Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Theses/Dissertations

2016

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Discipline
Institution
Keyword

Articles 1 - 30 of 33

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Cross-Cultural Comparison Of Servant Leadership In The United States And Latin America, Ismael Merino Dec 2016

Cross-Cultural Comparison Of Servant Leadership In The United States And Latin America, Ismael Merino

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this study, the subject matter evaluated is the difference between the United States and Latin America concerning the practice and acceptance of servant leadership. This research compares the practice and the acceptance of servant leadership between the United States of America and Latin America. In order to do this, a cross-cultural comparison was conducted between these two groups. The objective was to find the differences in the leadership styles of these two groups and subsequently analyze the results. The Hofstede’s cultural dimensions were used to be able to compare cultural differences, and understand why these differences appear in ...


Factors Affecting Climate Change Mitigation Policy Implementation, Kelly M. Anderson May 2016

Factors Affecting Climate Change Mitigation Policy Implementation, Kelly M. Anderson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Why do some states have policies that aggressively reduce carbon emissions, while others ignore the threat of climate change? In a world where increasingly extreme weather patterns threaten food production and species extinction, and where rising sea levels and frequent storms damage coastal infrastructure, it is now essential for states to mitigate these effects.

My paper analyzes the role of media attention on climate change and environmental association membership rates on the most recent climate change mitigation policies of South Africa, the United States, and Germany. It argues that media and environmental associations influence a population’s desire to reduce ...


Imposing Change: Analyzing Lustration Policies In Post-War Iraq And Germany, Michael Thomas Hamilton May 2016

Imposing Change: Analyzing Lustration Policies In Post-War Iraq And Germany, Michael Thomas Hamilton

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis studies how different domestic level variables influence post-regime change personnel reform programs. It evaluates how regime affiliation, ethnic divisions, and democratic experiences with the target society can influence whether personnel reform programs succeed or fail. I generate three hypotheses about the effects of the three domestic level variables on policy effectiveness. The validity of these hypotheses are then tested through process tracing and two in depth case studies: de-Nazification in post-WWII occupied Germany and de-Baathification in post-2003 Iraq. An analysis of these case studies prompts future research and suggestions for policy direction based on the overall conclusion that ...


The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams May 2016

The Effect Of Diversity Ideology On The Perception Of Political Candidates Varying By Race, Karyne Nichelle Williams

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Previous research on person perception has examined how stereotypes can affect people’s judgments of outgroup members. Research has also shown that ideology is related to prejudice and judgments about outgroups. In the current study, we examine how judgments of outgroup members are affected by a colorblind ideology versus a multicultural ideology. In Study 1, we had a national sample of participants recruited via Amazon Mechanical Turk (n = 107) rate a fictional Black and White candidate on judgments related to political qualities and personal traits and complete explicit attitude measures. Results indicated that colorblind attitudes led to more negative political ...


What Is Your Present Religion, If Any? None, Not Nun., Ming Siegel May 2016

What Is Your Present Religion, If Any? None, Not Nun., Ming Siegel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper, I examine the rise of the religiously unaffiliated in the United States. The Pew Research Center has recently reported on this phenomenon in their “America’s Changing Religious Landscape” demographic study. In this analysis, Pew has defined the unaffiliated to include atheists, agnostics and Americans who identify with “nothing in particular.” However, atheists and agnostics only make up about a third of the total population of religiously unaffiliated Americans. This means that a large portion of the religiously affiliated may be spiritual or even religious to some degree outside of organized religion. Who are the religiously unaffiliated ...


Disgust: An Emotional Component Of Conservative Attitudes Toward Transgender Individuals, John Stuart May 2016

Disgust: An Emotional Component Of Conservative Attitudes Toward Transgender Individuals, John Stuart

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Though disgust is one of the most basic of human feelings, recent research (Schaich Borg, Lieberman, and Kiehl, 2008; Tybur, Lieberman, and Griskevicius, 2009) has provided new insights into the cognition of this emotion. The present work incorporates these new findings as it examines the political implications of different types of disgust motivated by evolutionary pressures to avoid pathogens, enhance reproductive success, and deter freeloading social behavior. Prior research has linked political conservatism, opposition to gay marriage, and disgust sensitivity (Smith et al. 2011). However, the role disgust plays in political attitudes toward transgender individuals has not been investigated previously ...


Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, & Angela Merkel: The Impact Of Female World Leaders Through Collaborative Negotiation, Alexandra Grace Phillips May 2016

Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, & Angela Merkel: The Impact Of Female World Leaders Through Collaborative Negotiation, Alexandra Grace Phillips

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper seeks to address the question, “How do women negotiate international crisis and what are their outcomes?” To do this, I derive hypothesis from both the realist and feminist theories to test in three case studies of prominent women leaders in the 20th-21st centuries. I analyze qualitative case studies on Margaret Thatcher, Dilma Rousseff, and Angela Merkel, in which I test variation in negotiation style affecting outcomes. In addition to assessing their early influences and overall negotiating styles, I look at the specific cases of The Falkland Islands Crisis, the NSA Surveillance Crisis, and the Ukraine ...


Equitable Distribution Of Microfinance: How Language, Ethnicity, And Religion Affect Access To Microcredit Loans, Hallie Elizabeth Westlund Apr 2016

Equitable Distribution Of Microfinance: How Language, Ethnicity, And Religion Affect Access To Microcredit Loans, Hallie Elizabeth Westlund

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Microfinance consists of small loans or savings given in the form of microcredit to help foster the growth of small businesses and help those who do not have access to formal financial institutions. Scholarship is mixed on whether microfinance is successful or not in lifting people out of poverty, but microfinance has been shown to help individuals run more successful businesses. Microfinance loans are not distributed equally; some regions and countries receive far more loans than others. Additionally, women receive more loans than men. This research analyzes whether minority groups have equal access to microfinance loans; particularly whether ethnic, religious ...


Declaring War Or Sentencing Criminals? Assessing Short-Term And Long-Term Counterterrorism Success, Arielle Lehner Galston Apr 2016

Declaring War Or Sentencing Criminals? Assessing Short-Term And Long-Term Counterterrorism Success, Arielle Lehner Galston

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the aftermath of terror attacks, international leaders have come to respond using war rhetoric and actions. Public addresses are broadcast on a loop around the world, spreading fear and outrage. This article examines whether a war approach to countering terrorism is successful in the long-term or should governments treat terrorists as criminals. Success is defined as the decrease in terrorist violence. Four case studies are used, the Irish Republican Army (IRA), Euskadi Ta Askatasuna (ETA), the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC). Each state’s counterterrorism policies are identified as either ...


Political Attitudes And The Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Josh Albertson Apr 2016

Political Attitudes And The Facial Feedback Hypothesis, Josh Albertson

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Current research has suggested that facial expressions may not only be the result of emotional experiences, but they may also play a role in shaping emotion itself. This idea, known as the Facial Feedback Hypothesis, has been supported in a number of various areas of psychology. The weak version of the hypothesis tested in this study suggests that facial feedback may intensify or inhibit an underlying emotion already present. One area of psychology untouched by the facial feedback hypothesis appears to be political evaluations. We hypothesized that activation of the zygomatic major muscle in the face (normally present when expressing ...


A Few Good Men: A Quantitative Analysis Of High-Level People's Liberation Army (Pla) Promotion Patterns Under Xi Jinping, Jimmy Zhongmin Zhang Apr 2016

A Few Good Men: A Quantitative Analysis Of High-Level People's Liberation Army (Pla) Promotion Patterns Under Xi Jinping, Jimmy Zhongmin Zhang

Undergraduate Honors Theses

China’s “striving for achievement,” or fenfa youwei (奋发有为) foreign policy strategy challenges U.S. regional primacy, emphasizes Chinese leadership in foreign affairs, and vigorously promotes economic and strategic initiatives favorable to China. According to State Department analyst Elizabeth Hague, People’s Liberation Army (PLA) promotion patterns will most likely change in response to China’s new economic and strategic demands. However, there is currently little analysis on exactly how PLA promotion patterns are changing.

This thesis fills the gap by statistically analyzing how age, personal connections, education, professional experience, and foreign experience are associated with the grade promotions, not ...


Do Birds Of A Feather Really Flock Together? Ideational Homophily And Development Policy Influence, Kristin Ritchey Apr 2016

Do Birds Of A Feather Really Flock Together? Ideational Homophily And Development Policy Influence, Kristin Ritchey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This study focuses on Western and non- Western donors who provide foreign assistance and the conditions under which they effectively exert influence on the policy priorities of public- sector decision- makers in low- income and middle- income countries, finding that recipient states generally do not exhibit a preference for donors who share their regime type and economic policy orientation. Democratic, freemarket states, however, are an important exception to this rule.


A Feuding House: An Examination Of The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Bipartisanship In The United States Congress, Aaron Jackson Horner Jan 2016

A Feuding House: An Examination Of The Causes And Effects Of The Decline Of Bipartisanship In The United States Congress, Aaron Jackson Horner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Excerpt from Introduction

In October of 2016, a Gallup poll reported that Congress had an approval rating of 18%.[1] Compared to the President’s approval rating, Congress is seen as ineffective and too bipartisan for many Americans. While there has always been a natural tension between the opposing parties, it has magnified within recent years. Within Congress itself, many members are seeing their political opposition even more unfavorably today than their counterparts did two decades ago. Carol Doherty of the Pew Research Center claims that it is the “intensity of negativity that’s increased.”[2] The 2008 election marked ...


Deciphering The Effects Of Decentralization On Water Rights: State To Urban Inconsistencies In Bolivia, Kyle G. Webber Jan 2016

Deciphering The Effects Of Decentralization On Water Rights: State To Urban Inconsistencies In Bolivia, Kyle G. Webber

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In a country that is internationally praised for its recent economic success, how has the decentralized government of Bolivia left the responsibility to the local department in securing their own basic human needs? Is the disconnection beneficial in that it provides communities with a propitious autonomy? Or does a decentralized government provide benefits for both national and local sectors? This project demonstrates the benefits and drawbacks of a decentralized Bolivian government that has intended to rely on the role of small-scale grassroots organizations and NGO’s to fill the sobering gap between state and local governments.

Using an urban political-ecology ...


Gendered Citizenship And The Sectarian Public Sphere: Women And Civic Space In Lebanon, Ellysse V. Dick Jan 2016

Gendered Citizenship And The Sectarian Public Sphere: Women And Civic Space In Lebanon, Ellysse V. Dick

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Modern Lebanon’s political sectarian system is the result of many years of external forces molding the territory and its sociopolitical structures to align with international interests. Civic spaces in Lebanon, and women’s activity within these spaces, is dictated by sectarian dynamics within its politics and society. This paper explores the evolution of the Lebanese state and sectarianized experiences of citizenship in relation to the external forces that shaped the “Lebanese System” in place today.

Beginning in the late Ottoman and French Mandate periods, it identifies the key players in state formation both under colonial rule and later, as ...


Voter Turnout: Ideologically Swayed? Exploring Effects Of Ideologically Extreme Parties On Oecd Countries, Nathaniel L. Pressnall Jan 2016

Voter Turnout: Ideologically Swayed? Exploring Effects Of Ideologically Extreme Parties On Oecd Countries, Nathaniel L. Pressnall

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract:

This paper sets out to explore how voter turnout varies across countries. People turning out to vote are a vital part of any democracy. The people who turn out to vote tend to set the trend for how the country will be run. A lot of the research out there examines how voter turnout varies across nations in an institutional context. I examine how the idea that the amount of political parties has an impact on voter turnout may be better understood in a rational choice framework. This paper looks into how certain types of political parties may have ...


A Function Of Nuclear Capability: India's Emergence As A Global Power, Alleman F. Zech Jan 2016

A Function Of Nuclear Capability: India's Emergence As A Global Power, Alleman F. Zech

Undergraduate Honors Theses

India is a growing economic, military, and technological force in the twenty-first century. It is now the fastest growing state in Asia, and subsequently increased its military budget, allowing for the development of better nuclear technology and capability. India’s recent geopolitical engagement includes attempting to establish relations with powerful neighboring China, establish itself as a global power, and continual tensions with Pakistan. These elements of economic and military development and geopolitical relations together create the conditions for India’s current rising geopolitical profile.

Nuclear capability is a primary focus in twenty-first century international affairs, and through the primary lens ...


Black Republicans: A Minority Within A Minority, Scout D. Ennis Jan 2016

Black Republicans: A Minority Within A Minority, Scout D. Ennis

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Black Republicans are a rarity in United States politics, as illustrated by the 2008 presidential election when 95 percent of black Americans voted for Barack Obama while only four percent of black Americans voted for John McCain. Despite their relative obscurity, black Republicans are nonetheless important and influential. However, the literature on black Republicans has been neither well informed nor satisfying, typically portraying black Republicans as adherents to a single strain of Republican thought. In response, this thesis aims to document the diverse array of thoughts, opinions, and experiences among black Republicans. Nineteen black Republicans from Colorado, Georgia, and Iowa ...


It’S Not Easy Being Green: The Effectiveness Of Environmental Provisions In Preferential Trade Agreements, Marguerite Rose Jan 2016

It’S Not Easy Being Green: The Effectiveness Of Environmental Provisions In Preferential Trade Agreements, Marguerite Rose

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Do environmental provisions actually have an effect on the environmental quality of a state? Trade and the environment have a complicated relationship, as states don’t have a concrete way to resolve environmental issues that are associated with gains from trade—increased avenues for pollution, threatened conservation efforts, and the lack of incentives to improve environmental quality threaten a state’s abilities to address environmental threats. However, the inclusion of environmental provisions in preferential trade agreements provides both an economic and legal incentive to improve environmental quality. In this paper, I argue that environmental provisions have a positive quantitative effect ...


Mutually Assured Survival: A Constructivist Analysis Of Transnational Cultural Interactions And Their Influence On Nuclear Disarmament Initiatives, Ryan Zehner Jan 2016

Mutually Assured Survival: A Constructivist Analysis Of Transnational Cultural Interactions And Their Influence On Nuclear Disarmament Initiatives, Ryan Zehner

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Nuclear arms have revolutionized the ways by which human beings are able to harm one another. Omnipresent in the status quo is a nuclear tension, and whether subtly or more overtly, this tension underlies a great many international relationships. While Westphalian paranoia and neorealist power perceptions encourage populations to continue placing their faith in nuclear umbrellas and deterrence strategies, scholars and activists increasingly claim that without the realization of universal disarmament, humanity concedes to the inevitability of future nuclear detonation.

New disarmament initiatives concentrate heavily on the implications of nuclear weaponry in a sense that supersedes the security of only ...


Private Governance In Our Galaxy: Consuming Mars Through Colonization, Jamie Michal Jan 2016

Private Governance In Our Galaxy: Consuming Mars Through Colonization, Jamie Michal

Undergraduate Honors Theses

On popular media sites, like Reddit there has been over a hundred articles posted about two private companies with plans to colonize Mars (Lansdrop 2016). In this research I begin to address some of the ethical implications of a private company colonizing an entirely new planet. I focus on the company’s ethical relationship to its participants or future colonists. Space is our environmental salvation; I believe it is important to understand patterns of private colonization and what consequences it will have for society. There are colonization practices of private entities, with governing powers; historically and today. How do private ...


The American Space Exploration Narrative: Evolution Of Space Exploration In The United States From The Cold War To Today, Dora Holland Jan 2016

The American Space Exploration Narrative: Evolution Of Space Exploration In The United States From The Cold War To Today, Dora Holland

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This paper documents how the narrative of space exploration in the United States (U.S.) has changed from the Cold War to today. It examines the policy and rhetoric of eight U.S. presidential administrations in regards to space exploration: Eisenhower, Kennedy, Nixon, Reagan, George H. W. Bush, Clinton, George W. Bush, and Obama. The paper also discusses how the overall field of space exploration has changed over time. To investigate this narrative, the paper first examines the history of U.S. space exploration from the Cold War to today, and also examines three current conditions of the field of ...


Voter Identification Laws And Their Effects On Voter Turnout, Joseph Javier Mabrey Jan 2016

Voter Identification Laws And Their Effects On Voter Turnout, Joseph Javier Mabrey

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Voter identification (voter ID) requirements have become a salient political issue recently as more states have moved to implement increasingly strict voter ID requirements. I conjecture that, especially due to the politicized debate surrounding voter ID, conservatives rationally propose the laws to produce a negative effect on poor and minority turnout. I empirically evaluate these claims surrounding voter ID laws. Specifically, I examine the impact of voter ID laws on overall turnout and on racial and socioeconomic gaps in turnout. I find no results when examining the effect of voter ID on levels of turnout in states or their racial ...


A United State Of Injustice, Alexa L. Wach Jan 2016

A United State Of Injustice, Alexa L. Wach

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract: There are actions carried out by government under the guise of political authority that are immoral and unjust. I hope to show that the fact that government is the entity carrying out the morally questionable action is not sufficient to satisfy conditions that make prima facie wrong actions morally permissible. I will explore some political theories that attempt to explain why government has political authority, then challenge those theories. In an attempt to make clear why political authority is unjustified, I provide an argument in the form of a variety of extreme examples in which political authority might be ...


Governmental Agricultural Policy And Its Affect On Population Health, Alexander Steinbach Jan 2016

Governmental Agricultural Policy And Its Affect On Population Health, Alexander Steinbach

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In this paper I attempt to establish a link between government agricultural policies of subsidies and the increasing obesity epidemic that is seen across the globe. I attempt to design a research project that explores these dynamics and uses three distinct regional areas for comparison. In this paper I compare the United States, the European Union, and Japan and South Korea to see if government agricultural policy as well as trade implications play a role in rising body mass index (BMI) and obesity. The reason for comparison is due to the level of development coupled with a unique comparison of ...


The Advantage Of Wealth: How Partisan Success Is Affected By Rising Income Inequality In The United States, Aaron Carpenter Jan 2016

The Advantage Of Wealth: How Partisan Success Is Affected By Rising Income Inequality In The United States, Aaron Carpenter

Undergraduate Honors Theses

After the end of the Second World War, the United States when through a period of great growth. As the economy grew, income inequality also grew within the country. Parallel to this, as income inequality increased, Republicans began to break the stronghold of Democratic congressional control. This begs the question, what happens to politics as income inequality increases in the United States? Can Republican success be explained by increased inequality? In order to answer this question, I theorize that income inequality increases the power of the Republican core support base, while it mitigates the power of the Democratic support base ...


The Inefficacious Electorate: Political Powerlessness And Vote Choice, Ryan W. Bell Jan 2016

The Inefficacious Electorate: Political Powerlessness And Vote Choice, Ryan W. Bell

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Non--traditional parties have had newfound success across European democracies contributing to increasing electoral volatility. Drawing from the literature on social movements, voting for an unconventional party can be a form of contentious politics. Support for non--mainstream parties is the institutional manifestation of the factors that contribute to social movements. Perceptions of political power and grievances extend beyond non--institutional actions, shaping how individuals cast their ballot, with the inefficacious and dissatisfied voters engaging in electoral disorder. An attitude--ideology approach to non--traditional party support is tested with Bayesian inference using Dutch Parliamentary Election Studies from 1977 to 2006. Voters' perceived influence in ...


The End Of The State Of Autonomies? An Analysis Of The Controversy Surrounding The 2010 Spanish Constitutional Court Ruling On Catalonia's 2006 Statute Of Autonomy, Kevin Mermel Jan 2016

The End Of The State Of Autonomies? An Analysis Of The Controversy Surrounding The 2010 Spanish Constitutional Court Ruling On Catalonia's 2006 Statute Of Autonomy, Kevin Mermel

Undergraduate Honors Theses

In recent years, many citizens in the Spanish region of Catalonia have mobilized in favor of independence, a desire previously far outside the mainstream. As of the spring of 2016, separatists control the majority of seats in Catalan parliament. This study seeks to explain why independence is so widely supported in Catalonia, and focuses specifically on the region’s 2006 Statute of Autonomy, which the Spanish Constitutional Court modified in a 2010 ruling. The struggles that the statute faced both before and after the court’s 2010 ruling provided a crucial turning point in the debate over Catalan independence. The ...


An Explanation Of The Enactment Of Nonconsensual Pornography Policies Within States: External And Internal Pressures, Michaela M. Weber Jan 2016

An Explanation Of The Enactment Of Nonconsensual Pornography Policies Within States: External And Internal Pressures, Michaela M. Weber

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Nonconsensual pornography entails the sharing of intimate images, along with personal information and details, within the Internet realm. It is commonly referred to as “revenge porn” because of its vindictive nature. Out of all 50 states, only 27 states have a policy criminalizing the distribution of nonconsensual pornography in effect. For a policy that associates Internet usage with a question of women’s rights, and a theme denoting a sexual connotation, why haven’t more states taken up efforts to enact this particular policy? I argue that the studies of policy diffusion and policy dispersion help explain the enactment of ...


Civil Society In The Arab Spring: Tunisia, Egypt, And Libya, Danielle Meltz Jan 2016

Civil Society In The Arab Spring: Tunisia, Egypt, And Libya, Danielle Meltz

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The emphasis of civil society during a revolution could not have been made clearer when Tunisia’s National Dialogue Quartet, a coalition of NGOs, won the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize for the coordination of civil society organizations leading to a peaceful revolution. This research aims to understand the connection between higher levels of civil society, and lower levels of revolutionary violence during a revolution, specifically in the Arab Spring countries of; Tunisia, Egypt and Libya. Moreover, it looks at how the strength of a civil society is limited by the institutions within a state.