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Full-Text Articles in Political Science

Opinion Polls And Presidential Campaign In Colombia, Fernando Estrada Mar 2010

Opinion Polls And Presidential Campaign In Colombia, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

The polls, these surveys do not withstand any rigorous testing. And contrary to expand the formation of public opinion, impaired. To overcome this defect should propose means fewer surveys and more discussions. Presidential campaigns should seek democratic enlargement, and a less massive media exposure to foot the surveys. Simplify


Reconstruction Of Concept Of Paradigm In Thomas S. Kuhn, Fernando Estrada Mar 2010

Reconstruction Of Concept Of Paradigm In Thomas S. Kuhn, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This article aims to discuss an evaluation of the concept of paradigm of T. Kuhn in his representative work: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions ERC, [Ku96] and the complementary version by W. Stegmüller, Structure and dynamics of theories EDT, [Steg83]. This refined interpretation of the concept of paradigm allows for a more complete set of central Kuhnian concept.


Democracy In Dangerous Places: Colombia. Vote With Paramilitary Preferences, Fernando Estrada Mar 2010

Democracy In Dangerous Places: Colombia. Vote With Paramilitary Preferences, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This paper discusses the problem of paramilitary violence in Colombia and its effects on democracy. The elections were part of the purpose of self defense and constituted a disguised form to retain its drug trafficking economy. The impacts on institutional technology have been negative: representative democracy, the electoral system and voting, they were not the same. With paramilitary violence changed the electoral map in areas contested by the traditional political parties. Voting with paramilitary preferences mean the biggest challenge is constitutional democracy in Colombia.


Antinomies Of Capitalism (Review Of Globalization Its Discontents Joseph Stiglitz, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Antinomies Of Capitalism (Review Of Globalization Its Discontents Joseph Stiglitz, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

We present the central arguments of the critics on the limits and scope of globalization on the work


Carnap Model (Cm) Visual Field, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Carnap Model (Cm) Visual Field, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

The present paper proposes an interpretation theoretical model of the Aufbau of Rudolf Carnap, this interpretation contributes to upgrade the project original carnapiano, in the sense of conferring to the constitutional program of construction logical, less committed analytic equipment with an ontology or clearly defined epistemology. The setting in phenomenal logical reconstruction practice is elaborated for the visual field as a model whose potential user is a fellow ideal percipient, and, a subject epistemic that operates in the same way that a scheduled computer when he has been given basic phenomenal information and some algorithms logical


Facts And Nature Of Scientific Discovery. Ludwick Fleck And Thomas Kuhn, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Facts And Nature Of Scientific Discovery. Ludwick Fleck And Thomas Kuhn, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

Studies of L. Fleck, T. S. Kuhn, N. R. Hanson on the nature of scientific development and thus of a scientific fact, despite their differences, has raised new questions in fields as diverse as the history of science, sociology of science and philosophy of scientific language. At the same time, have pointed unfounded assumptions underlying the current ideas about what are 'facts', and have suggested alternative ways to focus the epistemology of scientific knowledge. Let us identify some detail the implications that flow from our study in this chapter for the proposed research as hypotheses


The Tragedy Of Forced Displacement, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

The Tragedy Of Forced Displacement, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

o far in 2009, due to the intensification of armed conflict, approximately 15 thousand Colombians crossed some border areas of Colombia with Ecuador, Panama and Venezuela. The Lower Putumayo (Putumayo), area of application of Plan Colombia, was the region most affected by armed confrontation and thus it presented a greater number of Colombians uprooted. From this region generated the most significant exodus to Ecuador (about 7 million people).


Diagrams Of Argumentation, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Diagrams Of Argumentation, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This article is aimed at viewing the evidence in the legal and political debate. A relatively little attention in the literature expert. Relying on the philosophy of science and a little less in legal theory, we note that the explanations under inductive legal and political knowledge, and the arguments about evidence and proof, connections are based on probabilistic and assumptions rebuttable and not on speculations embodied theoretical goal. The support base to represent the legal debate - now has strong political component of formal logic and empirical research.


Electoral System And Political Parties. Preliminary Notes To The Colombia Case, Fernando Estrada Feb 2010

Electoral System And Political Parties. Preliminary Notes To The Colombia Case, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This brief survey of the origins of electoral system is intended to explain the nature center and get the changes of political system in Colombia. A historical evaluation is necessary. In a wider context the work of Josep Colomer are illustrative. Our goal is to synthesize and compare the evolution and changes in electoral systems, in order to project the electoral history in the Colombian political system. The election rules have not been the same all the time and votes depends on the evolution and transformations of democracies. In a story line that emerges from M. Duverger, shows that factions ...


Paul A. Samuelson (1915 - 2009): Memories Of Friedrich Von Hayek (1899 - 1992) Spanish Translation: Fernando Estrada And Andrea Trujillo, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Paul A. Samuelson (1915 - 2009): Memories Of Friedrich Von Hayek (1899 - 1992) Spanish Translation: Fernando Estrada And Andrea Trujillo, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

In this report Professor Samuelson staff prepares a tour of the work and thought of highlighting the contributions of Hayek Austrian economist and showing the world within which they took power broadly two contradictory paradigms of economic thought. This testimony intellectual frontline is extraordinary, given the recent death of Professor Samuelson


Recent Changes In The Armed Conflict In Colombia, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Recent Changes In The Armed Conflict In Colombia, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

Analyst in the strategy and operations of guerrillas and paramilitaries, have suggested that the Colombian conflict analysis should show the differences between clusters paramilitary. Not only because after the 80s, drug trafficking has played a decisive role, but because the geography of territories and control combinations have not been studied sufficiently. Geography of armed conflict should also provide tools to understand the impact of war on natural resources, for example. We sustain that while the drug economy has filtered the structure of semi-groups, promoting market competition and private security protection, drug trafficking does not explain absolutely all sources of violence ...


Pain And Human Dependence (Dolor Y Dependencia Humana), Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Pain And Human Dependence (Dolor Y Dependencia Humana), Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This paper is a study of medical philosophy. The subject is studied from the author's own experience. On the basic sources of inspiration the works of Fernando Pessoa, Karl Kraus and Friedrich Nietzsche, raise the limits and scope of medical knowledge and experience of pain and disease.


Pierre Bordieu From Latin American, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Pierre Bordieu From Latin American, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This brief paper is a tribute of the French thinker Pierre Bordieu. Plot some political economy issues and relate aspects of the remarkable influence thinker.


Financial Theory Has A Paradigm A La Kuhn?, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Financial Theory Has A Paradigm A La Kuhn?, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This article aims to discuss two issues relatively linked. The first is an evaluation of the concept of paradigm of T. Kuhn in his representative work: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions ERC, [Ku96] and the complementary version by W. Stegmüller, Structure and dynamics of theories EDT, [Steg83]. This refined interpretation of the concept of paradigm allows for a more complete set of central Kuhnian concept. The second objective is to analyze the scope of the Kuhnian concept of models to evaluate financial explanation. Is explored preliminarily proposed fractal models / multifractal (F / M) of Mandelbrot [Mand97, 82, 02, 05]. This second ...


Paramilitary Language In The Colombian Armed Conflict, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Paramilitary Language In The Colombian Armed Conflict, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

The war in Colombia presents, among other characteristics, a high content of oratorical and rhetoric; the different armed actors are disputed, besides territories, the power of the public opinion, with what each violent action is usually accompanied by a discursive or symbolic justification. The present rehearsal offers an analysis of the paramilitary speech, starting from the declarations and interviews to Carlos Castaño, main boss of the selfdefenses. The paramilitary rhetoric is studied here from the theory of the speech acts of Austin-Searle, the theory of the argument of Chaïm Perelman, and the recent works has more than enough Metaphors of ...


Uses Of Arguments And Negotiation, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

Uses Of Arguments And Negotiation, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

In the recent literature on conflict resolution tends to underline negotiation model based on the argument or dialogue. Exchange between different styles of argument some trends have emerged in the rhetoric applied to the law, especially in procedural law. During the last decade researchers have recognized the value of the argument to understand various problems of jurisprudence in cases of conflict and strife. This paper proposes a complementary design to the analysis of the negotiation process based on debate and dialogue. It advocates a theory of argumentation in negotiation processes for instances where rational agents use strategies unpredictable with incomplete ...


The Names Of The Leviathan, Fernando Estrada Jan 2010

The Names Of The Leviathan, Fernando Estrada

Fernando Estrada

This book is designed to offer an interpretation of armed conflict in Colombia using analytical tools from the philosophy of language (Perelman, Lakoff Facounnier). It addresses the civil war in Colombia taking into account the work of Thomas Hobbes's Leviathan