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Selected Works

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2015

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Institution
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Publication

Articles 1 - 30 of 277

Full-Text Articles in Political Science

State-City Revenue Sharing Policy: Local Need Versus State System Explanations, John P. Pelissero Dec 2015

State-City Revenue Sharing Policy: Local Need Versus State System Explanations, John P. Pelissero

John P. Pelissero

No abstract provided.


A Response To Hogan And Simpson, John P. Pelissero, Timothy B. Krebs Dec 2015

A Response To Hogan And Simpson, John P. Pelissero, Timothy B. Krebs

John P. Pelissero

No abstract provided.


Voting For Protection: An Electoral Model Of Tariff Policy, John A. C. Conybeare Dec 2015

Voting For Protection: An Electoral Model Of Tariff Policy, John A. C. Conybeare

John A. C. Conybeare

The political economy of trade policy has largely neglected popular elections. When legislatures determine protection, politicians supply tariffs that are demanded by their constituents. A model of this political market is specified and tested with data related to the McKinley Tariff of 1890. An index of the extent to which tariff protection accrued to individual congressional districts is applied, along with demand and supply variables, to three questions: Did representatives supply tariffs to their districts as the model predicts? Did they vote in accordance with the district tariff interest in the roll-call vote on the McKinley Tariff? Did electors reward ...


American Constitutional History Selected Bibliography, Steven Alan Samson Dec 2015

American Constitutional History Selected Bibliography, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


When Mediated Poverty Stereotypes Align With Public Opinion: A Clear Predictor Of Ideology And Party In The U.S., Mark D Harmon Dec 2015

When Mediated Poverty Stereotypes Align With Public Opinion: A Clear Predictor Of Ideology And Party In The U.S., Mark D Harmon

Mark D Harmon

Attribution Theory observes that people have a compelling need to explain things, and those explanations break down into things internal to the self or to an outside force. This article notes how neatly that theory parallels work by Lakoff that conservatives and Republicans take a "stern father" approach to issues, finding individual fault for almost any problem, while Democrats and liberals look to external forces. Mediated portrayals of poverty tend to enforce the former view rather than the latter. Through secondary analyses of many polls, the researcher confirms that political ideology and party align at highly significant levels with how ...


John W. Bibby: Politics, Parties, And Elections In America: Study Guide, 1996, Steven Alan Samson Dec 2015

John W. Bibby: Politics, Parties, And Elections In America: Study Guide, 1996, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Seminar: American Political Thought Bibliography, Steven Alan Samson Dec 2015

Seminar: American Political Thought Bibliography, Steven Alan Samson

Steven Alan Samson

No abstract provided.


Exploring The Transformative Potential Of The E3+3 Joint Comprehensive Plan Of Action With Iran For Improving The Iranian Economy And Its Reintegration Into The Global System, Mohammad Reza Farzanegan Dec 2015

Exploring The Transformative Potential Of The E3+3 Joint Comprehensive Plan Of Action With Iran For Improving The Iranian Economy And Its Reintegration Into The Global System, Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

Prof. Dr. Mohammad Reza Farzanegan

This is background note for my presentation at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt.


Against Totalitarianism: Agamben, Foucault, And The Politics Of Critique, C. Heike Schotten Nov 2015

Against Totalitarianism: Agamben, Foucault, And The Politics Of Critique, C. Heike Schotten

C. Heike Schotten

Despite appearances, Agamben’s engagement with Foucault in Homo Sacer: Sovereign Power and Bare Life is not an extension of Foucault’s analysis of biopolitics but ra-ther a disciplining of Foucault for failing to take Nazism seriously. This moralizing rebuke is the result of methodological divergences between the two thinkers that, I argue, have fun-damental political consequences. Re-reading Foucault’s most explicitly political work of the mid-1970s, I show that Foucault’s commitment to genealogy is aligned with his commitment to “insurrection”—not simply archival or historical, but practical and political insurrection—even as his non-moralizing understanding of critique makes ...


A Functionalist Theory Of Oversight, Abel Alfred Kinyondo, Riccardo Pelizzo, Aminu Umar Nov 2015

A Functionalist Theory Of Oversight, Abel Alfred Kinyondo, Riccardo Pelizzo, Aminu Umar

Abel Alfred Kinyondo

The literature on oversight provides various approaches that have been used to measure oversight effectiveness. They include inferring oversight from the quality of governance, equating it with the presence of oversight activities as well as equating it with oversight capacity. However all these approaches are problematic as they wrongly consider oversight to be unidimensional. As a result they tend to produce measures that are too general and vague to provide a meaningful assessment of oversight effectiveness. It is in this context that this paper identifies the structural elements of oversight and goes on to contend that since oversight is a ...


Trends In Public Opinion, 1989-1996, John M. Scheb Ii, William Lyons, Grant W. Neeley Nov 2015

Trends In Public Opinion, 1989-1996, John M. Scheb Ii, William Lyons, Grant W. Neeley

Grant W. Neeley

In this chapter, we examine the party identifications and ideological orientations of Tennesseans from 1989 through 1996, as revealed through survey research. We also look at Tennesseans' positions on several issues of public policy that have been salient in state politics during this period. Our intent is to isolate any trends in the partisan and ideological character of the state while examining citizens' positions on key issues.


Early Voting In Tennessee: Removing Barriers To Participation, Grant W. Neeley, Lillard E. Richardson Jr. Nov 2015

Early Voting In Tennessee: Removing Barriers To Participation, Grant W. Neeley, Lillard E. Richardson Jr.

Grant W. Neeley

In 1994. the Tennessee General Assembly mandated a new early voting system that allowed voters to cast a ballot in a two-week period prior to any election. Unlike absentee balloting, which requires registrants to justify why they cannot participate on election day, early voting is available to any registered voter who chooses to do so. By enacting early voting in Tennessee, the state legislature hoped to achieve increased turnout and easier access for citizens unable to vote at a regular polling site on election day. The purpose of this chapter is to ascertain whether the program was able to increase ...


Turnout And Partisanship In Tennessee Elections, Lillard E. Richardson Jr., Grant W. Neeley Nov 2015

Turnout And Partisanship In Tennessee Elections, Lillard E. Richardson Jr., Grant W. Neeley

Grant W. Neeley

To understand the forces shaping current Tennessee politics, we discuss two fundamental concepts of Tennessee's electoral system: voting turnout and partisanship. These two concepts are easily illustrated by two questions. First, how many people participate in elections in the state? Second, whom do Tennesseans elect to represent them? While we use a historical perspective to inform the analysis, we are generally more interested in the forces shaping politics in Tennessee today.


Implementation Of Early Voting, Lillard E. Richardson Jr., Grant W. Neeley Nov 2015

Implementation Of Early Voting, Lillard E. Richardson Jr., Grant W. Neeley

Grant W. Neeley

We examine the early voting process in Tennessee during the election of 1994. By conducting a mail survey of all 95 county registrars, we ascertained the methods and costs of early voting implementation. Generally, the survey reveals a strong belief that early voting encourages greater participation by voters, with turnout data supporting this belief. We find that the ballot type and location of early voting sites play an important role in determining both the costs of early voting and the rate of voter participation.


The Practice Of Government Public Relations, Mordecai Lee, Grant W. Neeley, Kendra Stewart Nov 2015

The Practice Of Government Public Relations, Mordecai Lee, Grant W. Neeley, Kendra Stewart

Grant W. Neeley

With the recent change of administration in the U.S. executive branch, we have seen increased attention to issues of public information, transparency in government, and government and press relations in the United States and abroad. In addition, rapidly evolving technology and its influence on public communication have left many in government struggling to remain current in this area. Citizens and constituents learn to use interactive tools when searching for information, utilize technology for communications, and now expect government information and services to exist in the same information space as private entities. This book is an effort of leading experts ...


Gender, Human Security And The United Nations: Security Language As A Political Framework For Women, Natalie Florea Hudson Nov 2015

Gender, Human Security And The United Nations: Security Language As A Political Framework For Women, Natalie Florea Hudson

Natalie Florea Hudson

This book examines the relationship between women, gender and the international security agenda, exploring the meaning of security in terms of discourse and practice, as well as the larger goals and strategies of the global women's movement. Today, many complex global problems are being located within the security logic. From the environment to HIV/AIDS, state and non-state actors have made a practice out of securitizing issues that are not conventionally seen as such. As most prominently demonstrated by the UN Security Council Resolution 1325 (2001), activists for women's rights have increasingly framed women's rights and gender ...


Policy Brief: Unscr 1325: The Challenges Of Framing Women’S Rights As A Security Matter, Natalie Florea Hudson Nov 2015

Policy Brief: Unscr 1325: The Challenges Of Framing Women’S Rights As A Security Matter, Natalie Florea Hudson

Natalie Florea Hudson

While UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325 has certainly increased awareness among international actors about women’s and gender issues in armed conflict, opened new spaces for dialogue and partnerships from global to local levels, and even created opportunities for new resources for women’s rights, successes remain limited and notably inconsistent. To understand some of these shortcomings and think creatively about how to move the women, peace and security agenda forward, it is essential to understand the conceptual assumptions underscoring UNSCR 1325.


The Genealogy, Ideology, And Future Of Isil And Its Derivatives, Ahmed E. Souaiaia Nov 2015

The Genealogy, Ideology, And Future Of Isil And Its Derivatives, Ahmed E. Souaiaia

Ahmed E SOUAIAIA

The organization known today simply as the “Islamic State,” or by its Arabic acronym, Daesh (English, ISIL), has historical and ideological roots that go beyond the territories it now controls. These deep roots give Daesh confidence that it will succeed in dominating the world, but give others reasons to believe that it will fail in controlling even a single nation. Mixing puritan religious and political discourses, ISIL managed to dominate all other armed opposition groups in conflict zones (Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and Libya) and has inspired individuals in many other countries (Egypt, Pakistan, France, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Tunisia) to ...


International Labour Organization (Ilo) And Broader Civil Society: An Uneasy Relationship?, Piyasiri Wickramasekara Nov 2015

International Labour Organization (Ilo) And Broader Civil Society: An Uneasy Relationship?, Piyasiri Wickramasekara

PIYASIRI WICKRAMASEKARA

This powerpoint presentation discusses the interactions between the International Labour Organization (ILO) and broader civil society. There is integration of non-governmental social partners in the identity of the Organization itself – Employers’ and Workers’ Organizations in view of ILO’s focus on labour. However, ILO maintains that … “... employers’ and workers’ organizations are distinct from other civil society groups in that they represent the actors of the “real economy” and draw their legitimacy from their membership” This leads to reduced scope for ILO interaction with broader civil society described as non-governmental organizations or civil society organizations. While there is provision for accreditation ...


White House Office: Staff Secretary, Manuel Gutiérrez, Joshua Acevedo, José D. Villalobos Oct 2015

White House Office: Staff Secretary, Manuel Gutiérrez, Joshua Acevedo, José D. Villalobos

José D. Villalobos

Copyright Taylor & Francis 2015-2016.


App Newsletter 8, Riccardo Pelizzo Oct 2015

App Newsletter 8, Riccardo Pelizzo

Riccardo Pelizzo

Eight Issue of the APP Newsletter devoted to SDG, South Sudan, Tanzanian elections, and the alleged dividends of statelessness in Somalia.


Mechanisms And Policies Of Global Technology Transfer For Clean-Energy, Kyle S. Herman Oct 2015

Mechanisms And Policies Of Global Technology Transfer For Clean-Energy, Kyle S. Herman

Dr. Kyle S. Herman

This paper examines technology transfer (TT) policies in clean-tech the the lens of global institutions and global agreements over the past decade. It leaves out domestic TT, intra-firm or multinational (private) TT, or local-local TT. The research interest for writing this paper was enlightened by participation in United Nations General Assembly workshops (2013) : (1.) Development, transfer and dissemination of clean and environmentally sound technologies in developing countries; ; (2.) Capacity building to enhance the development, adoption and use of clean and environmentally sound technologies in developing countries; (3.) The way forward: Strengthening the international architecture for environmentally sound technology development, transfer ...


Why Urbanists Need Religion, Joshua D. Ambrosius Oct 2015

Why Urbanists Need Religion, Joshua D. Ambrosius

Joshua D. Ambrosius

This essay summarizes a conference paper presented at the October 2008 Society for the Scientific Study of Religion meeting in Louisville, Kentucky. The paper was reviewed by several leading scholars.


Ethics In Public Management, H. George Frederickson, Richard K. Ghere Oct 2015

Ethics In Public Management, H. George Frederickson, Richard K. Ghere

Richard K. Ghere

This volume follows two earlier projects undertaken by Frederickson (1993) and Frederickson and Ghere (2005) to present collections of theoretical essays and empirical analyses on administrative ethics. Three years before the publication of the first volume —Frederickson's Ethics and Public Administration — the National Commission on the Public Service released Leadership for America (also known as the Volcker Commission Report) that attested to "the quiet crisis" in government whereby "too many of the best of the nation's senior executives are ready to leave government, and not enough of its most talented young people are willing to join. This erosion ...


Ngo Leadership And Human Rights, Richard K. Ghere Oct 2015

Ngo Leadership And Human Rights, Richard K. Ghere

Richard K. Ghere

This book provides preliminary understanding of what the term NGO means; explains how "human rights" affect NGO missions; and focuses on the meaning of "leadership" in NGOs in comparison to private sector and government agency leadership. It also encourages readers with vocational aspirations in human rights work to think strategically in preparing for their professional futures.


Religion, Politics, And Polity Replication: Religious Differences In Preferences For Institutional Design, Joshua D. Ambrosius Oct 2015

Religion, Politics, And Polity Replication: Religious Differences In Preferences For Institutional Design, Joshua D. Ambrosius

Joshua D. Ambrosius

This article presents a theory of polity replication in which religious congregants prefer institutions in other realms of society, including the state, to be structured like their church. Polities, or systems of church governance and administration, generally take one of three forms: episcopal (hierarchical/centralized), presbyterian (collegial/regional), or congregational (autonomous/decentralized). When asked to cast a vote to shape institutions in a centralizing or decentralizing manner, voters are influenced by organizational values shaped by their respective religious traditions‘ polity structures. Past social scientific scholarship has neglected to explicitly connect religious affiliation, defined by polity, with members‘ stances on institutional ...


Thinking About God And Government, Mark Caleb Smith Oct 2015

Thinking About God And Government, Mark Caleb Smith

Mark Caleb Smith, Ph.D.

No abstract provided.


Economic Wealth And Social Welfare: A Longitudinal Analysis Of Transnational Well-Being, Kelly Brooke Martin Oct 2015

Economic Wealth And Social Welfare: A Longitudinal Analysis Of Transnational Well-Being, Kelly Brooke Martin

KELLY B MARTIN

Macro changes in the financial arena have prompted ongoing research focused on global economic trends. As America emerges from an era of stagnant wages, rising unemployment, and growing class stratification it is necessary to explore differences in cross-national socioeconomic behavior to address the changing needs of our country. Many studies attempt to describe statistical correlations between economic wealth and social well-being domestically and abroad by utilizing methodological perspectives that do not account for longitudinal change. To address the gap in existing research, this study seeks to measure variations in econometric indicators between the U.S. and Nordic countries to further ...


Introduction, Barbara Lewis Oct 2015

Introduction, Barbara Lewis

Barbara Lewis

What is the political valence of blackness at the beginning of the second decade of the twenty-first century; has it waxed or waned? Is it headed to greater potency or back into the dark days of the past when complexion determined the worth of character? Major political advances have been achieved nationally in the last ten years, most significantly in the election of the nation’s first African American president. Yet a resistant status quo remains. The push to unseat President Obama is virulent, and it is hard to imagine that all of the motivation to do so is tied ...


Network Legitimacy And Accountability In A Developmental Perspective, Richard K. Ghere Oct 2015

Network Legitimacy And Accountability In A Developmental Perspective, Richard K. Ghere

Richard K. Ghere

Public networks typically function beyond the lines of the hierarchical authorities that hold bureaucracies accountable, as is shown here in the case of a business-dominant network that exhibited ethically questionable behaviors at the expense of its community credibility. Public networks can build external legitimacy by engaging in critical organization learning processes, much the way some nongovernmental organizations respond to a diversity of stakeholders.