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中國居民收入差距的擴大及其原因 = The Cause Of The Enlargement Of Income Disparities In China, Renwei Zhao, Shi Li Oct 1998

中國居民收入差距的擴大及其原因 = The Cause Of The Enlargement Of Income Disparities In China, Renwei Zhao, Shi Li

CAPS Working Paper Series

引言

中国的经济体制改革已经进行了将近二十年。在这一过程中, 居民收入分配的格局发生了很大变化。

本章试图对收入分配格局的变化,特别上收入差距扩大的状况作一考察。由于收入分配涉及的面很广,本章拟集中考察收入分配变化的一些重要方面。

为了更好地考察改革以来收入分配的变化情况,还拟对改革以前中国居民收入分配的特点作一简要的回顾与分析, 以便对这种变化的起点和背景有一个基本的了解和判断。

中国的经济改革是同经济发展或增长紧密地联系在一起的,换言之, 中国从计划经济向市场经济转换的过程是同从二元经济向现代经济转换的过程交织在一起的。中国居民收入分配格局的变化是在这样两个转变的过程中实现的。因此, 本章还试图从经济发展、经济改革以及与此有关的政策因素中去分析收入差距变化的原因。

在本章的最后, 我们拟对今后如何改进收入分配提出一些具有政策含义的建议。 本章所引用的资料, 有一部分来自于中国社会科学院经济研究所收入分配课题组(以下简称经济所课题组) 对1988年和1995年城乡居民收入分配状况所作的抽样调查, 有一部分来自于国家统计局以及其他渠道。凡未注明出处者, 均来自于上述两次抽样调查。


The Paradox Of Hong Kong As A Non-Sovereign International Actor, James C. Hsiung Jun 1998

The Paradox Of Hong Kong As A Non-Sovereign International Actor, James C. Hsiung

CAPS Working Paper Series

In this paper, I shall not have the luxury of looking equally into the SAR’s domestic performances. Instead, I shall focus on the inchoate evidence of how the HKSAR has met with circumstances or treatment by foreign countries quite at variance with many pundits’ expectations regarding Hong Kong’s international status and capacity to act. To illustrate this point, we need to examine some existing cases. But, for an easier flow of discussion, I propose that we first look at some juridical cases that will demonstrate how Hong Kong’s international capacity to act has been given a short ...


Political Impacts Of Catholic Education In Decolonization : Hong Kong And Macau, Beatrice Leung Jun 1998

Political Impacts Of Catholic Education In Decolonization : Hong Kong And Macau, Beatrice Leung

CAPS Working Paper Series

This article aims at discussing the partnership of Catholic education with the British and Portuguese in colonial times. Then it will move to Catholic education and its interaction with the societies of these two territories in the process of decolonization. In other words it will discuss to what degree the return of Hong Kong and Macau to the People's Republic of China (PRC) has affected Catholic educational policies in the context of the special nature of the Catholic church in Hong Kong and Macau. Discussion will be in the context of the Catholic-China relationship, which is the underlying problem ...


New World Order And A New U.S. Policy Toward China, James C. Hsiung Apr 1998

New World Order And A New U.S. Policy Toward China, James C. Hsiung

CAPS Working Paper Series

While domestic politics is divided between Congress and the White House, generally along partisan lines, President Bill Clinton’s al-out engagement policy toward China, announced shortly after he began his second term in office, is aimed at fostering a Sino-US partenship for the twenty-first century. Below, I shall explain that this policy came at the end of three separate policy reviews conducted since Clinton’s first term. Here, though, I would like to note that rationale of the new China policy is in keeping with the requirements of the new world order, to meet the challenge posed by the three ...