Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Political Science Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Selected Works

PDF

Discipline
Institution
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication

Articles 31 - 60 of 4633

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The End Of The Great Fiscal Compromise, Nathan B. Oman Sep 2019

The End Of The Great Fiscal Compromise, Nathan B. Oman

Nathan B. Oman

No abstract provided.


Aggregate Data Yields Biased Estimates Of Individual Voting Preferences, Corey Lang, Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz Sep 2019

Aggregate Data Yields Biased Estimates Of Individual Voting Preferences, Corey Lang, Shanna Pearson-Merkowitz

Corey Lang

Individual voting preferences are often estimated using aggregated voting data matched with census demographics. However, results from aggregate models may be biased due to two data issues that we examine in this paper: mismeasured voting population and omitted spatial variables. To assess bias, we use both Monte Carlo simulation and a case study regarding a statewide referendum for which we have collected aggregate data and individual exit poll data. We find large differences in regression estimates between aggregate and individual models, validate the two sources of bias, and conclude that using aggregate data could lead to incorrect assessment of efficiency ...


The Kahan Report, Ariel Sharon And The Sabra-Shatilla Massacres In Lebanon: Responsibility Under International Law For Massacres Of Civilian Populations, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

The Kahan Report, Ariel Sharon And The Sabra-Shatilla Massacres In Lebanon: Responsibility Under International Law For Massacres Of Civilian Populations, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


The Chernobyl Accident: A Case Study In International Law Regulating State Responsibility For Transboundary Nuclear Pollution, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

The Chernobyl Accident: A Case Study In International Law Regulating State Responsibility For Transboundary Nuclear Pollution, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Carter, Reagan, And Khomeini: Presidential Transitions And International Law, Nancy Amoury Combs Sep 2019

Carter, Reagan, And Khomeini: Presidential Transitions And International Law, Nancy Amoury Combs

Nancy Combs

No abstract provided.


El Reajuste De La Derecha Colombiana. El Éxito Electoral Del Uribismo, Laura Gamboa Gutiérrez Sep 2019

El Reajuste De La Derecha Colombiana. El Éxito Electoral Del Uribismo, Laura Gamboa Gutiérrez

Laura Gamboa

Objetivo/contexto: este artículo busca explicar el éxito electoral de Iván Duque en las elecciones de 2018. La victoria del candidato uribista es paradójica por dos razones. Primero, Duque hizo campaña contra el proceso de paz, uno de los logros más importantes en la historia reciente colombiana y un paso importante para reducir la violencia y fortalecer la democracia del país. Segundo, Duque era el candidato más inexperto de la derecha. Logró derrotar a políticos más visibles, con más trayectoria y mejor acceso a maquinarias electorales. Metodología: El texto presenta un estudio de caso que triangula información de fuentes primarias ...


Why Congress Does Not Challenge Judicial Supremacy, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Why Congress Does Not Challenge Judicial Supremacy, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

Members of Congress largely acquiesce to judicial supremacy both on constitutional and statutory interpretation questions. Lawmakers, however, do not formally embrace judicial supremacy; they rarely think about the courts when enacting legislation. This Article explains why this is so, focusing on why lawmakers have both strong incentive to acquiesce to judicial power and little incentive to advance a coherent view of congressional power. In particular, lawmakers are interested in advancing favored policies, winning reelection, and gaining personal power within Congress. Abstract questions of institutional power do not interest lawmakers and judicial defeats are seen as opportunities to find some other ...


Diminished Luster In Escambia County?, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Diminished Luster In Escambia County?, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Immature Citizens And The State, Vivian E. Hamilton Sep 2019

Immature Citizens And The State, Vivian E. Hamilton

Vivian E. Hamilton

Citizens are born, but they are also made. How its citizens come to be—whether the educations they receive will expand or constrain their future options, whether the values they assimilate will encourage or dissuade their civic engagement, etc.—fundamentally concerns the state. Through the power it wields over a vast range of policymaking contexts, the state can significantly influence (or designate those who will influence) many of the formative experiences of young citizens. Young citizens’ accumulated experiences in turn can significantly influence the future mature citizens they will become. The state insufficiently considers the cumulative nature of its citizens ...


The 1965 Voting Rights Act: Some Wrongs Still Not Righted, Neal Devins Sep 2019

The 1965 Voting Rights Act: Some Wrongs Still Not Righted, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Bearing False Witness: The Clinton Impeachment And The Future Of Academic Freedom, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Bearing False Witness: The Clinton Impeachment And The Future Of Academic Freedom, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


A Loss Of Control: Privilege Cases Diminish Presidential Power, Neal Devins Sep 2019

A Loss Of Control: Privilege Cases Diminish Presidential Power, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


The Senate: Out Of Order?, Aaron-Andrew P. Bruhl Sep 2019

The Senate: Out Of Order?, Aaron-Andrew P. Bruhl

Aaron-Andrew P. Bruhl

Due to the routine use of the filibuster and related devices, today’s Senate operates as a supermajoritarian body. This Symposium Article considers whether this supermajoritarian aspect of the Senate renders it dysfunctional and, if so, what can be done about it. I contend that the Senate is indeed broken. Its current supermajoritarian features have pernicious effects. Further, and contrary to the claims of many of the Senate’s defenders, this aspect of the Senate is not part of the original design. I go on to explain why the Senate’s procedures, despite their deficiencies, have nonetheless proven resistant to ...


Civil Society Engagement In Free Trade Negotiations: Cafta Opposition Movements In El Salvador, Rose J. Spalding Sep 2019

Civil Society Engagement In Free Trade Negotiations: Cafta Opposition Movements In El Salvador, Rose J. Spalding

Rose J. Spalding

This article analyzes civil society participation in the free trade debate by focusing on networks that opposed the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA) in El Salvador. Drawing on documents, observations, and semi-structured interviews with civil society leaders, two kinds of opposition coalitions are identified. “Critic negotiators,” emphasizing active engagement and policy research, used the limited participation space opened by authorities to push for reform. “Transgressive resisters,” repudiating the formal consultation process, deployed confrontational tactics and posed more fundamental challenges. This work uses social movement theory to explore coalition resource mobilization, the role of movement entrepreneurs, strategic decision-making, mechanisms linking ...


Who Does The Dying?: 'Martial Races' And War Time Unit Deployment In The Indian Army, Ammon Frederick Harteis Sep 2019

Who Does The Dying?: 'Martial Races' And War Time Unit Deployment In The Indian Army, Ammon Frederick Harteis

Ammon Frederick Harteis

During the Second World War, the Indian Army held back units and soldiers that were not from the so-called “martial races” from frontline combat service. The British “martial races” theory held that only a small number of communities in India were fit for military service and people from all “non-martial” communities should be excluded from the Army. Has the Indian Army, after gaining independence from British leadership, contended the Second World War practice of deploying “martial” units in combat while assigning “non-martial” units to non-combat roles? It has been conclusively demonstrated that “martial race” groups have contended to be overrepresented ...


Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity Lilliana Mason, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2018, Pp. 192., David A. M. Peterson Sep 2019

Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity Lilliana Mason, Chicago: University Of Chicago Press, 2018, Pp. 192., David A. M. Peterson

David A. M. Peterson

Lilliana Mason's Uncivil Agreement: How Politics Became Our Identity is easily the best book on American politics I have read in years. I mean this in two important ways. First, the book tackles what may be the most pressing question in politics: Why has the American public become increasing polarized? The answer—that the increasing overlap between identities changes the way that citizens see themselves and others—provides a clear understanding of polarization. But this is not only an important book, it is a good book. Mason constructs a careful argument, grounded in social psychology, and each chapter in ...


Debunking Human Prejudice And Blindness, Peter J. Li Sep 2019

Debunking Human Prejudice And Blindness, Peter J. Li

Peter J. Li, PhD

Human prejudice and blindness to animal suffering are shocking. Despite their differences in culture, politics, and religious beliefs, humans have one thing in common. They see nonhuman animals as inferior and have since time immemorial assumed a dominant position in an asymmetrical human-animal relationship. When it comes to human-animal relations, there is no “clash of civilizations.” Human prejudice and blindness are predicated on “common sense assumptions” about the natural world and nonhuman animals in particular. Marino & Merskin’s review is part of the growing effort to debunk the assumptions that have shaped human actions so as to end the injustice ...


Bridging The International Law-International Relations Divide: Taking Stock Of Progress, Adam C. Irish, Charlotte Ku, Paul F. Diehl Sep 2019

Bridging The International Law-International Relations Divide: Taking Stock Of Progress, Adam C. Irish, Charlotte Ku, Paul F. Diehl

Charlotte Ku

No abstract provided.


Countering Violent Extremism In Trinidad And Tobago: An Evaluation, Daniel P. Aldrich, Raghunath Mahabir Sep 2019

Countering Violent Extremism In Trinidad And Tobago: An Evaluation, Daniel P. Aldrich, Raghunath Mahabir

Daniel P Aldrich

Much research has focused on explaining the very high rate of radicalization among a small number of Caribbean island nations. This paper instead investigates the history and current status of countering violent extremism policies in Trinidad and Tobago, focusing on government, international partners, and local NGO programming in the field. Through an analysis of extended interviews with grassroots organizations, politicians, and members of the security administration alongside a desk review of existing literature and evaluations of CVE programming, we seek to illuminate gaps between official policies and actual, on the ground practices. While authorities in Trinidad and Tobago have recognized ...


From The Streets To The Chamber: Social Movements And The Mining Ban In El Salvador, Rose J. Spalding Aug 2019

From The Streets To The Chamber: Social Movements And The Mining Ban In El Salvador, Rose J. Spalding

Rose J. Spalding

Following an extended anti-mining campaign, El Salvador became the first country to adopt a legal ban on all forms of metallic mining. This article uses process tracing to map direct, indirect and mediated linkages between the anti-mining mobilization and the formal adoption of a mining prohibition by the national legislature in 2017. It draws on 78 interviews with campaign activists, legislators, government officials, business leaders and legal teams, and combines this information with legislative documents and reports, public opinion data, legal documents from an investment dispute filed against the Salvadoran government, and blogs and website of the Mesa Nacional Frente ...


Los Empresarios Y El Estado Posrevolucionaria: El Reordenamiento De Las Elites Y La Nueva Estrategia De Colaboración En Nicaragua, Rose J. Spalding Aug 2019

Los Empresarios Y El Estado Posrevolucionaria: El Reordenamiento De Las Elites Y La Nueva Estrategia De Colaboración En Nicaragua, Rose J. Spalding

Rose J. Spalding

This study examines the political processes that affected the reconfiguration of the economic elite in Nicaragua during the 1980s and 1990s, and documents the changing patterns of relations between businessmen and the State after the return to power of Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega in 2007. Based on documents and interviews with representatives of COSEP, the Government and NGOs, this article traces the rise and fall of the factions of the traditional elite during the Sandinista Revolution and analyzes the impact of market reform on emerging dynamics during the post-revolutionary transitions that followed. These experiences help explain the new strategy of ...


El Sistema Alimentario Mexicano: Ascenso Y Decadencia, Rose J. Spalding Aug 2019

El Sistema Alimentario Mexicano: Ascenso Y Decadencia, Rose J. Spalding

Rose J. Spalding

No abstract provided.


Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang Aug 2019

Politics, Identity, And Class Certification On The U.S. Courts Of Appeals, Stephen B. Burbank, Sean Farhang

Sean Farhang

This article draws on novel data and presents the results of the first empirical analysis of how potentially salient characteristics of Court of Appeals judges influence precedential lawmaking on class certification under Rule 23. We find that the partisan composition of the panel (measured by the party of the appointing president) has a very strong association with certification outcomes, with all-Democratic panels having more than double the certification rate of all-Republican panels in precedential cases. We also find that the presence of one African American on a panel, and the presence of two females (but not one), is associated with ...


Définition De Guerre Civile.Pdf, Rachid Elaïdi Aug 2019

Définition De Guerre Civile.Pdf, Rachid Elaïdi

Rachid ELAÏDI

il y a toujours un début à une guerre civile mais jamais une fin ,à condition que l'Etat en question est le même ,en comportement politique,en réaction...


Political Science 202 Introduction To International Relations Syllabus Spring 2019, Dale Gardner Aug 2019

Political Science 202 Introduction To International Relations Syllabus Spring 2019, Dale Gardner

Dale Gardner

This is a sample syllabus for Political Science 202, International Relations submitted as part of the Global Studies Initiatives in Social Sciences Grant at Parkland College for the 2018-2019 academic year. Already a course with a global focus, the highlights indicate changes made in instruction that encouraged students to discuss global issues with each other.


Agenda-Setting In The Regulatory State: Theory And Evidence, Cary Coglianese, Daniel E. Walters Aug 2019

Agenda-Setting In The Regulatory State: Theory And Evidence, Cary Coglianese, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

Government officials who run administrative agencies must make countless decisions every day about what issues and work to prioritize. These agenda-setting decisions hold enormous implications for the shape of law and public policy, but they have received remarkably little attention by either administrative law scholars or social scientists who study the bureaucracy. Existing research offers few insights about the institutions, norms, and inputs that shape and constrain agency discretion over their agendas or about the strategies that officials employ in choosing to elevate certain issues while putting others on the back burner. In this article, we advance the study of ...


Capturing Regulatory Agendas?: An Empirical Study Of Industry Use Of Rulemaking Petitions, Daniel E. Walters Aug 2019

Capturing Regulatory Agendas?: An Empirical Study Of Industry Use Of Rulemaking Petitions, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

A great deal of skepticism toward administrative agencies stems from the widespread perception that they excessively or even exclusively cater to business interests. From the political right comes the accusation that business interests use regulation to erect barriers to entry that protect profits and stifle competition. From the political left comes the claim that business interests use secretive interactions with agencies to erode and negate beneficial regulatory programs. Regulatory “capture” theory elevates many of these claims to the status of economic law. Despite growing skepticism about capture theory in academic circles, empirical studies of business influence and capture return ambiguous ...


The Judicial Role In Constraining Presidential Nonenforcement Discretion: The Virtues Of An Apa Approach, Daniel E. Walters Aug 2019

The Judicial Role In Constraining Presidential Nonenforcement Discretion: The Virtues Of An Apa Approach, Daniel E. Walters

Daniel Walters

Scholars, lawyers, and, indeed, the public at large increasingly worry about what purposive presidential inaction in enforcing statutory programs means for the rule of law and how such discretionary inaction can fit within a constitutional structure that compels Presidents to “take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed." Yet those who have recognized the problem have been hesitant to assign a role for the court in policing the constitutional limits they articulate, mostly because of the strain on judicial capacity that any formulation of Take Care Clause review would cause. In this Article, I argue that courts still can and ...


Book Review: Vox Populi: The Perils & Promises Of Populism, Robert Weaver Jul 2019

Book Review: Vox Populi: The Perils & Promises Of Populism, Robert Weaver

Robert Weaver

No abstract provided.


Practical Representation And The Multiracial Social Movement, Vernon D. Johnson, Kelsie Benslimane Jul 2019

Practical Representation And The Multiracial Social Movement, Vernon D. Johnson, Kelsie Benslimane

Vernon D. Johnson

The issue of representation has been brought to us by scholars in social theory, ethnic and women’s studies, and literary and cultural criticism. In political science representation became an issue as various social movements became concerned with their empowerment. This work is focused on the social movement side of the study of representation. It is concerned with the political construction of racial identity and movements for empowerment based upon those identities. Utilizing Stuart Hall’s theory of representation (1997); and building upon Winant’s model of racial hegemonic projects (1990), this paper identifies ideas and practices of racial identity ...