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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Effect Of State Capacity On Democratic Transition And The Survival Of New Democracies, Daniel W. Kuthy Dec 2011

The Effect Of State Capacity On Democratic Transition And The Survival Of New Democracies, Daniel W. Kuthy

Political Science Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the effect of state capacity on the probability for democratic transition and the survival of democracies. I seek to answer these quesitons through the use of both quantitative and qualitative analysis. In my statistical models, I make use of Cox Proportional Hazard Models. These are supplemented by two case studies involving South Korea and the Philippines. My expectation, which is supported by the results presented in this study, is that higher levels of state capacity will make authoritarian regimes more stable and thus make democratic transitions less likely, but if democratic transitions take place, higher levels of ...


Fraudulent Elections, Political Protests, And Regime Transitions, Alla Manukyan Dec 2011

Fraudulent Elections, Political Protests, And Regime Transitions, Alla Manukyan

Political Science Dissertations

This research studies protests after fraudulent elections in a collective action framework, examining the impact of the potential cost, benefit and likelihood of success of protest on the occurrence and intensity of protests. Quantitative analysis of fraudulent elections in about 100 countries from 1990 to 2004 shows that the odds of protest after fraudulent elections are greater when the level of state repression is moderate with a possible backlash effect of high repression, when the opposition is united, and when international monitors denounce election results. The analysis only partially supports the benefit of protest argument. Also, the research uses case ...


The Whole Is Greater Than The Sum Of Its Parts. Ngo-Business Partnerships In International Cooperation, Susanna Perko Jul 2011

The Whole Is Greater Than The Sum Of Its Parts. Ngo-Business Partnerships In International Cooperation, Susanna Perko

Political Science Dissertations

In the current globalized market, multinational corporations are experiencing heightened external social and environmental pressures to operate more responsibly. Transnational activist groups and advocacy NGOs are successfully framing normative expectations on corporate social responsibility and using tactics to name and shame socially and environmentally controversial corporations to pressure them to change their practices. An international norm of corporate social responsibility is increasingly shared by states, intergovernmental organizations and the private sector itself, and visibly emerging in the market place. Corporations engage with NGOs to demonstrate their conformance to the norm.

The study explains why corporations engage with NGOs in different ...


The Buck Stops Here: The President As Manager Of The U.S. Economy During Crisis, Carol D. Walker Jul 2010

The Buck Stops Here: The President As Manager Of The U.S. Economy During Crisis, Carol D. Walker

Political Science Dissertations

The President performs many roles, but one role of increasing importance over time is that of Chief Manager of the Economy. In the era of the modern presidency, there has been a growing institutionalization of the executive branch’s management of the economy. Presidents approach economic management differently depending upon their personalities, management style, and their time within both the crisis and the administration. Three case studies will be used to explore the differences and similarities in presidential actions during times of economic crisis: these case studies will examine the presidencies of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Richard M. Nixon, and William ...


Meaningful Choices? Understanding And Participation In Direct Democracy In The American States, Shauna Frances Lee Reilly Apr 2009

Meaningful Choices? Understanding And Participation In Direct Democracy In The American States, Shauna Frances Lee Reilly

Political Science Dissertations

What role does political knowledge play in campaigning for and participation in direct democracy? A foundational principle of democracy is citizen participation in decision-making. This foundation assumes that citizens are at least somewhat knowledgeable about government and able to make informed choices. This analysis examines the role that meaningful decisions play in direct democracy, because “for voters to make meaningful decisions, they must understand the options on which they are deciding” (Dalton 1988: 13). This analysis uses three different methodologies to investigate this relationship. First, through qualitative analysis and a mail survey of petitioners, this study explores how petitioners view ...


Women And The Democratic State: Agents Of Gender Policy Reform In The Context Of Regime Transition In Venezuela (1970-2007), Ines Nayhari Rojas Jan 2009

Women And The Democratic State: Agents Of Gender Policy Reform In The Context Of Regime Transition In Venezuela (1970-2007), Ines Nayhari Rojas

Political Science Dissertations

This study examined the process of gender policy reform. It sought to explain how and when gender policy reform has taken place in Venezuela across time. The study entailed observations of gender policy reform during specific periods of Punto Fijo democracy (1958-1998) characterized by democratic consolidation and deconsolidation, and during the transition towards a new type of hybrid democracy, the Chávez era (1999-2007). The policies considered were the ones addressing women’s equality at home and at work, reproductive rights, women’s economic rights, and political participation. The analysis showed that the likelihood of gender policy reform depends on the ...


Disaster Management In India: Analysis Of Factors Impacting Capacity Building, Bala Prasad Erramilli Dec 2008

Disaster Management In India: Analysis Of Factors Impacting Capacity Building, Bala Prasad Erramilli

Political Science Dissertations

Governments are responsible for administrative arrangements dealing with disasters. Effective policies play a vital role in mitigating the impact of disasters and reducing likely losses of life and property. Yet, it had been noted that such losses were increasing, raising questions about efficacy of government policies and the factors that made them effective. This study adopted a comparative method, responding to a long-standing demand of disaster research, for examining the record in India. There were noticeable differences among its states, with some having undertaken comprehensive reform in an all-hazards approach, while others continued with old policies. This research studied four ...


Making Sense Of Village Politics In China: Institutions, Participation, And Governance, Xinsong Wang Aug 2008

Making Sense Of Village Politics In China: Institutions, Participation, And Governance, Xinsong Wang

Political Science Dissertations

How do democratic institutions function in authoritarian states? This study answers this question by examining the political institutions in rural China ¨C democratic elections of villagers committees and village oversight agencies. Using a nationwide survey on China¡¯s villager self-governance conducted in 2005 and in-depth case data collected in 2007 and 2008, this study finds that rural political institutions have significantly changed the political processes in China¡¯s countryside. The quality of village elections and the functioning of oversight agencies such as villager representative assemblies and financial supervision teams all have been crucial to affect the level of electoral participation ...


Administrative Law Judge Decision Making In A Political Environment, 1991 - 2007, Cole Donovan Taratoot Jun 2008

Administrative Law Judge Decision Making In A Political Environment, 1991 - 2007, Cole Donovan Taratoot

Political Science Dissertations

Unelected bureaucrats make a broad range of important policy decisions raising concerns of accountability in a democratic society. Many classics in the literature highlight the need to understand agency decisions at stages prior to the final vote by agency appointees, but few studies of the bureaucracy do so. To this point, scholars have treated the issue of shirking as one where laziness and inefficiency are the driving forces. However, it is more realistic to expect that shirking comes in the form of ideological resistance by administrators. I develop a theory that the independence afforded to the bureaucracy is functionally comparable ...


Liberty, Equality And Fairness: A Study Of Citizen Participation In Federal Agency Rulemaking, Thomas E. Engram Apr 2008

Liberty, Equality And Fairness: A Study Of Citizen Participation In Federal Agency Rulemaking, Thomas E. Engram

Political Science Dissertations

This study examines individual-level citizen participation in the notice and comment component of federal agency rulemaking. It focuses on characteristics of individual participants ascertained through a survey mailed to 400 actual commenters. Survey data is used to evaluate the representativeness of these participants to the general public. Also, the compatible of citizen participation in rulemaking with the democratic ideals of liberty, equality, and fairness is evaluated, along with potential consequences of proposed reforms.


Empowering The Poor? Civic Education And Local Level Participation In Rural Tanzania And Zambia, Satu Riutta Apr 2007

Empowering The Poor? Civic Education And Local Level Participation In Rural Tanzania And Zambia, Satu Riutta

Political Science Dissertations

This study examines the effects of civic education (CE) on local level participation among the rural poor. There is little extant knowledge of civic education’s effects among this group, although it represents the majority of citizens in many developing countries. It is important to understand what kinds of effects this little researched tool of democracy promotion has so as to know whether investments in it are worthwhile. Does raising awareness about rights increase citizens’ democratic participation—whether at village meetings, community groups, or in contacting their local representative? Are effects greater on collective or individualized participation? Who benefits the ...


Working, But Poor: A Study Of Georgia's Economic Self-Sufficiency Policies, Rosa B. Hayes Aug 2006

Working, But Poor: A Study Of Georgia's Economic Self-Sufficiency Policies, Rosa B. Hayes

Political Science Dissertations

The "work first" philosophy of the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act sent millions of people into the labor force, many for the first time. The result was a dramatic increase in the number of workers whose earnings failed to pull them and their families out of poverty. Assistance in the form of childcare, transportation, medical coverage, and the Earned Income Tax Credit is beginning to receive attention as support mechanisms for people who do not earn adequate wages and receive little benefits from their employers. This study examines the effectiveness of Georgia's approach to providing work support ...


Context Effects On Abortion Questions: Who Is Inconsistent, Carolyn S. Carlson Jan 2006

Context Effects On Abortion Questions: Who Is Inconsistent, Carolyn S. Carlson

Political Science Dissertations

Measuring public opinion on abortion is an ongoing concern for political scientists, mainly because the public does not always exhibit fixed attitudes on such topics. Most citizens express a centrist viewpoint between the pro choice and pro life extremes. These include a small group whose answers to abortion questions are so inconsistent that they give public officials an inaccurate measure of public opinion on this important issue. Inconsistent responses may result from context effects, such as the order in which the questions are asked or the way they are asked. Usually, researchers ask a battery of questions in which respondents ...