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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Party Formation And Policy Outcomes Under Different Electoral Systems, Massimo Morelli Aug 1998

Party Formation And Policy Outcomes Under Different Electoral Systems, Massimo Morelli

ISU Economic Report Series

This paper provides a game-theoretic model of representative democracy with endogenous party formation. Coalition formation may occur before and after elections, and the expected payoffs from the after-election majority game affect incentives-to form parties before the elections. In this way Duverger's hypothesis can be formally explained by the strategic behavior of political elites. If politicians care primarily about private benefits, the equilibrium policy outcome under a proportional electoralsystem coincides with the median party's position. On the other hand, with quasilinear utility, the.distance from the median voter outcome may be lower with plurality rule.


Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin Jan 1998

Assessment Of The United States Information Agency Sponsored University Affiliation Project Between Iowa State University And The National Agriculture University Of Ukraine Using The Concerns-Based Adoption Model (Cbam), Victor A. Udin

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The problem of this study was to evaluate the success of the Iowa State University (ISU) Linkage project (Crawford & Melnichuk, 1994) at the National Agricultural University of Ukraine (NAUU). The evaluation of the project's success and the educational changes it brought about were accomplished by determining the levels of use of the key elements of this change: the revised curriculum, new methods of teaching, and new teaching materials used at NAUU. This program evaluation research of the Linkage project was conducted based on the Concerns-Based Adoption Model (CBAM). The Levels of Use dimension of the Concerns-Based Adoption Model was applied to determine if the Linkage project was successful;The survey questionnaire consisted of sections describing the NAUU participants': demographic characteristics; knowledge of the English language; understanding of the essence of the Linkage project; awareness of the administrative changes at NAUU; and levels of use of the new curriculum developed as the result of the Linkage project. Statistical analysis revealed that neither demographic characteristics nor administrative reform has a relation to the levels of use of the main results of the Linkage project. The school environment was the only factor ...


Social Inequality In Living Conditions, Health, And Quality Of Life In South Africa: Development Policy Challenges And Prospects , Chukwudi Hezy Okafor Jan 1998

Social Inequality In Living Conditions, Health, And Quality Of Life In South Africa: Development Policy Challenges And Prospects , Chukwudi Hezy Okafor

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Urban housing and living conditions, health and quality of life are important goals and indicators of development that are causally interrelated. These constitute social problems in the form of poor quality housing and infrastructure, limited access to health care, and unacceptable quality of life. This study describes apartheid based discrimination and segregation that affected South Africa until recently, and describes the sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics of households in urban areas of South Africa. Using a 1993 national survey of 4,447 urban South African households, this study evaluates a conceptual model in which it is hypothesized that there are direct ...


An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff Jan 1998

An Analysis Of Public School Financial Allocation Policy Alternatives Supported By Selected Education Groups In Iowa , James Richard Scharff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this quantitative study was to provide information and assistance to Iowa policy-makers as the July 2001 sunset date approaches for expiration of the current public school funding Law; This study addressed the support for preserving and continuing the current funding policies, or pursuing changes in those policies. Board of education members, superintendents, teachers, and business managers were the subjects of the study (n = 289) as these individuals are charged with the efficient delivery of public education in Iowa;A seven member panel of experts in Iowa school finance developed the survey as an appropriate established instrument was ...


Managing Risks In Juvenile Justice , David John Huff Jan 1998

Managing Risks In Juvenile Justice , David John Huff

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The determination of risk assessment is an important technique of the "new penology" in its search for more efficient and effective ways to handle offenders. The current study examines the validity of a risk assessment instrument and its ability to predict recidivism among a sample of 133 male and female juvenile offenders in one of Iowa's eight judicial districts. The study instrument was a risk assessment tool utilized by juvenile court officers at the dispositional stage of juvenile court case processing. The results indicate that the study instrument is statistically valid and provides a 34.2 percent improvement over ...


Interest Groups And The Media In Post-Cold War U.S. Foreign Policy, James M. Mccormick Jan 1998

Interest Groups And The Media In Post-Cold War U.S. Foreign Policy, James M. Mccormick

Political Science Publications

How successful are interest groups in shaping American foreign policy? How successful are the media in affecting foreign affairs? During the cold war, the usual answer to both questions was "not much." With the exception of some ethnic and economic groups under speciiic circumstances, most analysts would conclude that interest groups did not fare very well, and the media largely played a supportive role to official policy, at least until the Vietnam War.1 With the end of the cold war, however, are the answers to these questions likely to be the same?

In this chapter, I discuss the access ...