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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Story Of Property: Meditations On Gentrification, Renaming, And Possibility, Rachel Brahinsky Jan 2020

The Story Of Property: Meditations On Gentrification, Renaming, And Possibility, Rachel Brahinsky

Politics

Property is a story. We assign land and resources legal status, and we narrate this as ownership and power. The interlocking loans, credit, and debt from which housing markets are compiled are built through narratives about value and its origins. The urban landscape, which is made by those markets, is produced through a confluence of human decisions, made with information about conditions and access. This information is based in stories—stories about what will sell, whether risk is viable, and what constitutes risk itself. These interlocking stories produce processes such as gentrification, one of the key contemporary challenges of booming ...


Managing Budgets During Fiscal Stress: Lessons For Local Government Officials, Jeremy M. Goldberg, Max Neiman Jan 2014

Managing Budgets During Fiscal Stress: Lessons For Local Government Officials, Jeremy M. Goldberg, Max Neiman

McCarthy Center Student Scholarship

Like many local governments across the nation, cities and counties in California were impacted heavily by recent economic problems. This report examines what happened to local California government revenues during this period, which services have been adjusted, how employee benefits have been treated, and what innovations have been introduced.

The report is based on both a web-based survey of 245 California city government officials and face-to-face interviews with chief financial officers in most of the state’s major cities (Sacramento, San Francisco, San Jose, Oakland, Riverside, Pasadena and Los Angeles). The authors write, “There has always been much interest in ...


Sheltering Xenophobia, Ronald Sundstrom Mar 2013

Sheltering Xenophobia, Ronald Sundstrom

Philosophy

What is xenophobia? Why is xenophobia immoral? How is xenophobia’s conceptual and moral meaning diminished? Investigations of these questions would invigorate xenophobia as a topic in public morality and discourage the public’s acquiesc- ing to xenophobia’s new prominence. This paper focuses on the third question, the diminishment of xenophobia. In the first sec- tion, I outline a general conception of xenophobia. In the second, I explain how theories of membership in liberal democratic soci- eties relegate xenophobia to a minor moral concern. And, in the third, that the conflation of xenophobia with racism disadvantages the former. How ...


A Case Study: Achieving Cultural Equity Through The Lens Of Kingdon, Maria X. Martinez Jan 2013

A Case Study: Achieving Cultural Equity Through The Lens Of Kingdon, Maria X. Martinez

McCarthy Center Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


In The Shadow Of Du Bois: Afro-Modern Political Thought In America. By Robert Gooding- Williams. (Cambridge, Ma: Harvard University Press, 2009)., Ronald Sundstrom May 2012

In The Shadow Of Du Bois: Afro-Modern Political Thought In America. By Robert Gooding- Williams. (Cambridge, Ma: Harvard University Press, 2009)., Ronald Sundstrom

Philosophy

Robert Gooding-Williams’s In The Shadow of Du Bois: Afro Modern Political Thought In America offers several contributions to political theory and African American philosophy and politics.1 His conception of “Afro-Modern Politics” sharpens our understanding of the history and tradition of African American political thought, and his analyses of W.E.B. Du Bois’s The Souls of Blacks Folks and Frederick Douglass’s My Bondage and My Freedom adds to and challenges various debates about their politics and legacies.2 Gooding-Williams applies the insights from his comparative analysis of Du Bois and Douglass to distinguish a conception of ...


The California Political Precinct Index: A Detailed Tool To Help Understand California Politics (Update For 2012), David Latterman Jan 2012

The California Political Precinct Index: A Detailed Tool To Help Understand California Politics (Update For 2012), David Latterman

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Landslide: The “Obama Surge” And The Future Of California Politics, Corey Cook, David Latterman Jan 2012

Landslide: The “Obama Surge” And The Future Of California Politics, Corey Cook, David Latterman

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

The 2008 presidential election in California resulted in a landslide of historic proportions. Barack Obama’s victory, fueled as it was by 2.1 million firsttime voters, seemingly portends a realignment in California. At the same time, outside the presidential election, the results in 2008 were well within the norms of California politics. Utilizing an original dataset, we unravel this conundrum by examining whether these “surge voters” were substantially different from habitual voters, whether they have stayed engaged in electoral politics, and what might that tell us about the future partisan and political alignment in California?


Forecasts For A Fairer Future, Wanjiru Kamau-Rutenberg Jan 2012

Forecasts For A Fairer Future, Wanjiru Kamau-Rutenberg

Politics

A system delivering weather details via short message service (SMS) to farmers in Kenya makes use of traditional and modern forecasting methods, alerting them to periods of heavy rain or drought. The IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC), a climate research institute representing seven east African countries, is working on a system using cell phones to help farmers address the negative impacts of climate change. The new system makes use of the Nganyi's traditional forecasting techniques combined with data from the Kenya Meteorological Department (KMD). KMD staff compile the resulting information and enter it into a database. The ...


From 1994 To 2011: Are San Francisco Commissions More Representative?, Maria X. Martinez, Esin Nacar, Aimee Nichols Jan 2012

From 1994 To 2011: Are San Francisco Commissions More Representative?, Maria X. Martinez, Esin Nacar, Aimee Nichols

McCarthy Center Student Scholarship

No abstract provided.


Bay Area Survey: Public Attitudes About The Economy, Government And Public Policy (June 2011), University Of San Francisco, Leo T. Mccarthy Center For Public Service And The Common Good Jan 2011

Bay Area Survey: Public Attitudes About The Economy, Government And Public Policy (June 2011), University Of San Francisco, Leo T. Mccarthy Center For Public Service And The Common Good

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

SURVEY OVERVIEW The Leo T McCarthy Center for Public Service and the Common Good launched its inaugural Bay Area Regional Survey in June 2011. The Center interviewed nearly 1,200 respondents over the age of 18 in eight Bay Area counties to get the current pulse of San Francisco and the Bay Area on a range of important issues.

In this first McCarthy Center survey, a baseline of opinions is established so that regional changes in perception can be measured over time. Included are such topics as concern over the economy, pension reform, and other public policy issues, and overall ...


Ranked Choice Voting In The 2011 San Francisco Municipal Election: Final Report, Corey Cook, David Latterman Jan 2011

Ranked Choice Voting In The 2011 San Francisco Municipal Election: Final Report, Corey Cook, David Latterman

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

We present here a final analysis of voters’ usage of the ranked choice ballot in the 2011 San Francisco Municipal Election. Unlike our previous report, which concentrated primarily on political outcomes, this paper focuses on voters’ usage of the ballot and tendencies to overvote, undervote, and rank candidates for three citywide offices: Sheriff, District Attorney, and Mayor. This study combines individual ballot records with county voter file data to allow for a systematic analysis of the relationship between various demographic factors and variations in observed voting behaviors. Additional data are presented in the appendix, including voter turnout by neighborhood in ...


Bay Citizen/University Of San Francisco Survey Findings Memo (Amended) October 2011, University Of San Francisco, Leo T. Mccarthy Center For Public Service And The Common Good Jan 2011

Bay Citizen/University Of San Francisco Survey Findings Memo (Amended) October 2011, University Of San Francisco, Leo T. Mccarthy Center For Public Service And The Common Good

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

The Leo T. McCarthy Center for Public Service and the Common Good at the University of San Francisco, in partnership with The Bay Citizen launched its inaugural municipal election survey in October 2011 to offer an objective and independent analysis of the state of the election. The poll represents a unique snapshot in time and offers statistically significant information about likely voters interviewed at the time of the survey. It is not intended to be, nor is it capable of being, predictive of the November election. This report presents the responses of the 551 persons surveyed. The margin of error ...


November 2011 Proposition Results And Pvi Corelations, David Latterman Jan 2011

November 2011 Proposition Results And Pvi Corelations, David Latterman

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

No abstract provided.


November 2011 Preliminary Rcv Analysis, David Latterman, Corey Cook Jan 2011

November 2011 Preliminary Rcv Analysis, David Latterman, Corey Cook

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

We present here an initial RCV analysis of the 2011 San Francisco Sheriff, District Attorney, and Mayor race. For each race, we examine the first choice by second choice voting patterns, the frequency of slates, and the number of times a candidate is on a ballot, which is useful measure of candidate performance. We also show maps for each race's winner, with a few ethnic and Progressive Voter Index (PVI) correlations when noteworthy.

For the first time, we are also able to present cross-contest analyses at the individual voter level. The city’s ballot images maintain consistent voter identification ...


San Benito County And California's Geopolitical Fault Lines, Corey Cook, David Latterman Jan 2011

San Benito County And California's Geopolitical Fault Lines, Corey Cook, David Latterman

McCarthy Center Faculty and Staff Scholarship

Over the past decade San Benito County has emerged as California’s textbook bellwether county, narrowly mirroring statewide election results on ballot measures and statewide candidate races. San Benito’s uncanny predictive power suggests the importance of California emerging political geography as it straddles the major political fault lines of the state. Neither northern nor southern, neither coastal nor inland, and neither urban nor rural, San Benito illustrates the broad geographic forces shaping contemporary California politics.


India In 2010: Robust Economics Amid Political Stasis, Shalendra Sharma Jan 2011

India In 2010: Robust Economics Amid Political Stasis, Shalendra Sharma

Politics

The Congress Party, although in a strong position to improve matters in 2010, generally proved disappointing, especially in the realm of governance and public policy. However, Indian authorities did demonstrate the ability to manage the economy well in a challenging international economic climate. President Obama’s three-day trip helped to reinvigorate bilateral ties, but India’s relations with China and Pakistan remained testy.


India In 2009: Global Financial Crisis And Congress Revival, Shalendra Sharma Jan 2010

India In 2009: Global Financial Crisis And Congress Revival, Shalendra Sharma

Politics

The past year was a momentous one for India. The country navigated through the shoals of an unprecedented global financial crisis with only modest negative impact, and successfully continued the world’s largest exercise in democracy. The 15th general election in April-May 2009 saw the venerable Congress Party return to power with a large mandate. On the external front, although ties between India and the Obama administration have been friendly, real concerns remain about the future trajectory of Indo-U.S. relations. Relations with Pakistan and China also remain testy.


Race And Place: Social Space In The Production Of Human Kinds, Ronald Sundstrom Jan 2006

Race And Place: Social Space In The Production Of Human Kinds, Ronald Sundstrom

Philosophy

Recent discussions of human categories have suffered from an over emphasis on intention and language, and have not paid enough attention to the role of material conditions, and, specifically, of social space in the construction of human categories. The relationship between human categories and social spaces is vital, especially with the categories of class, race, and gender. This paper argues that social space is not merely the consequent of the division of the world into social categories; it is constitutive of social categories. To put it more bluntly, if who we are is bound up with place, then not only ...


Resolving Sovereign Debt: Collective Action Clauses Or The Sovereign Debt Restructuring Mechanism, Shalendra Sharma Jan 2004

Resolving Sovereign Debt: Collective Action Clauses Or The Sovereign Debt Restructuring Mechanism, Shalendra Sharma

Politics

When sovereign debt restructuring or debt reduction becomes unavoidable, what is the appropriate regime that can provide for an orderly restructuring, while at the same time protecting the rights of both creditors and the debtor? The recent wave of sovereign default has underscored the limits of the current market-based regime. Recently two alternative approaches propose a "contractual approach" by way of the introduction of collective action clauses (CAC) in bond contracts, and a "statutory approach" put forward by the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which calls for the establishment of an international debt restructuring mechanism (called the sovereign debt restructuring mechanism ...


A National Crisis Or Localized Problems? Getting Perspective On The Scope And Scale Of The Teacher Shortage, Patrick Murphy, Michael Dearmond, Kacey Guin Jan 2003

A National Crisis Or Localized Problems? Getting Perspective On The Scope And Scale Of The Teacher Shortage, Patrick Murphy, Michael Dearmond, Kacey Guin

Politics

Despite the considerable attention the popular press has devoted to the question of teacher shortages, there have been surprisingly few attempts to systematically measure the size and nature of the problem. This article attempts to estimate the size and nature of the celebrated teacher shortage of the late 1990s by using data from the U.S. Department of Education’s 1999-00 School and Staffing Survey. While limitations of the SASS data do not allow us to directly estimate the absolute size of the shortage, they do allow us investigate its relative impact. An examination of the data shows that the ...


Encountering Latin American And Caribbean Feminisms, Sonia E. Alvarez, Elisabeth Jay Friedman, Ericka Beckman, Maylei Blackwell, Norma Stoltz Chinchilla, Nathalie Lebon, Marysa Navarro, Marcela Ríos Tobar Jan 2003

Encountering Latin American And Caribbean Feminisms, Sonia E. Alvarez, Elisabeth Jay Friedman, Ericka Beckman, Maylei Blackwell, Norma Stoltz Chinchilla, Nathalie Lebon, Marysa Navarro, Marcela Ríos Tobar

Politics

This article examines the Latin American and Caribbean Feminist Encuentros as critical transnational sites for the collective re-imagining of feminist politics in the region. Paying special attention to the most recent regional gathering, held in Juan Dolio, Dominican Republic in 1999, we analyze the major political and philosophical debates that have emerged during twenty years of Encuentros: 1) shifting conceptions of movement "autonomy" and feminisms' relationship to the larger women's movement and to other actors in civil and political society, the State, and international institutions; 2) controversies generated by the movements' recurrent "crises of inclusion" and "crises of expansion ...


Assessing The Third Transition In Latin American Democratization: Representational Regimes And Civil Society In Argentina And Brazil, Elisabeth Jay Friedman, Kathryn Hochstetler Jan 2002

Assessing The Third Transition In Latin American Democratization: Representational Regimes And Civil Society In Argentina And Brazil, Elisabeth Jay Friedman, Kathryn Hochstetler

Politics

Recent political and economic transitions in Latin America have shaped a third transition in the nature of civil society and democratic representation. The conceptual territory of democratic representational regimes can be mapped out in four theoretical patterns of state-society relations: adversarial, delegative, deliberative, and cooptive. A comparison of representational regimes in state-society relations in Argentina and Brazil shows a shift in civil society towards organization in nongovernmental organizations, in addition to social movements. Despite this common characteristic, the different emerging representational regimes in these two countries carry different implications for the quality of democracy.


Sovereign Limits And Regional Opportunities For Global Civil Society In Latin America, Elisabeth Jay Friedman, Kathryn Hochstetler, Ann Marie Clark Jan 2001

Sovereign Limits And Regional Opportunities For Global Civil Society In Latin America, Elisabeth Jay Friedman, Kathryn Hochstetler, Ann Marie Clark

Politics

In this article, we evaluate whether Latin American participation in international arenas reinforces traditional divides between state and society in global politics or transforms state-society relations in ways compatible with the concept of global civil society. We examine the participation and interaction of Latin American nongovernmental organizations and states at three recent United Nations conferences: the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development, the 1993 World Conference on Human Rights, and the 1995 Fourth World Conference on Women. We conclude that Latin Americans are full participants in any emerging global civil society. Their experiences at the 1990s issue conferences closely ...


Constructing The New International Financial Architecture: What Role For The Imf?, Shalendra Sharma Jan 2000

Constructing The New International Financial Architecture: What Role For The Imf?, Shalendra Sharma

Politics

No abstract provided.


Avoiding Politics: How Americans Produce Apathy In Everyday Life By Nina Eliasoph, Joshua Gamson Jan 1999

Avoiding Politics: How Americans Produce Apathy In Everyday Life By Nina Eliasoph, Joshua Gamson

Sociology

No abstract provided.


Paradoxes Of Gendered Political Opportunity In The Venezuelan Transition To Democracy, Elisabeth Jay Friedman Jan 1998

Paradoxes Of Gendered Political Opportunity In The Venezuelan Transition To Democracy, Elisabeth Jay Friedman

Politics

No abstract provided.


News As A Political Resource: Media Strategies And Political Identity In The U.S. Women's Movement, 1966-1975, Bernadette Barker-Plummer Jan 1995

News As A Political Resource: Media Strategies And Political Identity In The U.S. Women's Movement, 1966-1975, Bernadette Barker-Plummer

Media Studies

This paper discusses news as a political resource for social movements. Specifically, the paper elaborates a conceptualization of news as a discursive resource, and suggests a dialogical model for media‐movement relationships. The paper then uses this framework to investigate the interactions with news media of U.S. women's movement groups. It describes how the two “branches” of the women's movement understood news differently and developed quite different and specific strategies which are called media pragmatism and media subversion. The study raises questions not only about what kind of resource news might be, and to whom it might ...


Markets And States In Development: India's Reformers And The East Asian Experience, Shalendra Sharma Jan 1993

Markets And States In Development: India's Reformers And The East Asian Experience, Shalendra Sharma

Politics

No abstract provided.