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1996

International Relations

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Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Need For A United States Government Capacity To Analyze And Counter Foreign Perception Management Operations: Part Ii, Todd Levanthal, Editor Dec 1996

The Need For A United States Government Capacity To Analyze And Counter Foreign Perception Management Operations: Part Ii, Todd Levanthal, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This is the second part of a three-part series by Mr. Todd Leventhal who from January 1987 to May 1996 was Program Officer for Countering Disinformation at the United States Information Agency (USIA.) The series reflects only his personal opinions, not those of USIA or the United States Government (USG.) It is presented with only the most minor editing but with extensive commentary by IBPP. The series also reflects IBPP's deep commitment to foster deliberation and--when appropriate-- change in science, policy, programs, and informed opinion.


The Need For A United States Government Capacity To Analyze And Counter Foreign Perception Management Operations: Part I, Todd Levanthal, Editor Dec 1996

The Need For A United States Government Capacity To Analyze And Counter Foreign Perception Management Operations: Part I, Todd Levanthal, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

This begins a three-part series by Mr. Todd Leventhal who from January 1987 to May 1996 was Program Officer for Countering Disinformation at the United States Information Agency (USIA.) The series reflects only his personal opinions, not those of USIA or the United States Government (USG.) It is presented with only the most minor editing, but with extensive commentary by IBPP. The series also reflects IBPP's deep commitment to foster deliberation and--when appropriate-- change in science, policy, programs, and informed opinion.


Yale Political Monthly 1996 December, The Politic, Inc. Dec 1996

Yale Political Monthly 1996 December, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


The Psychopolitics Of Language And Communication, Editor Nov 1996

The Psychopolitics Of Language And Communication, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses political issues connected by linguistic and communicative discord and controversy.


Dissonance In The Mideast, Editor Nov 1996

Dissonance In The Mideast, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses political violence and the concept of cognitive dissonance in the context of Israel, Palestine, and the Middle East.


Hutus And Tutsis: A Case For Cognitive Complexity And Social Intelligence In Foreign Policy, Editor Nov 1996

Hutus And Tutsis: A Case For Cognitive Complexity And Social Intelligence In Foreign Policy, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses concepts of cognitive complexity and social intelligence in the context foreign policy. Political violence among Tutsi and Hutu ethnic groups is emphasized.


Courts, Political Violence, And Problems With Witness Testimony, Editor Nov 1996

Courts, Political Violence, And Problems With Witness Testimony, Editor

International Bulletin of Political Psychology

The editor discusses the concept of witness testimony from a legal and psychological perspective.


Contra, Crack And The Company, Harry E. Vanden Nov 1996

Contra, Crack And The Company, Harry E. Vanden

Government and International Affairs Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


Fax: October 24, 1996, The White House, Office Of The Press Secretary (Detroit, Michigan) Oct 1996

Fax: October 24, 1996, The White House, Office Of The Press Secretary (Detroit, Michigan)

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A fax sent to Dr. Edna L. Saffy regarding remarks by President Clinton to the people of Detroit.


Rethinking Us-Taiwan Relations After The Cold War: Creative Ambiguity Vs. Assertive Democratization, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang Oct 1996

Rethinking Us-Taiwan Relations After The Cold War: Creative Ambiguity Vs. Assertive Democratization, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

This paper seeks to explore whether it is possible for the U.S. to pursue parallel relationships with Taiwan and China, that is, whether U.S.-Taiwan relations can be "decoupled" from the Washington-Taipei-Beijing triangle. It will first provide a brief overview on how the U.S.-Taiwan relations have evolved since 1949, when the reality of two Chinas set in with the founding of the People's Republic. Then it will discuss the framework of current U.S. policy toward Taiwan. In light of significant developments within each country involved in recent years, this paper will question the policy ...


The Evolution Of International Norms, Ann Florini Sep 1996

The Evolution Of International Norms, Ann Florini

Research Collection School of Social Sciences

This article puts forward a theoretical explanation for why norms of international behavior change over time. It argues that the mainstream neorealist and neoliberal arguments on the static nature of state interests are implausible, as the recent empirical work of the growing constructivist school has convincingly shown. But the constructivists have not yet provided a theoretical basis for understanding why one norm rather than another becomes institutionalized, nor has learning theory yet provided an adequate explanation. An evolutionary approach that draws its hypotheses from an analogy to population genetics offers a promising alternative. This article briefly outlines the constructivist critique ...


Political Pilgrimage To Cuba, 1959-1996, Irving Louis Horowitz Aug 1996

Political Pilgrimage To Cuba, 1959-1996, Irving Louis Horowitz

Institute for Cuban & Cuban-American Studies Occasional Papers

Author seeks to examine the specific dynamics of support for Fidel Castro as it persists in the present climate of American elite opinion.


Rorty, Neopragmatism And Non-Foundational International Ethics, Harry D. Gould Jul 1996

Rorty, Neopragmatism And Non-Foundational International Ethics, Harry D. Gould

FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this paper is to apply the work of Richard Rorty to questions of ethics in International Relations.

Beginning with discussion of Pragmatism in this chapter, and Rorty's political beliefs in the second, the paper moves in Chapter Three to the means by which Rorty has come to hold his ethical beliefs. This takes the reader through discussions of the contingency of language, self and community to the notions of irony and liberal ironism. Chapter Four contrasts the (neo)Pragmatist conception of progressive, piecemeal social change to traditions which eschew such a notion in favor of immanent ...


Fax: April 24, 1996, The White House, Office Of The Press Secretary Apr 1996

Fax: April 24, 1996, The White House, Office Of The Press Secretary

Saffy Collection - All Textual Materials

A fax sent to Dr. Edna L. Saffy, the facsimile pertained to remarks by President Clinton and President Ilyas Hrawi of Lebanon.


Historical Factors Of Japanese Defense And The Proposed National Defense Program Outline, Matthew Eussen Apr 1996

Historical Factors Of Japanese Defense And The Proposed National Defense Program Outline, Matthew Eussen

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

From the 1940s to the 1990s, Japan’s military has undergone serious changes. Reinstitutionalized, defense has grown larger within an American alliance and as a member of the United States containment strategy.3 The United States guaranteed the security of Japan through its nuclear security umbrella and an American commitment of troops to the region. As the United States economy fell into relative decline, it placed pressure upon Japan to increase its defense commitments. In 1991, the Cold War ended and a new regime took power in the Soviet Union. It was a time to celebrate -- large forces no longer ...


Yale Political Monthly 1996 April, The Politic, Inc. Apr 1996

Yale Political Monthly 1996 April, The Politic, Inc.

The Politic

No abstract provided.


Medecins Sans Frontieres: Activite Dans Les Mondes De Politique Et De Medecine, Kayleen O'Dell Apr 1996

Medecins Sans Frontieres: Activite Dans Les Mondes De Politique Et De Medecine, Kayleen O'Dell

Languages and Literature Undergraduate Theses

Pendant mon annee d'etude en France, 1994, j'etais une volontaire a l'association Pharmaciens Sans Frontieres a Montpellier. Cette association recupere des medicaments nonusages et non-perimes et les redistribue aux organisations d'aide humanitaire medicale. Cette association possede un bureau dans chaque departement en France, mais son organisation se situe au niveau local. Son existence est possible en France, et non pas aux EtatsUnis, parce que les medicaments (les pilules) delivres seulement par ordonnance sont empaquetes de telle fagon qu'ils resistent a la contamination. Aux Etats-Unis, nos medicaments sont mis dans une petite bouteille, et au moment ...


Fairness Across Borders: The Barsebäck Nuclear Power Plant, Ragnar E. Löfstedt Mar 1996

Fairness Across Borders: The Barsebäck Nuclear Power Plant, Ragnar E. Löfstedt

RISK: Health, Safety & Environment (1990-2002)

Dr. Löfstedt discusses the escalation of a controversy between Denmark and Sweden over nuclear reactors at Barsebäck in southern Sweden. He also discusses research that might lead to resolution of the dispute.


Ua68/2 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xiv, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies Mar 1996

Ua68/2 Intercambio Internacional, Vol. Xiv, No. 1, Wku Latin American Studies

WKU Archives Records

Newsletter created by WKU Latin American Studies program regarding science, politics and economic advances in Latin America as well as cooperative projects between WKU and universities across Latin America. The newsletter is written in both English and Spanish.


Rising Temperatures: Rising Tides, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson Jan 1996

Rising Temperatures: Rising Tides, Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Prof. Elizabeth Burleson

Transboundary environmental problems do not distinguish between political boundaries. Global warming is expected to cause thermal expansion of water and melt glaciers. Both are predicted to lead to a rise in sea level. We must enlarge our paradigms to encompass a global reality and reliance upon global participation.


A Study Of The Consular Convention Between The United States Of America And The People's Republic Of China, Stephen Kho Jan 1996

A Study Of The Consular Convention Between The United States Of America And The People's Republic Of China, Stephen Kho

Maryland Series in Contemporary Asian Studies

No abstract provided.


All Dressed Up But Not Invited To The Party: Can Taiwan Join The United Nations Now The Cold War Is Over?, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang Jan 1996

All Dressed Up But Not Invited To The Party: Can Taiwan Join The United Nations Now The Cold War Is Over?, Vincent Wei-Cheng Wang

Politics Faculty Publications and Presentations

History is full of ironies and surprises. The end of the Cold War has injected some new vitality to the once moribund United Nations. Originally formed to promote peace, security, and cooperation among the world's nations, the United Nations, however, until recently was made alternately ineffective and irrelevant by the East-West and the North-South conflicts. But thanks to an increasing need for global governance in the post-Cold War era, the United Nations seems suddenly thrust back into limelight. It is entrusted to play an even more forceful role on a wide array of important issues in the future, from ...


España, La Unión Europea Y Cuba : De Una Relación Especial A Una De Gestos Y De Presión, Joaquín Roy Jan 1996

España, La Unión Europea Y Cuba : De Una Relación Especial A Una De Gestos Y De Presión, Joaquín Roy

Cuban Studies Association Occasional Papers

Desde el preludio del final de una importante etapa politica en Espana (el anuncio en otono de 1995 de las elecciones que se celebraron el 3 de marzo de 1996) hasta la toma de posesion de Jose Maria Aznar se extiende un espacio de tiempo que cubre varios meses de 1995 y los primeros de 1996. En lo que respecta a las relaciones entre Espana y Cuba, este espado temporal esta pespunteado por un puriado de acontecimientos y detalles que se presentan como candidatos para tener un impacto notable en la futura relacion entre los dos pafses. Estos hechos son ...


"Never Draw Unless You Mean To Shoot": United States Department Of State's Responses To Property Seizures In Latin America, Nathan D. Younge Jan 1996

"Never Draw Unless You Mean To Shoot": United States Department Of State's Responses To Property Seizures In Latin America, Nathan D. Younge

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

This thesis examines the U.S. Department of State's diplomatic handling of disputes over the seizure of U.S.-owned property in Latin America between 1937 and 1973. Seizures in Bolivia, Mexico, Guatemala, Cuba, Peru and Chile are used as case studies, and provide examples of successful and unsuccessful diplomatic outcomes.

Several key factors are analyzed in each dispute, including Several key factors are analyzed in each dispute, including whether the Department took a conciliatory or confrontational approach toward each country, the kind of economic pressure applied, the situations under which the Department opted for official diplomatic involvement, and ...


Of Chinese Walls, Battering Rams, And Building Permits: Five Lessons About International Economic Law From Sino-U.S. Trade And Investment Relations, Jacques Delisle Jan 1996

Of Chinese Walls, Battering Rams, And Building Permits: Five Lessons About International Economic Law From Sino-U.S. Trade And Investment Relations, Jacques Delisle

Faculty Scholarship at Penn Law

No abstract provided.


Greece And Nato: A Study Of Policy Divergence And Alliance Cohesion, John G. Hatzadony Jan 1996

Greece And Nato: A Study Of Policy Divergence And Alliance Cohesion, John G. Hatzadony

Masters Theses

Modem alliance theory is based on the assumption that states come together in defense against a common threat. However, these theories were developed early in the Cold War in an effort to explain how and why the North Atlantic Treaty Organization was formed. Some member states do not fit into the neat theories suggested.

This thesis is an examination of the historical events that have shaped Greek relations with NATO and the United States. The thesis seeks to assess the usefulness of contemporary alliance theory in explaining divergent principles among alliance members and the effect this has had on the ...


Caught Between Traditions: The Security Council In Philosophical Conundrum, David P. Fidler Jan 1996

Caught Between Traditions: The Security Council In Philosophical Conundrum, David P. Fidler

Articles by Maurer Faculty

No abstract provided.


The Future Of Francophone Africa Without The Aid And Influence Of Its Former Colonial Power, France, Ryan Mcgovern Jan 1996

The Future Of Francophone Africa Without The Aid And Influence Of Its Former Colonial Power, France, Ryan Mcgovern

Honors Theses, 1963-2015

French colonialism dramatically changed sub-Sahara Africa in the region now called Francophone Africa. In 1960 the French granted the francophone countries independence but French influence did not end. France's neo- colonial influence caused many problems for the newly independent countries including economic dependence, unwanted boundaries and the establishment of an elite class. The Africans themselves have been struggling with mismanagement, corruption and political and economic instability. Recent breaks in Franco-African relations has caused the French to take a step back from its high level of influence in Africa. In order for francophone Africa to prosper without the aid and ...


Rallying The Troops: Collective Action And Self-Interest In Un Peacekeeping Contributions, Timothy Ja Passmore, Megan Shannon, Andrew F. Hart Dec 1995

Rallying The Troops: Collective Action And Self-Interest In Un Peacekeeping Contributions, Timothy Ja Passmore, Megan Shannon, Andrew F. Hart

Andrew Hart

Is the acquisition of personnel for UN peacekeeping missions susceptible to free-riding by UN member states? If so, what drives this behavior and what impact does this have on obtaining required personnel for the mission? Using data from 21 missions in 13 African countries between 1990 and 2010, this article addresses whether UN peacekeeping missions experience a shortfall in personnel due to incentives to free-ride by contributing states. It argues that as the number of states contributing to a mission increases, contributors have a greater incentive to free-ride and make suboptimal personnel contributions, leading to greater overall shortfall in the ...