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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Sleeping With The Enemy, Or Putting The Enemy To Sleep? A Theory Of Insurgency-State Interaction, Andres Rangel Jan 2012

Sleeping With The Enemy, Or Putting The Enemy To Sleep? A Theory Of Insurgency-State Interaction, Andres Rangel

Political Science Theses

This paper presents a theory of insurgency-state strategic interaction based on the insurgency’s mode of survival. The theory postulates that, ceteris paribus, illegal resources discourage the insurgents from desiring to control the state and the state from regaining control of the insurgent territory, whereas legal lootable resources “force” the insurgency to embrace the suboptimal strategy of trying to topple the government, while causing the state to desire full control of the insurgent territory. Intensity, the number of combatant deaths over time, will be used to test the theory. Civil conflicts involving insurgencies that rely on illegal resources for most ...


The Effect Of State Capacity On Democratic Transition And The Survival Of New Democracies, Daniel W. Kuthy Dec 2011

The Effect Of State Capacity On Democratic Transition And The Survival Of New Democracies, Daniel W. Kuthy

Political Science Dissertations

This dissertation investigates the effect of state capacity on the probability for democratic transition and the survival of democracies. I seek to answer these quesitons through the use of both quantitative and qualitative analysis. In my statistical models, I make use of Cox Proportional Hazard Models. These are supplemented by two case studies involving South Korea and the Philippines. My expectation, which is supported by the results presented in this study, is that higher levels of state capacity will make authoritarian regimes more stable and thus make democratic transitions less likely, but if democratic transitions take place, higher levels of ...


Fraudulent Elections, Political Protests, And Regime Transitions, Alla Manukyan Dec 2011

Fraudulent Elections, Political Protests, And Regime Transitions, Alla Manukyan

Political Science Dissertations

This research studies protests after fraudulent elections in a collective action framework, examining the impact of the potential cost, benefit and likelihood of success of protest on the occurrence and intensity of protests. Quantitative analysis of fraudulent elections in about 100 countries from 1990 to 2004 shows that the odds of protest after fraudulent elections are greater when the level of state repression is moderate with a possible backlash effect of high repression, when the opposition is united, and when international monitors denounce election results. The analysis only partially supports the benefit of protest argument. Also, the research uses case ...


Paradox Lost: Explaining Cross-National Variation In Case Volume At The European Court Of Human Rights, Veronica S. Armendariz Dec 2011

Paradox Lost: Explaining Cross-National Variation In Case Volume At The European Court Of Human Rights, Veronica S. Armendariz

Political Science Theses

Existing research on states and human rights focuses primarily on international treaty ratification, post-treaty rating systems, and ad hoc reports on adherence in individual countries. Additionally, the literature is characterized by disproportionate attention to certain rights to the neglect of others, thereby painting an incomplete and potentially inaccurate picture of a state’s practice and implementation of human rights. Consequently, the extant literature too frequently disregards key domestic and international factors as determinants of cross-national variation in the implementation and protection of human rights, and it instead generates paradoxical claims about human rights and state behavior. With Europe as its ...


The Priming Effects Of Polling Location On Ballot Initiative Voting Decisions, Jeffrey M. Glas Aug 2011

The Priming Effects Of Polling Location On Ballot Initiative Voting Decisions, Jeffrey M. Glas

Political Science Theses

Do the physical settings in which a voter casts their ballot affect their vote choices? Every state uses a variety of polling locations for the administration of election: churches, schools, libraries, fire stations, and etcetera. The literature on priming effects and voting is massive, but very little research examines the impact of the venue in which a ballot is cast has on voters’ decisions. In this study I argue that polling venues situated on church, school, or veteran’s association property influences the proportion of votes cast in favor of ballot measures related to each institution. I test these hypotheses ...


The Whole Is Greater Than The Sum Of Its Parts. Ngo-Business Partnerships In International Cooperation, Susanna Perko Jul 2011

The Whole Is Greater Than The Sum Of Its Parts. Ngo-Business Partnerships In International Cooperation, Susanna Perko

Political Science Dissertations

In the current globalized market, multinational corporations are experiencing heightened external social and environmental pressures to operate more responsibly. Transnational activist groups and advocacy NGOs are successfully framing normative expectations on corporate social responsibility and using tactics to name and shame socially and environmentally controversial corporations to pressure them to change their practices. An international norm of corporate social responsibility is increasingly shared by states, intergovernmental organizations and the private sector itself, and visibly emerging in the market place. Corporations engage with NGOs to demonstrate their conformance to the norm.

The study explains why corporations engage with NGOs in different ...


Living In The "Age Of Accountability": How Co-Decision Empowers The European Parliament In The Design Of Eu Agencies, Patrick C. Kenard May 2011

Living In The "Age Of Accountability": How Co-Decision Empowers The European Parliament In The Design Of Eu Agencies, Patrick C. Kenard

Political Science Theses

Bátora alleges that political accountability has been “almost entirely overlooked” (2010, 2) in studies of the European External Action Service. An examination of the subject that extends previous studies on agency design, the co-decision procedure, the “democratic deficit,” and European Union foreign policy would resolve the neglect. As a result, the study derives a hypothesis from an established theory of bureaucratic structure. Findings suggest that during the design of EU agencies co-decision power improves the ability of the European Parliament to institutionalize methods of accountability to it.


The Political Economy Of Federal Assistance: Demand-Side Determinants Of New Awards In The 110th Congress, Matthew A. Lenard Dec 2010

The Political Economy Of Federal Assistance: Demand-Side Determinants Of New Awards In The 110th Congress, Matthew A. Lenard

Political Science Theses

An extensive literature examines how distributive (i.e., “pork barrel”) spending is allocated among congressional districts. Much of this research finds evidence that intra-chamber factors like ideology, party, and committee membership are the primary determinants of various forms of distributive spending. However, we know much less about how extra-chamber factors such as district-level demand and the economy impact the distribution of federal outlays. In this study, I find that district-level demand and variation in economic factors, in particular, income and unemployment, significantly predict the distribution of new bureaucratic awards in the 110th Congress. The results support the contention that districts ...


Should We Press The Victims: The Uneven Support For International Criminal Tribunals, Michael D. Thurston Nov 2010

Should We Press The Victims: The Uneven Support For International Criminal Tribunals, Michael D. Thurston

Political Science Theses

International criminal tribunals rely on international support. However, in the case of the ICTY and the ICTR, international support has been uneven. I argue that this uneven support is related to the post-atrocity status of the domestic governing authority. In cases where the governing authority retains the status of victim, as in Rwanda following the 1994 Tutsi genocide, the international community has been reluctant to back the ICTR in its attempts to prosecute all participants of the 1994 genocide. In cases where the governing authority retains the status of perpetrator, as in Serbia following the Bosnian genocide of the 1990s ...


Regime Completeness And Conflict: A Closer Look At Anocratic Political Systems, Matthew J. Schipani Nov 2010

Regime Completeness And Conflict: A Closer Look At Anocratic Political Systems, Matthew J. Schipani

Political Science Theses

Mixed regimes are often viewed as inherently less stable and more war prone than fully democratic or autocratic systems due to their low levels of institutionalization. I ask, are certain mixed regimes more or less war prone than other mixed regimes, based on the strength and orientation (more democratic or autocratic) of their political institutions? At ends with previous research, my findings suggest that institutionalization levels play little, if any role in the onset of interstate war.


No Such Thing As Collective Goods: The Political Utility Of Low Level Civil War In Northern Uganda, Alexandra Z.A. Wishart Oct 2010

No Such Thing As Collective Goods: The Political Utility Of Low Level Civil War In Northern Uganda, Alexandra Z.A. Wishart

Political Science Theses

With the extant work on civil war duration as a starting point, this project uses the Ugandan case to identify and address theoretical aporias in our existing understanding of the determinants of duration. The vast majority of existing work begins with the assumption that the rebel force is the determining factor in the duration of conflict. Challenging this assumption, I argue that civil war duration should be understood as a function of the calculations made by both the rebel units and the established state, a dynamic that has implications for the way in which we think of the preferences of ...


Social Transformation In Divided Societies: Willingness To Integrate Post-Power Sharing Agreement: The Northern Ireland Case, Elizabeth A. O'Callaghan Aug 2010

Social Transformation In Divided Societies: Willingness To Integrate Post-Power Sharing Agreement: The Northern Ireland Case, Elizabeth A. O'Callaghan

Political Science Theses

This thesis examines the factors which impact societal willingness to integrate in a post conflict, post power sharing agreement environment. Utilizing the Northern Ireland case, this study analyzes variance in willingness to integrate between Protestant and Catholic groups. Analysis of the Northern Ireland Life and Times survey data illustrates the shifting relationship between political trust and ingroup/outgroup frustrations on levels of willingness to integrate since the Good Friday Agreement. Statistical analyses indicate confirmation of ingroup attachment and elite political trust hypotheses, and reduced impact of outgroup benefit perceptions on willingness to integrate since the Good Friday Agreement.


The Buck Stops Here: The President As Manager Of The U.S. Economy During Crisis, Carol D. Walker Jul 2010

The Buck Stops Here: The President As Manager Of The U.S. Economy During Crisis, Carol D. Walker

Political Science Dissertations

The President performs many roles, but one role of increasing importance over time is that of Chief Manager of the Economy. In the era of the modern presidency, there has been a growing institutionalization of the executive branch’s management of the economy. Presidents approach economic management differently depending upon their personalities, management style, and their time within both the crisis and the administration. Three case studies will be used to explore the differences and similarities in presidential actions during times of economic crisis: these case studies will examine the presidencies of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Richard M. Nixon, and William ...


Opportunity To Rebel: The Effects Of Unemployment Coupled With Ethnic Divided On The Onset Of Civil Conflict, David R. Hamilton Jul 2010

Opportunity To Rebel: The Effects Of Unemployment Coupled With Ethnic Divided On The Onset Of Civil Conflict, David R. Hamilton

Political Science Theses

The effects of unemployment on the genesis of civil conflict are examined as both a social and economic factor, with particular emphasis on civil conflict in ethnically heterogeneous nations. A logit statistical analysis of a data set indicates that increased unemployment rates do contribute to the onset of civil conflict.


Thou Shall Not Kill: Analyzing Democracy's Moderating Effect On Violent Religious Supremacy In Islam, Ariel Morgenstern Nov 2009

Thou Shall Not Kill: Analyzing Democracy's Moderating Effect On Violent Religious Supremacy In Islam, Ariel Morgenstern

Political Science Theses

This research examines the commonly explicated theory that democracy is a moderating force on the public’s support for terrorism. Specifically, I test the hypothesis that living in a democracy will decrease support for terror in Muslim populations. I analyze survey data on support for terrorism from the 2006 Pew Global Attitudes Survey, which has data from 10 nations. I use an ordered logistic regression model to test what determines support for terrorism. The results show that democracy negatively correlates with support for terror. Additionally, I find that opinions toward US policy in the region, including the ‘Global War on ...


United Nations Peacekeeping And Non-State Actors: A Theoretical And Empirical Analysis Of The Conditions Required For Cooperation, Gregory Hodgin Aug 2009

United Nations Peacekeeping And Non-State Actors: A Theoretical And Empirical Analysis Of The Conditions Required For Cooperation, Gregory Hodgin

Political Science Theses

This paper attempts to determine the theoretical requirements for a non-state actor to give peacekeepers to a Member state of the United Nations, who would in turn give those peacekeepers to the United Nations. The paper examines two case studies, specifically the contract between Blackwater and the United States Department of State and the SHIRBRIG series of treaties. The paper finds that there is some overlap between a Member state’s needs and a non-state actor’s needs and that there is a theoretical possibility of the donation stated above taking place.


Do Wedge Issues Matter?: Examining Persuadable Voters And Base Mobilization In The 2004 Presidential Election, James Benjamin Taylor Apr 2009

Do Wedge Issues Matter?: Examining Persuadable Voters And Base Mobilization In The 2004 Presidential Election, James Benjamin Taylor

Political Science Theses

In the 2004 Presidential Election social and wedge issues were among the most publicized mobilization tools utilized by the Bush Campaign. Specifically, same-sex marriage has been suggested as a key wedge issue that may have mobilized voters, although research differs on its impact. My contention is that these previous studies miss the point with regard to wedge issues, which is that they are useful on persuadable voters, and persuadable voters live in swing states. I estimate a logit model using 2004 American National Election Studies survey data. I utilize voters’ decisions to turn out as the dependent variable and control ...


Meaningful Choices? Understanding And Participation In Direct Democracy In The American States, Shauna Frances Lee Reilly Apr 2009

Meaningful Choices? Understanding And Participation In Direct Democracy In The American States, Shauna Frances Lee Reilly

Political Science Dissertations

What role does political knowledge play in campaigning for and participation in direct democracy? A foundational principle of democracy is citizen participation in decision-making. This foundation assumes that citizens are at least somewhat knowledgeable about government and able to make informed choices. This analysis examines the role that meaningful decisions play in direct democracy, because “for voters to make meaningful decisions, they must understand the options on which they are deciding” (Dalton 1988: 13). This analysis uses three different methodologies to investigate this relationship. First, through qualitative analysis and a mail survey of petitioners, this study explores how petitioners view ...


"Ignorant And Confused?" Knowledge And Awareness As Determinants Of Euroskepticism, Andrea Stephanie Aldrich Apr 2009

"Ignorant And Confused?" Knowledge And Awareness As Determinants Of Euroskepticism, Andrea Stephanie Aldrich

Political Science Theses

This thesis seeks to explain Euroskeptic attitudes by examining the relationship between information and Euroskepticism and the role of Euroskepticism in the post-enlargement integration debate. Drawing upon data from the Eurobarometer survey series and the European Election Studies, this thesis tests the relationship between information and attitudes towards membership, the direction of integration, and voting. This analysis concludes the roles of knowledge and awareness have divergent influences on hard and soft Euroskepticism. While increased knowledge increases support for membership in the EU, increased awareness decreases support for the direction of integration. This conclusion suggests that knowledge initially informs individuals of ...


Religion, The Law And The Human Rights Of Women In The Middle East: A Quantitative Analysis, Tyra Murielle Bouhamdan Apr 2009

Religion, The Law And The Human Rights Of Women In The Middle East: A Quantitative Analysis, Tyra Murielle Bouhamdan

Political Science Theses

The human rights of women in The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) have been a subject of unresolved debate among sociologists, economists, and political scientists alike, as this region’s gender related human rights performance remains uniquely weaker compared to other geographic regions in the world. Most notably, the human rights of women in the region have been lagging in the area of family law. The following paper assesses gender inequity in the MENA region from a legal perspective, with a focus on family law and legal pluralism, and with the intent to shed light on domestic legal institutions ...


Women And The Democratic State: Agents Of Gender Policy Reform In The Context Of Regime Transition In Venezuela (1970-2007), Ines Nayhari Rojas Jan 2009

Women And The Democratic State: Agents Of Gender Policy Reform In The Context Of Regime Transition In Venezuela (1970-2007), Ines Nayhari Rojas

Political Science Dissertations

This study examined the process of gender policy reform. It sought to explain how and when gender policy reform has taken place in Venezuela across time. The study entailed observations of gender policy reform during specific periods of Punto Fijo democracy (1958-1998) characterized by democratic consolidation and deconsolidation, and during the transition towards a new type of hybrid democracy, the Chávez era (1999-2007). The policies considered were the ones addressing women’s equality at home and at work, reproductive rights, women’s economic rights, and political participation. The analysis showed that the likelihood of gender policy reform depends on the ...


Disaster Management In India: Analysis Of Factors Impacting Capacity Building, Bala Prasad Erramilli Dec 2008

Disaster Management In India: Analysis Of Factors Impacting Capacity Building, Bala Prasad Erramilli

Political Science Dissertations

Governments are responsible for administrative arrangements dealing with disasters. Effective policies play a vital role in mitigating the impact of disasters and reducing likely losses of life and property. Yet, it had been noted that such losses were increasing, raising questions about efficacy of government policies and the factors that made them effective. This study adopted a comparative method, responding to a long-standing demand of disaster research, for examining the record in India. There were noticeable differences among its states, with some having undertaken comprehensive reform in an all-hazards approach, while others continued with old policies. This research studied four ...


Domestic Capacities For Building Post-Conflict Peace, Erin Rachel Reed Nov 2008

Domestic Capacities For Building Post-Conflict Peace, Erin Rachel Reed

Political Science Theses

The existing democratization and peacebuilding literature often neglects the important role the domestic realm plays in post-conflict peacebuilding. To explain why some post-conflict peacebuilding operations have a greater likelihood of success than others, some scholars have examined the impact of factors such as international coordination, external donor interest, democratic sequencing, and hostility levels. This analysis focuses on domestic capacities for building peace in the aftermath of civil conflict in order to systematically explore the relationship between the domestic sphere and peacebuilding success. Using Sambanis and Doyle’s (2006) peacebuilding triangle model, new local capacities indexes will be created and tested.


Attaining Empowerment: The Potential Of Religious Social Capital In Microfinance Programs, John Wesley Eberhard Nov 2008

Attaining Empowerment: The Potential Of Religious Social Capital In Microfinance Programs, John Wesley Eberhard

Political Science Theses

Despite the remarkable success of microfinance programs in poverty alleviation, empowering the clients of these programs has proven elusive in many cases. Social capital is a commonly missing, or at least misused, asset within microfinance programs, which often leads to this outcome. Creating and fostering social capital will have a positive influence on empowering microfinance clients. The values espoused by certain Christian theologies can have a considerably positive impact on the creation and fostering of social capital. A Christian-oriented social capital also has the potential to alleviate the ills and correct the failures of a microfinance program’s intent to ...


Making Sense Of Village Politics In China: Institutions, Participation, And Governance, Xinsong Wang Aug 2008

Making Sense Of Village Politics In China: Institutions, Participation, And Governance, Xinsong Wang

Political Science Dissertations

How do democratic institutions function in authoritarian states? This study answers this question by examining the political institutions in rural China ¨C democratic elections of villagers committees and village oversight agencies. Using a nationwide survey on China¡¯s villager self-governance conducted in 2005 and in-depth case data collected in 2007 and 2008, this study finds that rural political institutions have significantly changed the political processes in China¡¯s countryside. The quality of village elections and the functioning of oversight agencies such as villager representative assemblies and financial supervision teams all have been crucial to affect the level of electoral participation ...


Administrative Law Judge Decision Making In A Political Environment, 1991 - 2007, Cole Donovan Taratoot Jun 2008

Administrative Law Judge Decision Making In A Political Environment, 1991 - 2007, Cole Donovan Taratoot

Political Science Dissertations

Unelected bureaucrats make a broad range of important policy decisions raising concerns of accountability in a democratic society. Many classics in the literature highlight the need to understand agency decisions at stages prior to the final vote by agency appointees, but few studies of the bureaucracy do so. To this point, scholars have treated the issue of shirking as one where laziness and inefficiency are the driving forces. However, it is more realistic to expect that shirking comes in the form of ideological resistance by administrators. I develop a theory that the independence afforded to the bureaucracy is functionally comparable ...


The Party, The Oil Companies, And Energy Security: Who Determines Chinese Policy?, Yuanyuan Ding Apr 2008

The Party, The Oil Companies, And Energy Security: Who Determines Chinese Policy?, Yuanyuan Ding

Political Science Theses

China is today the third largest importer of crude oil in the world. Since 1993 when the country’s consumption of oil first exceeded the capacity of its domestic production, China has become a net importer and has witnessed a growing appetite for oil during the past decade. Energy security has been given enormous emphasis in the country’s foreign policy making, and is believed to be one of the most important components of China’s foreign policy in the 21st century. While enough ink has been spilled on the assessment of what China’s energy security policy looks like ...


Voting: Is It Just For Old People?, Precious D. Hall Apr 2008

Voting: Is It Just For Old People?, Precious D. Hall

Political Science Theses

In 2004, the clothing retailer Urban Outfitters sold a t-shirt with the slogan, “Voting is for Old People”. Did Urban Outfitters step over the line, or were they a reflection of the sate of our democracy and the demographics of current voters? Many organizations have developed to combat the problem of low youth voter turnout and disengagement. One of the most well-known organizations is Rock the Vote. In its 18 year existence, has youth turnout increased? Have their efforts been futile or on the other side, have they been successful in paving the way for the youth to demand attention ...


Liberty, Equality And Fairness: A Study Of Citizen Participation In Federal Agency Rulemaking, Thomas E. Engram Apr 2008

Liberty, Equality And Fairness: A Study Of Citizen Participation In Federal Agency Rulemaking, Thomas E. Engram

Political Science Dissertations

This study examines individual-level citizen participation in the notice and comment component of federal agency rulemaking. It focuses on characteristics of individual participants ascertained through a survey mailed to 400 actual commenters. Survey data is used to evaluate the representativeness of these participants to the general public. Also, the compatible of citizen participation in rulemaking with the democratic ideals of liberty, equality, and fairness is evaluated, along with potential consequences of proposed reforms.


International Actors, Norms And Human Development, Amanda L. Moll Jan 2008

International Actors, Norms And Human Development, Amanda L. Moll

Political Science Theses

A number of international humanitarian organizations focus on human development and aim to improve the situation of children. In many developing countries, states have not been able to fulfill the educational or basic needs of its children. To fill this void, international actors have stepped in to help with human development. This thesis focuses on answering the question: How are norms diffused to local communities? Looking at the implementation of human development norms, this paper examines the norms-based actions that NGOs take to maximize the development potential of children. Programs aimed at increasing basic education as well as fighting child ...