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1998

International and Area Studies

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Articles 1 - 28 of 28

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Constructing Identity In "Glocal" Politics, Muqtedar Khan Oct 1998

Constructing Identity In "Glocal" Politics, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

The article describes how Muslim identities are constructed inside out and outside in conditions of glocalization.


Kenya's 1997 Elections: Making Sense Of The Transition Process, Rok Ajulu Sep 1998

Kenya's 1997 Elections: Making Sense Of The Transition Process, Rok Ajulu

New England Journal of Public Policy

The transition process in Kenya appears to be getting nowhere. Six years after the opening of democratic space, politics, political institutions, and governance remain predominantly stuck in the authoritarian quagmire of the past. Lack of broader participation in decision-making processes and absence of consensus around important issues of governance appear to be the norm rather than the exception. Indeed, Kenya's democracy experiment appears to defy conventional democratization models and discourse. It refuses to comply with prescriptive models developed by various Western scholars as the so-called liberal democratic values stubbornly refuse to take root in the country. This article attempts ...


Slovak Nationalism: Model Or Mirage?, Caroline Barker Sep 1998

Slovak Nationalism: Model Or Mirage?, Caroline Barker

New England Journal of Public Policy

In the face of an increasing number of bloody dissolutions of states around the world, the "velvet divorce" between Czechs and Slovaks has often been cited as evidence that such excesses can be avoided. This article, written before the October 1998 elections that saw the end of the government of Vladimir Meciar, seeks to explain that the peaceful split of these two nations is not an instance that can be replicated elsewhere but grows from the unique nature of Slovak nationalism. The article traces the historical evolution of Slovak nationalism and challenges the view that it has ever been a ...


Citizen Views Of Peace Building And Political Transition In Angola, 1997, Carrie Manning Sep 1998

Citizen Views Of Peace Building And Political Transition In Angola, 1997, Carrie Manning

New England Journal of Public Policy

In November 1994, Angola began what became an often circular struggle to implement the Lusaka Protocol, the second of two peace agreements meant to put an end to more than thirty years of civil strife. Four years later, the Lusaka peace process appears to have come unraveled. Just past midway between these two points, the National Democratic Institute carried out a series offocus groups in Angola that sought to gauge citizens' attitudes toward and understanding of key aspects of the war-to-peace transition and the new political system. This article discusses the results of the survey. Initially intended to provide the ...


Monitoring Elections In El Salvador And Nicaragua, Jack Spence Sep 1998

Monitoring Elections In El Salvador And Nicaragua, Jack Spence

New England Journal of Public Policy

I observed the February 1990 elections in Nicaragua as a member of both the Latin American Studies Association observation team and that of Hemisphere Initiatives, a group with which I have worked. In El Salvador I headed the Hemisphere Initiatives team. I visited Nicaragua five times during the electoral period, and for El Salvador, for once my academic calendar coincided with Salvadoran history. A sabbatical in the last academic year allowed me to be there during the electoral period.

I should say by way of comparison with Fred Gamst's presentation about Ethiopia that Nicaragua and El Salvador are ethnically ...


Democratic Change And Transition In Africa And The Dilemma Of Nigeria, Leonard Robinson Jr. Sep 1998

Democratic Change And Transition In Africa And The Dilemma Of Nigeria, Leonard Robinson Jr.

New England Journal of Public Policy

The 1990s witnessed profound political change throughout the continent of Africa. Tired and frustrated with one-party, autocratic, and often military rule, ordinary African citizens in country after country began to voice and demonstrate their discontent in 1990. As the former Soviet bloc countries in Eastern Europe broke ranks with the Soviet Union to claim their independence, these extraordinary events served as an added catalyst to African civil servants, market women, taxi drivers and peri-urban inhabitants to rise up against what they increasingly viewed as repressive governments and regimes, which had done little or nothing to improve their living standards and ...


What Have We Learned About Postconflict Elections?, Larry Garber, Krishna Kumar Sep 1998

What Have We Learned About Postconflict Elections?, Larry Garber, Krishna Kumar

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article suggests that postconflict elections are a unique subset of transition elections which deserve special attention. The authors describe the evolution of postconflict elections, identify some of their more salient characteristics, and offer preliminary lessons drawn from the recent experiences.


Election Monitoring In Oromia: What Are The Conditions For Democracy?, Frederick C. Gamst Sep 1998

Election Monitoring In Oromia: What Are The Conditions For Democracy?, Frederick C. Gamst

New England Journal of Public Policy

Professor Gamst, a member of the Joint International Observer group (JIOG), reports the problems he monitored during the 1992 electoral campaign and voting activities in the strife-ridden region of Oromia in Ethiopia. His analyses illuminate the background institutional barriers and the politically competitive reasons for the failure of the elections. Gamst discusses the nature of the multitudinous Oromo people and the consequences of any election victory by them for the destiny of Ethiopia. He also describes the sometimes violent aftermaths of the failed election of 1992 and its follow-up election of 1994, in which the Oromo were again denied reasonable ...


Cambodia's 1998 Elections: The Failure Of Democratic Consolidation, Peter M. Manikas, Eric Bjornlund Sep 1998

Cambodia's 1998 Elections: The Failure Of Democratic Consolidation, Peter M. Manikas, Eric Bjornlund

New England Journal of Public Policy

This article examines why Cambodia 's transition to democracy faltered in the years that followed the United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia period despite the international community's assistance to two "democratic" elections.


Cuba: The Massacre Of The Tugboat And The Message In Fatima, Lael Varella Jul 1998

Cuba: The Massacre Of The Tugboat And The Message In Fatima, Lael Varella

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article was written by Lael Varella. Mr. Varella is a third-term federal delegate to the Brazilian Congress and a member of the present government's parliamentary coalition. He is one of the most active and energetic of Brazilian congressmen and is especially known for his speeches about international politics, education, and the social and psychological problems of youth. As well, he is an ardent defender of private property, advocate of individual free


Trends. Mexican Politics And Hamlet: The Propaganda Of Subcommandante Marcos And The Zapatistas, Editor Jul 1998

Trends. Mexican Politics And Hamlet: The Propaganda Of Subcommandante Marcos And The Zapatistas, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The author discusses Shakespearean themes in relationship to contemporary Mexican politics.


The Pope Defeats The Dictator: Religion And Communism In Cuba, Editor Jul 1998

The Pope Defeats The Dictator: Religion And Communism In Cuba, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This article was written by Ismael Sambra Haber. Sambra has published poetry, short stories, literary criticism, and essays in both Cuban and international magazines and journals. He also has worked as a stage actor and as a consultant, screenwriter, actor, and director of Tele Turquino. Sambra has published Para Ti Mujer (For You, Woman), Coleccion Plegables, 1978; Las Cinco Plumas y la Luz del Sol (The Five Feathers and the Sun Light), Editorial Oriente, 1987; Para No Ser Leido en Recital (Not to be Read at a Poetry Reading or Recital), Editorial Oriente, 1991; and Remolino de Luz (Whirl of ...


A Dictator's Errors Jun 1998

A Dictator's Errors

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

With this article, IBPP initiates a series written by Ismael Sambra Haber. Sambra has published poetry, short stories, literary criticism, and essays in both Cuban and international magazines and journals. He also has worked as a stage actor and as a consultant, screenwriter, actor, and director of Tele Turquino. Sambra has published Para Ti Mujer (For You, Woman), Coleccion Plegables, 1978; Las Cinco Plumas y la Luz del Sol (The Five Feathers and the Sun Light), Editorial Oriente, 1987; Para No Ser Leido en Recital (Not to be Read at a Poetry Reading or Recital), Editorial Oriente, 1991; and Remolino ...


Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xv, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies Jun 1998

Ua68/2/1 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xv, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by WKU Latin American Studies committee regarding science, politics and economic advances in Latin America as well as cooperative projects between WKU and universities across Latin America. The newsletter is written in both English and Spanish.


Institutions, Developmental Alliances, And Economic Development In Korea And Brazil (1950-1985), Charles Paul Winebarger Apr 1998

Institutions, Developmental Alliances, And Economic Development In Korea And Brazil (1950-1985), Charles Paul Winebarger

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

This paper compares the development of Korea and Brazil, 1950-85. These newly industrialized countries developed at above-average rates among less developed countries. Korea developed more rapidly than Brazil. The paper contends that institutions, interest groups (especially firms) and the state, enter into developmental alliances. Alliances affect policies. Policies, then, affect development.

Findings reveal interesting trends in the 1950s' democracies of the cases. Both countries had semi-autonomous states, equivocally committed to industrialization. Industry was the growth point in each. Korea used local firms to industrialize; Brazil used foreign firms. In both cases, the state allied itself with firms. Policy mostly favored ...


China's Reunification And International Security In Northeast Asia: After Hong Kong What?, James T. H. Tang Mar 1998

China's Reunification And International Security In Northeast Asia: After Hong Kong What?, James T. H. Tang

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This paper examines the implications of Hong Kong's reunification with China oncross-strait relationship between mainland China and Taiwan. It begins with adiscussion of the international security situation in the region and the increasingimportance of the People's Republic of China on regional security. The paper thenaddresses the political and economic consequences of the sovereignty change overHong Kong on regional security, identifying the added strength to China on the onehand, and the Special Administrative Region's moderating influences on the other.Finally, it evaluates possible changes of the Beijing government's Taiwan policy. Inconclusion, the paper argues that China's ...


From The Ibpp Research Associates. Brazil: Rafael Raffaelli. Part I, Rafael Raffaelli, Katie Colberg Jan 1998

From The Ibpp Research Associates. Brazil: Rafael Raffaelli. Part I, Rafael Raffaelli, Katie Colberg

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

Dr. Rafaelli is affiliated with Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC)--Federal University of Santa Catarina--which is located on Santa Catarina Island in Southern Brazil. His current research interests include the (1) representation of nature in the arts and (2) philosophy and implications of representation in the current social and psychological conceptions of environment leading to political action. Dr. Raffaelli also is affiliated with a doctoral program in the above areas. The author discusses the current economics crisis in Brazil.


Recompas Y Recontras. Un Análisis De La Violencia Política En La Nicaragua Posrevolucionaria., Salvador Marti I Puig Jan 1998

Recompas Y Recontras. Un Análisis De La Violencia Política En La Nicaragua Posrevolucionaria., Salvador Marti I Puig

Salvador Marti i Puig

Las promesas hechas a los combatientes nicaragüenses desmovilizados una vez acordada la pacificación, no se materializaron pese a que era un aspecto esencial del proceso democratizador. Y fue lo que activó el surgimiento de recontras y recompas, ya no como grupos políticos armados sino como contingentes de desesperados. Se puso así de manifiesto la irresponsabilidad política y moral de las élites del país. Sólo la unión de las víctimas y desprotegidos podrá moderar los efectos de las políticas en curso, regresivas pese a la retórica democrática.


Africa: A Continent Revealed (Exhibit Pamphlet), Osher Map Library And Smith Center For Cartographic Education Jan 1998

Africa: A Continent Revealed (Exhibit Pamphlet), Osher Map Library And Smith Center For Cartographic Education

Osher Map Library Miscellaneous Publications

Africa: A Continent Revealed . Mapping the Continent from the 16th Century to the 21st Century (Exhibit Pamphlet).

January 21, 1998 to May 17, 1998

A Central Intelligence Agency Exhibit on the Portland Campus of the University of Maine.

This traveling exhibition traces the development of European mapping, from the 16th to the 21st century, of the African continent, or one fifth of the world's landmass.


Mexico: The Case For Creation Of A National Court Of Human Rights, Nauhcatzin T. Bravo-Aguilar Jan 1998

Mexico: The Case For Creation Of A National Court Of Human Rights, Nauhcatzin T. Bravo-Aguilar

LLM Theses and Essays

The continuing oppression and violation of human rights in Mexico is predicated on the abuse of executive power, suppression of the powers of the Comision Nacional de Derechos Humanos (the National Commission for the Protection of Human Rights), and the usurpation of the authority of the judiciary. This thesis conducts a comparative analysis of the protection of human rights under the Constitution of the United States, the German Basic Law, and the Constitution of Mexico. It analyses the concept of the judicial review of executive and legislative powers and advocates for the establishment of a National Court of Human Rights ...


Paradoxes Of Gendered Political Opportunity In The Venezuelan Transition To Democracy, Elisabeth Jay Friedman Jan 1998

Paradoxes Of Gendered Political Opportunity In The Venezuelan Transition To Democracy, Elisabeth Jay Friedman

Politics

No abstract provided.


Vegueros And Tabaqueros: Rebellion, Revolution, And "The Devil's Plant":Challenges To State Control In Colonial Cuba, Charlotte A. Cosner Jan 1998

Vegueros And Tabaqueros: Rebellion, Revolution, And "The Devil's Plant":Challenges To State Control In Colonial Cuba, Charlotte A. Cosner

Cuban Studies Association Occasional Papers

No abstract provided.


Five Meanings Of Cuba's Political Prisoners, Holly Ackerman Jan 1998

Five Meanings Of Cuba's Political Prisoners, Holly Ackerman

Cuban Studies Association Occasional Papers

No abstract provided.


Cuban-European Relations : Historical Perspectives And Political Consequences, George Lambie Jan 1998

Cuban-European Relations : Historical Perspectives And Political Consequences, George Lambie

Cuban Studies Association Occasional Papers

No abstract provided.


The Politics Of Wishful Thinking : Nineteenth Century Precedents Of The Bay Of Pigs, José Manuel Hernández Jan 1998

The Politics Of Wishful Thinking : Nineteenth Century Precedents Of The Bay Of Pigs, José Manuel Hernández

Cuban Studies Association Occasional Papers

No abstract provided.


Mission: Democracy, Sheila Carapico Jan 1998

Mission: Democracy, Sheila Carapico

Political Science Faculty Publications

Incumbent national leaders invite foreign election monitors only when it is in their interest to do so. Rarely is significant financial assistance "conditional" on holding elections, although it does improve a regime's image abroad to do so. For governments being observed, the trick is to orchestrate the process enough to win, but not enough to arouse observers' suspicions.


Legalism And Realism In The Gulf, Sheila Carapico Jan 1998

Legalism And Realism In The Gulf, Sheila Carapico

Political Science Faculty Publications

In his State of the Union address in January, 1998, President Clinton won thunderous applause for threatening to force Iraq "to comply with the UNSCOM regime and the will of the United Nations." Stopping UN chemical and biological weapons inspectors from "completing their mission," declared the President, defies "the will of the world." In the next three weeks, the White House ordered a massive show of force in the Gulf. Even traditional hawks, however, realized that a bombing mission could undermine American hegemonic interests in the Gulf that are served by a continuation of the sanctions regime.


Pluralism, Polarization, And Popular Politics In Yemen, Sheila Carapico Jan 1998

Pluralism, Polarization, And Popular Politics In Yemen, Sheila Carapico

Political Science Faculty Publications

Among the nations of the Arabian Peninsula, Yemen is the most populous, the poorest, and the most politically liberal. It is the only republic where sovereignty theoretically rests with its 16 million inhabitants, not with a monarch. The constitution promulgated in 1991 and amended in 1994 guarantees many basic rights and liberties to all adult citizens, including rights to vote, run for office, and join political parties. Since Yemeni unification in 1990, two rounds of contested, multiparty parliamentary elections in 1993 and 1997 involved women as well as men in the political process as voters, candidates, volunteers, and reporters. Yemenis ...