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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

The People’S Endowment, Karl Widerquist Dec 2014

The People’S Endowment, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

Many private institutions, such as universities and museums, have large and growing endowments. Why doesn’t the government have one? Simply, we have failed to take advantage of enormous opportunities to create one. This paper argues that governments should start to build up a permanent endowment of publicly held assets, both financial and physical, lease at least some of them out to private industry, and use the revenue for two purposes: half for government spending and the other half for a dividend in the form of an unconditional basic income for all people—in recognition of their shared ownership of ...


A People's Endowment, Karl Widerquist Dec 2013

A People's Endowment, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

This chapter discusses the possibility of the government using common assets to set up an endowment that will generate revenue for the people. It argues that in addition to generating a lot of money, this strategy will provide a much better mechanism for managing the environment for the good of current and future generations.


The Big Casino, Karl Widerquist Dec 2013

The Big Casino, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

This paper uses an analogy to illustrate two things: (1) the economy is and will always be a casino, and (2) in existing societies and most libertarian, liberal, and socialist visions of society individuals are effectively forced to participate in the casino economy. It argues justice requires that individuals must be free from forced participation in such an economy and that the best way to free people from forced participation is the provision of a Basic Income Guarantee.


Is Basic Income Still Worth Talking About?, Karl Widerquist Mar 2013

Is Basic Income Still Worth Talking About?, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

Universal Basic Income (UBI) is the hugely ambitious policy of granting a small income to every person, unconditionally as a right of citizenship. Usually, a “full” UBI is considered to be enough to meet basic needs, while anything less is a “partial” UBI (USBIG Network 2011). In the post-financial crisis days of austerity, cutbacks, and retrenchment it might seem that such a policy is too ambitious to be worth discussing in the current political climate, especially in the United States. But this chapter will argue that UBI is (and should be) an important part of the political dialogue today. Part ...


The Basic Income Guarantee In The United States: Past Experience, Current Proposals, Karl Widerquist, Allan Sheahen Aug 2012

The Basic Income Guarantee In The United States: Past Experience, Current Proposals, Karl Widerquist, Allan Sheahen

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter X: Bibliography, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter X: Bibliography, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


The Alaska Model As A Menu Of Options, Karl Widerquist, Michael W. Howard Dec 2011

The Alaska Model As A Menu Of Options, Karl Widerquist, Michael W. Howard

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 3: Forty Acres And A Mule? Implications Of The Duty To Respect Person Independence, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 3: Forty Acres And A Mule? Implications Of The Duty To Respect Person Independence, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


A Permanent Endowment For The United States, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

A Permanent Endowment For The United States, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

This is a chapter from the book, "Exporting the Alaska Model." The chapter argues that the United States can create a permanent resource-based endowment that could finance both a substantial dividend (in the form of an unconditional basic income) and a significant portion of government spending, perhaps nearly all government spending. It argues why endowment financing is a more progressive alternative to the more traditional approach of taxation and regulation.


Chapter 7: What Good Is A Theory Of Freedom That Allows Forced Labor? Independence And Modern Theories Of Freedom, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 7: What Good Is A Theory Of Freedom That Allows Forced Labor? Independence And Modern Theories Of Freedom, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 4: The Importance Of Independence I: Framing The Issue, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 4: The Importance Of Independence I: Framing The Issue, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Citizens’ Capital Accounts: A Proposal, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Citizens’ Capital Accounts: A Proposal, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

This chapter proposes a personalized version of Alaska’s Permanent Fund (APF) and Permanent Fund Dividend (PFD) system, called “Citizens’ Capital Accounts” (CCAs), which will combine some of the benefits of Basic Income and Stakeholder Grants. CCAs make for a more flexible and meaningful use of revenue than an equal-sized Basic Income, resource dividend, or Stakeholder grant.


Chapter 9: On Duty, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 9: On Duty, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 8: If You're An Egalitarian, Why Do You Want To Be The Boss Of The Poor? Independence And Liberal-Egalitarian Theories Of Justice, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 8: If You're An Egalitarian, Why Do You Want To Be The Boss Of The Poor? Independence And Liberal-Egalitarian Theories Of Justice, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 5: The Importance Of Independence Ii: Freedom An Integrity, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 5: The Importance Of Independence Ii: Freedom An Integrity, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 6: The Importance Of Independence Iii: Market Vulnerability, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 6: The Importance Of Independence Iii: Market Vulnerability, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 0: Prologue, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 0: Prologue, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter 2: Status Freedom As Effective Control Self-Ownership, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter 2: Status Freedom As Effective Control Self-Ownership, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Chapter X10: Conclusion, Karl Widerquist Dec 2011

Chapter X10: Conclusion, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


A Day-Long Discussion Of “The Alaska Model” At The University Of Alaska-Anchorage, Karl Widerquist May 2011

A Day-Long Discussion Of “The Alaska Model” At The University Of Alaska-Anchorage, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

On April 22, 2011, I had the privilege of attending a conference at the University of Alaska-Anchorage discussing the book, Exporting the Alaska Model: How the Permanent Fund Dividend Can Be Adapted as Model for Reform Around the World. The book is edited by Michael W. Howard and me. It is due out early next year on Palgrave-MacMillan. This is my personal account of a conference held on Friday, April 22, 2011 at the Institute of Social and Economic Research at the University of Alaska


Why We Demand An Unconditional Basic Income: The Ecso Freedom Case, Karl Widerquist Dec 2010

Why We Demand An Unconditional Basic Income: The Ecso Freedom Case, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

Philippe Van Parijs’s (1995) Real Freedom for All: What (If Anything) Can Justify Capitalism makes a very thorough and challenging philosophical argument for basic income. But I believe that it has two important limitations that inhibit it from giving a compelling explanation why basic income supporters believe that support for the disadvantage must be not only universal but also unconditional and enough to meet an individual’s basic needs. This essay briefly discusses those limitations and then proposes an alternative argument for basic income that I believe relies on a more compelling concept of freedom, defined below as “Freedom ...


Two Memoirs Tell The History Of The Alaska Dividend, Karl Widerquist Dec 2010

Two Memoirs Tell The History Of The Alaska Dividend, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

Alaska’s Permanent Fund Dividend is closer to a basic income than almost any other policy in the world today. The lessons of how it was created and how it became so popular and successful are extremely important to the basic income movement. Two autobiographies available now tell different parts of the story of the Alaska Dividend. One is by Jay Hammond, the governor who, more than anyone else, is responsible for creating the fund and dividend. The other is by Dave Rose, the first executive director of the Alaska Permanent Fund Corporation. This review essay draws lessons for the ...


Lessons Of The Alaska Dividend, Karl Widerquist Dec 2009

Lessons Of The Alaska Dividend, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

At a time when progressive social policies are under attack across the industrialized world, the Alaska Dividend continues to be extremely popular. It distributes a yearly dividend to every man, woman, and child in Alaska without any conditions whatsoever. It has helped Alaska maintain one of the lowest poverty rates in the United States. It has helped Alaska become the most economically equal of all 50 states. And it has helped Alaska become the only U.S. state in which equality has risen rather than fallen over the last 20 years. Certainly Alaska is doing something right. As newsletter editor ...


I Have A Basic Income, Karl Widerquist Dec 2009

I Have A Basic Income, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

In a period of about eight months, I managed to save and invest enough money to get myself a small personal basic income. It was easy—if you get the kind of lucky breaks I got. I’m telling you this story only because it illustrates how much our economic fortunes are determined by luck, how favorably our laws treat people who own stuff (people who have obtained control of natural resources) and how much unearned income is available for redistribution.


Keeping The Global Recession In Perspective, Karl Widerquist Dec 2008

Keeping The Global Recession In Perspective, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

The global recession has been spreading and deepening for nearly a year. It could become the worst downturn since the Great Depression of the 1930s, and it has captured nearly all of the attention we, our media, and our leaders pay to economic issues. Perhaps we’re paying too much attention to it. I want to convince you in this editorial that a recession—even a major depression—is not an economic problem of the first magnitude. Our most pressing economic problems are distribution, and they exist whether we are in recession or not. Recessions appear to be a major ...


The Economic Lesson Of 1938, Karl Widerquist Dec 2008

The Economic Lesson Of 1938, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

Economic events of 1938 are relevant to our handling of the global recession today.


The Physical Basis Of Voluntary Trade, Karl Widerquist Aug 2008

The Physical Basis Of Voluntary Trade, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

The article discusses the conditions under which can we say that people enter the economic system voluntarily. “The Need for an Exit Option” briefly explains the philosophical argument that voluntary interaction requires an exit option—a reasonable alternative to participation in the projects of others. “The Treatment of Effective Forced Labor in Economic and Political Theory” considers the treatment of effectively forced interaction in economic and political theory. “Human Need” discusses theories of human need to determine the capabilities a person requires to have an acceptable exit option. “Capability in Cash, Kind, or Raw Resources” considers what form access to ...


An Introduction To Citizens Capital Accounts, Karl Widerquist Dec 2007

An Introduction To Citizens Capital Accounts, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Who Exploits Who?, Karl Widerquist Sep 2006

Who Exploits Who?, Karl Widerquist

Karl Widerquist

No abstract provided.


Basic Income On The Agenda: The Catalan Experience, Monica Clua Losada Sep 2006

Basic Income On The Agenda: The Catalan Experience, Monica Clua Losada

Monica Clua-Losada

The idea of Basic Income as a citizenship right has shifted from an academic discussion to a possible policy choice in many countries aroundthe world at the beginning of the twenty-first century. In Catalonia, theevolution of the proposal has been remarkable since the year 2001. A law proposal was presented to the Catalan Parliament in 2002 and severalstudies regarding its financial viability have been produced. This paperassesses the forces that have made it possible for the proposal to reach the political agenda in Catalonia. It does so by placing its emphasis uponthe political process, as the determinant for its success ...