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Selected Works

1999

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 30 of 56

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The Effects Of Negative Political Advertisements: A Meta-Analytic Assessment, Richard Lau, Lee Sigelman, Caroline Heldman, Paul Babbitt Nov 1999

The Effects Of Negative Political Advertisements: A Meta-Analytic Assessment, Richard Lau, Lee Sigelman, Caroline Heldman, Paul Babbitt

Caroline Heldman

The conventional wisdom about negative political advertisements holds that no one likes them, but they work, that is, they have the consequences their sponsors intend. Moreover, many analysts have expressed concern over the detrimental effects of such negativism on the American political system. We examine the accuracy of the conventional wisdom and the legitimacy of the fears about the consequences for the political system via meta-analysis, a systematic, quantitative review of the literature. The data do not support either contention. Negative political ads appear to be no more effective than positive ads and do not seem to have especially detrimental ...


Indonesia In Transition: People And Events, Jonathan Ping Nov 1999

Indonesia In Transition: People And Events, Jonathan Ping

Jonathan H. Ping

No abstract provided.


Symbolic Realism In Rwanda: The Untampered Evidence Of Genocide, Sherrie Steiner Sep 1999

Symbolic Realism In Rwanda: The Untampered Evidence Of Genocide, Sherrie Steiner

Sherrie M Steiner

No abstract provided.


Political Communication Through Art: Fdr And The New Deal, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Aug 1999

Political Communication Through Art: Fdr And The New Deal, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Statecraft: Indonesia In Crisis, Jonathan Ping May 1999

Statecraft: Indonesia In Crisis, Jonathan Ping

Jonathan H. Ping

No abstract provided.


Executive Orders And Presidential Power, Kenneth R. Mayer May 1999

Executive Orders And Presidential Power, Kenneth R. Mayer

Kenneth R Mayer

This article reassesses the current paradigm of the presidential studies literature, which holds that presidents have limited capacity to act unilaterally or make policy decisions on their own. I explore how presidents have used executive orders as a way of implementing significant policies unilaterally.


Review Of Ross Mallick, Development, Ethnicity And Human Rights In South Asia, Anthony Chase Apr 1999

Review Of Ross Mallick, Development, Ethnicity And Human Rights In South Asia, Anthony Chase

Anthony Chase

No abstract provided.


Opinión Pública Y Comunicación Política: El Doble Flujo De La Comunicación Revisitado, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux Apr 1999

Opinión Pública Y Comunicación Política: El Doble Flujo De La Comunicación Revisitado, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


The Mobilization Of Campaign Activists By The Party Canvass, Peter Wielhouwer Mar 1999

The Mobilization Of Campaign Activists By The Party Canvass, Peter Wielhouwer

Peter W. Wielhouwer

This research examines the role of the personal contacting activities of the political parties as mobilizing forces in what Verba and Nie termed campaign activities. A reformulated rational choice model is discussed in which parties seek to reduce certain avoidable and unavoidable costs associated with political participation. Using data from the 1952 through 1994 American National Election Studies, it is shown that the party contact has been and continues to be a major factor in mobilizing campaign activists. Its influence is remarkably robust, maintaining statistical and substantive significance even after controlling for other important factors usually associated with political behavior.


Transforming Policies Into Persuasive Visual Images: Art And Fdr, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard Mar 1999

Transforming Policies Into Persuasive Visual Images: Art And Fdr, Donna R. Hoffman, Alison D. Howard

Alison Dana Howard

No abstract available


Toward Universal Human Rights And The Rule Of Law: The Permanent International Criminal Court, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Arik Preis Mar 1999

Toward Universal Human Rights And The Rule Of Law: The Permanent International Criminal Court, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Arik Preis

Giulio M Gallarotti

A permanent international criminal court (ICC) was created by an international treaty signed on July 17, 1998 in Rome. This article is an analysis of the newly created ICC. In it we explore both the institutional weaknesses and strengths of the Court, as well as the sea of political realities within which the Court must navigate, and which ultimately will determine its effectiveness. Finally, we analyze the impact (i.e., advantages and disadvantages) of the Court on the U.S. national interest. As a nation which has the capacity to play a preponderant role in making the ICC either effective ...


Sanctions, U.S. Policy And The Caspian Basin, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Peter Rutland Jan 1999

Sanctions, U.S. Policy And The Caspian Basin, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Peter Rutland

Giulio M Gallarotti

No abstract provided.


Politics, International Justice, And The United States: Toward A Permanent International Criminal Court, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Arik Preis Jan 1999

Politics, International Justice, And The United States: Toward A Permanent International Criminal Court, Giulio M. Gallarotti, Arik Preis

Giulio M Gallarotti

At an address at Carleton University in 1995 Secretary General of the United Nations Boutros Boutros-Ghali declared the need for a “renaissance of international law” as nations face the new challenges of the post-Cold War world. According to Ghali, it is only through international law that the world can “secure a basis for cooperation” and “a lasting foundation for peace.”1 Aspirations for the realization of this lofty rhetoric have centered on the creation of a permanent international criminal court (PICC). The sentiment for a PICC emanates from dissatisfaction with the prevailing practice of international criminal law. Supporters of the ...


Project Appraisal For The Keynesian Investment Planner, Greg Hill Jan 1999

Project Appraisal For The Keynesian Investment Planner, Greg Hill

Greg Hill

This paper outlines a theory of project appraisal wherein the neoclassical premises of conventional cost-benefit analysis are replaced by their Keynesian counterparts. The paper shows how the social rate of return on investment, the private and social rates of discount, and other concepts used in cost-benefit analysis may be modified to take account of the income externalities generated by the multiplier, mark-up pricing, and the causal priority of investment over saving.


Las Comisiones Y La Pirámide: La Recentralización Conflictiva Del Poder En El Ife, Andreas Schedler Jan 1999

Las Comisiones Y La Pirámide: La Recentralización Conflictiva Del Poder En El Ife, Andreas Schedler

Andreas Schedler

Mexico’s Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) suffers from a dualistic and ambiguous internal structure. On the one hand, the electoral codes confers considerable powers to the Institute’s administrative organs. On the other hand, it endows the General Council, IFE’s superior body of governance and oversight, with legal responsibilities so fundamental, comprehensive, and open that they tend to subvert administrative autonomy. According to the institutionalist interpretation offered in the present essay (on the basis of a series of open-ended interviews with leading representatives of the Institute), the General Council tries to resolve these structural contradictions to its benefit by ...


Nation: Making Indonesia, Robert Cribb Jan 1999

Nation: Making Indonesia, Robert Cribb

Robert Cribb

No abstract provided.


The Limits Of Cultural Pluralism: An Israeli Perspective, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Jan 1999

The Limits Of Cultural Pluralism: An Israeli Perspective, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

The primary aims of this paper are (a) to examine the importance of cultural norms and what part they play in requiring us to tolerate others out of respect, and (b) to formulate some guidelines designed to prescribe boundaries to liberty and tolerance conducive to safeguard the rights of individuals and, in turn, democracy. I argue that a liberal democracy can interfere in the business of its sub-cultures when some cultural norms subvert the basic principles upon which a liberal society is founded. Here I address, inter alia, the issues of female circumcision, murder for family honour, and blood feuds ...


La Universidad Latinoamericana En La Encrucijada Del Siglo Xxi, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 1999

La Universidad Latinoamericana En La Encrucijada Del Siglo Xxi, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Con el propósito de discernir las tendencias de cambio en los sistemas de educación superior de la región latinoamericana, en este trabajo se pasa revista a las principales dinámicas de cambio que se han derivado de las relaciones entre los modelos de desarrollo económico, las modalidades de régimen político y las propuestas de reforma de la enseñanza superior. La revisión comprende las décadas de los años ochenta y noventa del siglo XX, y, a manera de comentario final, se proponen algunos retos que, a juicio del autor, se perfilan en el panorama de las instituciones y de los sistemas nacionales ...


Género Y Políticas De Educación Superior En México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez Jan 1999

Género Y Políticas De Educación Superior En México, Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Roberto Rodríguez-Gómez

Las políticas de la educación superior en México y el género son, desde luego, un tema complejo, que ofrece varias y diversas posibilidades de aproximación, entre otras: ¿cuáles han sido las líneas de política pública en el ámbito de la educación superior proyectadas desde un enfoque de género?, ¿cuáles son los efectos de las políticas educativas gubernamentales sobre las oportunidades de acceso y promoción en la enseñanza superior?, ¿de qué manera se intersectan las políticas específicas que están orientando cambios en la educación superior con las formas de desigualdad de género prevalecientes?, ¿hasta qué punto podemos discernir analíticamente las dinámicas ...


Second-Generation Islamists And The Future Of The Islamic Movements: A Response To Shaykh Rashid Ghannoushi, Muqtedar Khan Jan 1999

Second-Generation Islamists And The Future Of The Islamic Movements: A Response To Shaykh Rashid Ghannoushi, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This article is a dialogue with Shaykh Rashid Ghannoushi. It also develops and advances the concept of a Second Generation Islamist.


Medios De Comunicación Y Política. Un Estudio Del Efecto De Priming Durante Una Campaña Electoral, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux Jan 1999

Medios De Comunicación Y Política. Un Estudio Del Efecto De Priming Durante Una Campaña Electoral, Flavia Freidenberg, Orlando D'Adamo, Virginia García Beaudoux

Flavia Freidenberg

No abstract provided.


Winners, Losers And The Institutional Effects Of Privatization In The Czech And Slovak Republics, John A. Gould Jan 1999

Winners, Losers And The Institutional Effects Of Privatization In The Czech And Slovak Republics, John A. Gould

John A Gould

No abstract provided.


Tench Coxe And The Right To Keep And Bear Arms, 1787-1823, David B. Kopel Jan 1999

Tench Coxe And The Right To Keep And Bear Arms, 1787-1823, David B. Kopel

David B Kopel

Tench Coxe, a member of the second rank of this nation's Founders and a leading proponent of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights, wrote prolifically about the right to keep and bear arms. In this Article, the authors trace Coxe's story, from his early writings in support of the Constitution, through his years of public service, to his political writings in opposition to the presidential campaigns of John Adams and John Quincy Adams. The authors note that Coxe described the Second Amendment as guaranteeing an individual right, and believed that an individual right to bear arms was ...


Capital Social Y Democracia: Una Revisión Crítica De Robert Putnam, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Alejandra Ríos Cázares Jan 1999

Capital Social Y Democracia: Una Revisión Crítica De Robert Putnam, Julio Ríos-Figueroa, Alejandra Ríos Cázares

Julio Ríos-Figueroa

No abstract provided.


Carter And Human Rights, Robert Williams Dec 1998

Carter And Human Rights, Robert Williams

Robert E. Williams Jr.

No abstract provided.


Language And Arrogance: Problems With A Principle Of Justice, Mindy Peden Dec 1998

Language And Arrogance: Problems With A Principle Of Justice, Mindy Peden

Mindy Peden

No abstract provided.


The Alliance Party Of Northern Ireland And Power Sharing In A Divided Society, Allan Leonard Dec 1998

The Alliance Party Of Northern Ireland And Power Sharing In A Divided Society, Allan Leonard

Allan Leonard

The government of Northern Ireland from 1920 to 1972 represented a one-party government, or more appropriately, a segmental majority of unionism; Nationalist parties were perpetually unable to, as well as restricted from, achieving control of government. Political processes since then have been to compel Unionists to share power with others. There is more than one way to apply power sharing, with consociational (Lijphart 1977) or integrative (Horowitz 1985; 1991) elements. The result can be a more or less integrated society (Sisk 1996).

My thesis is that with the achievement of the 1998 Agreement, Alliance’s pursuit of a Northern Ireland-integrative ...


Transitional Adaptation: A Neoweberian Theory Of Ecologically-Based Social Change, Sherrie Steiner Dec 1998

Transitional Adaptation: A Neoweberian Theory Of Ecologically-Based Social Change, Sherrie Steiner

Sherrie M Steiner

This theory presents an explanation for why the transition to sustainability posits distinctive challenges to social change toward sustainability. Civilization collapse is most vulnerable during the transition process toward sustainability due to increasing environmental fluctuations from environmental degradation. Collaborative relations between civic volunteers and governing bodies is considered as an important factor for adapting to these increasing fluctuations.


How Nations Make Peace, Charles Kegley, Jr., Greg Raymond Dec 1998

How Nations Make Peace, Charles Kegley, Jr., Greg Raymond

Greg Raymond

No abstract provided.


The Legitimation Of Capitalism In The Postcommunist Transition: Public Opinion About Market Justice, 1991-1996, James Kluegel, David Mason, Bernd Wegener Dec 1998

The Legitimation Of Capitalism In The Postcommunist Transition: Public Opinion About Market Justice, 1991-1996, James Kluegel, David Mason, Bernd Wegener

David S. Mason

This paper examines change in economic justice attitudes in five former communist states (Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, eastern Germany, Hungary, and Russia), using data from opinion surveys conducted in 1991 and 1996. We examine the implications of theory and research concerning the popular legitimation of western capitalism for change in support for 'market justice' beliefs and norms among postcommunist publics. Our analyses show: first, that in the Czech Republic and eastern Germany, public opinion is moving closer to market justice as found in western capitalism, but socialist justice remains strong or is increasing in the other three countries; secondly, that ...