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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

'Tijdens Een Crisis Willen Mensen Geen Gedoe Over Identiteit, Ze Willen Een Economisch Programma’, Cas Mudde Jun 2015

'Tijdens Een Crisis Willen Mensen Geen Gedoe Over Identiteit, Ze Willen Een Economisch Programma’, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

De rechtspopulistische Deense Volkspartij heeft de parlementsverkiezingen gewonnen. Proteststemmen in tijden van crisis, heet dat dan. Maar het blijft een uitzondering: hoewel de EU de zwaarste crisis van haar bestaan doormaakt, slagen populisten van links of rechts er zelden in om aan de macht te komen. Hoe komt dat?


Vox Populi Or Vox Masculini? Populism And Gender In Northern Europe And South America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2014

Vox Populi Or Vox Masculini? Populism And Gender In Northern Europe And South America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

Conceptually, populism has no specific relationship to gender; in fact, gender differences, like all other differences within ‘the people’, are considered secondary, if not irrelevant, to populist politics. Yet populist actors do not operate in a cultural or ideological vacuum. So perhaps it is the national culture and broader ideology used by populists that determine their gender position. To explore this argument, we compare prototypical cases of contemporary populist forces in two regions: the Dutch Partij voor de Vrijheid (PVV, Party for Freedom) and the Dansk Folkeparti (DF, Danish People's Party) in Northern Europe, and the Partido Socialista Unido ...


Canadian Multiculturalism And The Absence Of The Far Right, Cas Mudde Dec 2014

Canadian Multiculturalism And The Absence Of The Far Right, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

The far right has never been a prominent force in Canadian politics or society. Traditionally, they more resembled the North American than the West European model: ideologically dominated by right-wing populism and white supremacy, organizationally characterized by factionalism and sectarianism. The extreme right seems an almost negligible force today, in part reflecting a similar decline in the United States, while the radical right has so far been unable to build upon the recent upsurge of Islamophobia, as in Western Europe. We argue that the failure of the Canadian radical right is primarily the result of Canada's unique multiculturalism policy ...


Rechtsaußen, Die Große Rezession Und Die Europawahlen 2014, Cas Mudde Mar 2014

Rechtsaußen, Die Große Rezession Und Die Europawahlen 2014, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


The Far Right And The European Elections, Cas Mudde Feb 2014

The Far Right And The European Elections, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

While the warnings employed different terms and pointed to somewhat different groups of parties and politicians, they all shared at least two major messages: (1) the Great Recession has led to the rise of the far right, and (2) the far right is going to win big in the European elections of May 2014. Despite the broad consensus in the media on these two points, which by now are received wisdoms, the first is factually incorrect and the second is highly unlikely. As so often in politics, these ‘truths’ are based on a toxic mix of conceptual stretching, faulty generalizations ...


Krajnja Desnica Na Europskim Izborima 2014. Godine: Nešto Novoga, Mnogo Staroga, Cas Mudde Dec 2013

Krajnja Desnica Na Europskim Izborima 2014. Godine: Nešto Novoga, Mnogo Staroga, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


How Populist Are The People? Measuring Populist Attitudes In Voters, Agnes Akkerman, Cas Mudde, Andrej Zaslove Dec 2013

How Populist Are The People? Measuring Populist Attitudes In Voters, Agnes Akkerman, Cas Mudde, Andrej Zaslove

Cas Mudde

The sudden and perhaps unexpected appearance of populist parties in the 1990s shows no sign of immediately vanishing. The lion’s share of the research on populism has focused on defining populism, on the causes for its rise and continued success, and more recently on its influence on government and on public policy. Less research has, however, been conducted on measuring populist attitudes among voters. In this article, we seek to fill this gap by measuring populist attitudes and to investigate whether these attitudes can be linked with party preferences. We distinguish three political attitudes: (1) populist attitudes, (2) pluralist ...


'Ecoterrorism': Terrorist Threat Or Political Ploy?, Cas Mudde, Sivan Hirsch-Hoefler Dec 2013

'Ecoterrorism': Terrorist Threat Or Political Ploy?, Cas Mudde, Sivan Hirsch-Hoefler

Cas Mudde

This article examines the phenomenon of “ecoterrorism” from a conceptual and empirical perspective. We explore the political and academic debates over the meaning and use of the term ecoterrorism, and assess the validity of the concept of “ecoterrorism” and of the alleged threat of the Radical Environmentalist and Animal Rights (REAR) movement by analyzing the characteristics of both the movement and its actions. Our analysis shows that the term ecoterrorism should only be used for a small proportion of the actions of REAR movement. Consequently, counterterrorist measures should only target these terrorist minorities, rather than all groups and the broader ...


Political Leadership And Populism, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2013

Political Leadership And Populism, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Populism, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2012

Populism, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Exclusionary Vs. Inclusionary Populism: Comparing The Contemporary Europe And Latin America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2012

Exclusionary Vs. Inclusionary Populism: Comparing The Contemporary Europe And Latin America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

Although there is a lively academic debate about contemporary populism in Europe and Latin America, almost no cross-regional research exists on this topic. This article aims to fill this gap by showing that a minimal and ideological definition of populism permits us to analyse current expressions of populism in both regions. Moreover, based on a comparison of four prototypical cases (FN/Le Pen and FPÖ/Haider in Europe and PSUV/Chávez and MAS/Morales in Latin America), we show that it is possible to identify two regional subtypes of populism: exclusionary populism in Europe and inclusionary populism in Latin America.


Three Decades Of Populist Radical Right Parties In Western Europe: So What?, Cas Mudde Dec 2012

Three Decades Of Populist Radical Right Parties In Western Europe: So What?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

The populist radical right constitutes the most successful party family in postwar Western Europe. Many accounts in both academia and the media warn of the growing influence of populist radical right parties (PRRPs), the so-called ‘verrechtsing’ (or right turn) of European politics, but few provide empirical evidence of it. This lecture provides a first comprehensive analysis of the alleged effects of the populist radical right on the people, parties, policies and polities of Western Europe. The conclusions are sobering. The effects are largely limited to the broader immigration issue, and even here PRRPs should be seen as catalysts rather than ...


The Relationship Between Immigration And Nativism In Europe And North America, Cas Mudde Apr 2012

The Relationship Between Immigration And Nativism In Europe And North America, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Mass migration is thought to be a major factor behind the rise of the radical right. But while there clearly is a relationship (particularly in Western Europe), the connection is not as straightforward as is often assumed. Higher levels of immigration in the three regions examined in this report - North America, Western Europe and Central and Eastern Europe - do not correlate automatically to higher votes for radical right parties.

In short, the relationship between immigration and nativism is unclear and complex. Many assumptions are based on feeble empirical evidence - suggesting the need for more cross-national data projects. Rising numbers of ...


Reflexiones Sobre Un Concepto Y So Uso, Cas Mudde Mar 2012

Reflexiones Sobre Un Concepto Y So Uso, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Measuring Populist Attitudes, Kirk Hawkins, Scott Riding, Cas Mudde Dec 2011

Measuring Populist Attitudes, Kirk Hawkins, Scott Riding, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Voices Of The People: Populism In Europe And Latin America Compared, Cas Mudde Jun 2011

Voices Of The People: Populism In Europe And Latin America Compared, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

While populism is a hotly debated topic around the world, most scholarship suffers from conceptual confusion and regional singularity. This paper compares European and Latin American populism, on the basis of a clear minimum definition, along three dimensions that dominate the scholarly literature on the topic: 1) economy vs. identity; 2) left-wing vs. rightwing; and 3) inclusion vs. exclusion. Empirically, our particular focus is on four prototypical cases of the predominant type of populism in these regions in the 1990–2010 period: Jörg Haider and the Freitheitliche Partei Österreichs (Austrian Freedom Party, FPÖ) and Jean-Marie Le Pen of the French ...


Who's Afraid Of The European Radical Right?, Cas Mudde Dec 2010

Who's Afraid Of The European Radical Right?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Many observers of European politics warn that democracy on the continent is in peril. Conservative authors argue that European governments are threatened by a spineless surrender to “Islamofascism,” while liberals fret that Europe is being overtaken by “ghosts of a tortured past,” that is, parties on the “far Right.” Whereas the Islamofascism argument lacks empirical substance and is mostly based on (Islamo)phobia, the “tortured past” claim is largely the result of conceptual confusion and an exaggeration of reality. Neither contem- porary European democracies nor the contem- porary “far Right” groups are similar to their “equivalents” in the 1930s. The ...


Radical Right Parties In Europe: What, Who, Why?, Cas Mudde Dec 2010

Radical Right Parties In Europe: What, Who, Why?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Den Populistiska Radikalhögern: En Patologisk Normalitet, Cas Mudde Dec 2009

Den Populistiska Radikalhögern: En Patologisk Normalitet, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


The Relationship Between Immigration And Nativism In Europe And North America, Cas Mudde Dec 2009

The Relationship Between Immigration And Nativism In Europe And North America, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


The Populist Radical Right: A Pathological Normalcy, Cas Mudde Dec 2009

The Populist Radical Right: A Pathological Normalcy, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

In recent years more and more studies have pointed to the limitations of demand-side explanations of the electoral success of populist radical right parties. They argue that supply-side factors need to be included as well. While previous authors have made these claims on the basis of purely empirical arguments, this article provides a (meta)theoretical argumentation for the importance of supply-side explanations. It takes issue with the dominant view on the populist radical right, which considers it to be alien to mainstream values in contemporary western democracies – the ‘normal pathology thesis’. Instead, it argues that the populist radical right should ...


Populist Radical Right Parties In Europe Redux, Cas Mudde Dec 2008

Populist Radical Right Parties In Europe Redux, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Radikale Parteien In Europa, Cas Mudde Dec 2007

Radikale Parteien In Europa, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


A Fortuynist Foreign Policy, Cas Mudde Dec 2006

A Fortuynist Foreign Policy, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Racist Extremism In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde Dec 2004

Racist Extremism In Central And Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Based in part on the results of a unique, comparative research project, the aim of this article is threefold: (1) to provide a comparative summary of racist extremism in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE); (2) to compare the situation of racist extremism in CEE to that inWestern Europe; and (3) to come to some further insights about racist extremism in the region. It concludes, in contrast to many of the alarming statements on the topic, that CEE is neither a hotbed of racist extremism nor a safe haven for racist extremists. In fact, if one compares the state of racist ...


What’S Left Of The Radical Left? The European Radical Left Since 1989: Decline And Mutation, Cas Mudde, Luke March Dec 2004

What’S Left Of The Radical Left? The European Radical Left Since 1989: Decline And Mutation, Cas Mudde, Luke March

Cas Mudde

We make a three-fold contribution to research on the European radical left. First, we will offer a clear and comprehensive definition of the term ‘radical left’. Second, we will look at the main developments within the European radical left as a whole, and not just at one sub-set of political parties. Third, we will take a pan-European perspective, focusing on both Eastern and Western Europe. The radical left in Europe post-1989 is both in decline and in mutation. Decline is evident in both the marginalization and moderation of Communist organizations (notably parties), a direct result of the fall of the ...


The Populist Zeitgeist, Cas Mudde Dec 2003

The Populist Zeitgeist, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Globalisation: The Multi-Faceted Enemy?, Cas Mudde Dec 2003

Globalisation: The Multi-Faceted Enemy?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


In The Name Of The Peasantry, The Proletariat, And The People: Populisms In Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde Dec 2000

In The Name Of The Peasantry, The Proletariat, And The People: Populisms In Eastern Europe, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


The Netherlands: Explaining The Limited Success Of The Extreme Right, Cas Mudde, Joop Van Holsteyn Dec 1999

The Netherlands: Explaining The Limited Success Of The Extreme Right, Cas Mudde, Joop Van Holsteyn

Cas Mudde

The third wave of right-wing extremism in West Europe, which started in the early 1980s (Von Beyme, 1988), did not pass the Netherlands by. This chapter deals with Dutch manifestation of extreme right parties, most notably its main representative, the Centrumdemocraten (Centre Democrats, CD). It presents a portrait of this party, describing its history, organization and ideology, and electorate, as well as a discussion of the reasons for its limited success compared to equivalent parties in countries like Austria, Belgium and France.