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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Citizenship Deficits In Latin American Democracies, Maxwell A. Cameron Sep 2007

Citizenship Deficits In Latin American Democracies, Maxwell A. Cameron

Maxwell Cameron

There is little evidence of a crisis of electoral democracy in Latin America, yet many of the region’s democratic regimes are unstable. Recently, Latin American democracies have been threatened more by the unconstitutional and illegal actions of democratically elected leaders than by attempted military coups or systematic electoral fraud. The separation of powers is sometimes violated in subtle ways that do not necessarily interrupt electoral democracy. Such threats have been inadequately theorized in the literature. Theorizing the separation of powers could help the international community to monitor the progress or erosion of democracy in the Western Hemisphere. The proposed ...


Non-Median And Condorcet-Loser Presidents In Latin America: A Factor Of Instability, Josep M. Colomer Jan 2007

Non-Median And Condorcet-Loser Presidents In Latin America: A Factor Of Instability, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

Both the longer duration of present democratic regimes in Latin America in comparison with past historical periods and their high levels of political instability can be partly explained by the role of electoral rules. In this paper several electoral rules are evaluated for their results on the basis of more than 111 presidential and 137 congressional elections in 18 Latin American countries during the current emocratic periods. First, a focus is cast on the probability that elected presidents have the support of the median voter’s first preference, which is a proxy for the winner’s popular acceptance or rejection ...


The Politics Of Deepening Local Democracy: Decentralization, Party Institutionalization, And Participation, Benjamin Goldfrank Dec 2006

The Politics Of Deepening Local Democracy: Decentralization, Party Institutionalization, And Participation, Benjamin Goldfrank

Benjamin Goldfrank

No abstract provided.


Essay: The Transition From The Inquisitorial To The Accusatorial System Of Trial Procedure: Why Some Latin American Lawyers Hesitate, Leonard Cavise Dec 2006

Essay: The Transition From The Inquisitorial To The Accusatorial System Of Trial Procedure: Why Some Latin American Lawyers Hesitate, Leonard Cavise

Leonard Cavise

The article is born of my experience teaching American-style trial advocacy to over 15 groups of Latin American lawyers coming from countries in transition from the inquisitorial to the accusatorial model. The first part of the article reviews the principal differences in the two systems as it affects trial procedure. The article then reviews those aspects of accusatorial trial proceedings that caused the greatest degree of discomfort to the foreign lawyers. Finally, the article attempts to posit a few recommendations that should help not only to ease the transition process but also to anticipate the next level of procedural and ...