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Articles 1 - 30 of 36

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Syllabus Inr 3214 (U01): International Relations Of Europe (Spring 2019), Lukas K. Danner Dec 2018

Syllabus Inr 3214 (U01): International Relations Of Europe (Spring 2019), Lukas K. Danner

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


Syllabus Inr 3214 (Rvc): International Relations Of Europe (Fall 2019), Lukas K. Danner Dec 2018

Syllabus Inr 3214 (Rvc): International Relations Of Europe (Fall 2019), Lukas K. Danner

Dr. Lukas K. Danner

No abstract provided.


International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson Jan 2018

International Migration In Macro-Perspective: Bringing Power Back In, Marcel Paret, Shannon Gleeson

Shannon Gleeson

This paper challenges the inward looking perspective of recent immigration research by situating migration to the United States within a global and historical context. This macro-stratification perspective breaks out of the confines of national contexts to explore how international migration is shaped by global power divides. We argue that in order to fully understand international migration, it is necessary to account for both the emergence of global power structures and the historical domination of Europe. We develop our argument by first outlining the significance of global power divides, with a particular focus on the United States. We then demonstrate how ...


The Belief Systems Of Critics: General Patterns Between 1963 And 1989, Erika Simpson Aug 2015

The Belief Systems Of Critics: General Patterns Between 1963 And 1989, Erika Simpson

Erika Simpson

No abstract provided.


Integration Of And The Potential For Islamic Radicalization Among Ethnic Turks In Germany, Alev Dudek Apr 2015

Integration Of And The Potential For Islamic Radicalization Among Ethnic Turks In Germany, Alev Dudek

Alev Dudek

In spite of ongoing improvements, integration of ethnic Turks in Germany remains a challenge from the dominant culture perspective, whereas a deeply ingrained institutional and everyday racism and the lack of legal protection against discrimination pose a challenge to full participation of ethnic Turks from another perspective. In an increasingly xenophobic Europe, particularly Germany, an increase in potential for religious and nationalist radicalization in different groups including ethnic Turks is becoming more and more evident. This increase in radical attitudes is not necessarily caused by a lack of integration, as evidenced among well-integrated individuals.

In view of recent developments toward ...


Globalizacija I Ideologija U Evropskom Javnom Mnenju, Bojan Todosijević Jan 2015

Globalizacija I Ideologija U Evropskom Javnom Mnenju, Bojan Todosijević

Bojan Todosijević

The end of the XXth century witnessed a transformation of the view of international relations within broader ideological narratives of political Left and Right. The Left has become critical of globalization due to its association with economic liberalism. Resistance against the loss of cultural identity is increasing on the right, as well as the support for the globally expanding economic liberalism. What has remained unclear are the attitudes of the European citizens in this regard. This study analyzes the relationships between ideological self-identification and attitudes towards globalization. Despite certain variations, the results describe rightwing identifiers as more positive about globalization.


Vox Populi Or Vox Masculini? Populism And Gender In Northern Europe And South America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser Dec 2014

Vox Populi Or Vox Masculini? Populism And Gender In Northern Europe And South America, Cas Mudde, Cristobal Rovira Kaltwasser

Cas Mudde

Conceptually, populism has no specific relationship to gender; in fact, gender differences, like all other differences within ‘the people’, are considered secondary, if not irrelevant, to populist politics. Yet populist actors do not operate in a cultural or ideological vacuum. So perhaps it is the national culture and broader ideology used by populists that determine their gender position. To explore this argument, we compare prototypical cases of contemporary populist forces in two regions: the Dutch Partij voor de Vrijheid (PVV, Party for Freedom) and the Dansk Folkeparti (DF, Danish People's Party) in Northern Europe, and the Partido Socialista Unido ...


Canadian Multiculturalism And The Absence Of The Far Right, Cas Mudde Dec 2014

Canadian Multiculturalism And The Absence Of The Far Right, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

The far right has never been a prominent force in Canadian politics or society. Traditionally, they more resembled the North American than the West European model: ideologically dominated by right-wing populism and white supremacy, organizationally characterized by factionalism and sectarianism. The extreme right seems an almost negligible force today, in part reflecting a similar decline in the United States, while the radical right has so far been unable to build upon the recent upsurge of Islamophobia, as in Western Europe. We argue that the failure of the Canadian radical right is primarily the result of Canada's unique multiculturalism policy ...


Simulating Collective Security Action In International Politics, Dylan Kissane Nov 2013

Simulating Collective Security Action In International Politics, Dylan Kissane

Dylan Kissane

No abstract provided.


The Democracy Cluster Classification Index, Mihaiela R. Gugiu, Miguel Centellas May 2013

The Democracy Cluster Classification Index, Mihaiela R. Gugiu, Miguel Centellas

Miguel Centellas

Using hierarchical cluster analysis, a new measure of democracy, the DCC index, is proposed and constructed from five popular indices of democracy (Freedom House, Polity IV, Vanhanen's index of democratization, Cheibub et al.'s index of democracy and dictatorship, and the Cingranelli-Richards index of electoral self-determination). The DCC was used to classify the regime types for twenty-four countries in the Americas and thirty-nine countries in Europe over a thirty-year period. The results indicated that democracy is a latent class variable. Sensitivity and specificity analyses were conducted for the five existing democracy indices as well as the newly proposed Unified ...


Building The New Europe: Western And Eastern Roads To Social Partnership, Elena A. Iankova, Lowell Turner Jan 2013

Building The New Europe: Western And Eastern Roads To Social Partnership, Elena A. Iankova, Lowell Turner

Lowell Turner

[Excerpt] While the ways in which neoliberalism and economic integration undermine social partnership and the welfare state have been extensively studied, less attention has been given to the ways in which such economic forces may push actors together, in reinvigorated bargaining relationships, to find workable solutions to difficult problems. In his article, we examine the contemporary status of social partnership in four case study countries—Germany, the United Kingdom, Bulgaria and Poland—as well as for Europe as a whole. In the west, while Germany presents a case of established social partnership under pressure, the United Kingdom has stood over ...


Analysis - Toward A New American Military., Adam Lowther, Jan Kallberg Oct 2012

Analysis - Toward A New American Military., Adam Lowther, Jan Kallberg

Jan Kallberg

In releasing the United States Department of Defense’s (DoD) Sustaining U.S. Global Leadership: Priorities for 21st Century Defense and Defense Budget Priorities and Choices in January 2012, President Barack Obama and Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta offered a rationale for the administration’s reductions in defense spending. By stating that the shift in strategic direction is an effort to “put our fiscal house in order” and a response to the 2011 Budget Control Act, which requires DoD to reduce spending by $487 billion between fiscal years 2012 and 2021, the United States’ NATO partners in Europe were given ...


Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte Jun 2012

Technical Relevance And Social Opposition To E-Voting, Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

Fernando Barrientos Del Monte

This paper makes an assessment of the technical and social motivations that drive some governments to promote and implement e-voting mechanisms. Success stories mentioned, especially those in Latin America, and contrasted with those cases where e-voting implementation has failed, as has happened in some European countries. Finally, the relationship between new technologies that promote e-voting and the nature of the elections as a part of democracy is analyzed. It could be argued that voting is not solely a technical exercise, it is an element that merges different political and social elements that e-voting promoters should not ignore.


The Relationship Between Immigration And Nativism In Europe And North America, Cas Mudde Apr 2012

The Relationship Between Immigration And Nativism In Europe And North America, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Mass migration is thought to be a major factor behind the rise of the radical right. But while there clearly is a relationship (particularly in Western Europe), the connection is not as straightforward as is often assumed. Higher levels of immigration in the three regions examined in this report - North America, Western Europe and Central and Eastern Europe - do not correlate automatically to higher votes for radical right parties.

In short, the relationship between immigration and nativism is unclear and complex. Many assumptions are based on feeble empirical evidence - suggesting the need for more cross-national data projects. Rising numbers of ...


The Discursive Frames Of Political Psychology, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking, Catarina Kinnvall Dec 2011

The Discursive Frames Of Political Psychology, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking, Catarina Kinnvall

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

The aim of this article is to apply elements of contemporary social theory to the major theoretical, methodological, and ideological divisions across political psychology and to consider both the origins and the impact of a range of theories and models. In so doing, we clarify some of the complexity surrounding the discursive and cultural origins of political psychology. On the basis of this analysis, we aim to overcome the redundant binaries and dualisms—both conceptual and geo‐spatial—that have characterized the field up to now. These binary pairs relate to matters of epistemology, ideology, and methodology, and we show ...


Reinventing Europe, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2011

Reinventing Europe, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

No abstract provided.


Firing The Coach: How Governments Are Losing Elections In Europe., Josep M. Colomer Dec 2011

Firing The Coach: How Governments Are Losing Elections In Europe., Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

Are state governments in Europe losing elections with increasing frequency in the last few years? Is this an effect of the financial and economic crisis that began to burst by the mid-2000s? Does this imply a significant change in the voters’ evaluation of governments’ performance in comparison with past periods of higher economic and political stability? How are the different political parties suffering the effects of these changes?


Les Musulmans : Un Cauchemar Ou Une Force Pour L’Europe ?, Hichem Karoui, Arno Tausch Apr 2011

Les Musulmans : Un Cauchemar Ou Une Force Pour L’Europe ?, Hichem Karoui, Arno Tausch

Hichem Karoui

This is a comparative study related to European and Global Islam, based on documented- social- anthropological analysis, and quantitative data from the European Social Survey and the World Values Survey. Can we really say that Islam is not faulty as for the exclusion of European Muslims? Or is it only biased European policies toward Islam? How can we explain the radicalization of some European Muslims?


The Evolution Of Public Attitudes Toward Immigration In Europe And The United States, 2000-2010, Joel Fetzer Jan 2011

The Evolution Of Public Attitudes Toward Immigration In Europe And The United States, 2000-2010, Joel Fetzer

Joel Fetzer

This paper documents and analyzes trends in immigration-related public opinion over the past decade in the major North Atlantic countries of the EU-15 and US. Opening with a summary of the international social-scientific literature on the roots of immigration attitudes, the essay next documents changes in the average European’s and American’s views on migration since 2000 using such polls as the Eurobarometer, European Social Survey, World Values Survey, International Social Science Programme, and American National Election Study. A third major section employs over-time statistical models to examine the (minimal) impact of the current economic crisis on such attitudes ...


The Chimera Of Europe’S Normative Power In East Asia: A Constructivist Analysis, Salvador Santino F. Regilme Jr. Dec 2010

The Chimera Of Europe’S Normative Power In East Asia: A Constructivist Analysis, Salvador Santino F. Regilme Jr.

Salvador Santino Jr. F Regilme

Utilising constructivism this work analyses the contemporary relational complexities of East Asia vis-à-vis the European Union (EU). Mindful of the social constructivist themes of identity and interests, it is argued that there are fundamental difficulties found in these interregional relations, which must be urgently addressed. The EU continues to be under-valued and misunderstood in the eyes of the East Asian public; despite the relatively strong economic and political engagement of the Union. With the emergence of China as a global actor, Europe must reinforce its political capital amidst the failures of the EU to reconcile its policy inconsistencies juxtaposed with ...


The Building Of The American And European Empires, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2010

The Building Of The American And European Empires, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

The processes of building the United States of America (USA) during the nineteenth century and the European Union (EU) since the mid-twentieth century are among the major claims for the possibility of a vast, ‘imperial’-size political unit based on democratic principles. Although the American Union was designed by the late eighteenth century, the crucial period for its consolidation was between the Civil War and the World War I, when it established clear territorial limits and completed its internal institutionalization as a federal democratic union. After more than 50 years of increasing integration, the EU has achieved higher levels of ...


Who's Afraid Of The European Radical Right?, Cas Mudde Dec 2010

Who's Afraid Of The European Radical Right?, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

Many observers of European politics warn that democracy on the continent is in peril. Conservative authors argue that European governments are threatened by a spineless surrender to “Islamofascism,” while liberals fret that Europe is being overtaken by “ghosts of a tortured past,” that is, parties on the “far Right.” Whereas the Islamofascism argument lacks empirical substance and is mostly based on (Islamo)phobia, the “tortured past” claim is largely the result of conceptual confusion and an exaggeration of reality. Neither contem- porary European democracies nor the contem- porary “far Right” groups are similar to their “equivalents” in the 1930s. The ...


Spain: A Partisan, Non-Institutional Democratic Regime, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2009

Spain: A Partisan, Non-Institutional Democratic Regime, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

In a period of just a few decades Spain has moved from consensus transition to adversarial democracy. A set of institutional rules that were initially conceived to produce broad multiparty agreements and resolve conflicts has produced unexpected incentives for minority governments and bipolar competition. In parallel, the decentralization of the Spanish state, rather than contributing to inter-territorial cooperation, has fostered increasing competition among autonomous governments and has become the setting for major confrontation between the two larger Spain-wide parties.


Is The European Union Ready For Fdi From Emerging Markets?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes Dec 2009

Is The European Union Ready For Fdi From Emerging Markets?, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes

Judith Clifton

This chapter asks whether the European Union Member States are ready for inward Foreign Direct Investment from the Emerging Markets. It concludes that European Union Member States have relatively open Foreign Direct Investment regimes in the international context, and yet instances of protectionism have been apparent in the recent period. However, protectionism has occurred both vis-a-vis Foreign Direct Investment from the Global South as well as from within the European Union, particularly in the so-called 'strategic' industries.


European Fears: The End Of Secularism, Muqtedar Khan Jan 2009

European Fears: The End Of Secularism, Muqtedar Khan

Muqtedar Khan

This paper argues that the presence of Islam in Europe is generating a fear the secularism is coming to an end.


Security, Subjectivity And Space In Postcolonial Europe: Muslims In The Diaspora, Catarina Kinnvall, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking Dec 2008

Security, Subjectivity And Space In Postcolonial Europe: Muslims In The Diaspora, Catarina Kinnvall, Paul W. Nesbitt-Larking

Paul W Nesbitt-Larking

In this article, we call into question the assumptions that undergird conceptions of boundary, territory, community and ethno-cultural belonging in the constitution of European security. Both the term ‘human security’ as defined by development and human rights scholars and ‘securitisation’ as conceptualised by critical security studies concern the socio-psychological aspects of security. Yet, few attempts have been made to seriously discuss the psychological effects of securitisation on subjectivity and space. There is, as we will argue, a tendency in much literature to use concepts of ‘existential security’, ‘fear’, ‘needs’ and the ‘politics of belonging’ – obviously connected to the human mind ...


Populist Radical Right Parties In Europe Redux, Cas Mudde Dec 2008

Populist Radical Right Parties In Europe Redux, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Great Empires, Small Nations, Josep M. Colomer Dec 2007

Great Empires, Small Nations, Josep M. Colomer

Josep M. Colomer

No abstract provided.


Radikale Parteien In Europa, Cas Mudde Dec 2007

Radikale Parteien In Europa, Cas Mudde

Cas Mudde

No abstract provided.


Sustainable Futures, Ashok Agrwaal Dec 2007

Sustainable Futures, Ashok Agrwaal

Ashok Agrwaal

A brief note on the sustainability of the current world view