In Western Nigeria, Abiodun Adegboye Awomolo Jul 1998

The Political Economy Of Market Women In Western Nigeria, Abiodun Adegboye Awomolo

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examined the political- economy of market women paying close attention to the impact of governmental economic policies on women’s trade. Our analysis was based on the experiences of market women in western Nigeria as a case study. The study focused particularly on the wage and salary restructuring awards awards (Udoji) of the 1970S and the Structural Adjustment Policies (SAPs) of the late 1980s to present. On a secondary level, the study attempted theory-building of Africana feminism using the position of market women as the focus of analysis. To achieve its primary goal, the study presented and analyzed ...


Toward Sustainable River Basin Management In China: The Challenge Of Institutional Reform And Capacity Building, Ke Chen May 1998

Toward Sustainable River Basin Management In China: The Challenge Of Institutional Reform And Capacity Building, Ke Chen

Dissertations

Throughout human history water has been a key determinant for national development and human welfare. Existing river basin management (RBM) institutions and practices in China are incapable of fully meeting current needs. much less the challenges of sustainable development. Conceptual and institutional reforms will be needed to meet these challenges. New interdisciplinary thinking about the complex interactions between ecological. socio-economic and technological systems is reviewed to provide an ecosystemic perspective on RBM problems. An analytical framework which is interdisciplinary. systemic. historical. and comparative is then employed to focus on the institutional aspects of RBM regimes and their etlects on natural-human ...


Continue With The Old Or Start Anew? An Examination Of Congressional Election Theories In The Context Of The 1946, 1948, 1994 And 1996 Elections, Elizabeth Ivry May 1998

Continue With The Old Or Start Anew? An Examination Of Congressional Election Theories In The Context Of The 1946, 1948, 1994 And 1996 Elections, Elizabeth Ivry

Honors Theses

The differences in these election results raise several questions about the role and purpose of congressional elections in our democratic society. What factors could explain why two such similar elections, those of 1946 and 1994, were followed by two such different elections, those of 1948 and 1996? Has the relationship between congressional elections and congressional behaviors changed in the past 50 years? Are congressional elections still a referendum of the previous Congress and the incumbent presidency, or are other factors influencing the electorate's voting patterns? Were the midterm elections of 1946 and 1994 just extreme examples of what political ...


The Struggle For Democracy In Algeria A Study In Civil-Ideological War, Mohammad Bani Salameh May 1998

The Struggle For Democracy In Algeria A Study In Civil-Ideological War, Mohammad Bani Salameh

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines the rise of the Islamic movement in Algeria, the failure of the democratization process and the bloody civil war. The writer was able to establish that both the military leaders and the Islamic fundamentalists are responsible for the turmoil and the bloodshed in Algeria.

This study is significant because with the rise of the Islamic movement in the Arab world, Algeria became the primary test case for the compatibility of Islam with democracy and the prospects for democracy in the Arab world. The study was done through the use of primary and secondary sources. The study examines ...


A Historical Analysis Of Written Obscenity And The First Amendment Freedom Of Speech, Jaime Willis Apr 1998

A Historical Analysis Of Written Obscenity And The First Amendment Freedom Of Speech, Jaime Willis

Honors Theses

The unalienable rights delineated in the first ten amendments of the United States Constitution, our Bill of Rights, has sparked many noteworthy legal, political and moral debates in the short history of America. The freedom of speech noted in the First Amendment is no exception.


Institutions, Developmental Alliances, And Economic Development In Korea And Brazil (1950-1985), Charles Paul Winebarger Apr 1998

Institutions, Developmental Alliances, And Economic Development In Korea And Brazil (1950-1985), Charles Paul Winebarger

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

This paper compares the development of Korea and Brazil, 1950-85. These newly industrialized countries developed at above-average rates among less developed countries. Korea developed more rapidly than Brazil. The paper contends that institutions, interest groups (especially firms) and the state, enter into developmental alliances. Alliances affect policies. Policies, then, affect development.

Findings reveal interesting trends in the 1950s' democracies of the cases. Both countries had semi-autonomous states, equivocally committed to industrialization. Industry was the growth point in each. Korea used local firms to industrialize; Brazil used foreign firms. In both cases, the state allied itself with firms. Policy mostly favored ...


Relative Gains Problem And Case Studies Of Economic Cooperation In East Asia, Ping Deng Apr 1998

Relative Gains Problem And Case Studies Of Economic Cooperation In East Asia, Ping Deng

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

Relative gains problem basically means unequal cooperative payoffs disproportionately favoring partners. With the relative gains problem widely accepted as a serious impediment to international cooperation, some scholars have theoretically argued or modeled several conditions that are most likely to foster a state's sensitivity to relative gains and thus substantially affect the prospects for cooperation. But little empirical work has been done to date. The central objective of this dissertation is to test whether those theoretical propositions can be supported by empirical evidence. For this purpose, we have deducted three hypotheses: (1) If a state faces military threat and zero-sum ...


From Story To Statistics: A Systematic Structure For Documenting International Relations Events, David A. Casey Jan 1998

From Story To Statistics: A Systematic Structure For Documenting International Relations Events, David A. Casey

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Elijah Parish Lovejoy The Man And The Myth, Scott Shirey Jan 1998

Elijah Parish Lovejoy The Man And The Myth, Scott Shirey

Senior Scholar Papers

The nation saw Lovejoy as representative of republican ideals; virtue. temperance. liberty, and self-sacrifice. Lovejoy had sacrificed his life for the Republic in defense of democratic values. Lovejoy was also a man who feared absolute power. It led him to despise Catholicism (under its Papal authority), fear immigration, and eventually despise the slaveholder. American's saw Lovejoy's stance against the mob as a truly republican act The Reverend Edward Beecher, President of Illinois College and close friend of Lovejoy, immediately recognized the significance of Lovejoy's death.


Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin Jan 1998

Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to evaluate the success of the Iowa State University (ISU) Linkage project (Crawford & Melnichuk, 1994) at the National Agricultural University of Ukraine (NAUU). The evaluation of the project's success and the educational changes it brought about were accomplished by determining the levels of use of the key elements of this change: the revised curriculum, new methods of teaching, and new teaching materials used at NAUU. This program evaluation research of the Linkage project was conducted based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). The Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model was applied to determine if the Linkage project was successful;The survey questionnaire consisted of sections describing the NAUU participants': demographic characteristics; knowledge of the English language; understanding of the essence of the Linkage project; awareness of the administrative changes at NAUU; and levels of use of the new curriculum developed as the result of the Linkage project. Statistical analysis revealed that neither demographic characteristics nor administrative reform has a relation to the levels of use of the main results of the Linkage project. The school environment was the only factor ...


Social Inequality In Living Conditions, Health, And Quality Of Life In South Africa: Development Policy Challenges And Prospects , Chukwudi Hezy Okafor Jan 1998

Social Inequality In Living Conditions, Health, And Quality Of Life In South Africa: Development Policy Challenges And Prospects , Chukwudi Hezy Okafor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban housing and living conditions, health and quality of life are important goals and indicators of development that are causally interrelated. These constitute social problems in the form of poor quality housing and infrastructure, limited access to health care, and unacceptable quality of life. This study describes apartheid based discrimination and segregation that affected South Africa until recently, and describes the sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics of households in urban areas of South Africa. Using a 1993 national survey of 4,447 urban South African households, this study evaluates a conceptual model in which it is hypothesized that there are direct ...


"Passage To More Than India": American Attitudes Toward British Imperialism In The 1850s, Elizabeth Kelly Gray Jan 1998

"Passage To More Than India": American Attitudes Toward British Imperialism In The 1850s, Elizabeth Kelly Gray

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff Jan 1998

An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative study was to provide information and assistance to Iowa policy-makers as the July 2001 sunset date approaches for expiration of the current public school funding Law; This study addressed the support for preserving and continuing the current funding policies, or pursuing changes in those policies. Board of education members, superintendents, teachers, and business managers were the subjects of the study (n = 289) as these individuals are charged with the efficient delivery of public education in Iowa;A seven member panel of experts in Iowa school finance developed the survey as an appropriate established instrument was ...


Managing Risks In Juvenile Justice , David John Huff Jan 1998

Managing Risks In Juvenile Justice , David John Huff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The determination of risk assessment is an important technique of the "new penology" in its search for more efficient and effective ways to handle offenders. The current study examines the validity of a risk assessment instrument and its ability to predict recidivism among a sample of 133 male and female juvenile offenders in one of Iowa's eight judicial districts. The study instrument was a risk assessment tool utilized by juvenile court officers at the dispositional stage of juvenile court case processing. The results indicate that the study instrument is statistically valid and provides a 34.2 percent improvement over ...


Three Essays On European Union Advances Toward A Single Currency And Its Implications For Business And Investors, Charlotte Anne Bond Jan 1998

Three Essays On European Union Advances Toward A Single Currency And Its Implications For Business And Investors, Charlotte Anne Bond

Theses and Dissertations in Business Administration

The first chapter examines the changes in various European currencies' exchange rates through the time period 1980 through 1997. Specifically, we are interested to determine if there is any affect to the volatility of these exchange rates and specific events related to the advancement of European Unification. In order to move to a single currency it is imperative that the separate currencies become less volatile to facilitate the move to a single currency. In this study, we examine whether this is the case and discuss which currencies appear to display this behavior. It is observed that of the 14 currencies ...


Perception And United States Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy, Katherine Ellen Fitch Jan 1998

Perception And United States Nuclear Nonproliferation Policy, Katherine Ellen Fitch

Legacy ETDs

No abstract provided.


How West Germany's Ostpolitik Contributed To German Unification, Lothar J. Noetzoldt Jan 1998

How West Germany's Ostpolitik Contributed To German Unification, Lothar J. Noetzoldt

Masters Theses

This thesis describes and examines two decades of political relations between East and West Germany and their respective allies, and also presents a thorough analysis of political developments and events that took place from the beginning of West German Ostpolitk in 1969 until unification on October 1990. The term unification is used because Germany was not re-unified within the pre-war borders of 1937.

One of the principal goals of this thesis focuses on the discussion on the influence Ostpolitik alongside with the policy of rapprochement toward the GDR and USSR had on achieving a working relationship between Bonn and East ...


The Future Relationships Between Mainland China And Taiwan, Tian Li Jan 1998

The Future Relationships Between Mainland China And Taiwan, Tian Li

Masters Theses

This thesis is a study of the possible future developments of the Taiwan issue and the relationships between Mainland China and the island of Taiwan. After examining all the alternative scenarios, the author predicts that in the foreseeable future political and economic cooperation between Mainland China and the island of Taiwan will gradually increase, with avoidance of military confrontation, but complete reunification between Taiwan will not occur, nor will Taiwan become a legal state.

The author will examine evidence, including both domestic factors in the two parts of China and external factors, which may either reinforce the above prediction or ...


The Power Of The Press: A Content Analysis Of Congressional Press Coverage In National, Regional, And Local Newspapers., Kendra Page Ammann Jan 1998

The Power Of The Press: A Content Analysis Of Congressional Press Coverage In National, Regional, And Local Newspapers., Kendra Page Ammann

Honors Theses

I continue to believe that the press are very powerful in the shaping of public opinion about the Congress, since they serve as one of the only sources of information about the Congress. I conclude that Congress, as an institution, must find ways, other than through the mass media, to inform the American public of its activities. Since I have identified a clear connection between the negative press coverage of Congress as an institution and negative public opinion of Congress as an institution, I believe that an increase in the dissemination of positive information about the institution of Congress may ...


Deja Vu In 1946: Reinterpreting The Origins Of Containment, Jonathan Barry Jan 1998

Deja Vu In 1946: Reinterpreting The Origins Of Containment, Jonathan Barry

Honors Theses

For nearly fifty years, mainstream Cold War historians have credited George Kennan with ushering in a new age in foreign policy. Kennan did, after all, send a "Long Telegram" from Moscow on February 22, 1946 that crystallized for the US government a policy of "containing" the Soviet regime. Kennan, a State Department official and expert on Soviet affairs, submitted to Secretary of State James Byrnes an 8,000 word telegram depicting a communist government bent on upholding the expansionist tradition of the Russian czars. He further claimed that "all Soviet efforts on... [an] international plane will be negative and destructive ...


Astride The Black Horse : The Politicization Of Famine Relief Operations In The Third World, Jon Bolton Jan 1998

Astride The Black Horse : The Politicization Of Famine Relief Operations In The Third World, Jon Bolton

Honors Theses

The twentieth century is likely to hold the dubious distinction of being the century in which more people will die of famine than any other. While the growth of technology and prosperity that characterized this century has been unprecedented in the history of humankind, this growth has not been distributed equally throughout the world, producing regions, even entire continents, characterized by abject poverty. Added to this, the purposeful exploitation of many of these underdeveloped regions by Northern colonizers and slavers in the last century has created chronically unstable and underdeveloped countries in which famine is a constant threat. Thus, disasters ...


Contributions Of Private Investment In Post-Conflict Guatemala: Evidence From Socially Responsible Maquiladoras, Jeana L. Flahive Jan 1998

Contributions Of Private Investment In Post-Conflict Guatemala: Evidence From Socially Responsible Maquiladoras, Jeana L. Flahive

Honors Theses

Is it possible that the new corporate attitude of responsibility and pressure from Codes of Conduct could create a situation where the benefits of the maquiladora industry can be maximized while the costs are minimized? Results from four best practice, responsible maquilas in Guatemala will be considered in this thesis. The maquilas used as case examples, Intraexa, Esdisa, Korarnsa, and Cardiz, all share similar standards of operation. They are all in compliance with Guatemalan labor law; some even go beyond what the law requires. Each of the factories is certified as complying with all of the principles in AGEXPRONT's ...


The Vice Presidency Of Richard M Nixon: One Man's Quest For National Respect, An International Reputation, And The Presidency, Benjamin Joel Goldberg Jan 1998

The Vice Presidency Of Richard M Nixon: One Man's Quest For National Respect, An International Reputation, And The Presidency, Benjamin Joel Goldberg

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Richard M. Nixon served as Vice President under Dwight D. Eisenhower from 1953 to 1961. During this time, he worked to portray himself to the public as an international affairs expert and integral advisor within the Administration. Drawing on experiences as a Congressman and his close relationship with John Foster Dulles, Nixon made every effort to gain a meaningful advisory and decision-making role. His actual success was limited. The Vice President was motivated by his love of international affairs, desire for respect and vision of his position as a possible jump off point to the presidency in 1960. This last ...