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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Real Silent Majority: Denver And The Realignment Of American Politics After The Sixties, Rachel Meira Guberman Jan 2015

The Real Silent Majority: Denver And The Realignment Of American Politics After The Sixties, Rachel Meira Guberman

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

“The Real Silent Majority” offers a new assessment of late-twentieth century U.S. political realignment, overturning previous explanations focused on the supposed death of liberalism and rise of the New Right. Instead, it traces the emergence of a pragmatic, self-interested, and only weakly partisan “quality of life” politics in America’s metropolitan areas from the late-1960s onwards. A case study of Denver, Colorado, and its surrounding metropolitan region, my study is a political and spatial history that incorporates perspectives from cultural, intellectual, and policy history as well as the interdisciplinary fields of metropolitan and urban studies. In examining the new ...


In Pursuit Of Racial Justice: The Politics And Consequences Of Racial Disparity Reform In The U.S. Criminal And Juvenile Justice Systems, Ellen Ann Donnelly Jan 2015

In Pursuit Of Racial Justice: The Politics And Consequences Of Racial Disparity Reform In The U.S. Criminal And Juvenile Justice Systems, Ellen Ann Donnelly

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Overrepresentation of racial and ethnic minorities is a troubling fact in the U.S. criminal and juvenile justice systems. The scope and racial character of American criminal processing is critically shaped by politics. Scholarship has focused on the politics that helped to forge a large and racially disparate criminal justice system as well as recent political attempts to scale back criminal justice operations. This study examines the political development and consequences of policies aiming to reduce racial inequalities in the adult and juvenile justice systems. It introduces the concept of "racial disparity reform," or any policy that seeks to diminish ...


Cpac: The Origins And Role Of The Conference In The Expansion And Consolidation Of The Conservative Movement, 1974-1980, Daniel Preston Parker Jan 2015

Cpac: The Origins And Role Of The Conference In The Expansion And Consolidation Of The Conservative Movement, 1974-1980, Daniel Preston Parker

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The Conservative Political Action Conference (CPAC) is an annual event that brings conservative politicians, public intellectuals, pundits, and issue activists together in Washington, DC to discuss strategies for achieving their goals through the electoral and policy process. Although CPAC receives a great deal of attention each year from conservative movement activists and the news outlets that cover it, it has attracted less attention from scholars. This dissertation seeks to address the gap in existing knowledge by providing a fresh account of the role that CPAC played in the expansion and consolidation of the conservative movement during the 1970s. Audio recordings ...


What Will The Neighbors Say? How Differences In Planning Culture Yield Distinctive Outcomes In Urban Redevelopment: The Example Of The Community Benefits Agreement Trend, Ralph Rosado Jan 2015

What Will The Neighbors Say? How Differences In Planning Culture Yield Distinctive Outcomes In Urban Redevelopment: The Example Of The Community Benefits Agreement Trend, Ralph Rosado

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Although taxpayer dollars often subsidize economic development projects, they sometimes produce mixed results for existing neighbors. Since 2001, in select localities, civic organizations have assumed the role of negotiator on behalf of local constituencies, espousing the view that economic development efforts should significantly improve residentsâ?? lives. Various organizations are entering into community benefits agreements (CBAs) with developers and/or governmental bodies in order to meet community needs. In return, the groups agree to support the projectsâ?? requests for governmental approvals and/or subsidies. Yet CBAs continue to emerge in relatively few communities. More importantly, they have taken markedly different forms ...


Using The Local News: Campaigns, Newspapers, And Accountability, Joshua P. Darr Jan 2015

Using The Local News: Campaigns, Newspapers, And Accountability, Joshua P. Darr

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

The steep decline of local newspapers in recent years represents a major shift in the media environment that may be detrimental to political accountability and knowledge. I argue that despite these seismic changes in the marketplace for news, local newspapers remain critical to American politics. Local newspapers inform and empower voters, but are subject to influence and distortion by campaigns. I establish the importance of local newspapers by testing for differences in political knowledge between readers of local and national newspapers. Using the National Annenberg Election Survey, I obtain accurate measures of newspaper readership, knowledge of national politics, and familiarity ...


Organizational Fragmentation And The Trajectory Of Militant Splinter Groups, Evan James Perkoski Jan 2015

Organizational Fragmentation And The Trajectory Of Militant Splinter Groups, Evan James Perkoski

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

Militant organizations commonly break down and split apart, with new groups emerging from the ranks of existing organizations. From Syria to Iraq to Afghanistan, militant groups have splintered and proliferated in this way, creating fragmented oppositions that significantly complicate the conflict landscape. This process of organizational splintering historically has created some of the deadliest and most well known organizations including Al Shabaab, Black September, and the Real IRA. However, at other times the new organizations have quickly disappeared, failing to impact the conflict in any meaningful way.What explains this variation in the trajectory of militant splinter groups over time ...