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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Russia And The Cis In 2008 : Axis Of Authoritarianism?, Charles E. Ziegler Sep 2016

Russia And The Cis In 2008 : Axis Of Authoritarianism?, Charles E. Ziegler

Charles E. Ziegler

Russia’s seamless presidential succession produced no major changes in domestic politics or foreign policy. Ties with Asia remained strong, though several key relationships—with China, Japan, and the Central Asian states—frayed under the impact of Russia’s military action in Georgia. Impressive economic performance in the first half of the year boosted Russian confidence as a great power, but its vulnerability to the global financial crisis together with the heavy-handed operation in the Caucasus undermined Moscow’s standing with both Asia and Europe by the end of the year.


Russia And The Cis In 2007 : Putin's Final Year?, Charles E. Ziegler Sep 2016

Russia And The Cis In 2007 : Putin's Final Year?, Charles E. Ziegler

Charles E. Ziegler

Russia in 2007 moved further away from a constitutional order governed by the rule of law as President Vladimir Putin's second term drew to a close and the country prepared for parliamentary and presidential elections. High oil and gas prices buoyed the economy, but little progress was made in addressing Russia's serious social problems. In foreign policy, confrontation with the West was balanced by excellent relations with most of Asia.


Central Asia, The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, And American Foreign Policy : From Indifference To Engagement., Charles E. Ziegler Sep 2016

Central Asia, The Shanghai Cooperation Organization, And American Foreign Policy : From Indifference To Engagement., Charles E. Ziegler

Charles E. Ziegler

This paper examines U.S. engagement in Central Asia over the past two decades, with specific reference to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. While alarmist voices occasionally warn of the threat to American interests from China and Russia through the SCO, the organization’s influence appears limited. Washington has engaged it only sporadically, preferring to conduct relations bilaterally with the Central Asian states.


The Place Of Economics In Russian Identity Debates, Peter Rutland Dec 2015

The Place Of Economics In Russian Identity Debates, Peter Rutland

Peter Rutland

How economics is used in arguments over national interests and national identity in contemporary Russia.


The Anatomy Of The Russian Elite, Peter Rutland Dec 2015

The Anatomy Of The Russian Elite, Peter Rutland

Peter Rutland

This paper uses John Higley’s elite theory to analyze the sources of cohesion and fragmentation in Russia’s post-soviet political and economic elites. Putin has achieved temporary stability but has not succeeded in forging a unified elite.


Diplomatic Disservice, Erika Simpson Aug 2015

Diplomatic Disservice, Erika Simpson

Erika Simpson

No abstract provided.


A Peek At Bernier's Briefing Notes, Erika Simpson Aug 2015

A Peek At Bernier's Briefing Notes, Erika Simpson

Erika Simpson

No abstract provided.


Canada's Nato Commitment: Current Controversies, Past Debates, And Future Issues, Erika Simpson Aug 2015

Canada's Nato Commitment: Current Controversies, Past Debates, And Future Issues, Erika Simpson

Erika Simpson

No abstract provided.


Freezing Out The Nukes, Erika Simpson Aug 2015

Freezing Out The Nukes, Erika Simpson

Erika Simpson

No abstract provided.


Expanding Membership Of Nato Could Be Risky, Erika Simpson Aug 2015

Expanding Membership Of Nato Could Be Risky, Erika Simpson

Erika Simpson

No abstract provided.


Petronation? Oil, Gas, And National Identity In Russia, Peter Rutland Dec 2014

Petronation? Oil, Gas, And National Identity In Russia, Peter Rutland

Peter Rutland

Based on survey research, elite interviews, and an analysis of media treatment, this article explores the place of oil and gas in Russia’s national narrative and self-identity. Objectively, Russia’s economic development, political stability, and ability to project power abroad rest on its oil and gas resources. Subjectively, however, Russians are somewhat reluctant to accept that oil and gas dependency is part of their national identity. This is particularly true of the elites who play a crucial role in defining the dominant national narrative. Ordinary Russians generally have quite positive attitudes about the role of Gazprom and Russia’s ...


Explaining Pussy Riot, Peter Rutland Jun 2014

Explaining Pussy Riot, Peter Rutland

Peter Rutland

The jailing of Pussy Riot signaled a new authoritarian turn in Putin’s politics, and raised interesting questions about gender and politics in Putin’s Russia.


Cold War Ii: Those Evil Russkie He-Men Are Making Us Frack Ourselves,, Michael I. Niman Ph.D. Apr 2014

Cold War Ii: Those Evil Russkie He-Men Are Making Us Frack Ourselves,, Michael I. Niman Ph.D.

Michael I Niman Ph.D.

You have to admit, the timing is convenient, both for us handsome free Americans and for the cursed Russians. If you’re Russian, forget about the regular jailing of protesters and musicians, your he-man government and its bizarre hatred of gay folks, the degradation of your environment and rape of your natural resources, and the rise of a billionaire mafioso class. You now have rude hubristic Americans to monopolize your hate and fear. Ditto for Americans. Forget every issue we were fretting about the day before masked, Russian-speaking troops swarmed over the border and “did not invade” Crimea, annexing it ...


Power Struggle Over Ukraine: Systemic Observations, Zenonas Tziarras Feb 2014

Power Struggle Over Ukraine: Systemic Observations, Zenonas Tziarras

Zenonas Tziarras

The Syrian civil war and now Ukraine. These are only two examples of crises over which the United States and Russia have bumped heads recently. Some might be tempted to call this a “new Cold War,” but it’s really not. Yes, the geopolitical competition and power struggle might be obvious and similar. And even the race for maximizing the spheres of influence. But the ideological context is different and therefore there is no clash of politico-economic systems, not to mention that calling the current international system “bipolar” is simplistic, to say the least. What we have now is a ...


Understanding Putin's Foreign And Economic Policy Correlation, Sumantra Maitra Feb 2014

Understanding Putin's Foreign And Economic Policy Correlation, Sumantra Maitra

Sumantra Maitra

No abstract provided.


To Compete Globally, Brics Nations Need Reputation, Not Imitation, Ahmed E. Souaiaia May 2013

To Compete Globally, Brics Nations Need Reputation, Not Imitation, Ahmed E. Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

The economic, political, and social rise of the Western block of nations was founded on the single most enduring currency: reputation. Reputation, the source of credibility and trust, is the real asset that allows the U.S. to project its stature around the world. BRICS nations cannot rise to prominence by mimicking developed countries. They must build their reputation first. Wealth is only a byproduct of this more precious commodity, and countries who have it can squander it just as emerging economies can acquire it. For either of those results to happen in any country, circumstantial conditions and principled actions ...


Neoliberalism In Russia, Peter Rutland Mar 2013

Neoliberalism In Russia, Peter Rutland

Peter Rutland

Under both Yeltsin and Putin, Russia’s elite willingly embraced some aspects of the neoliberal package, while rejecting others. This article systematically reviews the impact and consequences of neoliberal ideas in Russia's economic transition since 1991. Critics of neoliberalism typically exaggerate the degree to which Russian elites were 'forced' to accept the Washington Consensus. While influenced by neoliberal ideas in some respects, the Russian transition was primarily shaped by domestic interests and values.


The Political Economy Of Putin 3.0, Peter Rutland Dec 2012

The Political Economy Of Putin 3.0, Peter Rutland

Peter Rutland

After his return to the presidency in 2012 Putin launched a series of ambitious centrally-directed programs to try to stimulate economic growth and address some social problems. This has often been overlooked as people focused on the politics of his turn towards authoritarianism.


Analysis - Toward A New American Military., Adam Lowther, Jan Kallberg Oct 2012

Analysis - Toward A New American Military., Adam Lowther, Jan Kallberg

Jan Kallberg

In releasing the United States Department of Defense’s (DoD) Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense and Defense Budget Priorities and Choices in January 2012, President Barack Obama and Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta offered a rationale for the administration’s reductions in defense spending. By stating that the shift in strategic direction is an effort to “put our fiscal house in order” and a response to the 2011 Budget Control Act, which requires DoD to reduce spending by $487 billion between fiscal years 2012 and 2021, the United States’ NATO partners in Europe were given ...


(Not So) Special Relationships, Dylan Kissane Nov 2010

(Not So) Special Relationships, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

CEFAM Cutting Edge #1 (18 November 2010 / B-316 / 15h)

Do the English speaking countries have a special relationship? If one English speaking country becomes involved in a war do others rush to assist them? What explains why English speaking countries sometimes stand as one but other times stand alone? This presentation takes the 20th century as a case study of Anglophone (non)cooperation and explains why national interests will always override international friendship.


Public Opinion And The 1996 Elections In Russia: Nostalgic And Statist, Yet Pro-Market And Pro-Yeltsin, David S. Mason Mar 2010

Public Opinion And The 1996 Elections In Russia: Nostalgic And Statist, Yet Pro-Market And Pro-Yeltsin, David S. Mason

David S. Mason

Between 1991 and 1996 Russia underwent a precipitous economic and social decline with decreases in production, gross national product, and wages, and increases in inequality, crime, and corruption. Most people experienced a decline in their standard of living, and many fondly recalled the security and stability of the communist era.


Canada And Russia In The North Pole: Cooperation, Conflict, And Canadian Identity In The Interpretation Of The Arctic Region, Nick J. Sciullo Dec 2007

Canada And Russia In The North Pole: Cooperation, Conflict, And Canadian Identity In The Interpretation Of The Arctic Region, Nick J. Sciullo

Nick J. Sciullo

The Arctic debate touches on a number of important international issues: national security, energy exploration and policy, environmental concerns, and maritime commerce are but a few. The North Pole, the Arctic more generally, is becoming increasingly important to a number of international actors as climate change causes ice to melt and the Arctic's waters become increasingly navigable. The pressure to lay claim to the Canadian North is intense, as countries clamor for the right to firmly plant their flags and lay the foundations for their military bases and research facilities.

Canadians must confront threats to sovereignty that they have ...