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Theses/Dissertations

2004

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 56

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Role Of The Dallas Housing Authority In Providing Decent, Affordable And Low-Income Housing For Blacks, 1985-2003, Brian C. White Dec 2004

The Role Of The Dallas Housing Authority In Providing Decent, Affordable And Low-Income Housing For Blacks, 1985-2003, Brian C. White

ETD Collection for AUC Robert W. Woodruff Library

This study examines whether the Dallas Housing Authority has succeeded in providing adequate housing for black families in Dallas, Texas. Furthermore, this research examines whether the Dallas Housing Authority has complied with the Walker v. HUD, 734 F. Supp 1289 (N.D., TX. 1989) suit in building public housing in nonminority areas despite opposition from other pressure groups. This study begins with the premise that the Dallas Housing Authority is adequately providing public housing to black families in Dallas County, Texas. A case-study approach was used to analyze data gathered to determine whether equality and fair housing are being practiced ...


The Quality Of Black Legislative Life: Perceptions Of Black And White City Councilors At The Beginning Of The New Millennium, Gregory Glen Neddenriep Dec 2004

The Quality Of Black Legislative Life: Perceptions Of Black And White City Councilors At The Beginning Of The New Millennium, Gregory Glen Neddenriep

Masters Theses

Although scholars have become increasingly interested in the black legislative experience, they have largely overlooked black city councilors and the environment in which they serve. I utilize two nation-wide surveys to address this gap in the literature. I sent one survey to black city councilors in 2002 and the other to their white counterparts in 2003. The two instruments were similar in content and question wording so that I could compare the two groups in terms of their perceptions and personal profiles.

My data show that the two sets of councilors generally have similar backgrounds and profiles. However, their perceptions ...


Cognitive Theory Of War: Why Do Weak States Choose War Against Stronger States?, Sang Hyun Park Dec 2004

Cognitive Theory Of War: Why Do Weak States Choose War Against Stronger States?, Sang Hyun Park

Doctoral Dissertations

The key question to be addressed in this paper is why weaker states with a slight chance of winning do not avoid war against stronger states. Even though most war theory does offer a few insights about the conditions under which weak states choose war when there is only a slight possibility of winning, explanations based on either emphasis on rationality or ignorance of “interacting structure” of international relations leave many practical remedies unexplained. This paper explains asymmetric conflict on the combination of Prospect theory and Game theory. The interacting game structure of asymmetric conflicts can be summarized. Under the ...


The Political Roles Of Presidential Children: Kennedy Through Clinton, Tabitha Alissa Warters Dec 2004

The Political Roles Of Presidential Children: Kennedy Through Clinton, Tabitha Alissa Warters

Doctoral Dissertations

Many facets of the institution of the presidency warrant examination. Individual presidents, cabinets, staffs, and first ladies have all been studied in-depth, but one aspect of the presidency remains fundamentally unexplored: the political activities of presidential children.

Role analysis using case studies was the method of examination used. Role analysis was the method used in early studies on first ladies and is replicated in this study on presidential children. The basic assumption is that all presidential children from Kennedy through Clinton have performed political roles. By examining the repeated political activities of the 24 presidential children, five political roles were ...


Genocide And Genocide Prevention: Outlines Illustrated With The Tragedy In Rwanda 1994, Ginger L. Denton Aug 2004

Genocide And Genocide Prevention: Outlines Illustrated With The Tragedy In Rwanda 1994, Ginger L. Denton

Masters Theses

The purpose of this study was to contribute to comparative research towards a theory of modern genocide and ways to prevent mass murder. Definitions, typologies, key elements, patterns, a comparison of the Holocaust with the Rwandan genocide, and preventative measures are included in the study.


China’S Public Health Sector In Transition: Assessing Market Reform Impacts, Bo Li Aug 2004

China’S Public Health Sector In Transition: Assessing Market Reform Impacts, Bo Li

Masters Theses

Many studies have been done to evaluate China’s transitional economy and its impacts on the public health sector. It is a widely accepted proposition that the market reform initiated in the late 1980s significantly changed the public health sector. While some scholars argue that the Chinese people’s overall health status has improved compared to that of the pre-reform era, others identify declining health expenditures and widening regional gaps, indicating quite a dim health situation. In this thesis, I argue that market reforms have not improved the people’s access to health services. In the reform era, the overall ...


State "Smart Growth" Policies: A Cure For Dumb Urban Growth?, Jacqueline N. Mitchell Aug 2004

State "Smart Growth" Policies: A Cure For Dumb Urban Growth?, Jacqueline N. Mitchell

Masters Theses

The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of state initiated smart growth legislation on various aspects of the phenomenon known as urban sprawl. Sprawl is associated with a number of undesirable conditions including depletion of natural resources, increased traffic congestion, and loss of residents and businesses in inner city areas.

In an attempt to alleviate and prevent these conditions, some states have implemented smart growth legislative programs. These programs vary in form from comprehensive in nature, or extending to all land use activities; to pertaining only to special areas, such as coastlines. In addition, state legislation varies ...


Political Participation In America: The Role Of Race, Ethnicity, And Gender, Leslie J. Baker-Bracy Aug 2004

Political Participation In America: The Role Of Race, Ethnicity, And Gender, Leslie J. Baker-Bracy

Theses and Dissertations

Equality in political participation in the United States requires that all citizens, regardless of their social status or demographic characteristics be allowed to participate in the system, regardless of income or education. However, studies have shown several variables - gender, race, income, and education — significantly affect any one person’s pathway to political participation and expression. Using data from the 1992 Citizen’s Participatory Study, I examine these effects, especially in terms of how these variables affect the participation of women. The findings show that education and income rarely have the “equalizing” effect in terms of political participation that is believed.


The United States Supreme Court And American Individualism, Gary C. Roberts Aug 2004

The United States Supreme Court And American Individualism, Gary C. Roberts

Dissertations

The United States Supreme Court occupies an unusual, oftentimes paradoxical position within American democracy. On one hand, it is an institution that seemingly lacks democratic legitimacy, and on the other, it is an institution that dutifully gives meaning to the nation's democratic values. The uniqueness and possibly the grandeur of the American Supreme Court is that it has historically been able to successfully combine these two apparently contradictory aspects in such a manner as to expand upon the nation's traditional sense of individualism--the whole notion of an individual's inalienable right to life, liberty, and property.

Using legal ...


Space Cooperation Under Anarchy: Commercialization Of Outer Space And Space Security In The Post-Cold War Era, Irina V. Louts Jul 2004

Space Cooperation Under Anarchy: Commercialization Of Outer Space And Space Security In The Post-Cold War Era, Irina V. Louts

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

The 20th century brought the most horrific weapons and most devastating wars in the history of human civilization. It also gave us the most breathtaking discoveries and technological breakthroughs, including the opening up of outer space to human reach. The commercialization of outer space is one of the most significant developments of our time, giving us an opportunity to put the richness of this medium to the betterment of human conditions on Earth on an increasingly widening scale.

Technological advances have also made space more important militarily. A puzzle now is whether the commercialization of outer space facilitates international cooperation ...


The Smugglers' Landscape: Geography, Route Selection And The Global Heroin Trade, James Dallis Medler Jul 2004

The Smugglers' Landscape: Geography, Route Selection And The Global Heroin Trade, James Dallis Medler

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

This study focuses on transnational smuggling, and puts forth an analytical framework from the smugglers' perspective with respect to route selection, focusing primarily on aspects of economic, political, and human geography. It is predicated on three interconnected decision-making domains that constitute the smuggler's operational landscape, namely access, risk and connectivity, which interact to drive the smugglers' perceptions of route attractiveness. The first two domains operate reciprocally, primarily at the national level of analysis, and together both shape and are shaped by the third at the transnational level to form a feedback loop. With respect to connectivity, the convention of ...


The Politics Of Hiv/Aids And Implications For Democracy In Kenya, Wambuii Henry Kiragu Jun 2004

The Politics Of Hiv/Aids And Implications For Democracy In Kenya, Wambuii Henry Kiragu

Dissertations

Democratic consolidation in newly transitioned democracies has traditionally been attributed to widely accepted political and legal mechanisms, like elections and constitutions. Existing literature on democratization in sub-Saharan Africa is preoccupied with these mechanisms as prime indicators for democratic takeoff in specific countries. Hardly any attention has been paid to other less openly political mechanisms, such as the response to external shocks, as potential sources of institutional development that could advance democratic practices.

Yet national response to any external shock can entail a host of actions with potentially far ranging political implications, including transformation of the form and means of political ...


Official Discourse And Public Opinion In Post-Communist Societies: The Role Of Government-Affiliated Intellectuals, Ekaterina M. Levintova Jun 2004

Official Discourse And Public Opinion In Post-Communist Societies: The Role Of Government-Affiliated Intellectuals, Ekaterina M. Levintova

Dissertations

Post-Communist countries are unique in the sense that they are undergoing not a single, but multiple transitions. The extent of social change underway inthis region is truly monumental and researchers are faced with the daunting task of studying the extent of this transformation. Change is most evident when one studies formal institutions. But lies beneath, on the level of value orientations? The answer to this question helps us understand the real progress of post-Communist countries towards the goals of their transitions.

What were the political, ideological, economic, foreign policy, and ethnic relations attitudes of the post-Communist Russian and Polish elites ...


The Role Of Economic, Political, And Cultural Factors In Immigration Policy In France, The United Kingdom, And Germany, Sheri L. Rogers Jun 2004

The Role Of Economic, Political, And Cultural Factors In Immigration Policy In France, The United Kingdom, And Germany, Sheri L. Rogers

Master's Theses

Immigration policy has been a crucial issue facing all Western European countries for decades; however, it has recently become an even greater concern. Much of the literature argues that shifts in immigration policy correspond with shifts in economic conditions or the power of far-right parties. Others argue that immigration policy is primarily a cultural issue, although very little research has been done to address the role of specific cultural factors in different countries.

This paper looks at the evolution of immigration policy in France, the United Kingdom, and Germany, and addresses the question of why immigration policies in each country ...


Islam And Democracy: An Empirical Examiniation Of Muslims' Political Culture, Moataz Bellah Mohamed Abdel Fattah Jun 2004

Islam And Democracy: An Empirical Examiniation Of Muslims' Political Culture, Moataz Bellah Mohamed Abdel Fattah

Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on the following empirical puzzle: do the attitudes of ordinary educated Muslims stand as an obstacle toward the adoption of democracy? This research question calls for empirical/behavioral methodological tools that bring into focus contemporary Muslims' attitudes rather than ancient jurists' contributions. In other words, the dissertation shifts attention from ancient Islamic texts to contemporary Muslims' mindsets through written and web-bases surveys in 32 Muslim societies.

At the aggregate level, Muslim societies perplex with two types of sub-cultures: the culture of "dictator, but..." and the culture of "democracy-as-a-must." The former is the sub-couture of two groups of ...


Formal And Informal Institutions: Gender And Participationin The Panchayati Raj, Aparna Thomas Jun 2004

Formal And Informal Institutions: Gender And Participationin The Panchayati Raj, Aparna Thomas

Dissertations

In April 1993, the Parliament of India passed the 73rd Constitutional Amendment, reforming the structure of local governments. The amendment mandated that the composition of local councils include at least one-third women. This study explores the effects of the 1993 Indian women's reservation bill in changing policies at the local government level in ways that address women's interests. Specifically, the research addresses the following questions: (1) Are women really participating in panchayati raj politics, or are they merely present? (2) Do quotas as institutional mechanisms make a difference in agenda setting and policy outcomes? Although it may be ...


Chinese Political Regime And The Rising Income Inequality In The Reform Era, Xiaoyang Hou May 2004

Chinese Political Regime And The Rising Income Inequality In The Reform Era, Xiaoyang Hou

Masters Theses

This thesis probes the sharply rising income inequality in reform-era China under the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP) authoritarian regime. Accepting the premise that economic transition inevitably leads to the income inequality, my special focus in this thesis is to demonstrate how political factors contribute to the worsening income inequality in China.

This study shows that the skewed power structure generates the income inequality. I explore three factors pertaining to the political regime that lead to the widening income inequality in reform-era China, which are: first, the nature of Chinese political system, which includes: the CCP’s dominant position in ...


The Logic Of Pre-Electoral Coalition Formation, Sona Nadenichek Golder '89 May 2004

The Logic Of Pre-Electoral Coalition Formation, Sona Nadenichek Golder '89

Doctoral Dissertations

Political parties who wish to exercise executive power are typically forced to enter some form of coalition. Parties can either form a pre-electoral coalition prior to an election or they can compete independently and enter a government coalition afterwards. Although there is a vast coalition literature, there are no theoretical or empirical studies of coalitions that form prior to an election. This dissertation seeks to redress this imbalance in our knowledge of coalitions by explaining the variation in electoral coalition formation.

The existing literature implicitly suggests that pre-electoral coalition formation is a simple function of electoral rules: the more disproportional ...


Satellite Televisions In Lebanon: Agents Of Change Or Reinforcing The Status Quo?, Yara Youssef May 2004

Satellite Televisions In Lebanon: Agents Of Change Or Reinforcing The Status Quo?, Yara Youssef

Theses and Dissertations

There has been a noted interest in the new technologies of the nineties, those that have expanded the realm of traditional mass media and the traditional means of communication that people were previously used to. With the start of globalization and the world becoming what some have called “global village,” the act of distributing information to the four comers of the world has become less complicated than it used to be, and boundaries are seen as constantly being eroded by the new pressures of modernization and liberalization. The internet and satellite televisions increased in importance in this realm, and so ...


The War Powers Resolution: Asserting Congress's Role Over The Use Of Military Force, Catherine M. Banks Apr 2004

The War Powers Resolution: Asserting Congress's Role Over The Use Of Military Force, Catherine M. Banks

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

Immediately following the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, Vice President Richard Cheney identified the moment as a turning point in the relationship between the executive and legislative branches. As the representative leaders of the nation responded to the crisis that confirmed the new enemy, they granted the President substantial authority to shape the nation's policies towards the new threat. The nature of the threat called for this milestone in the executive-legislative relationship, which provided near unanimous support for the Commander-in-Chief to secure America and its interests. Yet, this moment has been relatively short-lived and the history of the ...


"Women Who Want To Be Women": The Social And Political Antifeminism Of Phyllis Schlafly, Murry Warhank Apr 2004

"Women Who Want To Be Women": The Social And Political Antifeminism Of Phyllis Schlafly, Murry Warhank

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Not all feminists were women and not all who opposed the feminist movement were men. The latter is illustrated by the life of Phyllis Schlafly, nicknamed the “Darling of the Silent Majority.” Schlafly, educated at Radford, Harvard, and Washington University is a brilliant woman who had a long and influential career as a political writer and activist, but she made her name battling the very movement that helped her interests the most. Schlafly gained notoriety with the publication of A Choice, Not an Echo. Released in 1964, it contends that a small entourage of “Eastern-king makers” had denied conservatives the ...


The Interaction Of Montana Political Parties And American Indians Through The Issue Of Districting And Apportionment Since 1992, Adam Gill Apr 2004

The Interaction Of Montana Political Parties And American Indians Through The Issue Of Districting And Apportionment Since 1992, Adam Gill

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

Districting and Apportionment in Montana is a process unlike almost every state in the Union. Montana’s large size, small population, and growing American Indian population have lead to many intense Legislative and legal debates since the 1960’s. However, few sessions have matched the intense partisanship and racial tension of the Districting and Apportionment debates of 1992 and 2002. In the center of this partisanship is Montana’s American Indian population which was denied proportional representation until 2002, but because of Democratic Party control of the 2002 process, has gained an additional Indian-majority House district and two Senate districts ...


Bristol-Myers Squibb And The Secure The Future Foundation: A Genuine Act Of Corporate Social Responsibility?, Julia Marie Wendt Apr 2004

Bristol-Myers Squibb And The Secure The Future Foundation: A Genuine Act Of Corporate Social Responsibility?, Julia Marie Wendt

Political Science and International Relations Undergraduate Theses

In early February of 1999, apprehensive Yale University students frequented their campus’s newest building—an edifice many had angrily entitled the “Stavudine building,” since more than half the $176 million used to finance its construction came from Yale’s patent on the HIV/AIDS drug Stavudine.1 The timidity and resentment felt by campus inhabitants was not without cause; over six-hundred concerned students, researchers and professors had recently signed a petition condemning Yale Medical School for making countries in emergency situations, like those in Africa, pay full price for HIV/AIDS medications.1 2 Though the Yale population was ...


Terrorism : A New Threat For Indonesia? : An Analysis On The National Security Of Indonesia In The Post-Suharto Period, Wun Yin, Wilson Lau Jan 2004

Terrorism : A New Threat For Indonesia? : An Analysis On The National Security Of Indonesia In The Post-Suharto Period, Wun Yin, Wilson Lau

Theses & Dissertations

Indonesia is the fourth most heavily populated nation in the world with over 210 million inhabitants. Almost half of all Southeast Asians live in Indonesia, and it is also the world’s most populated Muslim nation. These features make it a crucial country in the Southeast Asian Region, as well as in the world. Therefore, the national security of this country is very important to the region and the world.

Security or national security covers dealing with the threat(s) to the state, so, in order to study this issue, we need to identify what kind of threat is behind ...


John F. Kennedy And West Virginia, 1960-1963, Anthony W. Ponton Jan 2004

John F. Kennedy And West Virginia, 1960-1963, Anthony W. Ponton

Theses, Dissertations and Capstones

In 1960, John F. Kennedy, a wealthy New England Catholic, traveled to a rural, Protestant state to contend in an election that few thought he could win. While many scholars have examined the impact of Kennedy’s victory in the West Virginia primary, few have analyzed the importance that his visit to the state in 1960 and his ensuing administration had on West Virginia. Kennedy enacted a number of policies directed specifically toward relieving the poverty that had plagued West Virginia since statehood. The Kennedy administration funded highway construction, worker training programs, and area development at levels the state had ...


A Tale Of Two Governors: The 1996 Gubernatorial Succession Crisis, Melissa Miller Jan 2004

A Tale Of Two Governors: The 1996 Gubernatorial Succession Crisis, Melissa Miller

Honors Theses

The state of Arkansas is no stranger to succession crises. As early as the Reconstruction era, struggles for power emerged, and controversies surrounding the appropriate use of power among acting governors have kept the issue unsettled. One such instance, the Arkansas gubernatorial succession crisis of 1996 became yet another episode in this saga. While never fully examined, the succession crisis did influence modern politics in the state. There are two sides to every story: "Well, I wanted to let you know I've decided not to resign," Jim Guy Tucker said to Mike Huckabee only five minutes before the inauguration ...


Boundary Maintenance: An Examination Of Municipal Political Participation In Rural Bolivia, Spencer Fenniman Jan 2004

Boundary Maintenance: An Examination Of Municipal Political Participation In Rural Bolivia, Spencer Fenniman

Honors Theses

On April 20, 1994, the Bolivian government promulgated Law 1551, the Ley de Participacion Popular (The Law of Popular Participation). This law was considered by policy-makers to be an innovative governance response to a history of rural exclusion from democratic procedures.Through the decentralization of many government functions to the level of the municipality, this new system of governance was heralded as the beginning to a new regime where there would be control social desde abajo-social control from below-and popular power in governance. The operating assumption was that through local control, rural populations would be able to effectively combat their ...


"Of More Consequence Than The President": Frances Folsom Cleveland And The Role Of First Lady In The Late Nineteenth Century, Ellen E. Adams Jan 2004

"Of More Consequence Than The President": Frances Folsom Cleveland And The Role Of First Lady In The Late Nineteenth Century, Ellen E. Adams

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Security Of A Small State: Case Of Kuwait, Shawn Adelwerth Jan 2004

Security Of A Small State: Case Of Kuwait, Shawn Adelwerth

HIM 1990-2015

Kuwait is a small country in terms of size and military might, however, it has an abundance of oil wealth. Kuwaiti rulers have often met their domestic and international security challenges with buying off the problems. This type of policy continued until late 1989, when the tension between Iraq and Kuwait reached a new height. The turning point for Kuwait security was 2 August 1990, when Iraqi military finally invaded Kuwait requested the military power of the United States. This began a new era in the United States-Kuwait relationship. Since Iraqi forces were discharged from this small Gulf State, Kuwait ...


Compellence: An Empirical Perspective, Michael G. Dziubinski Jan 2004

Compellence: An Empirical Perspective, Michael G. Dziubinski

Graduate Program in International Studies Theses & Dissertations

Compellence, the use of a contingent threat of force to get a target state to modify a behavior, is an understudied area of international relations. An empirical examination of this area reveals patterns of the frequency of attempted compellence and successful compellence that are not explained by current research or broader international relations theories. In the post-World War II period (1946–2001), the pattern is a rapid drop and continued suppression of success, but a continuation of compellence attempts at the historic level. Existing compellence research and international relations theory do not explain this puzzling disparity of low success and ...